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Trusted Learning Analytics

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In May 2018, the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will enter into force in the European Union. This new regulation is considered as the most modern data protection law for Big Data societies of tomorrow. The GDPR will bring major changes to data ownership and the way data can be accessed, processed, stored, and analysed in the European Union. From May 2018 onwards, data subjects gain fundamental rights such as ‘the right to access data’ or ‘the right to be forgotten’. This will force Big Data system designers to follow a privacy-by-design approach for their infrastructures and fundamentally change the way data can be treated in the European Union.

The presentation provides an overview of the Trusted Learning Analytics Programme as it has been recently initiated at the University of Frankfurt and the DIPF research institute in Germany. Educational data is under special focus of the GDPR, as it is considered as highly sensitive like data from a nuclear plant. It shows opportunities and challenges for using educational data for learning analytics purposes under the light of the GDPR 2018.

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Trusted Learning Analytics

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Hendrik Drachsler @hdrachsler Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  2. 2. 3 • Hendrik Drachsler Professor Educational Technologies & Learning Analytics • Research topics: Recommender Systems Learning Analytics Mobile devices • Application domains: Schools HEI Medical education WhoAmI Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  3. 3. 12/03/18 3Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  4. 4. @HDrachsler, # Slide 5 / 29 June 1. Definition of trust and LA 2. Fears of Learning Analytics Lecture structure 5. Technical approaches towards Trusted Learning Analytics 3. Humboldt-ian Educational Model 4. New demands from GDPR 2018 Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  5. 5. Trust is about a firm belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of someone or something. A trustful relation is mutually based on • openness • truth • reliability • integrity • belief • faith • freedom of suspicion A definition of Trust Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit Picture by Terry Johnston https://www.flickr.com/photos/powerbooktrance/466709245/
  6. 6. Greller, W. & Drachsler, H. (2012). Turning Learning into Numbers. Toward a Generic Framework for Learning Analytics. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 15(3), 42–57. http://ifets.info/journals/15_3/4.pdf A definition of Learning Analytics
  7. 7. @HDrachsler, # Slide 8 / 29 June 1. Definitions 2. Fears of Learning Analytics Lecture structure 5. Technical approaches towards Trusted Learning Analytics 3. Humboldt-ian Educational Model 4. New demands from GDPR 2018 Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  8. 8. Keynote Neil Selwyn @ LAK 2018, Sydney, Australia Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  9. 9. Keynote Neil Selwyn @ LAK 2018, Sydney, Australia Learning Analytics has a trust problem … Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  10. 10. Keynote Neil Selwyn @ LAK 2018, Sydney, Australia … because Learning Analytics has the potential of becoming a high stakes assessment.
  11. 11. Black box vs. White box Open algorithms Transparent indicators No automated decisions Full access to data Knowing who accesses your data Unknown algorithms Unknown data collection Automated decisions No access to raw data No control who uses it Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  12. 12. Examples why people don’t trust
  13. 13. 14 • $100 million investment • Aim: Personalized learning in public schools, through data & technology standards • 9 US states participated, in 2013 data about millions of children have been stored Ignoring the fears and public perception of the application of analytics can lead to a lack of acceptance, protests, and even failure of entire LA implementations. Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit Examples why people don’t trust
  14. 14. @HDrachsler, # Slide 15 / 29 1. Definitions 2. Fears of Learning Analytics Lecture structure 5. Technical approaches towards Trusted Learning Analytics 3. Humboldt-ian Educational Model 4. New demands from GDPR 2018 Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  15. 15. Humboldt-ian Model Designed an education system … • based on unbiased knowledge • combining research and teaching • allowing students to choose their own course of study • develop autonomous reflected individuals • education beyond vocational training only • comprehensive general learning • cultural knowledge Picture cc-by: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_von_Humboldt Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit Humboldt-ian Model in the age of Big Data Designed an education system … • based on unbiased knowledge • combining research and teaching • allowing students to choose their own course of study (personalization) • develop autonomous reflected individuals (self- regulated learning) • education beyond vocational training only • comprehensive general learning (lifelong learning) • cultural knowledge (formative feedback vs. summative assessment)
  16. 16. @HDrachsler, # Slide 17 / 29 1. Definitions 2. Fears of Learning Analytics Lecture structure 5. Technical approaches towards Trusted Learning Analytics 3. Humbold-tian Educational Model 4. New demands from GDPR 2018 Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  17. 17. “the biggest change to data protection law for a generation” Elizabeth Denham, Information Commissioner Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit GDPR 2018
  18. 18. GDPR 2018 • Right to be informed • Right of access • Right to rectification • Right to erasure • Right to restrict processing • Right to data portability • Right to object automated decision making Do your Learning Technology systems support these rights? Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  19. 19. The GDPR may apply to an institution even if it does not have any physical presence in the EU. Interaction with EU citizens in a way that results in data being kept on them appears to trigger the applicability of the law. The law appears to apply to study abroad programs as well. GDPR 2018
  20. 20. 21 Some things are already on its way http://www.open.ac.uk/students/ch arter/essential-documents/ethical- use-student-data-learning-analytics- policy# https://www.jisc.ac.uk/sites/default/files/jd 0040_code_of_practice_for_learning_analy tics_190515_v1.pdf Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  21. 21. 22 Drachsler, H. & Greller, W. (2016). Privacy and Analytics – it’s a DELICATE issue. A Checklist to establish trusted Learning Analytics. 6th Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference 2016, April 25-29, 2016, Edinburgh, UK. Online at: http://www.laceproject.eu/ethics-privacy/ Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit Some things are already on its way
  22. 22. Some things are already on its way http://www.sheilaproject.eu Yi-Shan Tsai, Pedro Manuel Moreno-Marcos, Kairit Tammets, Kaire Kollom, and Dragan Gašević. 2018. SHEILA policy framework: informing institutional strategies and policy processes of learning analytics. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK '18). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 320-329. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/317035 8.3170367
  23. 23. @HDrachsler, # Slide 24 / 29 1. Definitions 2. Fears of Learning Analytics Lecture structure 5. Technical approaches towards Trusted Learning Analytics 3. Humbold-tian Educational Model 4. New demands from GDPR 2018 Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  24. 24. Trusted Learning Analytics Infrastructure Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  25. 25. • TRU-LA first GDPR 2018 conform Big Data Infrastructure • Joined project with GU und OU • Among ‘traditional‘ learning data we also aim to collect multimodal data. Trusted Learning Analytics Infrastructure Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  26. 26. Trusted Learning Analytics in action Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit
  27. 27. • Context – Online course on sustainable development with 60 students from 11 EU universities • Key components – students (and staff) of different nationalities and backgrounds (cultural and disciplinary) – collaboration between geographically distributed students • RQ: – How can we best integrate learning analytics and group awareness for students in CSCL learning environments to optimize group dynamics and collaborative learning? Trusted Learning Analytics in action
  28. 28. Cumulative View Periodic View Adelaide | 12.03.2018 | @hdrachsler | Digitale Learning Summit Trusted Learning Analytics in action
  29. 29. Reciprocal Privacy Relationship Scheffel, M., Drachsler, H., Kreijns, K., de Kraker, J., & Specht, M. (2017). Widget, widget as you lead, I am performing well indeed! - Using results from a formative offline study to inform an empirical online study about a learning analytics widget in a collaborative learning environment LAK’17. Vancouver, Canada: ACM.
  30. 30. The Widget
  31. 31. The Widget
  32. 32. The Widget
  33. 33. The Widget And now guess, how many of the 60 students wanted their data hidden?
  34. 34. @hdrachsler drachsler@dipf.de 35 Many thanks for your attention! Questions now or later:

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