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Alternative energy


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Alternative energy

  1. 1. Geothermal Energy
  2. 2. What Is Geothermal Energy? Geothermal from the Greek geo (earth) therme (heat). Geothermal energy is heat from within the Earth.
  3. 3. Why does Geothermal Energy occur? The centre of the earth is extremely hot. The energy can be harvested at the edge of the earths plates.
  4. 4. Why Use Geothermal Energy We can recover this heat as steam or hot water and use it to heat buildings or generate electricity. Geothermal energy is a renewable energy source because the heat is continuously produced inside the Earth.
  5. 5. Where does Geothermal Energy occur? Geothermal energy can be found al around the world as it comes from within the earth. However, because the continents sit on the earth plates, it is harvested mainly from the edge of the pacific ocean.
  6. 6. Use of Geothermal Energy Electricity generation power plants require water or steam at very high temperature (300° to 700°F). Geothermal power plants are generally built where geothermal reservoirs are located within a mile or two of the surface. Geothermal heat pumps use stable ground or water temperatures near the Earth's surface to control building temperatures above ground.
  7. 7. Types of Geothermal Plants Dry steam plants use steam piped directly from a geothermal reservoir to turn the generator turbines. The first geothermal power plant was built in 1904 in Tuscany, Italy, where natural steam erupted from the Earth. Flash steam plants take high-pressure hot water from deep inside the Earth and convert it to steam to drive the generator turbines. When the steam cools, it condenses to water and is injected back into the ground to be used over and over again. Most geothermal power plants are flash steam plants.
  8. 8. Binary cycle power plants transfer the heat from geothermal hot water to another liquid. The heat causes the second liquid to turn to steam which is used to drive a generator turbine.
  9. 9. Diagram of a Flash Steam Plant
  10. 10. Conclusion I think that geothermal energy is an extremly environmentally friendly form of power production. The resource is not being continuously used up it is being continuously re-used and recycled. There are drawbacks to geothermal power plants however. Firstly, the energy cannot be transported like oil can be. Secondly, these plants do produce hazardous materials, like hydrogen sulfide, that are difficult to dispose of.