Importance of agricultural and
forestry statistics for estimating GHG
emissions
Simone Rossi
MAGHG Team

Third FAO Regiona...
Outline
1. Overview of emissions from agriculture, forestry and
land use
2. Agriculture, Land, and forestry statistics as ...
Emissions from Agriculture, Forestry, and
Other Land Use (AFOLU)
CATEGORY

GAS
reported

Enteric Fermentation

CH4

DOMAIN...
Estimation of GHG emissions
(IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories)

Emissions = Activity Data * Emissio...
Main activity data used for the emissions
estimate
Forestry
Forest area and biomass

Enteric Fermentation
Synthetic Fertil...
Activity data: recommendations of
the IPCC Guidelines
• It is good practice to use official national data
• international ...
FAOSTAT and FRA as a source of activity data
• FAO has long maintained global datasets on agricultural and
forest data, ex...
The FAOSTAT questionnaire
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
STATISTICS DIVISION
Questionnaire on Cro...
Who receives the FAOSTAT questionnaires?
Response rate to FAO questionnaires from
Africa

Source: FAO
Agricultural statistics: examples

Cattle: Heads by country, average 1992-2011

Wheat production by continent 1992-2012
Ri...
Forestry statistics: examples

Total forest area

http://www.fao.org/forestry/fra/fra2010/en/
Average Roundwood production
Live Demonstration:
activity data in FAOSTAT
GHG Emissions Statistics: Categories
DOMAIN

CATEGORY

GAS
Data source
reported

FAOSTAT

CH4,
N2O

FAOSTAT

Rice Cultivat...
What was not covered in FAOSTAT
and FRA?
Data on:
– Burned areas (savanna, grassland, peat and forest)
– Organic soils

ar...
Activity Data produced from geo-spatial
datasets

Activity data from georeferenced data
•Organic soils map (HWSD)
•Land Co...
GHG Emissions Statistics: Categories
DOMAIN

CATEGORY

GAS
Data source
reported

FAOSTAT

CH4,
N2O

FAOSTAT

Rice Cultivat...
Conclusions
• It is good practice to use official national data
when available.
• FAOSTAT and FRA contain official data re...
Thank you!
Contact: MAGHG@fao.org
MAGHG website: www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg
FAOSTAT website: http://faostat.fao.o...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Importance of agricultural and forestry statistics for estimating GHG emissions

958 views

Published on

Agricultural and forestry statistics are key for estimating GHG emissions. It is good practice to use official national data. International sources, such as FAOSTAT can be used when national information is not available.

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
958
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Importance of agricultural and forestry statistics for estimating GHG emissions

  1. 1. Importance of agricultural and forestry statistics for estimating GHG emissions Simone Rossi MAGHG Team Third FAO Regional Workshop on Statistics for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Casablanca, Morocco, 2-3 December 2013
  2. 2. Outline 1. Overview of emissions from agriculture, forestry and land use 2. Agriculture, Land, and forestry statistics as activity data 3. FAOSTAT and FRA databases as a source of activity data 4. Activity data not available in FAOSTAT and FRA
  3. 3. Emissions from Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU) CATEGORY GAS reported Enteric Fermentation CH4 DOMAIN Manure Management Rice Cultivation CH4, N2O CATEGORY GAS reported Forest land DOMAIN CO2 CH4 N2O Cropland CO2 Manure applied to soils N2O Grassland CO2 Manure left on pasture N2O Burning Biomass Crop residues N2O CH4, N2O, CO2 Cultivated organic soils N2O Wetlands CO2 Settlements CO2 Other land CO2 Burning - Savanna Burning – Crop residues CH4, N2O CH4, N2O LULUCF Agricultural soils Agriculture Synthetic Fertilizers
  4. 4. Estimation of GHG emissions (IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories) Emissions = Activity Data * Emission Factor Activity data: • information on the extent to which a human activity resulting in emissions or removals of GHG takes place during a given period of time •typically derived from statistics, but also from other sources; • availability and quality are the primary driving factors determining the accuracy and reliability of the GHG emissions inventory. Emission factor: • emissions or removals of a given GHG per activity unit
  5. 5. Main activity data used for the emissions estimate Forestry Forest area and biomass Enteric Fermentation Synthetic Fertilizers Manure N Fertilizer Number of animals consumption Manure N content Crop Residues Yields & Harvested area Rice Cultivation Harvested area IPCC, 2006
  6. 6. Activity data: recommendations of the IPCC Guidelines • It is good practice to use official national data • international sources, such as FAOSTAT can be used when national information is not available. • cross-check national and international datasets to ensure completeness and consistency in GHG inventories. FAO can support Member countries in relation to: – guidance on performing surveys and census; – global datasets: FAOSTAT and FRA (Forest Resource Assessment). – data analysis, quality assessment/quality control
  7. 7. FAOSTAT and FRA as a source of activity data • FAO has long maintained global datasets on agricultural and forest data, extremely valuable for National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventories for the AFOLU sector. – Agricultural statistics in different domains (FAOSTAT): • Production: Livestock, Crops • Resources: Fertilizers, Land – Forestry statistics: • Resources: Land (FAOSTAT) • Forestry: wood products (FAOSTAT) • Forest biomass (FRA) • Data are collected through questionnaires compiled by Member Countries.
  8. 8. The FAOSTAT questionnaire FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS STATISTICS DIVISION Questionnaire on Crop and Livestock Production and Utilization Excel Version Reference Years: 2009-2011 FOOD Contact name National Reporting Office and AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS STATISTICS DIVISION Reporter name: Title: Reference Years: 2008-2011 Administration and Office: Questionnaire on Agricultural Resources Fertilizers Address: Web site address: Signature: Tel: Fax: This questionnaire contains the following sections: Section 1: Primary Crop Production Section 2: Selected Primary Crops Utilization E-mail: Date: National Reporting Office and Contact name Reporter name: Title: Administration and Office: Address: Section 3: Livestock (Animal Numbers and Livestock Production) Section 4: Selected Derived Agricultural Commodities Tel: Email: http:// Date: Section 5: Crop and Livestock Metadata N.B.: - Data should refer to national and annual coverage. ● The Questionnaire on Fertilizers has five major sections: - Official data previously reported have been included in this questionnaire. Please revise data if necessary and and Metadata. revision. Production, Domestic Availability, Utilization, Organic Material highlight any - Description of commodities as well as instructions are given in supporting sheets. - Should you have any additional data on crop and● Detailed production notes may be found in the 'Explanatory share it with us livestock explanatory we would highly appreciate it if you Notes' sheet. (as an attachment to this questionnaire). ● Detailed instructions may be found in the 'Instructions' sheet. We kindly ask you to provide a reply by 21/Jul/2012 ● If you have any queries regarding this questionnaire please contact: FAO takes this opportunity to thank your Government for its assistance in Mayo Mr. Robert completing this questionnaire and looks forward to receiving a reply. Please send back your response preferably by e-mail, to the following address: Production-Data@fao.org; Tel: (+39) 06 5705 4105 or via the FAO Representative Office in your country or directly E-mail: Robert.Mayo@fao.org to FAO, Statistics Division, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy. Contact person: Mr. Nicolas Sakoff, Tel: (+39) 06 5705 2557, Fax: (+39) 06 5705 5615, e-mail: Nicolas.Sakoff@fao.org http://faostat.fao.org/site/575/default.aspx#ancor We kindly ask you to provide a reply by 19/Oct/2012 FAO takes this opportunity to thank your Government for its assistance in completing this questionnaire and looks forward to receiving a reply. Please return one copy to: FAO, Statistics Division, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy, e-mail: Resource-statistics@fao.org or forward via the FAO Representative Office in your country Contact person: Mr. Robert Mayo tel: (+39) 06 5705 4105 e-mail: Robert.Mayo@fao.org
  9. 9. Who receives the FAOSTAT questionnaires?
  10. 10. Response rate to FAO questionnaires from Africa Source: FAO
  11. 11. Agricultural statistics: examples Cattle: Heads by country, average 1992-2011 Wheat production by continent 1992-2012 Rice production in Africa 1992-2012 http://faostat.fao.org/
  12. 12. Forestry statistics: examples Total forest area http://www.fao.org/forestry/fra/fra2010/en/ Average Roundwood production
  13. 13. Live Demonstration: activity data in FAOSTAT
  14. 14. GHG Emissions Statistics: Categories DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS Data source reported FAOSTAT CH4, N2O FAOSTAT Rice Cultivation CH4 FAOSTAT Synthetic Fertilizers N2O FAOSTAT Manure applied to soils N2O FAOSTAT Manure left on pasture N2O FAOSTAT Crop residues N2O FAOSTAT Cultivated organic soils N2O Burning - Savanna Burning – Crop residues DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS Data source reported CO2 Cropland CO2 Grassland CH4, N2O CH4, N2O Forest land CO2 Burning Biomass CH4, N2O, CO2 Wetlands CO2 Settlements LULUCF Agricultural soils CH4 Manure Management Agriculture Enteric Fermentation CO2 Other land CO2 FAOSTAT FRA
  15. 15. What was not covered in FAOSTAT and FRA? Data on: – Burned areas (savanna, grassland, peat and forest) – Organic soils are not included in FAOSTAT and FRA. →This requires the estimation of new activity data
  16. 16. Activity Data produced from geo-spatial datasets Activity data from georeferenced data •Organic soils map (HWSD) •Land Cover map (GLC 2000) •Burned area from satellite data (GFED4) •Climatic map (JRC) •Forests map (FAO-FRA) •Emissions from cultivated organic soils •Emissions from Biomass Burning Total Savanna Total Savanna burned biomass burned in area in 2012 2012 (Tonnes) (Tier1 IPCC default methodology) These new data will soon be available through FAOSTAT
  17. 17. GHG Emissions Statistics: Categories DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS Data source reported FAOSTAT CH4, N2O FAOSTAT Rice Cultivation CH4 FAOSTAT Synthetic Fertilizers N2O FAOSTAT Manure applied to soils N2O FAOSTAT Manure left on pasture N2O Crop residues Cultivated organic Cultivated organic soils soils Burning - Savanna Burning - Savanna Burning – Crop residues DOMAIN CATEGORY GAS Data source reported N2O FAOSTAT HWSD, GLC2000 GFED4, CH4, CH4, JRC, FRAN2O N2O GEZ CH4, FAOSTAT N2O N2O N2O CO2 FRA Cropland CO2 HWSD, GLC2000 Grassland FAOSTAT Forest land LULUCF Agricultural soils Agricultural soils CH4 Manure Management Agriculture Enteric Fermentation CO2 HWSD, GLC2000 Burning Biomass CH4, N2O, CO2 GFED4, HWSD Wetlands CO2 Settlements CO2 Other land CO2
  18. 18. Conclusions • It is good practice to use official national data when available. • FAOSTAT and FRA contain official data reported by countries and can be used to complement national data. • New country-level activity data from geospatial datasets now available for use within FAOSTAT.
  19. 19. Thank you! Contact: MAGHG@fao.org MAGHG website: www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/ghg FAOSTAT website: http://faostat.fao.org Financed by:

×