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aif{ ! c+s $ ?s'd @* h]7 @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 11 Jun 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.—
…zflGt / ;d[l4sf] rfxf, ;dfrf/ / larf/df cfxfÚ
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
o;/L aGb}5 dfcf]afbL Pstf
hfh/sf]6sf ls;fgx?n] k|ofKt dn
gkfpbf dsf{df k/]sf 5g . lhNNff s[lif
lasf; sfof{no hfh/sf]6df b}lgs dn
lng] ls;fgx?sf] le8 nfu] klg k|ofKt
dn gkfpbf ls;fgx? dsf{df k/]sf]
u'gf;f] u/]sf x'g . k|To]s ls;fgnfO{
sfof{non] % lsnf] dn lbg] u/]sf] 5 .
h'Dnf ;+u l;dfgf hf]l8Psf] gfosjf8f
ufla; j8f gDj/ & af6 ;b/d'sfd
dn lng cfPsf k|]daxfb'/ zfxLn] #
lbg lx8]/ cfpbf klg dn gkfO{Psf]
u'0ff;f] u/] . …dn lng cfPsf] t % lsnf]
dfq dn kfO{of], of] dnn] xfd|f] hldgdf
Ps s'gf kgL k'Ub}gÚ pgn] eg] .
sfof{nosf cg';f/ o; k6s lautsf
aif{sf] eGbf vfB ;+s6 ;Daf]wg sfo{qmd
/ ;fgf ;xsf/L v]tL l;+rfO{ sfo{qmddf
Go"g ah]6 ePsf] sf/0f dfu eP cg';f/
dn ls;fgnfO{ pknJw u/fpg ;lsPsf]
5}g . lhNnfdf @% d]l6«s6g dfq dn
cfPsf] ePklg @% ;o d]l6«s6g dnsf]
cfjZostf kg]{ sfof{non] atfPsf] 5 .
ltg lbg
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s]lx sfo{lgltdf c;xdlt ePkl5 b'O{ efudf laeflht ePsf] Plss[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL
/ a}B g]t[Tjsf] g]skf dfcf]jfbL km'6n] g]kfnL sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngnfO{ sdhf]/ agfPsf]
eGb} k'g Pstfa4 x'g] cleofgdf Wofg s]lGb|t u/]sf 5g .
´G8} Ps aif{cl3 laeflht ePsf]
PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL / g]skf
dfcf]jfbL aLr PsLs/0fsf] u[xsfo{ ;'?
ePsf] 5 . kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf nflu
dfcf]jfbLn] /fv]sf b'O{ k|:tfjdf
Pdfcf]jfbL ;xdlt glhs k'u]kl5 kf6L{
PsLs/0f sl/a sl/a clGtd r/0fdf
k'u]sf] sf7df08f}af6 k|sfl;t Ps /fli6«o
b}lgs /fhwfgLn] va/ 5fk]sf] 5 .
;+ljwfg;ef la36g nuQ} laefhg ePsf]
df]xg a}B g]t[Tjsf] dfcf]afbLn] ;+;bLo
Aoj:yf gdfGg] / hgo'4sf] hudf
hglab|f]sf] Ph]G8fnfO{ Pdfcf]jfbLn]
;Daf]wg ug]{ ePkl5 kf6L{ PsLs/0f
clGtd r/0fdf k'u]sf] dfcf]jfbL ;|f]tn]
atfPsf] b}lgsn] bfaL u/]sf] 5 .
Pdfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf 8f=afa'/fd
e66/fO{ / gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7n] k6s k6s
kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] k|:tfj u/]kl5 dfcf]jfbL
cWoIf a}B, dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf,
;lrj4o g]qlaqmd rGb / b]j u'?ªn]
;f] ;t{ /fv]sf lyP . pgLx?sf] ;t{df
Pdfcf]jfbL ;xdt ePkl5 kf6L{
PsLs/0f clGtd r/0fdf k'u]sf] xf] .
dfcf]jfbL kf]ln6Ao'/f]sf Ps ;b:on]
lbPsf] hfgsf/L cg';f/ Pdfcf]jfbL g]tf
s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fn] kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf]
k|:tfj dfcf]jfbL;+u cf}krfl/s ?kdf
/fv]sf lyP .;+;bLo Aoa:yfklg vf;}
gkm:6fPkl5 Pdfcf]jfbL klg lab|f]]xsf]
sfo{qmdnfO{ ;+o'St ?kdf gofF sfo{qmd
agfO{ ;dfj]z ug{ Pdfcf]jfbL ;xdt 5
. PsLs/0fsf nflu x]6f+}8f dxflwj]zg
cl3b]lv g} kxn ul/Psf] lyof] . a'h'{jf
u0ftGq cfk"mx?n] :jLsf/ gug]{ eGg] a}B
kIfsf] egfOnfO{ bfxfn kIfn] ;xdt
u/L clxn]sf] eGbf dfly p7]/ sDo'lg:6
u0ftGqsf] tof/L ug]{ ;xdlt ePsf] 5 .
k6s k6s kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf laifodf
dfcf]jfbL cWoIf a}B;+u 5nkmn u/]sf
Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnn] k|foM e]6nfO{
uf]Ko /fv]sf lyP . Go"gtd sfo{ut
Pstf u/L ;a} sDo'lg:6 kf6L{nfO{ Ps
x'g cfxjfg ug]{ / ;a} sDo'lg:6sf] Ps
kf6L{ agfpg] ljifodf ;d]t b'j} kf6L{sf
g]tfaLr 5nkmn ePsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf
cg';f/ ;a} sDo'lg:6 kf6L{nfO{ Ps} ynf]df
NofPkl5 d'n'sdf b'O{ wf/ dfq afFsL
/xFbf b'O{ kf6L{ k|0ffnLdf d'n's cl3 a9g]
ePsfn] d'n's ;w+} ;d[l4tkm{ nfUg] lgisif{
b'j} kIfn] lgsfn]sf 5g .
laxfg laxfg} PSsf;L 7"nf] e]/L glbdf
kfgLsf] axfj a9]sf] va/n] 8fF8fufFp
uflj;sf] uQf;}gf af;Lx?s]f xf]; g} p8of]
. nuftf/ dfOs af6 ;a}nfO{ ;'/lIft
:yfg /fli6«o dflasf] rf}/df hDdf x'g
u/]sf] cg'/f]wn] t emg a'9f a'9L /
afnaflnsfx?sf] ;ftf] g} p8of] . Ps}
l5gdf kx]nf 6f]kL nufPsf xftdf
km/jf, ;fa]n / :6]r/ af]s]sf o'jf
o'jtLx? glb lsgf/df afl9n]
aufPsfx?sf] p4f/ ug{ vl6P . s;}sf]
klg cf]7df xf;f] lyPg . ;a} hgf
lakbsf] of] b'vt 38Ldf /fd /fd hKb}
lyP . s]lx a]/d} /QmfDd] ePsf Ps
hfg 3fOt]nfO{ :6]r/df /fv]/ laBfnosf]
rf}/df NofOof] . :jf:YosdL{ h:tf
b]lvg]x?sf] 6f]nLn] /ut k'5]/ 3fpaf6
/ut aUg glbg yk k§L afFlwlbP kl5
k'g :6]r/d} pgnfO{ :jf:Yo rf}sL nluof]
. s]lx a]/sf] tgfj kl5 ufpFdf slt
dflg; lyP < sFxf lyP < vf]hL /
ug0ff sfo{ ul/of] . Ps hgf dfq 3fOt]
ePsf] c? 7"nf] IftL gePsf] hfgsf/L
eof] . 3fOt] elgPsf lg/fhg cf]nL Ps
l5gdf p7]/ xf:g yfn] clg dfq yfxf
eof] Tof] t lakb k"j{ tof/Lsf nflu
ul/Psf] cEof; /x]5 . ;'? b]lv efu
bf}8 / 8/fO 8/fO pkrf/ u/L /x]sf]
b]lv/x]sL :yflgo t'nf;f cf]nLnfO{
PSsf;L s] eof] eg]/ crDd dfgL/x]sL
lyO{g . …lakb cfof a]nf o;} ul/ pkrf/
kfo t sf] dyf]{ xf]nf / gLÚ pgn] elgg .
laut ;ft dlxgf b]lv ?s'd lhNnfsf
laleGg kfFr uflj;sf bz ;d'bfon]
lakb pTyfglzn aGg] k|oTg :j?k lo
/ o:tf cEof; ul/ /x]sf x'g . sfo{
of]hgf lgdf{0f ul/ k|To]s tLg tLg
dlxgfdf lg/Gt/ o:tf cEof; ub}{ cfPsf]
s'/f uQf;}gf :yflgo lakb Aoj:yfkg
;ldltsL cWoIf sf]lknf dNnn] atfO{g
. pgsf cg';f/ cfkm'x? clt
;+s6f;Ggtfdf /x]sf] atfpb} Hofg /x]
lhpnf] eg] em} cfkm'x?sf] k|of; lakb
af6 Hofg arfpg]df al9 s]lGb|t /x]sf]
5 . …To;}n] xfdL n] lakbsf] k|lt/f]w ug{
of] ;ldlt u7g u/]sf xf}+ .Ú pgn] elgg,
…vf]h p4f/ k"j{ ;'rgf / k|yflds pkrf/
sfo{bn ;d]t u7g ul/Psf] 5 .Ú
cEof;n] lakb k/]sf] a]nf ;+odtf k"j{s
p4f/sfo{df ;xof]u k'Ug] laZjf; ul/
Psf] 5 . To;}u/L uQf;}gf ;d'bfon]
u/]em} ufla;sf] l;dafhf/ If]qsf
afl;Gbfx?n] klg o;} ;ftf cEof;
u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . lakb hf]lvd
Go'lgs/0fsf] of] k|of;df s]o/ g]kfn /
hghfu/0f d~r ?s'dn] ;~rfng ul/
/x]sf] ;d'bfo ;xof]u sfo{qmdn]
;xlhs/0f ul/ /x]sf] 5 . gd'gf cEof;n]
;d'bfosf] lakb pTyglzntfdf a[l4
u/L k|sf]ksf] c;/nfO{ sd ug]{ s'/f
;d'bfo ;xof]u sfo{qmdsf lhNnf
sfo{qmd clws[t 6Lsf/fd v8sfn] atfP
. To:t} ufla; ;lra slknb]a zdfn]
klg o; sfo{qmdaf6 :yflgox? pT;flxt
/x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . zdf{n] p; aif{
o:t} lakb Aoj:yfkgsf sfd ug{
uflj;n] tL; xhf/ ?k}ofF :yflgo lakb
Aoj:yfkg ;ldltnfO{ lbg] s'/f ;d]t
atfPsf 5g . xfn b]zel/ s]o/ g]kfnn]
:yflgo ;fem]bf/ ;+:yfx?sf] ;xsfo{df
b; lhNnfsf %) uflj;df lakb
Aoj:yfkgsf sfo{qmd ;~rfng
u/L/x]sf] sfof{non] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5
.
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
lakb Go'lgs/0fsf nflu cEof;
@@* h]7 @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf cg'e'lt  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @
jftfa/0f lba; /
cfxf ;~rf/

Pdl8cfO{sf] k|of;
of] tkfO{n] kl9/x]sf] klqsf
?s'dsf] !& cf}+ xf] . btf{ lag}
k|sfzgdf cfPsfnfO{ ugf]6 ul/
Psf] 5}g . lhNnf k|zf;g
sfof{nosf] tYofÍn] o;} eG5 cfxf
;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs
lhNnfsf] !& cf}+ klqsf xf] . of]
c+s ;+u} o;n] rf/ j6f kfOnf
cl3 ;f/L ;Sof] . rfx]sf] lyP,
o;sf] klxnf] c+sdf g} d}n] s]xL
n]v' . o; cl3sf !^ klqsfn]
lhNnfsf] lasf; lgdf{0f, /
fhgLlts 36gfqmd, 36gf kl/
36gfdf dxTjk'0f{ of]ubfg lbPsf
5g, oBlk ltlgx?n] lg/Gt/tf
kfpg ;s]gg, . u|fld0f If]qdf
;~rf/ u[x rnfpg' kmnfdsf
lrp/f rkfpg' eGbf sDtf ufx|f]
sxfF 5/ < cToGt pT;fx /
Joj:yfkgsf ;fy k|sfzg ePsf
klqsf klg aGb x'g kg]{ l:yltsf]
cGTo x'g ;do nfUg] 5 o;df
s;}sf] ladlt 5}g o;sf cfˆg}
sf/0f 5g, d Totf kl§ uPg of]
ljifodf s'g} lbg 5nkmn u/f}+nf
. d}n] ;'? d} n]v] lhNnfsf] !&
cf}+ ag]sf] 5, cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6"o
;fKtflxs lhNnfsf pbodfg o'jf
kqsf/ d]u/fh v8sf PSn}n]
klqsf k|sfzgsf] cfF6 u/]/ rf/
c+s ahf/df NofO{ ;s], pgsf]
of] PSnf] k|of;nfO{ ;nfd Û clg
lg/Gt/tfsf] sfdgf . nfdf]
;dosf] tof/L kl5 k|sfzg
yflnPsf] klqsfsf] klxnf] c+ssf]
;Dkfblsodf o;nfO{ lbuf]
agfpg] k|lta4tfsf] ;fy}
klqsfnfO{ hgtfsf] cfjfh
agfpg] pb3f]if ul/Psf] 5 . hxfF
;fj{hlgs dxTjsf laifo a:t'
d'Vo k|fyldstfdf /flvg] 5g
eg], hgtfsf rf;f] /
cfaZostf dxz';nfO{ pgLx?
h:t} k:sg] pNn]v klg To;df
ul/Psf] 5 . ?s'ddf klqsfsf]
z'GotfnfO{ eË ub}{ cfPsf] cfxf
;~rf/ k|lt ;a}sf] cfzf hfu]sf]
dxz'; d}n] u/]sf] 5' . ;a}sf]
sfdgf oxL 5 ls o;n] klg o;
cl3sf cGo !^ j6f klqsfsf]
h:t} lgolt ef]Ug gk/f]; .
kf7sx?n] a]nf a]nf p7fpg]
u/]sf] k|Zgsf] hjfkmsf] ?kdf
of] /xg]5, d}n] o;af6 oxL ck]Iff
u/]sf] 5' . klqsf df};d] eP,
zAb ;w} ;'lGgg] u/]sf] 5 .
sltko df};d] ag] xf]nfg t/
clwsQ/ klqsfn] k|sfzg x'g]
rfxfgf bafP/ /fVg'kg]{
cj:yf ;[hgf ePs} xf] . ;~rf/
If]q /fHosf] rf}yf] cËsf] ?kdf
a'lemG5, o;n] cfˆgf] e"ldsf klg
lgaf{x ul//x]s} klg 5 . rf}yf]
cËsf] ?kdf 3f]if0ff u/]s} /fHon]
;~rf/ If]qsf] pkxf; ul//x]sf]
dxz'; gul/Psf] klg xf]Og .
t/, ;a} lgl/x a:g' l;jfo csf]{
lasNk 5}g . /fHos} ;fy ;xof]u
gkfPkl5 b'/b/fhsf ;~rf/
;a}sf] aGff]; Û
?s'ddf klqsfsf] z'GotfnfO{ eË ub}{ cfPsf] cfxf ;~rf/ k|lt
;a}sf] cfzf hfu]sf] dxz'; d}n] u/]sf] 5' . ;a}sf] sfdgf oxL 5 ls
o;n] klg o; cl3sf cGo !^ j6f klqsfsf] h:t} lgolt ef]Ug
gk/f]; . kf7sx?n] a]nf a]nf p7fpg] u/]sf] k|Zgsf] hjfkmsf] ?kdf
of] /xg]5, d}n] o;af6 olx ck]Iff u/]sf] 5' .
xl/ uf}td
u[xn] ;d:of em]lnx]sf x'g .
lglt agfpg cAan xfd|f] /fHo
sfof{Gjog k|lqmofdf lgs} lkmtnf]
5 . cfkm}n] lgdf{0f u/]sf] lglt
sfof{Gjog gug]{ /fHoaf6 c?
s] sf] cfz ug'{ / < oxL ;d:ofsf]
lardf cbDo ;fx; a6'n]/
cfPsf] cfxf ;~rf/nfO{
lg/Gt/tf lbg] d'Vo xft k|sfzs
/ Joj:yfkg kIfsf] ePklg
o;df xfdL ;a}sf] ;fy Tolts}
h?/L 5 . ;dfhsf] P]gfsf] ?kdf
/x]sf] ;~rf/ If]q laB'lto jf
5fkfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg ;a}
;r]t gful/s, tx, tKsf /
If]qsf] e'ldsfsf] rrf{ ul//xg
cfjZos ePg . ;~rf/ If]qs}
b]gsf] sf/0f laZjdf 7'nf7'nf kl/
jt{0f ;Dej ePsf pbfx/0f xfdL
dfFem k|z:t} 5g . o;}n] ;~rf/
If]qsf] ;+/If0fdf ;a}sf] rf;f]
plQs} x'g h?/L 5 . xfn
lhNnfdf k|sfzg x'g yfn]sf] cfxf
;~rf/n] ;a}sf] ;fy lng ;sf];,
;fdfGo ls;fgb]lv ;a} If]q, tx
/ tKsfsfx?sf] cfjZostf,
rfxfgf cg'?ksf] aGg] k|of; o;n]
ug]{5 / cfkm'n] u/]sf] k|lta4tf
k'/f ug{tkm{ cfkm'nfO{ cfxf
;~rf/n] nDsfpg] 5 . ls;fg,
laBfyL{, lzIfs nufot ;a}sf]
Kof/f] eP/ cfxf ;~rf/ a;f];,
zflGt / ;d[l4sf] rfxf, larf/
/ ;dfrf/df cfxf gf/f ;fy{s
agfpg cfxf ;~rf/n] s'g} s;/
afFsL klg g/fvf];, rf}yf] c+s
k|sfzgsf] cj;/df cfxf ;~rf/
kl/jf/nfO{ z'esfdgf ..
-n]vs uf}td /fli6«o ;dfrf/
;ldltsf ?s'd ;+afbbftf x'g
._
curious1.hari@gmail.com
Psn dlxnf z;lQms/0fsf nflu tflnd
lhNnfdf Psn dlxnfx?sf]
zzlQms0fsf nflu tflnd
;+rfng ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnf
lasf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] cfly{s
;xof]udf dfga clwsf/sf
nflu dlxnf lhNnf ;+hfn
?s'dn] tflndsf] cfof]hgf
u/]sf] xf] . tflnd olx h]7 @$
ut]b]lv @^ ut] ;Dd lhNnf
lasf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] xndf
;+rfng ul/Psf] xf] . @% hgf
;xefuL tflnddf z;lQms/0fsf]
kl/efiff, of]hgf th'{df /
pkef]Qmf u7g, g]t[Tj lasf;,
;~rf/ / ;xhLs/0f l;k /
dfga a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/
tyf o; ;aGwL sfg'gsf af/]df
hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] lyof] . To:t}
;o'Qm /fi6« ;+3 ;'/Iff kl/ifb
!#@% / !*@), 3/]n' lx+;f,
clwsf/ tyf st{Toaf/]
;sf/fTds ;f]rfO{ tyf
;fdflhs ;dfa]zLs/0f
nufotsf laifodf k|lzIf0f
u/fO{{sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . tflndsf]
;lxhLs/0f clwaQf u0f]z
xdfn, dfgaclwsf/sld{ zf/bf
8fFuL nufotn] u/]sf] atfO{Psf]
5 . tflndaf6 cfkm'x?n] hLag
pkof]uL l;k ;+u} sfg'gL
k|fawfgsf af/]df hfgsf/L
kfpbf lgs} v'l; /x]sf] tflnddf
;xefuL Psn dlxnfx?n]
atfPsf 5g . tflnddf ;xeflu
lgd{nf lai6n] cfkm'n] o;
tflndaf6 w]/} s'/f l;s]sf]
atfpb} l;s]sf s'/fx?nfO{
Aoaxf/df nufpg] atfO{g .
tflndsf] ;dfkg cfO{taf/ Ps
cf}krfl/s sfo{qmdsf lar
ul/Psf] 5 . ;+hfnsL cWoIf
1fg' la;Lsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf]
pQm sfo{qmddf ?s'dsf k|d'v
lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb
clwsf/L, :yflgo lasf;
clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{, k|x/L
gfoa pkl/Ifs /fh]Gb|k|;fb
e66, lhNnf l:yt kqsf/
nufot ;/sf]sf/jfnf
lgsfox?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf]
tflndsf] ;+rfng ;+hfnsL
;lra l;tf k'gn] u/]sL lyO{g
.
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
tflndaf6 cfkm'x?n] hLag pkof]uL l;k ;+u} sfg'gL k|fawfgsf af/]df hfgsf/L
kfpbf lgs} v'l; /x]sf] ;xefuL Psn dlxnfx?n] atfPsf 5g .
$! cf} laZj aftfa/0f lba; a'waf/ laZje/ laleGg sfo{qmd
cfof]hgf ul/ dgfO{Psf] 5 . o;aif{ ;f]r]/ vfcf}+, vfgf v]/
gkmfnf}+ jftfa/0f hf]ufcf}+ eGg] d'n gf/f to ul/of] . xfdLn] v]/
kmfNg] vfgf hf]ufcf}+ eg] dfq vfWofGg ;d:of x'g] w]/} dflg;nfO{
;d:of 6fg{ ;xof]u ldN5 . To;/Lg} lba;sf] ca;/df dflg;sf]
lqmofsnfksf sf/0f vfWofGg ;d:of ;+u} vfgf v]/ kmfNbf
jftf/a0f ;d]t k|b'if0f x'g] ePsf]n] o;aif{ o:tf] gf/f lnPsf]
atfO{Psf] 5 . lbj;sf] ca;/df klg /fhwfgL sf7df08f} nufot
b]zsf clwsf+; ;a} lhNnfdf o;sf] gf/f 3GsfO{of] . st}
;b/d'sfddf aftf/0f ;aGwL uf]i6Lsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] ;'Ggdf
kfO{of] t st} lrofkfg, ¥ofnL nufotsf o:t}o:t} laleGg
ultlawLx? . h;cg';f/ klg ?s'dsf] ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6
vn+ufdf klg k|eftkm]/L tyf cGo sfo{qmdsf] klg cfof]hgf
ul/of] . ;do ;dodf ul/g] o:tf k|eftkm]/L tyf ultlawLn]
;b/d'sfd afl;nfO{ vf;} rf;fsf] laifo lyO{g . lzlIft au{x?sf]
a;fO{ :yn dflgg] ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf klg lba;sf] ca;/df
sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/]/ lba;sf] k|ltlglwTj t ul/of] t/
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Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka
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laZje/ kx'Frsf nflu
clttdf g]kfnL ;dfhn] ef]Ug'k/]sf] 4G4sf] kL8f tyf
To;sf] oyfy{nfO{ emNsg]u/L agfO{Psf] bfaL ul/Psf] pnlrq
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4 aaha sanchar

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Pdfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf 8f=afa'/fd e66/fO{ / gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7n] k6s k6s kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] k|:tfj u/]kl5 dfcf]jfbL cWoIf a}B, dxf;lrj /fdaxfb'/ yfkf, ;lrj4o g]qlaqmd rGb / b]j u'?ªn] ;f] ;t{ /fv]sf lyP . pgLx?sf] ;t{df Pdfcf]jfbL ;xdt ePkl5 kf6L{ PsLs/0f clGtd r/0fdf k'u]sf] xf] . dfcf]jfbL kf]ln6Ao'/f]sf Ps ;b:on] lbPsf] hfgsf/L cg';f/ Pdfcf]jfbL g]tf s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fn] kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] k|:tfj dfcf]jfbL;+u cf}krfl/s ?kdf /fv]sf lyP .;+;bLo Aoa:yfklg vf;} gkm:6fPkl5 Pdfcf]jfbL klg lab|f]]xsf] sfo{qmdnfO{ ;+o'St ?kdf gofF sfo{qmd agfO{ ;dfj]z ug{ Pdfcf]jfbL ;xdt 5 . PsLs/0fsf nflu x]6f+}8f dxflwj]zg cl3b]lv g} kxn ul/Psf] lyof] . a'h'{jf u0ftGq cfk"mx?n] :jLsf/ gug]{ eGg] a}B kIfsf] egfOnfO{ bfxfn kIfn] ;xdt u/L clxn]sf] eGbf dfly p7]/ sDo'lg:6 u0ftGqsf] tof/L ug]{ ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . k6s k6s kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf laifodf dfcf]jfbL cWoIf a}B;+u 5nkmn u/]sf Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfnn] k|foM e]6nfO{ uf]Ko /fv]sf lyP . Go"gtd sfo{ut Pstf u/L ;a} sDo'lg:6 kf6L{nfO{ Ps x'g cfxjfg ug]{ / ;a} sDo'lg:6sf] Ps kf6L{ agfpg] ljifodf ;d]t b'j} kf6L{sf g]tfaLr 5nkmn ePsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ ;a} sDo'lg:6 kf6L{nfO{ Ps} ynf]df NofPkl5 d'n'sdf b'O{ wf/ dfq afFsL /xFbf b'O{ kf6L{ k|0ffnLdf d'n's cl3 a9g] ePsfn] d'n's ;w+} ;d[l4tkm{ nfUg] lgisif{ b'j} kIfn] lgsfn]sf 5g . laxfg laxfg} PSsf;L 7"nf] e]/L glbdf kfgLsf] axfj a9]sf] va/n] 8fF8fufFp uflj;sf] uQf;}gf af;Lx?s]f xf]; g} p8of] . nuftf/ dfOs af6 ;a}nfO{ ;'/lIft :yfg /fli6«o dflasf] rf}/df hDdf x'g u/]sf] cg'/f]wn] t emg a'9f a'9L / afnaflnsfx?sf] ;ftf] g} p8of] . Ps} l5gdf kx]nf 6f]kL nufPsf xftdf km/jf, ;fa]n / :6]r/ af]s]sf o'jf o'jtLx? glb lsgf/df afl9n] aufPsfx?sf] p4f/ ug{ vl6P . s;}sf] klg cf]7df xf;f] lyPg . ;a} hgf lakbsf] of] b'vt 38Ldf /fd /fd hKb} lyP . s]lx a]/d} /QmfDd] ePsf Ps hfg 3fOt]nfO{ :6]r/df /fv]/ laBfnosf] rf}/df NofOof] . :jf:YosdL{ h:tf b]lvg]x?sf] 6f]nLn] /ut k'5]/ 3fpaf6 /ut aUg glbg yk k§L afFlwlbP kl5 k'g :6]r/d} pgnfO{ :jf:Yo rf}sL nluof] . s]lx a]/sf] tgfj kl5 ufpFdf slt dflg; lyP < sFxf lyP < vf]hL / ug0ff sfo{ ul/of] . Ps hgf dfq 3fOt] ePsf] c? 7"nf] IftL gePsf] hfgsf/L eof] . 3fOt] elgPsf lg/fhg cf]nL Ps l5gdf p7]/ xf:g yfn] clg dfq yfxf eof] Tof] t lakb k"j{ tof/Lsf nflu ul/Psf] cEof; /x]5 . ;'? b]lv efu bf}8 / 8/fO 8/fO pkrf/ u/L /x]sf] b]lv/x]sL :yflgo t'nf;f cf]nLnfO{ PSsf;L s] eof] eg]/ crDd dfgL/x]sL lyO{g . …lakb cfof a]nf o;} ul/ pkrf/ kfo t sf] dyf]{ xf]nf / gLÚ pgn] elgg . laut ;ft dlxgf b]lv ?s'd lhNnfsf laleGg kfFr uflj;sf bz ;d'bfon] lakb pTyfglzn aGg] k|oTg :j?k lo / o:tf cEof; ul/ /x]sf x'g . sfo{ of]hgf lgdf{0f ul/ k|To]s tLg tLg dlxgfdf lg/Gt/ o:tf cEof; ub}{ cfPsf] s'/f uQf;}gf :yflgo lakb Aoj:yfkg ;ldltsL cWoIf sf]lknf dNnn] atfO{g . pgsf cg';f/ cfkm'x? clt ;+s6f;Ggtfdf /x]sf] atfpb} Hofg /x] lhpnf] eg] em} cfkm'x?sf] k|of; lakb af6 Hofg arfpg]df al9 s]lGb|t /x]sf] 5 . …To;}n] xfdL n] lakbsf] k|lt/f]w ug{ of] ;ldlt u7g u/]sf xf}+ .Ú pgn] elgg, …vf]h p4f/ k"j{ ;'rgf / k|yflds pkrf/ sfo{bn ;d]t u7g ul/Psf] 5 .Ú cEof;n] lakb k/]sf] a]nf ;+odtf k"j{s p4f/sfo{df ;xof]u k'Ug] laZjf; ul/ Psf] 5 . To;}u/L uQf;}gf ;d'bfon] u/]em} ufla;sf] l;dafhf/ If]qsf afl;Gbfx?n] klg o;} ;ftf cEof; u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . lakb hf]lvd Go'lgs/0fsf] of] k|of;df s]o/ g]kfn / hghfu/0f d~r ?s'dn] ;~rfng ul/ /x]sf] ;d'bfo ;xof]u sfo{qmdn] ;xlhs/0f ul/ /x]sf] 5 . gd'gf cEof;n] ;d'bfosf] lakb pTyglzntfdf a[l4 u/L k|sf]ksf] c;/nfO{ sd ug]{ s'/f ;d'bfo ;xof]u sfo{qmdsf lhNnf sfo{qmd clws[t 6Lsf/fd v8sfn] atfP . To:t} ufla; ;lra slknb]a zdfn] klg o; sfo{qmdaf6 :yflgox? pT;flxt /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . zdf{n] p; aif{ o:t} lakb Aoj:yfkgsf sfd ug{ uflj;n] tL; xhf/ ?k}ofF :yflgo lakb Aoj:yfkg ;ldltnfO{ lbg] s'/f ;d]t atfPsf 5g . xfn b]zel/ s]o/ g]kfnn] :yflgo ;fem]bf/ ;+:yfx?sf] ;xsfo{df b; lhNnfsf %) uflj;df lakb Aoj:yfkgsf sfo{qmd ;~rfng u/L/x]sf] sfof{non] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd lakb Go'lgs/0fsf nflu cEof;
  • 2. @@* h]7 @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf cg'e'lt  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @ jftfa/0f lba; / cfxf ;~rf/  Pdl8cfO{sf] k|of; of] tkfO{n] kl9/x]sf] klqsf ?s'dsf] !& cf}+ xf] . btf{ lag} k|sfzgdf cfPsfnfO{ ugf]6 ul/ Psf] 5}g . lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nosf] tYofÍn] o;} eG5 cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs lhNnfsf] !& cf}+ klqsf xf] . of] c+s ;+u} o;n] rf/ j6f kfOnf cl3 ;f/L ;Sof] . rfx]sf] lyP, o;sf] klxnf] c+sdf g} d}n] s]xL n]v' . o; cl3sf !^ klqsfn] lhNnfsf] lasf; lgdf{0f, / fhgLlts 36gfqmd, 36gf kl/ 36gfdf dxTjk'0f{ of]ubfg lbPsf 5g, oBlk ltlgx?n] lg/Gt/tf kfpg ;s]gg, . u|fld0f If]qdf ;~rf/ u[x rnfpg' kmnfdsf lrp/f rkfpg' eGbf sDtf ufx|f] sxfF 5/ < cToGt pT;fx / Joj:yfkgsf ;fy k|sfzg ePsf klqsf klg aGb x'g kg]{ l:yltsf] cGTo x'g ;do nfUg] 5 o;df s;}sf] ladlt 5}g o;sf cfˆg} sf/0f 5g, d Totf kl§ uPg of] ljifodf s'g} lbg 5nkmn u/f}+nf . d}n] ;'? d} n]v] lhNnfsf] !& cf}+ ag]sf] 5, cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6"o ;fKtflxs lhNnfsf pbodfg o'jf kqsf/ d]u/fh v8sf PSn}n] klqsf k|sfzgsf] cfF6 u/]/ rf/ c+s ahf/df NofO{ ;s], pgsf] of] PSnf] k|of;nfO{ ;nfd Û clg lg/Gt/tfsf] sfdgf . nfdf] ;dosf] tof/L kl5 k|sfzg yflnPsf] klqsfsf] klxnf] c+ssf] ;Dkfblsodf o;nfO{ lbuf] agfpg] k|lta4tfsf] ;fy} klqsfnfO{ hgtfsf] cfjfh agfpg] pb3f]if ul/Psf] 5 . hxfF ;fj{hlgs dxTjsf laifo a:t' d'Vo k|fyldstfdf /flvg] 5g eg], hgtfsf rf;f] / cfaZostf dxz';nfO{ pgLx? h:t} k:sg] pNn]v klg To;df ul/Psf] 5 . ?s'ddf klqsfsf] z'GotfnfO{ eË ub}{ cfPsf] cfxf ;~rf/ k|lt ;a}sf] cfzf hfu]sf] dxz'; d}n] u/]sf] 5' . ;a}sf] sfdgf oxL 5 ls o;n] klg o; cl3sf cGo !^ j6f klqsfsf] h:t} lgolt ef]Ug gk/f]; . kf7sx?n] a]nf a]nf p7fpg] u/]sf] k|Zgsf] hjfkmsf] ?kdf of] /xg]5, d}n] o;af6 oxL ck]Iff u/]sf] 5' . klqsf df};d] eP, zAb ;w} ;'lGgg] u/]sf] 5 . sltko df};d] ag] xf]nfg t/ clwsQ/ klqsfn] k|sfzg x'g] rfxfgf bafP/ /fVg'kg]{ cj:yf ;[hgf ePs} xf] . ;~rf/ If]q /fHosf] rf}yf] cËsf] ?kdf a'lemG5, o;n] cfˆgf] e"ldsf klg lgaf{x ul//x]s} klg 5 . rf}yf] cËsf] ?kdf 3f]if0ff u/]s} /fHon] ;~rf/ If]qsf] pkxf; ul//x]sf] dxz'; gul/Psf] klg xf]Og . t/, ;a} lgl/x a:g' l;jfo csf]{ lasNk 5}g . /fHos} ;fy ;xof]u gkfPkl5 b'/b/fhsf ;~rf/ ;a}sf] aGff]; Û ?s'ddf klqsfsf] z'GotfnfO{ eË ub}{ cfPsf] cfxf ;~rf/ k|lt ;a}sf] cfzf hfu]sf] dxz'; d}n] u/]sf] 5' . ;a}sf] sfdgf oxL 5 ls o;n] klg o; cl3sf cGo !^ j6f klqsfsf] h:t} lgolt ef]Ug gk/f]; . kf7sx?n] a]nf a]nf p7fpg] u/]sf] k|Zgsf] hjfkmsf] ?kdf of] /xg]5, d}n] o;af6 olx ck]Iff u/]sf] 5' . xl/ uf}td u[xn] ;d:of em]lnx]sf x'g . lglt agfpg cAan xfd|f] /fHo sfof{Gjog k|lqmofdf lgs} lkmtnf] 5 . cfkm}n] lgdf{0f u/]sf] lglt sfof{Gjog gug]{ /fHoaf6 c? s] sf] cfz ug'{ / < oxL ;d:ofsf] lardf cbDo ;fx; a6'n]/ cfPsf] cfxf ;~rf/nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg] d'Vo xft k|sfzs / Joj:yfkg kIfsf] ePklg o;df xfdL ;a}sf] ;fy Tolts} h?/L 5 . ;dfhsf] P]gfsf] ?kdf /x]sf] ;~rf/ If]q laB'lto jf 5fkfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg ;a} ;r]t gful/s, tx, tKsf / If]qsf] e'ldsfsf] rrf{ ul//xg cfjZos ePg . ;~rf/ If]qs} b]gsf] sf/0f laZjdf 7'nf7'nf kl/ jt{0f ;Dej ePsf pbfx/0f xfdL dfFem k|z:t} 5g . o;}n] ;~rf/ If]qsf] ;+/If0fdf ;a}sf] rf;f] plQs} x'g h?/L 5 . xfn lhNnfdf k|sfzg x'g yfn]sf] cfxf ;~rf/n] ;a}sf] ;fy lng ;sf];, ;fdfGo ls;fgb]lv ;a} If]q, tx / tKsfsfx?sf] cfjZostf, rfxfgf cg'?ksf] aGg] k|of; o;n] ug]{5 / cfkm'n] u/]sf] k|lta4tf k'/f ug{tkm{ cfkm'nfO{ cfxf ;~rf/n] nDsfpg] 5 . ls;fg, laBfyL{, lzIfs nufot ;a}sf] Kof/f] eP/ cfxf ;~rf/ a;f];, zflGt / ;d[l4sf] rfxf, larf/ / ;dfrf/df cfxf gf/f ;fy{s agfpg cfxf ;~rf/n] s'g} s;/ afFsL klg g/fvf];, rf}yf] c+s k|sfzgsf] cj;/df cfxf ;~rf/ kl/jf/nfO{ z'esfdgf .. -n]vs uf}td /fli6«o ;dfrf/ ;ldltsf ?s'd ;+afbbftf x'g ._ curious1.hari@gmail.com Psn dlxnf z;lQms/0fsf nflu tflnd lhNnfdf Psn dlxnfx?sf] zzlQms0fsf nflu tflnd ;+rfng ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnf lasf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] cfly{s ;xof]udf dfga clwsf/sf nflu dlxnf lhNnf ;+hfn ?s'dn] tflndsf] cfof]hgf u/]sf] xf] . tflnd olx h]7 @$ ut]b]lv @^ ut] ;Dd lhNnf lasf; ;ldlt ?s'dsf] xndf ;+rfng ul/Psf] xf] . @% hgf ;xefuL tflnddf z;lQms/0fsf] kl/efiff, of]hgf th'{df / pkef]Qmf u7g, g]t[Tj lasf;, ;~rf/ / ;xhLs/0f l;k / dfga a]rlavg tyf cf];f/k;f/ tyf o; ;aGwL sfg'gsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fO{Psf] lyof] . To:t} ;o'Qm /fi6« ;+3 ;'/Iff kl/ifb !#@% / !*@), 3/]n' lx+;f, clwsf/ tyf st{Toaf/] ;sf/fTds ;f]rfO{ tyf ;fdflhs ;dfa]zLs/0f nufotsf laifodf k|lzIf0f u/fO{{sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . tflndsf] ;lxhLs/0f clwaQf u0f]z xdfn, dfgaclwsf/sld{ zf/bf 8fFuL nufotn] u/]sf] atfO{Psf] 5 . tflndaf6 cfkm'x?n] hLag pkof]uL l;k ;+u} sfg'gL k|fawfgsf af/]df hfgsf/L kfpbf lgs} v'l; /x]sf] tflnddf ;xefuL Psn dlxnfx?n] atfPsf 5g . tflnddf ;xeflu lgd{nf lai6n] cfkm'n] o; tflndaf6 w]/} s'/f l;s]sf] atfpb} l;s]sf s'/fx?nfO{ Aoaxf/df nufpg] atfO{g . tflndsf] ;dfkg cfO{taf/ Ps cf}krfl/s sfo{qmdsf lar ul/Psf] 5 . ;+hfnsL cWoIf 1fg' la;Lsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] pQm sfo{qmddf ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/L, :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{, k|x/L gfoa pkl/Ifs /fh]Gb|k|;fb e66, lhNnf l:yt kqsf/ nufot ;/sf]sf/jfnf lgsfox?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] tflndsf] ;+rfng ;+hfnsL ;lra l;tf k'gn] u/]sL lyO{g . cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd tflndaf6 cfkm'x?n] hLag pkof]uL l;k ;+u} sfg'gL k|fawfgsf af/]df hfgsf/L kfpbf lgs} v'l; /x]sf] ;xefuL Psn dlxnfx?n] atfPsf 5g . $! cf} laZj aftfa/0f lba; a'waf/ laZje/ laleGg sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ul/ dgfO{Psf] 5 . o;aif{ ;f]r]/ vfcf}+, vfgf v]/ gkmfnf}+ jftfa/0f hf]ufcf}+ eGg] d'n gf/f to ul/of] . xfdLn] v]/ kmfNg] vfgf hf]ufcf}+ eg] dfq vfWofGg ;d:of x'g] w]/} dflg;nfO{ ;d:of 6fg{ ;xof]u ldN5 . To;/Lg} lba;sf] ca;/df dflg;sf] lqmofsnfksf sf/0f vfWofGg ;d:of ;+u} vfgf v]/ kmfNbf jftf/a0f ;d]t k|b'if0f x'g] ePsf]n] o;aif{ o:tf] gf/f lnPsf] atfO{Psf] 5 . lbj;sf] ca;/df klg /fhwfgL sf7df08f} nufot b]zsf clwsf+; ;a} lhNnfdf o;sf] gf/f 3GsfO{of] . st} ;b/d'sfddf aftf/0f ;aGwL uf]i6Lsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] ;'Ggdf kfO{of] t st} lrofkfg, ¥ofnL nufotsf o:t}o:t} laleGg ultlawLx? . h;cg';f/ klg ?s'dsf] ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+ufdf klg k|eftkm]/L tyf cGo sfo{qmdsf] klg cfof]hgf ul/of] . ;do ;dodf ul/g] o:tf k|eftkm]/L tyf ultlawLn] ;b/d'sfd afl;nfO{ vf;} rf;fsf] laifo lyO{g . lzlIft au{x?sf] a;fO{ :yn dflgg] ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf klg lba;sf] ca;/df sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/]/ lba;sf] k|ltlglwTj t ul/of] t/ To;afx]s vf;} r]tgfsf] :t/ ;'wfg{ ;xof]u k'Uof] g} eGg] laZjf; lng ;lsb}g . o;sf nflu lba;nfO{ ufpFufpFsf clzlIft hgtf;fd' n}hfg'kYof]{ . t/ s]lx u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx?n] lba;sf] ca;/df o:tf klg ultlalw u/]/ b]vfPsf 5g . lba;sf] ca;/df ;b/d'sfddf eGbf ufpFdf :yfgLosf] aftfa/0f ;aGwL r]tgf:t/ sd /x]sf] eGb} r]tgf a[l4 ug{ Pdl8cfO{ g]kfnn] lhNnfsf] k'lt{dsfF8fdf lba; dgfof] . cGo s]lx ;+3;+:yf tyf lgsfox?n] klg :yflgo :t/df sfo{qmd ul/ dgfo xf]nfg t/ d pQm sfo{qmddf klg ;xeflu x'g] ca;/ kfPsfn] o;af/] yk s]lx s'/f dfq eGg rfx] . :yflgo lgdf0f{ pkef]Qmf ;ldlt / laBfnosf] cfof]hgfdf dgfO{Psf] lba;df aftfa/0f ;aGwL gf/f ;lxt laBfyL{ tyf :yflgon] ufpF kl/qmddf tyf laBfnosf] 5]p5fpdf a[Iff/f]kg ul/of] . To:t} laBfnosf] k|f+u0fdf cf}krfl/s sfo{qmdsf lar aftfa/0f ;DaGwL nf]slut k|ltof]lutf ;d]t cfof]hgf ul/Psf] lyof] . lgs} rf;f]sf ;fy x]l/Psf] pQm sfo{qmddf dgf]/~gsf dfWofdaf6 ePklg ;fgf] ;Gb]z klg :yflgo ;Dd k'Uof] eGg] laZjf; lnO{Psf] 5 . To;sf/0f o:tf ;r]tgfsf nflu ul/g] lba;x? ;b/d'sfd ;u} ufpFufpFdf klg dgfpg' /fd|f] pknAwLsf ?kdf lng ;lsG5 . gq lba; dgfpg] sfd cf}krfl/stfdf dfq l;ldt gxf]nf eGg ;lsb}g .
  • 3. # @* h]7 @)&) d+unaf/  ;dfrf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @4G4 ;'?jft ePsf] 7fpFaf6} To;sf] cGTo ug{sf] nfuL ; a } ; / f]sf/ jfnx? Psh'6 e P / nfUg' k g { ] zlgaf/ / f]Nkfdf ePsf] P s sfo{ qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] atfPsf 5g . 4 G 4 Go'lgs/ 0fsg] kfnl:yt ;+o'Qm/ f i 6 " ;+3sf ljleGg lgsfox?df alxis/ 0 f d f k f l / P s f ;d'bfosf g]kfnL o ' j f k|lzIffyL{x? e g f { u g ] { sfo{qmdsf] nflu o ; j i f { k ' g M cfj]bg cfJxfg u l / P s f ] 5 . g] kfnl:yt ;+o'Qm / fi6";+3sf lgsfox?n] ljut # jif{b]vL ;+o'Qm ?kdf ;fdflhs alxis/ 0 f d f k f l / P s f 4G4 Go'lgs/0f ug{ Pstf cfaZos lba;sf] ca;/df ¥ofnL / a[Iff/f]kg 4G4 ;'?jft ePsf] 7fpFaf6} To;sf] cGTo ug{sf] nfuL ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnx? Psh'6 eP/ nfUg' kg{] zlgaf/ /f]Nkfdf ePsf] Ps sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] atfPsf 5g . 4G4 Go'lgs/0fsf] nfuL :yflgo zflGt ;ldltn] ug{ ;lsg] sfd laifodf :yfgLo zflGt ;ldlt ?s'd / /f]Nkflar ePsf] Ps lbg] cGt/lqmof sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?sf] o:tf] s'/fdf hf]8df lbPsf x'g . cg'ej cfbgk|bfgsf] nflu :yfgLo zflGt ;ldlt ?s'dsf ;+of]hs d's'Gbaxfb'/ zfxsf] g]t[Tjdf !! hgfsf] 6f]nL /f]Nkf k'u]sf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf 4G4 Go'lgs/0fsf] nfuL b'a} lhNnfn] clxn] ;Dd ul/Psf sfd, 4G4 lkl8tsf] nfuL u/LPsf sfo{, casf] nIf / :yflgo zflGt ;ldltsf] cj:yf nufotsf laifodf 5nkmn u/LPsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf lhNnfsf] cj:yf / clxn] ;Dd u/L/x]sf sfdsf af/ ]df ?s'dsf] tkm{af6 :yflgo zflGt ;ldlt ?s'dsf sfof{no ;lra s]zas'df/ la;L / / f]Nkfsf] tkm{af6 ;ldlt ;b:o v]d a'9fn] hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . laut 4G4df ?s'd / /f]Nkfn] w]/} lk8f ef]u]sf sf/0f lbuf] zflGtsf] vf]hL ub}{ /f]NkfnfO{ g} cg'ej cfbfg k|bfgsf] nflu 5gf}6 ul/Psf] :yflgo zflGt ;ldlt ?s'dsf ;b:o cfbz{ s];Ln] atfP . æ;a} eGbf al9 4G4 af6 k|efljt /f]Nkfdf :yflgo /fhlglts bnx?sf] zflGt :yfkgfsf] nflu ul//x]sf] ;xsfo{ ;a}sf] nflu cg's/0fLo kIf e]l6of]Æ s];Ln] eg] . To:t} sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] /f]Nkf / ?s'd lhNnfdf åGåsf] ;dodf ePsf ef}lts Iflt tyf k'gMldng gu/L zflGt k|lqmof 6'+luPsf] eg]/ eGg gldNg] wf/ 0ff /fv]sf lyP . lkl8tnfO{ / fxt lbnfpg] / ;d:ofsf] klxrfg ug]{ s'/f b'a} lhNnfsf] nflu Pp6} ;d:of /x]sf] pNn]v ub{} lgs6 ;DaGw agfP/ ;dfwfg ug{]df ;d]t hf]8 ;ldlt kbflwsf/Lx?sf] lyof] . To:t} bz aif]{ åGåsf] ;dodf ;a}eGbf a9L Iflt ef]u]sf oL lhNnfnfO{ ;/ sf/n] cGo lhNnfsf] ;Gt'ngdf ;/sf/n] ah]6 lalgof]hg ubf{ Iflt ePsf ef}lts ;+/rgfsf] k'0f{?kdf k'gMlgdf{0f x'g g;s]sf] ;d]t ;ldltn] cfkmgf] k|ltab]gdf ;d]6]sf] 5 . @)%@ ;fn kmfu'g ! uQ] xf]n]/L rf}sL cfqmd0f u/L tTsfnLg dfcf]jfbLn] hgo'4sf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lyof] . :yflgo zflGt ;ldlt /f]Nkfsf ;+of]hs lvdaxfb'/ sj/sf] cWoIftf / ;lrj lu/L/fh dx/fsf] ;+rfngdf ;DkGg ePsf] sfo{qmddf :yflgo zflGt ;ldlt ?s'd / /f]Nkfsf kbflwsf/L, lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no /f]Nkfsf k|x/L gfoj pk/LIfs cf]d /f0ff du/, g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 /f]Nkfsf cWoIf df};d /f]sf, qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;+3 /f]Nkfsf cWoIf dlgiff >]i7 nufotsf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd nf]s]Gb| vgfn÷cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd g]kfn dlxnf ;+3sL s]lGb|o cWoIf 8fS6/ l8nf ;+u|f}nfn] clxn] ;Dd klg g]kfndf k'?ifafbL ;f]rn] ubf{ g]kfnL dlxnfx? zf]if0f / bdgdf k/L/x]sf] eGb} ;Dk'0f{ dlxnfx? Ps eP/ clwsf/sf] kIfdf nfUg' kg]{ atfPsL l5g . dlxnfx? clwsf/ k|fKtLsf] nflu 4G4 k|efljt lhNnf ?s'd af6} kl/j{tgsf] cu'jfO{ ?s'd]nL dlxnfx?n] g} ug'{ kg]{ pgn] atfO{g . g]kfn dlxnf ;+3 ?s'dsf] lhNnf :t/Lo cu'jf dlxnf sfo{stf{ e]nfnfO ;Daf]wg ub} ;+u|f}nfn] /fHon] dlxnfsf d'4fx?nfO ;w} Aojf:yf ub} cfPsf] klg cf/f]k nufO{g . g]kfndf ePsf 7'nf k/Ljt{x? dlxnfs} sf/0fn] ubf{ ;Dej ePsf] bfaL ub{} cWoIf ;+u|f}nfn] cfwf eGbf al9 hg;+Vof /x]sf] g]kfndf dlxnfx?nfO{ clxn] klg bdgdf kf/L/x]sf]n] lbglbg} dlxnf lx+;f a9b} uPsf] wf/0ff /flvg .;b/d'sfd d';Lsf]6 vn+ufsf] afndlGb/ xndf sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] ePsf] sfo{qmddf ;xeflu x'g ?s'dsf ufpF ufpF af6 dlxnf ;3+df cfj4 dlxnfx? ;xeflu ePsf lyP . /fHos} bdgn] dlxnf lx+;f M ;+u|f}nf cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd $! cf} laZj aftf/0f lba;sf] ca;/df a'waf/ ?s'dsf] k'lt{dsfF8fdf laleGg sfo{qmdx? u/]/ dgfO{Psf] 5 . ;b/d'sfddf eGbf ufpFdf :yflgosf] aftfa/0f ;aGwL r]tgf:t/ sd /x]sf] eGb} r]tgf a[l4 ug{ ufpFd} lba; dgfO{Psf] xf] . Pdl8cfO{ g]kfnsf] ;xof]udf ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf afnHof]lt dfWoflds laBfno lu7fsf]6 / vf]nfufpF rGb|ahf/ vfun kmf?nf lu7fsf]6 u|fldg ;8s pkef]Qmf ;ldltn] ;o'+Qm ?kdf u/]sf x'g . sfo{qmddf aftfa/0f ;aGwL gf/f ;lxt laBfyL{ tyf :yflgon] ufpF kl/qmddf tyf laBfnosf] 5]p5fpdf a[Iff/f]kg ul/Psf] lyof] . ¥ofnL tyf a[Iff/f]kg kZrft laBfnosf] k|f+u0fdf cf}krfl/s sfo{qmdsf lar aftfa/0f ;aGwL nf]slut k|ltof]lutf ;d]t cfof]hgf ul/Psf] lyof] . Ps bh{g a9L ;xeflun] efu lnPsf] k|ltof]lutfdf :yfg xfl;n ug]{ laBfyL{x?nfO{ sfo{qmdsf k|d'v clyltn] k'/:sf/ tyf k|df0fkq lat/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . h;df ;'htf k'gsf] ;d'x k|yd,sdnf a'9fsf] ;d'x l4lto, k'ikf /f0ffsf] ;d'x t[ltof / ltns /f]sfosf] ;x'd ;fGTjgf :yfg xfl;n u/]sf lyP . laBfno Aoa:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf nf]s axfb'/ a'9fsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf Pdl8cfO{ g]kfn ?s'dsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs OlGhlgo/ k|sfz ;fksf]6fsf] k|d'v cflyTotf /x]sf] lyof] . To:t} Plss[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf /fHo ;ldlt ;b:o 6]s axfb'/ k'g, laBfnosf k|fWofgWofks k'0f{axfb'/ cf]nL, cfxf ;~rf/ ;fKtflxssf ;Dkfbs d]u/fh v8sf, lkmN8 dlg6/ g/x/L aflgofF, uf}/L kfj{tL lgdf{0f sDkgLdf OlGhlgo/ lw/h e08f/L, g]la;3 lhNnf ;ldtL ;b:o d]g'sf k'g, ;fd'bfoLs vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO ;j l8eLhg sfof{nosf s[i0f ;]g, ;lxt cGo ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfox? ;xeflu sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng Pdl8cfO{ g]kfnsf c;a OlGhlgo/ s[i0fdf]xg v8sfn] u/]sf lyP . g]kfnl:yt ;+o'Qm/fi6« ;+3sf laleGg lgsfox?df alxis/0fdf kfl/Psf ;d'bfosf g]kfnL o'jf k|lzIffyL{x? egf{ ug]{ sfo{qmdsf] nflu o; aif{ k'gM cfj]bg cfJxfg ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfnl:yt ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf lgsfox?n] ljut # jif{b]vL ;+o'Qm ?kdf ;fdflhs alxis/0fdf kfl/Psf au{sf ljZjljBfno txsf laBfyL{sf Ifdtf clej[l4 tyf Joj;flos lasf; u/L pgLx?sf] Joj;flos bIftf tyf /f]huf/L k|fKt ug]{ ;Defjgfx? a9fpg] p2]Zon] ;+o'Qm ?kn] k|lzIffyL{ egf{ sfo{qmd ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . !! dlxgfsf] k'0f{sfnLg k|lzIf0f k|lzIffyL{x?nfO{ pQm calwe/L k|lzIfssf] lgu/fgLdf ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] sfof{nosf] jftfj/0fdf sfo{ ug{ cj;/ k|bfg ul/Gf]5 . k|lzIffyL{x?sf nflu ul/la lgjf/0f, jftfj/0f, ;'zf;g, zflGt :yfkgf, afnaflnsf ;+/If0f, kf]if0f, :jf:Yo, vfg]kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{, ;fdflhs gLlt, a;fO{;/fO{, lzIff, s[lif / jg, n}lËs ;dfgtf, hg;+Vof, cg'udg tyf ;'kl/j]If0f, hgzlQm Joj:yfkg tyf cy{ Joj:yfkgnufotsf If]qsf ljleGg sfo{qmd tyf kl/of]hgfx?df Pj+ k|zf;sLo If]qdf k|lzIf0f pknAw u/fOg]5 . cfj]bgsf laleGg dfkb08 tf]lsPsf] hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] 5 . h;df Go'gQd :gfts ptL0f{ u/]sf],;fdflhs alxis/0fdf kfl/Psf ju{jf6 x'g'kg]{,ljsf;sf] If]qdf sfo{ ug]{ ?lr ePsf], ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] d'n dfGotfx? - Joj;flostf, b[96f / ljljwtfsf nflu ;Ddfg_sf nflu sb/ ePsf] x'g'kg]{ 5 . 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