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  1. 1. ENGLISH 4 LISTENING TAPESCRIPTS JEAN NOUVEL FROM : EURONEWS, 11.2.2010 (b. Fumel, France 1945) Nouvel places enormous importance on designing a building harmonious with its site and surroundings. Although Nouvel relies on context to generate his designs, a certain continuum occurs from one design to the next. Within nearly all of his designs, Nouvel consistently presents an interplay of transparency, shadow, and light. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 French architect Jean Nouvel was one of the guests at Imagina – the  3D  technology’s  European  trade  fair,  held   in Montecarlo. Nouvel, who studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris, has worked on projects around the world including the Arab World Institute in Paris and the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis. He spoke to euronews about the impact technology has on architecture. Jean Nouvel:  “Computers  have  completely  changed  an  architect’s  work,  now  you  can  simulate  everything,  you   can draw a lot more quickly, you can break down a building into separate pieces. You can check each combination,  there  are  extraordinary  new  possibilities  regarding  both  conception  and  realisation.” Claudio Rocco:  “You  have  said  that  images  are  lies.  With  new  technology, are  they  a  little  more  truthful?” Jean Nouvel:   “With   new   technology   you   can   lie   just   as   well,   perhaps   even   a   little   better,   that’s   the   ethical   problem.   But   it’s   true   that   the   lie   has   always   been   there.   I   am   referring   to   promotions,   with   the   wide   angle,   rooms that appear three times as big in the prospectus, luxury cars at the front of the shot, pin-ups, trees, whatever you want, in fact what you no longer see is the architecture, you just see these symbols of luxury, which are for sale at the same time. “This lie has always existed but with a computer if you have ethics you can represent things in a very accurate fashion, so it would be good to effectively establish a number of rules, a sort of ethical code which would allow you  to  be  sure  that  what  you’re  seeing  is  true.” Claudio Rocco:  “Do  you  think  that  some  of  your  pieces  could  not  have  been  achieved  without  a  computer?” Jean Nouvel: “I’m   absolutely   sure   of   that.   There   are   ideas   that   I   could   not   have   had   because   the   computer   opens the mind. I work with light a lot, for example, and there are some things that I could never have imagined without that. And then there are things that I absolutely could not have achieved. For example, I worked on the Louvre in Abu Dhabi, on the big dome, which is a sort of shaft of light which crosses two vaults which in turn are pierced to allow the light to disappear and then reappear etc. “If  you’d  wanted  to  do  it  a  dozen  years  ago  the  simulation  and  work  would  have  taken  two  or  three  centuries,   and  that’s  too  long  for  me.  But  now,  it’s  possible.” Claudio Rocco:  “Regarding  the  link  with  the  past.  In  some  of  your  structures,  I  am  thinking  for  example,  of  the   Opera House in Lyon, you have integrated  the  old  structure  within  the  new.  What  is  the  architect’s  relationship   with the past? How can the new be integrated  with  the  old?” Jean Nouvel:   “I   think   we   must   always   make   use   of   what   came   before.   What   is   missing   most   often   in   contemporary architecture is the link with history and with geography. I say that you must always take what came before into account and reuse it as often as possible. As so in history lots of masterpieces are created over centuries.” Claudio Rocco: “Do   you   think   that  today’s   cities   will   exist   in   50   or   100   years.   How   do  you   see   the   city   of   the   future?” Jean Nouvel:  “The   future  is   not   new  cities,  cities  are  always  changing.   What’s  important   now  is   what  are  the   factors of change. In the 20th century we accumulated a lot of new districts, a lot of new buildings, very quickly which were not linked together, they were just tagged on. “Cities  are  very  clogged  so  it  is  necessary  that  cities  change  within  themselves,  and  it’s  that  way  of  moving  which   will give them a complexity, I hope, that will give them more humanity, more depth. So the future is already 50 per cent there for cities. “One  of  the  most  extraordinary  things  in  Ridley  Scott’s  Blade  Runner  is  that  we  see  clearly  that  the  future  was   always in conflict or in competition with the existing material, with the buildings of the previous century. It is this relationship  between  the  future  and  the  past  which  created  the  city.” PHOTO AND SCRIPT : http://www.euronews.net/2010/02/11/jean-nouvel-with-new-technology-you-can-lie-just-as-well-perhaps-even-a-little-/ TEXT IN BOX : http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Jean_Nouvel.html 1