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‘TO END THE SILENCE’
Sexuality & sexual health as a legitimate
area of nursing activity recognizing an
individual’s sexuality as an essential
a...
 Sex ; sex refers to the biological &
physiological characteristics that define
men & women.
 Gender ; Gender refers to ...
Example of sex characteristics
-women menstruate while men do not
-men have testicles while women do not
-women developed ...
Examples of gender characteristics
-most of the countries women earn
significant less money than men of similar
work
-in m...
 Sexuality ; sexuality is more than genital
physical activity. Sexuality encompasses
our whole being. It includes our sen...
Sexual Rights (World Association of
Sexology)
1.The right to sexual freedom.
2.The right to sexual autonomy, sexual
integr...
8.The right to make free & responsible
reproductive choices
9.The right to sexual information based
upon scientific enquir...
 Sexual health ; sexual health as the state
of physical, emotional, mental,& social
well being related to sexuality, it i...
A sexually healthy adult would;
 Appreciate one’s own body
 Seek further information about
reproduction as needed
 Affi...
 Interact with both genders in respectful &
appropriate ways
 Affirm one’s own sexual orientation &
respect the sexual o...
 Identify & live according to one’s values
 Take responsibility for one’s own
behavior
 Practice effective decision-mak...
 Gender identity; gender identity defines
the degree to which each person
identifies as male, female, or some
combination...
 Eroticism ; Eroticism is the human
capacity to experience subjective
responses that elicit physical
phenomena perceived ...
 Sexual activity ; Sexual activity is a
behavioral expression of one’s sexuality
where the erotic component of sexuality
...
 Responsible sexual behavior
Responsible sexual behaviors is
expressed at individual, interpersonal &
community levels. I...
 At birth ; gender assigned. It is common
for 18 month old to play with genitalis
 3years ; gender identification. Kids
...
 Adolescence ; -primary & secondary
sexual characteristic develop.
Information on body changes, odor,STD
-Masturbation is...
 Adulthood 40-65yrs ; Less hormone
production, adjust to new roles, & re-
evaluate & direct energies. look at
aspects of ...
Acc to the APA sexual orientation refers to
a person’s sense of personal & social
identity based on those attractions,
beh...
 Heterosexual
 Homosexual
 Bisexual
There are numerous contraceptive options
available to sexually active couple
today
1.Barrier methods
2.Hormonal methods
3....
The prevalence of STDs is a major heath concern
b’cos treatment is costly & the incidence is
high in minority population o...
 Culture
 Personal ethics
 Health status
 Problem that interferes with sexuality
 Culture
dress, rule of marriage, role of
behavior, religious values & guidelines
 Personal ethics
unwritten code of con...
 Health status
- Pregnancy
- Menstruation
 Problems that interfere with sexuality
- medication side effects (
increase/d...
 Joint diseases (pain, stiffness)
 Surgery (masectomy, prostatectomy)
 Sexual dysfunctions
1.Seual desire disorders
 Hypoactive sexual desire disorder
 Sexual aversion disorder
2.Sexual arousal disorders
 Femal...
3.Male erectile disorder
4.Orgasmic disorders
 Female orgasmic disorder
 Male orgasmic disorder
 Premature ejaculation
...
Sexuality & sexual health
Sexuality & sexual health
Sexuality & sexual health
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Sexuality & sexual health

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Sexuality & sexual health

  1. 1. ‘TO END THE SILENCE’
  2. 2. Sexuality & sexual health as a legitimate area of nursing activity recognizing an individual’s sexuality as an essential aspect of holistic care
  3. 3.  Sex ; sex refers to the biological & physiological characteristics that define men & women.  Gender ; Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities & attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men & women
  4. 4. Example of sex characteristics -women menstruate while men do not -men have testicles while women do not -women developed breasts that are capable of lactating while men have not -men generally have more massive bones than women
  5. 5. Examples of gender characteristics -most of the countries women earn significant less money than men of similar work -in most of the countries women do more house work than men
  6. 6.  Sexuality ; sexuality is more than genital physical activity. Sexuality encompasses our whole being. It includes our sense of femaleness and maleness. Sxuality includes biological, sociological, psychological, spiritual, and cultural dimensions of each person’s being. In addition, sexuality influenced by values, attitudes, behaviours, relationships with others and the need to establish emotional closeness with others.
  7. 7. Sexual Rights (World Association of Sexology) 1.The right to sexual freedom. 2.The right to sexual autonomy, sexual integrity,& safety of the sexual body. 3.The right to sexual privacy 4.The right to sexual equity 5.The right to sexual pleasure 6.The right to emotional sexual expression 7.The right to sexually associate freely
  8. 8. 8.The right to make free & responsible reproductive choices 9.The right to sexual information based upon scientific enquiry 10.The right to comprehensive sexuality education 11.The right to sexual health care
  9. 9.  Sexual health ; sexual health as the state of physical, emotional, mental,& social well being related to sexuality, it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction & infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive, respectful approach to the sexuality & sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable & safe sexual experiences, free of coerction, discrimination & violence.
  10. 10. A sexually healthy adult would;  Appreciate one’s own body  Seek further information about reproduction as needed  Affirm that human development includes sexual development that may or may not include reproduction or genital sexual experiences
  11. 11.  Interact with both genders in respectful & appropriate ways  Affirm one’s own sexual orientation & respect the sexual orientation of others  Express love & intimacy in appropriate ways  Develop & maintain meaningful relationships  Avoid exploitative or manipulative relationships  Make informed choices about family options & lifestyles  Exhibit skills that enchance personal relationships
  12. 12.  Identify & live according to one’s values  Take responsibility for one’s own behavior  Practice effective decision-making  Communicate effectively with family, peers, & partners  Enjoy & express one’s sexuality throughout life  Express one’s sexuality while respecting the rights of others
  13. 13.  Gender identity; gender identity defines the degree to which each person identifies as male, female, or some combination.  Sexual orientation ; sexual orientation is the organization of an individual’s eroticism &/or emotional attachment with reference to the sex & gender of the partner involved in sexual activity  Sexual identity ; sexual identity is the overall sexual self identity which includes how the individual identifies as male, female, masculine, feminine, or some combination & the individual’s sexual
  14. 14.  Eroticism ; Eroticism is the human capacity to experience subjective responses that elicit physical phenomena perceived as sexual desire, sexual arousal & orgasm & usually identified with sexual pleasure  Emotional attachment ; emotional attachment is the human capacity to establish bonds with other human beings that are built & maintained through emotions
  15. 15.  Sexual activity ; Sexual activity is a behavioral expression of one’s sexuality where the erotic component of sexuality is most evident  Sexual Practice ; Sexual practice is pattern of sexual activity that is exhibited by an individual or a community with enough consistency to be expected as a behavior.  Safer sex ; safer sex is a term used to specify sexual practices & sexual behaviors that reduce the risk of contacting and STD, especially HIV
  16. 16.  Responsible sexual behavior Responsible sexual behaviors is expressed at individual, interpersonal & community levels. It is characterized by autonomy, mutuality, honesty, respectfulness, consent, protection, pursuit of pleasure & wellness.
  17. 17.  At birth ; gender assigned. It is common for 18 month old to play with genitalis  3years ; gender identification. Kids explore and fondle  4-5years ; Normal to masturbate  School age ; gender role behavior is learned  6-12years ; identification with gender parent, both parents & kids have concerns & questions about sexuality & reproduction
  18. 18.  Adolescence ; -primary & secondary sexual characteristic develop. Information on body changes, odor,STD -Masturbation is normal & heavy  Young adulthood (20-40yrs) ; sexually active. Information on prevention of STD & good communication
  19. 19.  Adulthood 40-65yrs ; Less hormone production, adjust to new roles, & re- evaluate & direct energies. look at aspects of life  Late adulthood 65+ ; sexually active, counsel on adaptation
  20. 20. Acc to the APA sexual orientation refers to a person’s sense of personal & social identity based on those attractions, behaviors expressing them, & membership in a community of others who share them
  21. 21.  Heterosexual  Homosexual  Bisexual
  22. 22. There are numerous contraceptive options available to sexually active couple today 1.Barrier methods 2.Hormonal methods 3.Intrauterine methods 4.Behavioural methods 5.Sterilization
  23. 23. The prevalence of STDs is a major heath concern b’cos treatment is costly & the incidence is high in minority population of low socio economic status 1. Syphillis 2. Gonorrhea 3. Clamydia 4. Trichomoniasis 5. Infection with the humanpapiloma virus & herpes simplex virus type 2
  24. 24.  Culture  Personal ethics  Health status  Problem that interferes with sexuality
  25. 25.  Culture dress, rule of marriage, role of behavior, religious values & guidelines  Personal ethics unwritten code of conduct based upon ethical principles
  26. 26.  Health status - Pregnancy - Menstruation  Problems that interfere with sexuality - medication side effects ( increase/decrease motivation) - MI (anxiety, fear, depression, low libido) -STD (fear of transmission) -Chronic pain (decreases sex motivation)
  27. 27.  Joint diseases (pain, stiffness)  Surgery (masectomy, prostatectomy)  Sexual dysfunctions
  28. 28. 1.Seual desire disorders  Hypoactive sexual desire disorder  Sexual aversion disorder 2.Sexual arousal disorders  Female sexual arousal disorder
  29. 29. 3.Male erectile disorder 4.Orgasmic disorders  Female orgasmic disorder  Male orgasmic disorder  Premature ejaculation 5.Sexual pain disorders  Dyspareunia  vaginismus

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