King Arthur's Legend Introduction King Arthur and Merlin The Round Table Nights The sword: Excalibur Web sites
Introduction King Arthur’s legend is the most popular theme which later English poetry derived from medieval legend and that can be also included in the oral traditional literature: King Arthur, Guinevere, the Knights- Lancelot, Gawain, Perceval … King Arthur is said to be a British King about whom there are many doubts and many contradictory aspects. Genealogies and elements from his life and environment are different or do not coincide.
Introduction According to the tradition he was Uther’s and Igraine’s son. Arthur got married to Guinevere always finding near to him some invincible knights such as the ones mentioned before. Traditions also talk about a magician called Merlin and all of them agree introducing Mordred as Arthur’s main enemy. King Arthur also appears near Excalibur which is the name of a very significant sword. King Arthur’s knights achieve many deeds on his benefit and one of them it was the search of the Holy Grail .
Introduction Next to the Round Table Knights it appears this Holy Grail which is an spiritual adventure and also a search of power.
King Arthur & Merlin We can find two Arthurs on English history: <ul>1. An Arthur prince of Wales who died at the end of 15 th century, this is not the one of the legend. </ul><ul>2. And another one from whom we have more memory and elder in history, mixtured with celtic characters. </ul>
King Arthur & Merlin King Arthur could be a character from the 5 th century. Some people think that this character is more legendary and others think that he is more historic. Throught the Middle Age the legend is enriching itself as in the case of the continental Europe where the knights seem to have other connotations from the British tradition.
King Arthur & Merlin The part dealing with the Grail can be different. The idea of the Grail as something to take the blood of Christ when crucified seems to belong to 11 th , 12 th and 13 th centuries. The Christian meaning of the Grail does not exist before, it can have Celtic connotations (Graal). In the Celtic world vessels meant fertility. Myths refer to the history of those countries which do not have enough capacity. Here we find a mixture about history and legend. Medieval historic elements with Christian elements from the 12 th and 13 th centuries.
King Arthur & Merlin Merlin first appears in extant records from the early 10th century as a mere prophet, but his role gradually evolved into that of magician, prophet and advisor, active in all phases of the administration of King Arthur's kingdom.
King Arthur & Merlin He was apparently given the name Emrys (or Ambrosius) at his birth in Caer-Fyrddin (Carmarthen). He only later became known as Merlin, a Latinized version of the Welsh word, Myrddin, taken from the place of his birth.
Excalibur is the legendary sword of King Arthur, sometimes attributed with magical powers or associated with the rightful sovereignty of Great Britain. Sometimes Excalibur and the Sword in the Stone (the proof of Arthur's lineage) are said to be the same weapon, but in most versions they are considered separate. The sword was associated with the Arthurian legend very early. In Welsh, the sword is called Caledfwlch How Sir Bedevere Cast the Sword Excalibur into the Water , by Aubrey Beardsley (1894)
Web Sites <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Arthur