Agriculture is the mother of all economic development in
It is a ladder through which a common man has found its
But since Independence in 1947,the GDP has declined in
comparison to the growth of industrial service sector.
In mid 1990’s it provides approximately 1/3 of the GDP
and employ roughly 2/3 of the population.
We are covering 3 areas-
Modern technology and intensive
marketing can the agriculturist exploit
both the domestic market as well as
international market to the fullest
Plough (also ‘plow’):
Ploughing is the first preparation for plan for
planting. The plough is primarily designed to prepare
the ground for the cultivation by turning it over.
Prairie ploughs were heavy. Weighing at least 125
pound and enquiring from 3 to 7 yoke of oxen.
Cutting only 3 inches into the soil, farmers could
break 8 acres a year.
After a span of few years, ploughs maintaining a
polished wrought iron moldboard and steel share
After ploughing, other elements were used. The
harrow was necessary to smoothen the soil in
areas where the soil remained rough.
In modern times , harrows are of varied types.
some are simply dragged behind a tractor or
Some are suspended on wheels; many have
leavers to adjust the depth of the cut.
Impact of the Industrial Revolution On
•Industrial revolution brought about drastic changes in the
•Few of the inventions include:
Electric and diesel pumps can be used to extract groundwater
for irrigating any large acres of land.
It is foot operated water lifting device & needed by small
Drip Irrigation Technology:
It is a water saving technology which enables slow and regular
application of water directly to the root of the plants.
Finance or credit is an essential requirement for every
Types of agriculture finance:
Productive unproductive short-period medium- long term
credit credit credit period credit credit
The various sources of finance are as follows:-
It consists funds available to the farmers by various
institutions .The various institutional sources are as
Land development bank
Regional rural bank
It has been traditional sources of agriculture credit in India. The
main sources are-
WORLD BANK: (various schemes)
$ 1332 million crore for U.P.
$ 444 million to Orissa.
Rural finance scheme to help Indian farmer.
$ 20 million bill for bank.
SEISIMIC BELT Scheme for regions which are under
earthquake effect such as Himalayan, Gujarat, Maharashtra etc.
The growth rate of the agriculture sector in India GDP grew
after Independence. The government of India placed special
emphasis on the sector in its 5 yrs plan.
Years Total production(us $)
• 2001-2002 212 million tones
• 2002-2003 179.2million tones
• 2007 1.09 trillion
•The growth rate of India GDP was 9.4% in 06 -07.
•The Agriculture contributed around 18.6% to India GDP in
•In India GDP grew rate is 1.7% each year between 01-02 & 03-
The various extension programmes are being held in the
various phases which are as follows:
:The first phase dates from 1948-1960,which includes
Grow More Food Campaign- 1948
Community Development Programme-1952
The 2nd phase (1960-1974),includes
Intensive Agriculture District Programmes-1960
Intensive Agriculture Areas Programmes-1966
High Yielding Variety Programme-1966
The 3rd phase(1965-1979),includes
National Demonstration Programme-1965
Operational Research project-1971
Lab To Land Programme-1979
The 4th phase ,introduced the World Bank aided training & Visit Approach
India rank 2 worldwide in farm output
Agriculture & allied sectors accounted for 16.6% of the
GDP in 2007.
Yield per unit area of all crops have grown have grown
It is the second largest producer of wheat, rice ,sugar.
•Agriculture is the backbone of Indian Economy.
•Comprises huge percent(%) of export & import.
•Large employment opportunity.
•Contribute to National Income.