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The Germy Paradox – Georgia Ray

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The Germy Paradox – Georgia Ray

  1. 1. The Germy Paradox Why haven’t we seen more biological weapons? Georgia Ray @eukaryotetweets
  2. 2. 2 Where is everyone?
  3. 3. 3 Where is everyone? Where are they?
  4. 4. NON-STATE ACTORS ⦁ Aum Shinrikyo ⦁ Rajneeshpuram ⦁ 2001 anthrax letters to American senators ⦁ Al Qaeda STATES ⦁ Japan ⦁ Rhodesia ⦁ UK ⦁ US ⦁ USSR ⦁ USA ⦁ Canada ⦁ Israel ⦁ South Africa ⦁ Iraq 4
  5. 5. But they haven’t really been used. ⦁ 1940’s - Japanese use against Manchurian civilians ⦁ ... 5
  6. 6. $1/death vs. $800 for nuclear weapons. 1969 United Nations estimate $1 million, 1 month, 3 employees Necessary for producing anthrax 2002 Department of Defense study $1.6 million for a BW factory 1999 DTRA estimate 6 Aren’t bioweapons “the poor man’s nuke”?
  7. 7. 1. It’s harder than we think 7 🔬
  8. 8. 2. People don’t like disease 8 🤢
  9. 9. 3. Nuclear weapons got there first 9 🚀
  10. 10. What do we do with this? 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12 🌍 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢
  13. 13. 13 🌍 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🤢
  14. 14. 14 🌍 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🤢 🤢
  15. 15. 15 🌍 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🤢 🤢 🌊
  16. 16. 16 🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🔬 🤢 🚀 ? ? ?
  17. 17. 17 🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🔬 🤢 🚀 ? ? ?
  18. 18. 18 🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🔬 🤢 🚀 ? ? ?
  19. 19. 19 🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🔬 🤢 🚀 ? ? ?
  20. 20. 20 🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🔬 🤢 🚀 ? ? ?
  21. 21. 21 🤢🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢🤢 🤢 🔬 🤢 🚀 ? ?
  22. 22. 22 Thanks!Discuss: ● Why do you think more states aren’t developing or using bioweapons? (e.g. what are your filters?) ● How do you expect emerging biotechnologies to influence bioweapon development or usage?Feel free to ask me questions. Find me here, or at @eukaryotetweets & geo.i.ray@gmail.com Find more info at eukaryotewritesblog.com/category/the-germy-paradox Photos are in the public domain. Thanks to the people who produced this slideshow template: Presentation template by SlidesCarnival, Background by Paaatterns.

Editor's Notes

  • Could be both “why they’ve never been developed” and “why we expect a lot of retaliation upon usage”

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