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DSD-SEA 2018 Software Application in Integrated Water Resources Management in Indonesia - Sudono


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Presentation by Mr. Irfan Sudono (Ministry of Public Works and Housing, Indonesia) at the Seminar Cutting Edge Hydro Software for South-East Asia, during the Deltares Software Days South-East Asia 2018. Thursday, 6 September 2018, Yogyakarta.

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DSD-SEA 2018 Software Application in Integrated Water Resources Management in Indonesia - Sudono

  1. 1. EXPERIENCE THE APPLICATION OF DELTARES SOFTWARE, IN IWRM IN INDONESIA Irfan Sudono Experimental Station for RnD of Hydrology and Water System Research Centre for Water Resources Development
  2. 2. Outline IWRM in Indonesia BTA-155 Project Cisadane-Cimanuk IWRD Update Technology and Computation Model JCP RIBASIM, SOBEK, wflow Center of Hydroinformatic Study
  3. 3. Episode of IWRM in Indonesia  Visiting of the Minister of Public Works of Indonesia to the Netherlands in May 1984. The Minister Showed a keen interest in approach of the Netherlands Government with respect to water resources planning. He proposed to investigate the possibilities of transfer of knowledge in this field and the implementation of similar approach in Indonesia.  Terms-of-Reference for a co-operation project was formulated by Directorate General of Water Resources Development (DGWRD) Indonesia, assisted by a Netherlands mission of Rijkswaterstaat and DELFT HYDRAULICS. This formulation document was discussed and accepted by the Governments of Indonesia and the Netherlands in the bilateral talks of February 1985.  The executing agency of the project was the Directorate of Planning and Programing (DPP) of DGWRD MPW, The project was implemented at the institute of Hydraulic Engineering (IHE) in Bandung. The Netherlands’ expertise was provided by DELFT HYDRAULICS (contract party) with contributions from Rijkswaterstaat and the consulting firm  Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) was launched in Dublin in 1992 and Global Water Partnership (2000) defined IWRM as: “a process, which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems”.  from Development to Management, Changes to the Law of Water Resources No. 11/1974 to No. 7 /2004  Implementation Regulation, RBO should have :  Strategic River Basin Planning (Pola), strategy set of measures to meet specified goals over a long time-horizon (25 years)  River Basin Master Plan (Rencana), Planning is formulating a plan to implement certain measures (usually short term)  Requests for judicial review Law of Water Resources 7/2004 can be accepted by the constitutional court  Law of Water 11/1974 be aplied again  Prepare a drafting Water Resources law, to renew No. 11/1974 about water Immediately make regulations, as the implementation of Law 11/1974 adjusts current conditions
  4. 4. Objectives of BTA-155 (Grand Project The Netherlands to Indonesia for WRM) 1. To improve the capabilities of MPW to carry out independenthly complex water resources planning and operation studies through the application of a systems analysis approach. This will be achieved by creating an operational unit at IHE in Bandung and by:  Training of staff members of MPW (particularly from IHE and DPP of DGWRD); and  Jointly carrying out the integrated Water Resources Development study as mentioned under item 2 below. 2. To achieve an optimised approach for integrated water resources develompent in Cisadane-Cimanuk area to support policy decisions of GOI with respect to the decvelopment of the area
  5. 5. Overview of the Computational Framework BTA-155
  6. 6. HYMOS Database Mmanagement system for storage, retrival, processing and analysis of hydrological data SAMO Determines per water district runoff of non-irrigated areas, based on time series of potensian evapotranspiration and rainfall AGWAT Determines per water district and per timestep irrigation water requirements and return flows under full supply conditions for variety of cropping pattern, taking into account farming and irrigation practitices and phisical parameters related soils and hydrometeorological characteristics FISWAT Determines per water district and per timestep the fresh abd saline water requirements of brackish water fish ponds (Tambak) WADIS1 Determines per water district a water balance by integrating the runoff (output SAMO and output AGWAT, FISHWAT, and DMI) RIBASIM Determines the water distribution in the main system, simulating river flows, reservoir, diversion structure. The model simulates the water balance and water allocation within a river basin WADIS2 Determines the potential and actual production and production cost agriculture STRATIF Describes the stratification process in reservoirs WQ-ARM Calculates the water quality in (stratified) reservoirs and downstream rivers MODQUAL Predict Water Quality in a river/canal system under various hydrological condition and pollution and sanitation scenarios USLE Predicts soil losses from area erosion under various physical, hydrological, management
  7. 7. • Only GroundStation (manual) to Telemetry, Radar, Satellite, NWP coordination with another resources AgencyData • From HYMOS and Excel database file to Delft-FEWSDatabase • From Blackbox, Semi Distributed to Distributed -> wflow, using Static and Dynamic inputHydrological Model • Follow advanced applied Model SOBEK, Not only for Design Planning, O&M, Early WarningFlood Model • Update Model and Training RIBASIM River basin water balance Model UPDATE TECHNOLOGY AND COMPUTATION MODEL
  8. 8. JCP2 2014 - 2015 November 22, 2013 signing extended agreement with new JCP partners: BIG, BPPT and Balitbangtan ITC and WUR Water, Weather and Climate Services for Indonesia BMKG PusAir
  9. 9. The activities and baseline JCP data Floods Drought/ supply Operational support Policy support Flood early warning Drought early warning Integrated RBM - Flooding - Water shortage - Water quality Approaches & Tools Knowledge / Data Real-time data (monitoring) Historic data Historic database Scenarios - Climate - Socio-economic (Spatial planning) Weather forecast End users D2 D1 C1B C2 Quality One Map SIH3 Lowlands issues and data C3 Farming support D3
  10. 10. Achievement in JCP Phase 2 A. Joint Research 1. Database Delft-FEWS 2. Cropping Pattern (Balitbangtan as lead) 3. Flood Risk Map 4. Modelling for water quality to support Citarum river restoration B. Capacity Building 1. Training of SOBEK (2014) 2. Training of reservoir model coupled with wflow hydrological model for the Citarum river basin in Delft-FEWS (2015) 3. Training of JFEWS (2015) 4. Training of iMOD - MODFLOW (2015) 5. Training of Delft3D for NCICD Project (2015) 6. Training to measure land subsidence in peat soil using GIS software (2015) 7. Training of Hydrometeorology WMO (Ina RTC) in 2015 : Pusair, BMKG, Deltares
  11. 11. Main objective JCP-III  Strengthening Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) and flood, drought early warning to support future water management by combining meteorology and hydrology, by: • Capacity building on new approaches and instruments • Strengthen collaboration between the institutes • Creation of a concrete platform for sustainable collaboration • Collaboration in nationally and internationally funded key projects • Development of knowledge and experience and consolidating this in tools and papers
  12. 12. JCP-III Work packages 1. Program Management 2. Institutional development 3. Pusat Studi Hidroinfromatik 4. National database 5. Climate and climate change 6. National mapping 7. Developing the IWRM instrument 8. Operational water management for urban areas 9. Sea level prediction in Indonesia 10.Operational water management for droughts 11.Dengue monitor
  13. 13. RIBASIM : River Basin Simulation Model  BTA (Bilateral Technical Assistance)- 155 (1985-2002)  JWRMS (Jabotabek Water Resources Management Study), Jakarta surrounding, 1991-1994  BWRPP (Basin Water Resources Planning), Citarum, Jratunselauna, Ciujung-Ciliman, Serayu Bogowonto, 1996-2000  BWRP (Basin Water Resources Management Planning), WISMP Phase 1, Jratunseluna and Ciliwung-Cisadane, 2002-2004  Institutional Strengthening of iWRM in 6 Cis Rives basin (2009-2013)  BWRP WISMP Phase 2, Sumbawa, Toba Asahan, Saddang, Pemali Comal, Cisadea-Cibreno
  14. 14. SOBEK APPLICATION  Design Planning  Flood Early Warning
  16. 16. Muka air Curug Jompong – Sapan Semua Case SIMULASI CASE A, B, C
  18. 18. DAYEUH KOLOT DAYEUH KOLOT Case C Condition DEPTH (m)
  21. 21. Real Time Data: 1. Telemetry Station (Ground sta.) 2. Automatic Weather Station (Ground Sta.) 3. TRMM (Satellite Data) 4. Radar Forecast Data: 1. ACCESS-A 2. ACCESS-T 3. ECMWF 4. CCAM 5. Astronomical Tide 6. South China Sea Data: Flood Forecasting: 1. SOBEK Model 2. Astronomical Tide
  22. 22. Kali Mookervart (1) Kali Angke (2) Kali Pesanggrahan (5) Kali Grogol (6) Kali Sekretaris (3) Kali Krukut (7) Kali Cideng(4) Kali Ciliwung (8) Kali Cakung (13) Kali Jatikramat (12) Kali Buaran (11) Kali Sunter (10) Kali Cipinang (9) CATCHMENT AREA: 1,500 km2 DKI : 650 km2 Bogor, Tanggerang etc.: 850 km2
  23. 23. GENANGAN BANJIR 2007 (SIMULASI) movieclip
  24. 24. BANJIR KANAL TIMUR Genangan Banjir Berkurang: 32 % Tanpa BKT Dengan BKT
  25. 25. Pumps Tidal gates Operation Field condition Rain and Tide Flood ExtentFlood Simulation Scenario JAKARTA FLOOD SIMULATION MODEL
  26. 26. J-FEWS
  27. 27. JFEWS - PUSAIR current condition 1. PusAir server status OK 2. Datafeed status: Some datafeed are missing Aspek Current status Server OK Realtime Data feed • BMKG data feed broken (Radar) • TRMM data (OK) NWP Data feed • GFS and ACCESS-R data feed are online • Possibility to add other NWP data product (ECMWF, WRF)? Telemetry Data • PU-DKI data still running. • BBWS data not connected. (possibility to add another data) • PusAir telemetry database(on going) Forecast SOBEK Rainfall Runoff model currently running, but the input data and model should be improve (implementation of new NWP and stage update from ground station data)
  28. 28. Input Data and Map Data Dinamik:  Satelit  Telemetri  Observasi/ Ground Station  Radar  Prediksi Static Map :  Land Use  Soil Type  DEM  Sungai dan DAS Delft-FEWS  Import  Validasi  Transformasi/ interpolasi  Data historis  General Adapter  Administrasi (data, prediksi)  Viewing (data, prediksi)  Arsip Water AvailabilityFlood Early WS (SATGAS BANJIR) Drought (SATGAS KEKERINGAN) Import PublicInterface MODEL  wflow  SOBEK Center of Hydroinformatics Study CENTER OF HYDROINFORMATICS STUDY SCHEME DATABASE HYDROLOGY
  29. 29. Informasion of Database Hidrology (FEWS Database) Water Level Station (1271 WLS)
  30. 30. Informasion of Database Hidrology (FEWS Database) Rainfall Station in Indonesia (3373 RG)
  31. 31. Konsep Model wflow Data needed for:  Building the model  Running the model  Calibrating the model Data needs depend on:  static data  dynamic data  measurements Data needs depend on:  Goal of the model  Resolution of the model  Availability of the data
  32. 32. Digital Elevation Model (DEM ) Soil Type Land Use Static Data DEM Geotiff WGS84 (Source : SRTM NASA resolution 90 m) Landuse Geotiff WGS84 (Source : Landsat resolution 250 – 300 m) Soil type Geotiff WGS84 (Source : Balitbangtan, Kementerian Pertanian) Soil Texture
  33. 33. Hasil Kalibrasi
  34. 34. Information of Water availability all rive segmen in Indonesia (FEWS – WFLOW)
  37. 37. INFORMASI POTENSI BANJIR PER KABUPATEN Disebarkan Melalui Media Sosial Whatsapp Group
  38. 38. GUEST VISIT Visit of the Dutch embassy Visit of National disaster Management Agency Visit of K-Water Korea Visit of University (professor ITB and parahyangan University)
  39. 39. Improving Application and Coordination Training for planning unit,O & M HRD of RBO and Consultants TOT from Expert to prospective trainers Conduct Simulations Water distribution allocations for current and future conditions in several development scenarios, Always associated with Expert Deltares Improve and modify output perfomance with various attractive designs Coordination with other Agency (Meteorological Agency, Aeronotical Agency, Geology, Agricultur, Forestery, etc ) Please contact us if you want to see the movieclips of slides 25,27