There are SO many different styles of
music such as country and rap. It’s the
same way when it comes to literature.
Each form of literature is called a genre
and has its own distinct characteristics.
A short story is a brief work of fiction
In most short stories, one main character
faces a conflict that is resolved in the
It usually has a theme, or a message
Nonfiction is writing that tells about real people,
places, objects, events, and ideas.
Many of the nonfiction articles that we will cover are
either essays or biographical or autobiographical
They all discuss the real world as opposed to an
The author may wish to convey and explain
information, convince readers to accept particular
idea or opinion or simply entertain and amuse
Drama is written to be performed by
The script is made up of dialogue and
monologue-the words the actors sayand the stage directions, which
comment on how and when the actions
Literature that appears in verse form
It often has a regular rhythm and,
sometimes, a rhyme scheme.
Some poems tell a story, while others
present a single image, or express a single
emotion or thought.
Most poems use musically and emotionally
charged language to express an idea.
Folk Literature is the unwritten lore of
specific people or culture, passed down
through the generations by word of mouth
until, at some point, it is put into writing.
Folk Literature includes myths, folk tales,
fairy tales, legends, and fables.
Such stories express the hopes, fears, loves,
dreams, and values of the people who tell
them and pass them on.
Read for the Love of Literature
Read to Be Entertained
Read for Information
Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.
~ Joseph Addison ~
Reading is a basic tool in the living of a good life.
~ Mortimer J. Adler ~
A myth is a fictional tale that explains the actions of gods or
causes of natural phenomena.
It involves supernatural elements and has little historical truth
Among the most familiar myths today are those of ancient
Greeks and Romans
Myths have several purposes. They serve as cultural history,
explaining natural phenomena such as oceans and mountains
They also reinforce a culture’s values.
They are also a source of entertainment
A folk tale is a story composed orally and then
passed from person to person by word of mouth.
As part of an oral tradition, folk tales originated
among people who could neither read or write.
They entertained each other by reading stories aloud,
often about heroes, adventure, magic, or romance.
Like mythology, folk tales also help reinforce a
cultures values and explain the natural world.
A tall tale is a kind of humorous story in
which character s possess superhuman
abilities and impossible happenings
Tall tales are told in common , everyday
speech and employ some realistic detail
in addition to exaggeration.
An epic is a long narrative poem about
the deeds of gods or heroes in war or
An epic is written in ornate, poetic
It incorporates myths, legend, and
history and often includes the
intervention of the gods in human affairs.
What is GENRE? Tell me everything that
you know about it.