HUMAN RELATIONS AND GROUP
Definition, Principles and
• We have already gone thru’ the concept of
• Hence we will move onto GROUP
DEFINITION OF GROUP
• Group Dynamics :- The POWER to influence
• The branch of social psychology that studies the
psychodynamics of interaction in social groups.
• Group dynamics is the study of groups, and also
a general term for group processes. Relevant to
the fields of psychology, sociology, and
communication studies, a group is two or more
individuals who are connected to each other by
DEFINITION OF GROUP
• The psychological aspect or conduct of an
interpersonal relationship. This is the study of
the interaction between people with a common
objective in a closed environment.
Group Dynamics refers to the interactive nature
of individuals within the contexts of a group.
These interactions between individuals within
the group are distinctly different than in one-on-
one interactions. Group Dynamics also refers to
the study of the nature of groups.
DEFINITION OF GROUP
• The study of the underlying features of
group behavior such as group motives and
attitudes. Group dynamics is concerned
with the characteristics of groups which
change rather than those which are stable.
• Group Dynamics is the study of the
development and structure of small social
CONCEPT OF GROUP
• At its most basic level, a group usually has two major goals:
..........1. To get things done
..........2. To get along as a group
• To be a successful group, you need both of these things. If you don’t
get much done but have a great time partying, then you’re an
awesome bunch of friends but you’ll never organize anything. On
the other hand, if you get a lot done but are always really formal and
polite, or secretly hate each other, it won’t be long before you’re
burnt out and sick of being part of this group, no matter how much
• How your group is structured and how it functions will play a key role
in your eventual success or failure. Think critically about your
organization and discuss it as a group – what’s working and what
isn’t? What could you do to address these issues? How can you
build a stronger organization that’s more effective?
• Group dynamics is an important theory that can enable
members to adopt the right approach of interacting with
others. People work in groups quite frequently and in
many different areas of their life e.g. at work,
school/college, sport, hobbies.
• Groups can be of two types: informal groups and formal
groups. Informal groups are a collection of people
seeking and sharing emotional traits. Formal groups on
the other hand are a set of people created to do
• In order to be called a group, an aggregation of person must satisfy the
• People must interact with one another
• People must be psychologically aware of one another
• People should perceive themselves to be a group
• If the interaction among the people is not sufficient, then they cannot be
called a group. They should be aware of one another and perceive the
existence as group. Therefore, people sitting in a cinema hall and people
waiting for a bus stop will not qualify as group. However, a family is treated
as a group as it satisfies all the conditions to the large extent.
• Any functional group with the common objective, aim shared values,
purpose and mission qualifies as a TEAM.
• As a group / collection of individuals have to
accept the norms and values perceive that, as
regards their occupation or profession.
• Principle of Group in the simple version is
Gathering of Individual, who share goals and are
interdependent. They have to communicate with
each other over a period of time and where the
number of members is small enough for the
communication to be face to face.
• People trust each other
• Feelings are expressed freely
• Process issues as part of the work
• Commitment is high
• Conflict is worked through
• Decisions are by consensus
• Listening is high
• Objectives are common to all.
HOW GROUP DIFFERS FROM
• A group is a collection of individuals operating
within the constraints of mutually accepted
norms and values and are interdependent in the
sense that an event that affects one member is
likely to affect all others.
• A Team is a small group engaged upon a
specific task for which group members have a
clearly define role and in which each member
has a vested interest in success. Teams are
composed of people. People have egos and