Child Homelessness in Europe 2007

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Presentation given by Liz Gosme, FEANTSA Policy Officer at a FEANTSA Conference on "Multiple Barriers, Multiple Solutions: Inclusion into and through Employment for People who are homeless ", Zaragoza, Spain, 2007

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Child Homelessness in Europe 2007

  1. 1. Child Homelessness in Europe Zaragoza 2007
  2. 2. Background- European thematic year on child poverty 2007- FEANTSA contribution on child homelessness- Aim : stocktaking of current trends in child homelessness in Europe
  3. 3. Different perceptions of the problem across Europe- Terms: homeless youth, drifting youths, street youths, children in state care, unaccompanied minors, runaway youths, survivors of domestic violence living in specialist shelters- Approaches to the problem: housing, urban, social, migration
  4. 4. Target population of stocktaking- Looking at children in the ETHOS living situations- Child (rather than youth) homelessness- Children: under 18- Unaccompanied or in homeless families- European or non-European- Homeless or at risk of homelessness
  5. 5. Trends I : Children in homeless families- Children in families living in temporary shelters- Children with their mothers living in domestic violence refuges- Children in families threatened with eviction- Children in families living in very poor housing conditions
  6. 6. Trends II:Unaccompanied homeless adolescents- Homeless adolescents- Runaway or throwaway youths- Unaccompanied minors- Children leaving institutions
  7. 7. Reasons for child homelessness- Structural factors- Institutional factors- Relational factors- Personal factors
  8. 8. Needs of children who are homeless- Housing needs- Health needs- Financial needs- Education needs- Social needs
  9. 9. Policies: Primary preventionGeneral welfare policies :- Social security (or social protection)- Housing- Education- Health
  10. 10. Policies: secondary preventionTargeted policies:- Homelessness policies- Youth/family policies- Domestic violence policies- Justice and home affairs policies
  11. 11. Conclusions- Children chronically experiencing homelessness only an emerging phenomenon- More prevention is needed to catch the problems early- Need to reach out to children to avoid cycle of homelessness- Child homelessness cannot be tackled in isolation from family/adult homelessness- Children in homeless services need to be seen as client in their own right
  12. 12. Questions? Contact: liz.gosme@feantsa.org or visit www.feantsa.org Thank you!

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