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The Arthurian legend featured many characters, including the Knights of the Round Table and members of his family. Their names often differed from version to version
and from language to language. The following is a list of them with descriptions. (Note: The ' † ' symbol indicates a Knight of the Round Table.)
King Arthur Characters
Name Other names Earliest appearance Works featured in Description
Accolon Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s Morgan le Fay's lover
Aglovale† Agloval, Sir Aglovale de Galis
The Life of Sir Aglovale de Galis, The Once
and Future King
King Pellinore's eldest son
Agravain† Agravaine Lancelot-Grail, Le Morte D'Arthur
Second son of King Lot and Morgause,
joinsMordred's rebellion
Amr Amhar, Amir, Anir
Historia Brittonum, c. AD
820
Geraint and Enid Son of King Arthur
Andred Le Morte D'Arthur Cousin of Tristram
Sqedwayne
King Arthur† Arthur Pendragon Y Gododdin, c. 7th century Many King of the Britons
Aurelius
Ambrosius
Ambrosius Aurelianus Gildas' De Excidio et
Conquestu Britanniae c. AD
Historia Brittonum c. AD 820
Uther Pendragon's brother, High King
of Britain before him
540s
Bagdemagus† Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, 1170s Meleagant's father and ruler of Gorre
Ban Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Lancelot's father
Balan Sir Balan le Savage Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s Post-Vulgate, Le Morte D'Arthur Brother to Balin
Balin
Sir Balin le Savage, Knight with
Two Swords
Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s Post-Vulgate, Le Morte D'Arthur
Brother to Balan, kills the Lady of the
Lake and strikes the Dolorous Stroke
Bedivere†
(Welsh: Bedwyr)(French:
Bédoier) Bedevere
Pa Gur yv y Porthaur, c.
10th century
Vita Cadoc, Culhwch and Olwen, Stanzas of
the Graves, Welsh Triads, Historia Regum
Britanniae,Le Morte d'Arthur, numerous others
Returns Excalibur to The Lady of the
Lake, brother to Sir Lucan
Black Knight
King Arthur's grandson through Tom
a'Lincoln. Another Black Knight is an
antagonist figure
Blanchefleur
Chrétien de
Troyes'Perceval, the Story
of the Grail, c. 1181
Percival's wife, niece to Gornemant
Bors the Elder (French: Bohort) Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century
Brother to King Ban, and an ally of
Arthur's
Bors the Son of Bors the Elder, father of Elyan
Younger† the White
Brangaine
Brangaene, Brangwane,
Brangien
Tristan poems
by Béroul andThomas of
Britain, 12th century
Tristan poems of Béroul, Thomas, Eilhart von
Oberge, Gottfried von
Strassburg, Prose Tristan,Post-Vulgate
Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur
Handmaid to Iseult
Bruin Sir Bruin Surnamed the Black
First Named in "King Arthur Meets Lady
Guinevere" Howard Pyle
Unknown Family, One of the Original
32 Knights of the "Round table"
Breunor le
Noir†
Brunor, La Cote Male Taile
("The Badly-shaped Coat")
Knight who wears his murdered
father's coat, brother of Dinadan and
Daniel
Brutus of
Britain
(Brut, Brute, Welsh: Bryttys)
Historia Brittonum, c. AD
820
First King of Britain, a Trojan
Cador† (Latin: Cadorius)
Historia Regum Britanniae, The Dream of
Rhonabwy
Raised Guinevere as his ward, father
toConstantine III of Britain, Described
in some works as Arthur's cousin
Caelia Celia, The Faerie Queene
Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene, 1590;
Richard Johnson's Tom a Lincoln part 1, 1599
Tom a'Lincoln's lover, mother to
the Faerie Knight
Calogrenant† Colgrevance, Cynan
Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain,
the Knight of the Lion, 1170s
Le Morte d'Arthur Cousin to Sir Ywain
Caradoc†
(Latin: Caractacus) (Welsh:
Caradog Freichfras, meaning
Caradoc Strong (or Stout) Arm))
(French: Carados Briefbras)
Perceval, the Story of the Grail,
the Mabinogion
Rebelled against Arthur when he first
became king, but later supported him.
Sometimes two characters, Caradoc
the Elder (a king) and Caradoc the
Younger (a knight)
Catigern (Welsh: Cattegirn)
Historia Brittonum (9th century), Harleian
genealogies, Historia Regum Britanniae (c.
1134)
Son of Vortigern; fought alongside his
brotherVortimer against the Saxons
Cerdic of
Wessex
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 9th
century
First King of Wessex
Claudas
Perlesvaus, Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate
Cycle,Le Morte d'Arthur
A Frankish King antagonistic to Arthur,
has two sons, Dorin and Claudin
Claudin† Lancelot-Grail, Le Morte d'Arthur
Virtuous son of the Frankish
villain Claudas, eventually becomes
one of 12 knights to achieve the Holy
Grail
Constans son
of Constantine
Based on the historical
figure Constans
Historia Regum Britanniae
Son of Constantine II of Britain, older
brother toUther Pendragon
Constantine II
of Britain
Based on the historical
figure Constantine
Historia Regum Britanniae
Arthur's grandfather, father to Uther
Pendragon, Constans, and Ambrosius
Aurelianus
Constantine III
of Britain†
Geoffrey of
Monmouth'sHistoria Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
Historia Regum Britanniae, Le Morte d'Arthur
Arthur's cousin and successor to his
throne, Cador's son
Culhwch
Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th
century
Cousin of Arthur's in early Welsh
legend
Cynric of
Wessex
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 9th
century
Second King of Wessex, son of Cerdic
Dagonet† Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King Arthur's court jester
Daniel von
Blumenthal†
Daniel von Blumenthal,
1220
A Knight of the Round Table found in
an early German offshoot of Arthurian
legend
Dinadan† Prose Tristan, 1230s Prose Tristan, Le Morte D'Arthur Son of Sir Brunor the Senior
Dindrane
(Italian: Agrestizia)(Welsh:
Danbrann) Also Dindraine or
Heliabel depending on the
sources)
Sister (sometimes half-sister)
of Percival, plays a large part in
many Holy Grail stories
Durnure Sir Durnure
First Named in "King Arthur Meets Lady
Guinevere" Howard Pyle
One of Three Sons of King Pellinore,
One of the Original 32 Knights of the
"Round table"
Ector† Hector, Antor, Ectorius
Lancelot-Grail, early 13th
century
The Once and Future King, Le Morte d'Arthur
Raises Arthur according to Merlin's
command, father to Sir Kay
Edern ap
Nudd
Edern, son of Nudd, Yder, Yver,
Isdernus, Knight of the
Sparrowhawk
Culhwch and Olwen, c. 1100
Chrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide (as
Yder),Geraint ac Enid, The Dream of
Rhonabwy
Brother of Gwyn ap Nudd, rival
to Erec/Geraint. Originally a hostile
figure, later a member of Arthur's
retinue
Elaine of
Astolat
Elaine the White, Elaine the
Fair, The Lady of Shalott
Le Morte d'Arthur, 1470 The Lady of Shalott
Daughter of Bernard of Astolat, classic
Arthurian figure of unrequited love
Elaine of
Benoic
Lancelot-Grail, early 13th
century
Wife of King Ban and mother to
Lancelot, Evaine's sister
Elaine of
Corbenic
Amite, Helaine or Helizabel;
"The Grail Maiden"
Chrétien de
Troyes'Perceval, the Story
of the Grail c. 1181
The Once and Future King, Perceval le
Gallois(1978)
Daughter of the Fisher King, mother
of Galahadby Lancelot
Elaine of
Garlot
Daughter of Gorlois and Igraine, sister
to Morgan le Fay and Morgause and a
half-sister to King Arthur, wife to King
Nentres.
Elaine of
Listenoise
Le Morte d'Arthur
Daughter of King Pellinore, lover of Sir
Miles of the Laundes
Elaine the
Niece of the Lord of the Fens and wife
of Persides the Red of the Castle of
Peerless Gazevilte
Eliwlod Welsh Triads
Nephew to Arthur, son of Madoc, Uther
Pendragon's son
Elyan the
White†
(French: Helyan le Blanc)
Son of Sir Bors and Claire, King
Brandegoris' daughter, helps Lancelot
rescue Guinevere and goes into exile
with him
Enide Enid
Chrétien de Troyes' Erec
and Enide, c. 1170
Idylls of the King, Geraint and Enid Erec's wife
Epinogres Sir Epinogres
First Named in "King Arthur Meets Lady
Guinevere" Howard Pyle
Son of King of Umberland, and brother
unto Enchantress Vivien, One of the
Original 32 Knights of the "Round
table"
Erec†
Unclear; first literary
appearance as Erec
inChrétien de Troyes' Erec
and Enide, c. 1170
See Geraint and Enid
Son of King Lac and a Knight of the
Round Table
Esclabor†
Father of Palamedes, Safir,
and Segwarides
Esclados
Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain,
the Knight of the Lion, 1170s
Defended a magical fountain in the
Forest of Broceliande, married
to Laudine
Evaine
Lancelot-Grail, early 13th
century
Wife of Bors the Elder, mother of Bors
the Younger and Lionel, sister of Elaine
of Benoic, aunt of Lancelot
Faerie Knight,
The
Richard Johnson's Tom a
Lincoln part 1, 1599
Illegitimate son of Tom a'Lincoln and
Caelia, the Faerie Queen, half brother
to the Black Knight
Feirefiz†
Wolfram von
Eschenbach'sParzival, early
13th century
Half-brother to Percival and King
Arthur's nephew
Fisher King,
The
The Wounded King, Pelles,
Pelias
Chrétien de
Troyes'Perceval, the Story
of the Grail, c. 1181
Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal, c.
1220, ProseTristan as interpolation, c. 1230
Guardian of the Holy Grail
Gaheris† Le Morte d'Arthur
Son of King Lot and Morgause, brother
to Gawain, Agravaine, and Gareth, and
half-brother to Mordred
Galahad†
Lancelot-Grail, early 13th
century
Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas
Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur
Illegitimate son of Sir Lancelot and
Elaine of Corbenic
Galehault† Galehalt, Galehaut
Lancelot-Grail, early 13th
century
Former enemy of Arthur who becomes
close friends with Lancelot
Galeschin† Galeshin The Vulgate Cycle
Son of Elaine of Garlot and King
Nentres, nephew of Arthur
Gareth† Beaumains Le Morte d'Arthur, Idylls of the King
Also a son of Lot and Morgause, in
love withLyonesse
Gawain†
(Latin: Walwanus, Welsh:
Gwalchmai, Irish: Balbhuaidh)
Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th
century
Chretien de Troyes' Conte du Graal, Lancelot-
Grail cycle, Prose Tristan,Sir Gawain and the
Green Knight, Thomas Malory's Le Morte
D'Arthur and many short Middle English
romances
Another son of Lot and Morgause,
father of Gingalain
Geraint† Geraint and Enid Enid's lover
Gingalain†
Guinglain, Gingalin, Gliglois,
Wigalois, etc., also Le Bel
Inconnu, or The Fair Unknown
Le Bel Inconnu Gawain's and Blanchemal's son
Gorlois (Old Welsh: Gwrlais) Historia Regum Britanniae
Igraine's first husband before she
married Uther Pendragon. Father
of Morgause and Morgan le Fay.
Gornemant
Chrétien de Troyes' Erec
and Enide, c. 1170
Chrétien's Perceval, the Story of the Grail Percival's mentor
Guiron le
Courtois
Palamedes, 1235–40 Palamedes, Guiron Compilation Companion of Meliodas
Green Knight†
Bercilak, Bertilak, Bernlak,
Bredbeddle
Sir Gawain and the Green
Knight, 1300s
The Greene Knight, King Arthur and King
Cornwall
A knight enchanted by Morgan le
Fay in order to test Gawain
Griflet† Girflet, Jaufre Jaufré
The son of Do (or Don), cousin to Sir
Lucan and Sir Bedivere
Gringolet
(Welsh: gwyn calet("white-
hardy"),
orceincaled ("handsome-
hardy"))
Chrétien de Troyes' Erec
and Enide, c. 1170
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Gawain's horse
Guinevak Gwenhwyvach
Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th
century
Welsh Triads, Thomas Love
Peacock'sMisfortunes of Elphin
Guinevere's half-sister
Queen
Guinevere
(Welsh: Gwenhwyfar, 'The
White Fay' or 'White
Ghost')(Latin:Guanhumara)
Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th
century
Many
Wife to King Arthur, famous for her
affair with Lancelot
Gwyn ap
Nudd
First appeared in the
Arthurian saga in Culhwch
and Olwen, c.1100.
Character is much older.
One of Arthur's knights. Brother
of Edern ap Nudd, rival of Gwythyr ap
Greidawl, lover ofCreiddylad
Hector de
Maris†
Ector de Maris Quest du Saint Graal Vulgate Cycle
Half-brother of Lancelot, son of King
Ban and the Lady de Maris, Sir Bors
and Sir Lionel are his cousins
Hengest Hengist
Bede's The Ecclesiastical
History of the English
People, AD 721
Historia Regum Britanniae
An Anglo-Saxon king killed by Uther
Pendragon;Horsa's brother
Hueil mab
Caw
Huail Culhwch and Olwen, c 1110 Vita Gildas, Welsh Triads
A Pictish plunderer and chieftain, killed
by Arthur. Brother to Saint Gildas
Hoel† (Welsh: Howel, Hywel) The Dream of Rhonabwy, Geraint and Enid
Son of King Budic of Brittany, father
to St. Tudwal
Horsa
Bede's The Ecclesiastical
History of the English
People, AD 721
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Brother to Hengest
Igraine
(Latin: Igerna)(Welsh:Eigyr)
(French Igerne) Also Ygrayne
and Arnive.
Geoffrey of
Monmouth'sHistoria Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
Vulgate Merlin
Mother to King Arthur through an affair
with Uther Pendragon. Mother
of Morgause and Morgan le
Fay through her first husband Gorlois.
Iseult of
Ireland
Isolde, Yseult, Isode, Isoude,
Isotta
Tristan and Iseult
Wife of Mark of Cornwall and
adulterous lover of Sir Tristan
Queen Iseult
Isolde, Yseult, Isode, Isoude,
Isotta
Tristan and Iseult Iseult of Ireland's mother
Iseult of the
White Hands
Isolde, Yseult, Isode, Isoude,
Isotta
Tristan and Iseult
Daughter of Hoel of Brittany, sister of
Sir Kahedin, and wife of Tristan
Joseph of
Arimathea
Biblical figure; first
connection with Arthur is
inRobert de Boron's Joseph
d'Arimathie, 12th century
First keeper of the Holy Grail in
Arthurian legend
Josephus of
Arimathea
Josephe, Josephes
Lancelot-Grail cycle, Post
Vulgate Prose Tristan, Malory's Le Morte
D'Arthur
Son of Joseph of Arimathea
Kay† (Welsh: Cai, Latin: Caius)
Pa Gur yv y porthaur? 10th
century
Many Foster brother to Arthur, Sir Ector's son
Kahedin
Kahadin, Kahedrin, Kehenis,
Kehidius; possibly the Welsh
character Kae Hir
Thomas of Britain's Roman
de Tristan
Prose Tristan, Malory's Le Morte D'Arthur
Brother to Iseult, son of King Hoel, had
an affair with Brangaine
Lady of the
Lake
Nimue, Viviane, Niniane,
Nyneve, etc.
Unclear; a water fay is first
mentioned as Lancelot's
foster mother in Chrétien de
Troyes' Lancelot, the Knight
of the Cart, 1170s
Many
There are several related characters
called the Lady of the Lake. Their
actions include giving Arthur his
sword Excalibur, raising Lancelot and
his cousins as foster children,
enchanting Merlin, and taking the dying
king to Avalon
Lamorak† Prose Tristan, c. 1235 Lancelot-Grail Cycle
Son of King Pellinore, brother to Tor,
Aglovale, Percival, and Dindrane.
Lover of Morgause
Lancelot†
Lancelot du Lac, Lancelot of the
Lake, Launcelot
Chrétien de Troyes' Erec
and Enide, c. 1170
Chrétien's Lancelot, the Knight of the
Cart,Lancelot-Grail, many others
Son to King Ban and Elaine, most
famous for his affair with Queen
Guinevere, Arthur's wife, most
prominent Knight of the Round Table
Lanval† Landevale, Launfal, Lambewell
Marie de France's Lanval,
late 12th century
Sir Landevale, Sir Launfal, Sir Lambewell
A knight of King Arthur's court who falls
in love with a fairy
Laudine Lady of the Fountain
Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain,
the Knight of the Lion, 1170s
Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain, Iwein Sir Ywain's wife
Leodegrance† Leondegrance
Guinevere's father, King of Cameliard
in what is now southwest England
Lionel† Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century
Son of King Bors of Gaunnes (or Gaul),
brother of Bors the Younger
Lohengrin Loherangrin, Lorengel
Wolfram von
Eschenbach'sParzival, early
13th century
Parzival, German
romance Lohengrin, Lorengel,Richard
Wagner's Lohengrin
A knight of the Holy Grail, son of
Percival
Loholt
Possibly Llacheu, similar
character in Welsh sources
Welsh Triads (as Llacheu) Perlesvaus, Vulgate Cycle (as Loholt) Illegitimate son of Arthur
Lot Loth
Geoffrey of
Monmouth'sHistoria Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
Le Morte d'Arthur
King of Lothian, father to Gawain,
Agravain, Gaheris, and Gareth
Lucan† Sir Lucan the Butler Le Morte d'Arthur
Servant to King Arthur, Bedivere's
brother, Griflet's cousin
Lucius Lucius Tiberius, Lucius Hiberius
Geoffrey of
Monmouth'sHistoria Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
Alliterative Morte Arthure, Le Morte d'Arthur,
A fictional Roman Emperor and
antagonist to Arthur
Lunete
(Welsh: Luned) (French:
Lunete, Lunet)
Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain,
the Knight of the Lion, 1170s
Handmaiden and advisor to Laudine
Lynette
Thomas Malory's Le Morte
d'Arthur, c. 1470
Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King
Seeks aid from Arthur to rescue her
sister Lyonesse; Arthur sends an
incognito Gareth, who she berates until
he proves his worth
Lyonesse
Thomas Malory's Le Morte
d'Arthur, c. 1470
Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King
Entrapped sister of Lynette; rescued by
Gareth, whom she eventually marries
Mabon ap
Modron
Culhwch and Olwen, 11th
century
Welsh Triads
Son of Modron, kidnapped at birth,
rescued byCulhwch
Madoc Madawg Book of Taliesin Stanzas of the Graves
Son of Uther Pendragon, brother of
Arthur in early Welsh tradition, father
of Eliwlod
Maleagant†
Malagant, Meleagant, perhaps
Melwas
Unclear, a similar character
named "Melwas" appears in
the 12th century Life of
Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas
Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur
Abductor of Guinevere
Gildas
Manawydan
fab Llyr
Sometimes Manawyddan
The Mabinogion (first
appearance)
Pa Gur yv y Porthaur (circa
10th century)
Culhwch and Olwen (circa 1100)
Originally a British God; appeared as a
knight of Arthur's in Culhwch and
Olwen
Mark of
Cornwall
(Latin: Marcus
Cunomorus)(Cornish:
Margh)(Welsh: March)
Possibly based on a
historical figure from the 6th
century
Post-Vulgate Cycle, Prose Tristan, Le Morte
d'Arthur, Palamedes
Tristan's uncle, husband to Iseult
Meirchion Tristan and Iseult Father to Mark of Cornwall
Melehan
Geoffrey of
Monmouth'sHistoria Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
(unnamed)
Elder son of Mordred
Meliodas Meliadus
Prose Tristan; Tristan's
father was named Rivalen in
earlier versions
Le Morte d'Arthur Father to Tristan
Menw ap
Tairgwaedd
Culhwch and Olwen c.1100 Welsh Triads Enchanter, member of Arthur's retinue.
Merlin
(Welsh: Myrddin), Myrddin
Emrys, Merlin Ambrosius
First mention of his familiar
character is Geoffrey of
Monmouth's Historia Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136, but
derived from earlier Welsh
tales
Many Wizard, guide to King Arthur
Modron
Mentioned as the mother
ofMabon ap
Modron inCulhwch and
Olwen and theWelsh Triads
Welsh Triads
Mother of Mabon; in another folktale,
she is the mother of Owain (Ywain)
and Morvydd by Urien. Possible source
for Morgan le Fay
Mordred†
Modred (Welsh:Medrawd, Latin:
Medraut)
Annales Cambriae, c. 970 Many
In some literature, Arthur's illegitimate
son through Morgause (or Morgan le
Fay), kills and is killed by Arthur
Morgan le Fay
Morgaine, Morgain, Morgana,
Bellicent
Unclear; first mention as
Morgan in Geoffrey of
Monmouth's Vita Merlini, c.
1150
Many
Sorceress, half-sister and sometime
antagonist of Arthur, and (in some
traditions) mother of Mordred
Morgause Anna
Geoffrey of
Monmouth'sHistoria Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
Arthur's half-sister, wife to King Lot,
mother to Gawain, Agravaine, Gaheris,
and Gareth. In some traditions, also the
mother of Mordred
Morgan Tud Geraint ac Enid Head physician of Arthur's court.
Morholt† Marhalt, Morold, Marhaus
Tristan poems
of Béroul andThomas of
Britain, 12th century
Tristan poems of Béroul, Thomas, Eilhart von
Oberge, Gottfried von
Strassburg, Prose Tristan,Post-Vulgate
Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur
Irish knight, rival of Tristan, uncle of
Iseult
Morien† Moriaen
Dutch romance Morien, 13th
century
Half-Moorish son of Aglovale
Morvydd Welsh Triads, Culhwch and Olwen Owain's twin sister
Nimue see Lady of the Lake
Oberon
Auberon, King of Shadows and
Fairies
King of the Fairies, sometimes
identified as a son of Morgan le Fay
Olwen
Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th
century
Daughter of Ysbaddaden, beloved
of Culhwch
Orgeluse Haughty Maiden of Logres
Chrétien de
Troyes'Perceval, the Story
of the Grail, c. 1181
A wife of Gawain
Owain† (see Ywain) Historical figure Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain Son of Urien
Palamedes† Palamede, Palomides
Prose Tristan, 1230s,
Thomas Malory's Le Morte
T.H. White's The Once and Future King Saracen Knight of the Round Table
D'Arthur,
Parcenet The Story of King Arthur and His Knights
A maid from Queen Ettarre's court who
helps Sir Pelleas
Pellam
King Pellam of Listeneise,
Pellehan
see Fisher King
Pelleas† Pellias Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s
Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, Alfred,
Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King
A Knight of the Round table in love with
Ettarre, later lover of Nimue
Pelles see Fisher King
Pellinore†
Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas
Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, T. H. White's The
Once and Future King
King of Listenoise and friend to Arthur
Percival†
(Welsh: Peredur) Perceval,
Parzifal
As Percival, Chrétien de
Troyes' Erec and Enide, c.
1170
Chrétien's Perceval, the Story of the
Grail,Lancelot-Grail, many
Achiever of the Holy Grail; King
Pellinore's son in some tales
Questing
Beast
Beste Glatisant (Barking Beast) Perlesvaus, c. 1210
Gerbert's Continuation of Chrétien de
Troyes'Perceval, the Story of the Grail, Post
VulgateSuite du Merlin, Prose
Tristan, Thomas Malory'sLe Morte d'Arthur
A strange beast quested after by many
knights associated
with Pellinore and Palamedes.
Lady Ragnell
Sir Gawain's wife, in some legends
mother ofPercival
Red Knight
Chrétien's Perceval, the
Story of the Grail, c. 1181
Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur
Appears in many tales, usually as an
antagonist
Rience Ritho, Ryence, Ryons, and Rion
Geoffrey of
Monmouth'sHistoria Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
Lancelot-Grail, Post Vulgate Cycle, Thomas
Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur
King defeated by Arthur
Safir†
Thomas Malory's Le Morte
d'Arthur, ProseTristan
Son to Esclabor, brother
of Segwarides andPalamedes
Sagramore† Sagramor
Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate
Cycle, ProseTristan, Thomas Malory's Le
Morte d'Arthur
Ubiquitous Knight of the Round Table;
various stories and origins are given for
him
Segwarides†
Thomas Malory's Le Morte
d'Arthur, ProseTristan
Son of Esclabor, brother
of Safir and Palamedes
Taliesin Historical figure
The Welsh Triads, Story of Taliesin, Alfred,
Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King
Bard to king Arthur, oldest known
Welsh poet
Tom
a'Lincoln†
The Red Rose Knight
At least in Richard
Johnson'sTom a
Lincoln part 1, 1599;
possibly mentioned in
Robert Greene's Farewell to
Folly, 1591
Illegitimate son of King Arthur through
Angelica
Tom Thumb
Reginald Scot's Discovery of
Witchcraft
The History of Tom Thumb, Henry
Fielding's Tom Thumb and The Tragedy of
Tragedies
A tiny creation of Merlin. Later
becomes Arthur's court dwarf and an
honorary knight
Tor† Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Son of King Ars, adopted by Pellinore
Tristan†
(Latin/Brythonic: Drustanus;
Welsh: Drystan; Portuguese:
Tristão; Spanish: Tristán; also
known as Tristran, Tristram,
etc.)
Beroul's 'Roman de Tristan'
Thomas of Britain's 'Roman de Tristan', the
two 'Folies Tristans', Marie de France's
'Chevrefeuil',Eilhart von Oberge, Gottfried von
Strassburg, Post-Vulgate Prose Tristan, Post-
Vulgate Cycle,Thomas Malory's Le Morte
d'Arthur
Son of Blancheflor and Rivalen (or
Meliodas), Iseult's lover
Urien† Uriens Historical figure Welsh Triads
Father of Ywain (Owain mab Urien),
husband ofMorgan le Fay
Uther
Pendragon
(French: Uter Pendragon;
Welsh: Wthyr Bendragon, Uthr
Bendragon, Uthyr Pendraeg)
Pa Gur yv y Porthaur?, c.
10th century
Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum
Britanniae, c. 1136
Welsh Triads
Arthur's father
Vortigern
(Latin: Urtigernus), Guorthigirn,
Vortiger, Vortigen, Gwrtheyrn
Probably a historical figure;
first mentioned
in Bede's The Ecclesiastical
History of the English
People, AD 721
King of Britain whose decisions
assisted the Anglo-Saxon invasion of
Britain
Vortimer
Historia Brittonum, c. AD
820
Son of Vortigern
Ysbaddaden
Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th
century
A giant and antagonist in the
story Culhwch and Olwen
Ywain†
(Welsh: Owain) Yvain, Ewain or
Uwain
Based on the historical
figureOwain mab Urien
Historia Brittonum, Yvain, the Knight of the
Lion
Urien's son, Morvydd's brother
Ywain the
Bastard†
Ywain the Adventurous
Urien's illegitimate son through
a seneschal, accidentally killed
by Gawain

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King arthur

  • 1. The Arthurian legend featured many characters, including the Knights of the Round Table and members of his family. Their names often differed from version to version and from language to language. The following is a list of them with descriptions. (Note: The ' † ' symbol indicates a Knight of the Round Table.) King Arthur Characters Name Other names Earliest appearance Works featured in Description Accolon Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s Morgan le Fay's lover Aglovale† Agloval, Sir Aglovale de Galis The Life of Sir Aglovale de Galis, The Once and Future King King Pellinore's eldest son Agravain† Agravaine Lancelot-Grail, Le Morte D'Arthur Second son of King Lot and Morgause, joinsMordred's rebellion Amr Amhar, Amir, Anir Historia Brittonum, c. AD 820 Geraint and Enid Son of King Arthur Andred Le Morte D'Arthur Cousin of Tristram Sqedwayne King Arthur† Arthur Pendragon Y Gododdin, c. 7th century Many King of the Britons Aurelius Ambrosius Ambrosius Aurelianus Gildas' De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae c. AD Historia Brittonum c. AD 820 Uther Pendragon's brother, High King of Britain before him
  • 2. 540s Bagdemagus† Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, 1170s Meleagant's father and ruler of Gorre Ban Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Lancelot's father Balan Sir Balan le Savage Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s Post-Vulgate, Le Morte D'Arthur Brother to Balin Balin Sir Balin le Savage, Knight with Two Swords Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s Post-Vulgate, Le Morte D'Arthur Brother to Balan, kills the Lady of the Lake and strikes the Dolorous Stroke Bedivere† (Welsh: Bedwyr)(French: Bédoier) Bedevere Pa Gur yv y Porthaur, c. 10th century Vita Cadoc, Culhwch and Olwen, Stanzas of the Graves, Welsh Triads, Historia Regum Britanniae,Le Morte d'Arthur, numerous others Returns Excalibur to The Lady of the Lake, brother to Sir Lucan Black Knight King Arthur's grandson through Tom a'Lincoln. Another Black Knight is an antagonist figure Blanchefleur Chrétien de Troyes'Perceval, the Story of the Grail, c. 1181 Percival's wife, niece to Gornemant Bors the Elder (French: Bohort) Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Brother to King Ban, and an ally of Arthur's Bors the Son of Bors the Elder, father of Elyan
  • 3. Younger† the White Brangaine Brangaene, Brangwane, Brangien Tristan poems by Béroul andThomas of Britain, 12th century Tristan poems of Béroul, Thomas, Eilhart von Oberge, Gottfried von Strassburg, Prose Tristan,Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Handmaid to Iseult Bruin Sir Bruin Surnamed the Black First Named in "King Arthur Meets Lady Guinevere" Howard Pyle Unknown Family, One of the Original 32 Knights of the "Round table" Breunor le Noir† Brunor, La Cote Male Taile ("The Badly-shaped Coat") Knight who wears his murdered father's coat, brother of Dinadan and Daniel Brutus of Britain (Brut, Brute, Welsh: Bryttys) Historia Brittonum, c. AD 820 First King of Britain, a Trojan Cador† (Latin: Cadorius) Historia Regum Britanniae, The Dream of Rhonabwy Raised Guinevere as his ward, father toConstantine III of Britain, Described in some works as Arthur's cousin Caelia Celia, The Faerie Queene Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene, 1590; Richard Johnson's Tom a Lincoln part 1, 1599 Tom a'Lincoln's lover, mother to the Faerie Knight Calogrenant† Colgrevance, Cynan Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain, the Knight of the Lion, 1170s Le Morte d'Arthur Cousin to Sir Ywain
  • 4. Caradoc† (Latin: Caractacus) (Welsh: Caradog Freichfras, meaning Caradoc Strong (or Stout) Arm)) (French: Carados Briefbras) Perceval, the Story of the Grail, the Mabinogion Rebelled against Arthur when he first became king, but later supported him. Sometimes two characters, Caradoc the Elder (a king) and Caradoc the Younger (a knight) Catigern (Welsh: Cattegirn) Historia Brittonum (9th century), Harleian genealogies, Historia Regum Britanniae (c. 1134) Son of Vortigern; fought alongside his brotherVortimer against the Saxons Cerdic of Wessex Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 9th century First King of Wessex Claudas Perlesvaus, Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle,Le Morte d'Arthur A Frankish King antagonistic to Arthur, has two sons, Dorin and Claudin Claudin† Lancelot-Grail, Le Morte d'Arthur Virtuous son of the Frankish villain Claudas, eventually becomes one of 12 knights to achieve the Holy Grail Constans son of Constantine Based on the historical figure Constans Historia Regum Britanniae Son of Constantine II of Britain, older brother toUther Pendragon Constantine II of Britain Based on the historical figure Constantine Historia Regum Britanniae Arthur's grandfather, father to Uther Pendragon, Constans, and Ambrosius Aurelianus
  • 5. Constantine III of Britain† Geoffrey of Monmouth'sHistoria Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 Historia Regum Britanniae, Le Morte d'Arthur Arthur's cousin and successor to his throne, Cador's son Culhwch Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th century Cousin of Arthur's in early Welsh legend Cynric of Wessex Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 9th century Second King of Wessex, son of Cerdic Dagonet† Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King Arthur's court jester Daniel von Blumenthal† Daniel von Blumenthal, 1220 A Knight of the Round Table found in an early German offshoot of Arthurian legend Dinadan† Prose Tristan, 1230s Prose Tristan, Le Morte D'Arthur Son of Sir Brunor the Senior Dindrane (Italian: Agrestizia)(Welsh: Danbrann) Also Dindraine or Heliabel depending on the sources) Sister (sometimes half-sister) of Percival, plays a large part in many Holy Grail stories Durnure Sir Durnure First Named in "King Arthur Meets Lady Guinevere" Howard Pyle One of Three Sons of King Pellinore, One of the Original 32 Knights of the "Round table"
  • 6. Ector† Hector, Antor, Ectorius Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century The Once and Future King, Le Morte d'Arthur Raises Arthur according to Merlin's command, father to Sir Kay Edern ap Nudd Edern, son of Nudd, Yder, Yver, Isdernus, Knight of the Sparrowhawk Culhwch and Olwen, c. 1100 Chrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide (as Yder),Geraint ac Enid, The Dream of Rhonabwy Brother of Gwyn ap Nudd, rival to Erec/Geraint. Originally a hostile figure, later a member of Arthur's retinue Elaine of Astolat Elaine the White, Elaine the Fair, The Lady of Shalott Le Morte d'Arthur, 1470 The Lady of Shalott Daughter of Bernard of Astolat, classic Arthurian figure of unrequited love Elaine of Benoic Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Wife of King Ban and mother to Lancelot, Evaine's sister Elaine of Corbenic Amite, Helaine or Helizabel; "The Grail Maiden" Chrétien de Troyes'Perceval, the Story of the Grail c. 1181 The Once and Future King, Perceval le Gallois(1978) Daughter of the Fisher King, mother of Galahadby Lancelot Elaine of Garlot Daughter of Gorlois and Igraine, sister to Morgan le Fay and Morgause and a half-sister to King Arthur, wife to King Nentres. Elaine of Listenoise Le Morte d'Arthur Daughter of King Pellinore, lover of Sir Miles of the Laundes Elaine the Niece of the Lord of the Fens and wife of Persides the Red of the Castle of
  • 7. Peerless Gazevilte Eliwlod Welsh Triads Nephew to Arthur, son of Madoc, Uther Pendragon's son Elyan the White† (French: Helyan le Blanc) Son of Sir Bors and Claire, King Brandegoris' daughter, helps Lancelot rescue Guinevere and goes into exile with him Enide Enid Chrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide, c. 1170 Idylls of the King, Geraint and Enid Erec's wife Epinogres Sir Epinogres First Named in "King Arthur Meets Lady Guinevere" Howard Pyle Son of King of Umberland, and brother unto Enchantress Vivien, One of the Original 32 Knights of the "Round table" Erec† Unclear; first literary appearance as Erec inChrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide, c. 1170 See Geraint and Enid Son of King Lac and a Knight of the Round Table Esclabor† Father of Palamedes, Safir, and Segwarides Esclados Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain, the Knight of the Lion, 1170s Defended a magical fountain in the Forest of Broceliande, married
  • 8. to Laudine Evaine Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Wife of Bors the Elder, mother of Bors the Younger and Lionel, sister of Elaine of Benoic, aunt of Lancelot Faerie Knight, The Richard Johnson's Tom a Lincoln part 1, 1599 Illegitimate son of Tom a'Lincoln and Caelia, the Faerie Queen, half brother to the Black Knight Feirefiz† Wolfram von Eschenbach'sParzival, early 13th century Half-brother to Percival and King Arthur's nephew Fisher King, The The Wounded King, Pelles, Pelias Chrétien de Troyes'Perceval, the Story of the Grail, c. 1181 Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal, c. 1220, ProseTristan as interpolation, c. 1230 Guardian of the Holy Grail Gaheris† Le Morte d'Arthur Son of King Lot and Morgause, brother to Gawain, Agravaine, and Gareth, and half-brother to Mordred Galahad† Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Illegitimate son of Sir Lancelot and Elaine of Corbenic Galehault† Galehalt, Galehaut Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Former enemy of Arthur who becomes close friends with Lancelot
  • 9. Galeschin† Galeshin The Vulgate Cycle Son of Elaine of Garlot and King Nentres, nephew of Arthur Gareth† Beaumains Le Morte d'Arthur, Idylls of the King Also a son of Lot and Morgause, in love withLyonesse Gawain† (Latin: Walwanus, Welsh: Gwalchmai, Irish: Balbhuaidh) Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th century Chretien de Troyes' Conte du Graal, Lancelot- Grail cycle, Prose Tristan,Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Thomas Malory's Le Morte D'Arthur and many short Middle English romances Another son of Lot and Morgause, father of Gingalain Geraint† Geraint and Enid Enid's lover Gingalain† Guinglain, Gingalin, Gliglois, Wigalois, etc., also Le Bel Inconnu, or The Fair Unknown Le Bel Inconnu Gawain's and Blanchemal's son Gorlois (Old Welsh: Gwrlais) Historia Regum Britanniae Igraine's first husband before she married Uther Pendragon. Father of Morgause and Morgan le Fay. Gornemant Chrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide, c. 1170 Chrétien's Perceval, the Story of the Grail Percival's mentor Guiron le Courtois Palamedes, 1235–40 Palamedes, Guiron Compilation Companion of Meliodas
  • 10. Green Knight† Bercilak, Bertilak, Bernlak, Bredbeddle Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, 1300s The Greene Knight, King Arthur and King Cornwall A knight enchanted by Morgan le Fay in order to test Gawain Griflet† Girflet, Jaufre Jaufré The son of Do (or Don), cousin to Sir Lucan and Sir Bedivere Gringolet (Welsh: gwyn calet("white- hardy"), orceincaled ("handsome- hardy")) Chrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide, c. 1170 Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Gawain's horse Guinevak Gwenhwyvach Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th century Welsh Triads, Thomas Love Peacock'sMisfortunes of Elphin Guinevere's half-sister Queen Guinevere (Welsh: Gwenhwyfar, 'The White Fay' or 'White Ghost')(Latin:Guanhumara) Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th century Many Wife to King Arthur, famous for her affair with Lancelot Gwyn ap Nudd First appeared in the Arthurian saga in Culhwch and Olwen, c.1100. Character is much older. One of Arthur's knights. Brother of Edern ap Nudd, rival of Gwythyr ap Greidawl, lover ofCreiddylad Hector de Maris† Ector de Maris Quest du Saint Graal Vulgate Cycle Half-brother of Lancelot, son of King Ban and the Lady de Maris, Sir Bors and Sir Lionel are his cousins
  • 11. Hengest Hengist Bede's The Ecclesiastical History of the English People, AD 721 Historia Regum Britanniae An Anglo-Saxon king killed by Uther Pendragon;Horsa's brother Hueil mab Caw Huail Culhwch and Olwen, c 1110 Vita Gildas, Welsh Triads A Pictish plunderer and chieftain, killed by Arthur. Brother to Saint Gildas Hoel† (Welsh: Howel, Hywel) The Dream of Rhonabwy, Geraint and Enid Son of King Budic of Brittany, father to St. Tudwal Horsa Bede's The Ecclesiastical History of the English People, AD 721 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Brother to Hengest Igraine (Latin: Igerna)(Welsh:Eigyr) (French Igerne) Also Ygrayne and Arnive. Geoffrey of Monmouth'sHistoria Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 Vulgate Merlin Mother to King Arthur through an affair with Uther Pendragon. Mother of Morgause and Morgan le Fay through her first husband Gorlois. Iseult of Ireland Isolde, Yseult, Isode, Isoude, Isotta Tristan and Iseult Wife of Mark of Cornwall and adulterous lover of Sir Tristan Queen Iseult Isolde, Yseult, Isode, Isoude, Isotta Tristan and Iseult Iseult of Ireland's mother Iseult of the White Hands Isolde, Yseult, Isode, Isoude, Isotta Tristan and Iseult Daughter of Hoel of Brittany, sister of Sir Kahedin, and wife of Tristan
  • 12. Joseph of Arimathea Biblical figure; first connection with Arthur is inRobert de Boron's Joseph d'Arimathie, 12th century First keeper of the Holy Grail in Arthurian legend Josephus of Arimathea Josephe, Josephes Lancelot-Grail cycle, Post Vulgate Prose Tristan, Malory's Le Morte D'Arthur Son of Joseph of Arimathea Kay† (Welsh: Cai, Latin: Caius) Pa Gur yv y porthaur? 10th century Many Foster brother to Arthur, Sir Ector's son Kahedin Kahadin, Kahedrin, Kehenis, Kehidius; possibly the Welsh character Kae Hir Thomas of Britain's Roman de Tristan Prose Tristan, Malory's Le Morte D'Arthur Brother to Iseult, son of King Hoel, had an affair with Brangaine Lady of the Lake Nimue, Viviane, Niniane, Nyneve, etc. Unclear; a water fay is first mentioned as Lancelot's foster mother in Chrétien de Troyes' Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, 1170s Many There are several related characters called the Lady of the Lake. Their actions include giving Arthur his sword Excalibur, raising Lancelot and his cousins as foster children, enchanting Merlin, and taking the dying king to Avalon Lamorak† Prose Tristan, c. 1235 Lancelot-Grail Cycle Son of King Pellinore, brother to Tor, Aglovale, Percival, and Dindrane. Lover of Morgause
  • 13. Lancelot† Lancelot du Lac, Lancelot of the Lake, Launcelot Chrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide, c. 1170 Chrétien's Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart,Lancelot-Grail, many others Son to King Ban and Elaine, most famous for his affair with Queen Guinevere, Arthur's wife, most prominent Knight of the Round Table Lanval† Landevale, Launfal, Lambewell Marie de France's Lanval, late 12th century Sir Landevale, Sir Launfal, Sir Lambewell A knight of King Arthur's court who falls in love with a fairy Laudine Lady of the Fountain Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain, the Knight of the Lion, 1170s Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain, Iwein Sir Ywain's wife Leodegrance† Leondegrance Guinevere's father, King of Cameliard in what is now southwest England Lionel† Lancelot-Grail, early 13th century Son of King Bors of Gaunnes (or Gaul), brother of Bors the Younger Lohengrin Loherangrin, Lorengel Wolfram von Eschenbach'sParzival, early 13th century Parzival, German romance Lohengrin, Lorengel,Richard Wagner's Lohengrin A knight of the Holy Grail, son of Percival Loholt Possibly Llacheu, similar character in Welsh sources Welsh Triads (as Llacheu) Perlesvaus, Vulgate Cycle (as Loholt) Illegitimate son of Arthur Lot Loth Geoffrey of Monmouth'sHistoria Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 Le Morte d'Arthur King of Lothian, father to Gawain, Agravain, Gaheris, and Gareth
  • 14. Lucan† Sir Lucan the Butler Le Morte d'Arthur Servant to King Arthur, Bedivere's brother, Griflet's cousin Lucius Lucius Tiberius, Lucius Hiberius Geoffrey of Monmouth'sHistoria Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 Alliterative Morte Arthure, Le Morte d'Arthur, A fictional Roman Emperor and antagonist to Arthur Lunete (Welsh: Luned) (French: Lunete, Lunet) Chrétien de Troyes' Yvain, the Knight of the Lion, 1170s Handmaiden and advisor to Laudine Lynette Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, c. 1470 Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King Seeks aid from Arthur to rescue her sister Lyonesse; Arthur sends an incognito Gareth, who she berates until he proves his worth Lyonesse Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, c. 1470 Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King Entrapped sister of Lynette; rescued by Gareth, whom she eventually marries Mabon ap Modron Culhwch and Olwen, 11th century Welsh Triads Son of Modron, kidnapped at birth, rescued byCulhwch Madoc Madawg Book of Taliesin Stanzas of the Graves Son of Uther Pendragon, brother of Arthur in early Welsh tradition, father of Eliwlod Maleagant† Malagant, Meleagant, perhaps Melwas Unclear, a similar character named "Melwas" appears in the 12th century Life of Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Abductor of Guinevere
  • 15. Gildas Manawydan fab Llyr Sometimes Manawyddan The Mabinogion (first appearance) Pa Gur yv y Porthaur (circa 10th century) Culhwch and Olwen (circa 1100) Originally a British God; appeared as a knight of Arthur's in Culhwch and Olwen Mark of Cornwall (Latin: Marcus Cunomorus)(Cornish: Margh)(Welsh: March) Possibly based on a historical figure from the 6th century Post-Vulgate Cycle, Prose Tristan, Le Morte d'Arthur, Palamedes Tristan's uncle, husband to Iseult Meirchion Tristan and Iseult Father to Mark of Cornwall Melehan Geoffrey of Monmouth'sHistoria Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 (unnamed) Elder son of Mordred Meliodas Meliadus Prose Tristan; Tristan's father was named Rivalen in earlier versions Le Morte d'Arthur Father to Tristan Menw ap Tairgwaedd Culhwch and Olwen c.1100 Welsh Triads Enchanter, member of Arthur's retinue. Merlin (Welsh: Myrddin), Myrddin Emrys, Merlin Ambrosius First mention of his familiar character is Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, c. 1136, but derived from earlier Welsh tales Many Wizard, guide to King Arthur Modron Mentioned as the mother ofMabon ap Modron inCulhwch and Olwen and theWelsh Triads Welsh Triads Mother of Mabon; in another folktale, she is the mother of Owain (Ywain) and Morvydd by Urien. Possible source for Morgan le Fay
  • 16. Mordred† Modred (Welsh:Medrawd, Latin: Medraut) Annales Cambriae, c. 970 Many In some literature, Arthur's illegitimate son through Morgause (or Morgan le Fay), kills and is killed by Arthur Morgan le Fay Morgaine, Morgain, Morgana, Bellicent Unclear; first mention as Morgan in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Vita Merlini, c. 1150 Many Sorceress, half-sister and sometime antagonist of Arthur, and (in some traditions) mother of Mordred Morgause Anna Geoffrey of Monmouth'sHistoria Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 Arthur's half-sister, wife to King Lot, mother to Gawain, Agravaine, Gaheris, and Gareth. In some traditions, also the mother of Mordred Morgan Tud Geraint ac Enid Head physician of Arthur's court. Morholt† Marhalt, Morold, Marhaus Tristan poems of Béroul andThomas of Britain, 12th century Tristan poems of Béroul, Thomas, Eilhart von Oberge, Gottfried von Strassburg, Prose Tristan,Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Irish knight, rival of Tristan, uncle of Iseult Morien† Moriaen Dutch romance Morien, 13th century Half-Moorish son of Aglovale Morvydd Welsh Triads, Culhwch and Olwen Owain's twin sister Nimue see Lady of the Lake Oberon Auberon, King of Shadows and Fairies King of the Fairies, sometimes identified as a son of Morgan le Fay Olwen Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th century Daughter of Ysbaddaden, beloved of Culhwch Orgeluse Haughty Maiden of Logres Chrétien de Troyes'Perceval, the Story of the Grail, c. 1181 A wife of Gawain Owain† (see Ywain) Historical figure Owain, or the Lady of the Fountain Son of Urien Palamedes† Palamede, Palomides Prose Tristan, 1230s, Thomas Malory's Le Morte T.H. White's The Once and Future King Saracen Knight of the Round Table
  • 17. D'Arthur, Parcenet The Story of King Arthur and His Knights A maid from Queen Ettarre's court who helps Sir Pelleas Pellam King Pellam of Listeneise, Pellehan see Fisher King Pelleas† Pellias Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230s Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King A Knight of the Round table in love with Ettarre, later lover of Nimue Pelles see Fisher King Pellinore† Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, T. H. White's The Once and Future King King of Listenoise and friend to Arthur Percival† (Welsh: Peredur) Perceval, Parzifal As Percival, Chrétien de Troyes' Erec and Enide, c. 1170 Chrétien's Perceval, the Story of the Grail,Lancelot-Grail, many Achiever of the Holy Grail; King Pellinore's son in some tales Questing Beast Beste Glatisant (Barking Beast) Perlesvaus, c. 1210 Gerbert's Continuation of Chrétien de Troyes'Perceval, the Story of the Grail, Post VulgateSuite du Merlin, Prose Tristan, Thomas Malory'sLe Morte d'Arthur A strange beast quested after by many knights associated with Pellinore and Palamedes. Lady Ragnell Sir Gawain's wife, in some legends mother ofPercival Red Knight Chrétien's Perceval, the Story of the Grail, c. 1181 Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Appears in many tales, usually as an antagonist Rience Ritho, Ryence, Ryons, and Rion Geoffrey of Monmouth'sHistoria Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 Lancelot-Grail, Post Vulgate Cycle, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur King defeated by Arthur Safir† Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, ProseTristan Son to Esclabor, brother of Segwarides andPalamedes Sagramore† Sagramor Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, ProseTristan, Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Ubiquitous Knight of the Round Table; various stories and origins are given for him
  • 18. Segwarides† Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, ProseTristan Son of Esclabor, brother of Safir and Palamedes Taliesin Historical figure The Welsh Triads, Story of Taliesin, Alfred, Lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King Bard to king Arthur, oldest known Welsh poet Tom a'Lincoln† The Red Rose Knight At least in Richard Johnson'sTom a Lincoln part 1, 1599; possibly mentioned in Robert Greene's Farewell to Folly, 1591 Illegitimate son of King Arthur through Angelica Tom Thumb Reginald Scot's Discovery of Witchcraft The History of Tom Thumb, Henry Fielding's Tom Thumb and The Tragedy of Tragedies A tiny creation of Merlin. Later becomes Arthur's court dwarf and an honorary knight Tor† Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Son of King Ars, adopted by Pellinore Tristan† (Latin/Brythonic: Drustanus; Welsh: Drystan; Portuguese: Tristão; Spanish: Tristán; also known as Tristran, Tristram, etc.) Beroul's 'Roman de Tristan' Thomas of Britain's 'Roman de Tristan', the two 'Folies Tristans', Marie de France's 'Chevrefeuil',Eilhart von Oberge, Gottfried von Strassburg, Post-Vulgate Prose Tristan, Post- Vulgate Cycle,Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur Son of Blancheflor and Rivalen (or Meliodas), Iseult's lover Urien† Uriens Historical figure Welsh Triads Father of Ywain (Owain mab Urien), husband ofMorgan le Fay Uther Pendragon (French: Uter Pendragon; Welsh: Wthyr Bendragon, Uthr Bendragon, Uthyr Pendraeg) Pa Gur yv y Porthaur?, c. 10th century Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, c. 1136 Welsh Triads Arthur's father Vortigern (Latin: Urtigernus), Guorthigirn, Vortiger, Vortigen, Gwrtheyrn Probably a historical figure; first mentioned in Bede's The Ecclesiastical History of the English People, AD 721 King of Britain whose decisions assisted the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain
  • 19. Vortimer Historia Brittonum, c. AD 820 Son of Vortigern Ysbaddaden Culhwch and Olwen, c. 11th century A giant and antagonist in the story Culhwch and Olwen Ywain† (Welsh: Owain) Yvain, Ewain or Uwain Based on the historical figureOwain mab Urien Historia Brittonum, Yvain, the Knight of the Lion Urien's son, Morvydd's brother Ywain the Bastard† Ywain the Adventurous Urien's illegitimate son through a seneschal, accidentally killed by Gawain