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aif{ ! c+s % ?s'd $ c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 18 Jun 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.—
?s'd vfBfGgdf cfTdlge{/;+s6 tyf cefasf] gfddf lrlgg] ?s'ddf ;d:of bf]xl/g] cg'dfg ul/Pklg xfn ;'/lIft ca:yfdf /x]sf] 5 .
7]s]bf/sf] l9nf;':tL
d]u/fh v8sf÷cfxf ;~rf/
 vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfn a}7s lg0f{o
SofDk;df
dxfslj b]asf]6f
cfO{taf/ a;]sf] vfB ;'/Iff
;+hfnsf] a}7sn] ?s'd vfBfGgn]
;'/lIft /x]sf] lg0f{o ul/Psf] 5
. aif]{gL lhNnfsf !@ tyf ;f]
eGbf a9L ufla;df vfBfGg
c;'/Iffsf] lg0f{o ug]{ ;+hfn
a}7sn] o;k6s eg] vfBfGgn]
;'/lIft /x]sf] eGg] lg0f{o
km]l/Psf] xf] . o; cl3 a;]sf]
;+hfnsf] a}7sn] ?s'dsf !@
ufla;df vfBfGg ;d:of ePsf]
lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . k|d'v lhNnf
clwsf/L tyf ;+hfnsf cWoIf
s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Ln] o;
k6ssf] a}7s lg0f{on]
;fdfGotof ?s'd vfBfGgn] ;'/
lIft /x]sf] lg0f{o u/]sf] atfP .
æo;cl3sf] ;+hfn a}7s
lg0f{odf l6sfl6KkgL ;lxtsf
;dfrf/ cfPkl5 xfdLn] ulx/f]
cWoog ubf{ ?s'ddf xfn
vfBfGg ;+s6 b]lvPg .Æ
clwsf/Ln] eg], æhg:t/ tyf
gful/s ;dfhaf6 o;cl3
cfPsf] z+sf tyf ;'emfa
;Nnfxn] o; k6ssf] ;+hfnsf]
a}7s lg0f{odf 7'nf] k|]/0ff ldn]sf]
5 .Æ To:t} ;+hfnsf] a}7sdf
;xeflu ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf;
clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{n]
?s'd vfBfGgn] ;'/lIft /x]sf]
:6f6; cfkmgf] km];a'sdf /fv]sf
5g . pgn] ?s'd xfn vfBfGg
;'/lIft /x]sf] / # klxgf kl5
s]lx ufla;x?df ;fdfGo
c;'/Iff x'g] cg'dfg ul/Psf]
pNn]v u/]sf 5g . h;df
o;cl3 vfBfGg ;d:of elgPsf]
!@ ufla;x? uf]tfdsf]6,
:ofnfvbL, l;:g], x'sfd,
/Gdfd}sf]6, sf]n, ts;]/f k/]sf
5g . To:t} sfFlqm, sfF8f,
df]/fjfË, dxt / /fª;L uflj;
klg cg'dfgdf k/]sf 5g .
;+hfnn] k6s k6s k'la{
ufla;x?df dfq vfBfGg ;+s6
tyf c;'/Iff ePsf] lg0f{o
;fa{hlgs ug]{ u/]sf]n] c;'/Iffsf]
lg0f{o ug]{ ;+hfnn] slxn]
;'/lIft ePsf] va/ ;'gfp5
eg]/ cfiff ;d]t ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n]
ul//x]sf lyP . o:tf] k|rf/n]
s]lxn] vfBfGg cefasf] gfddf
kmfO{bf t lnPsf 5}gg eg]/
laif]z rf;f]sf ?kdf ;d]t
x]l/Psf] lyof] . k|lhc
clwsf/Ln] o; k6ssf] vfB
;'/Iff ;+hfnsf] a}7sdf ;a}
kbflwsf/L tyf ;/f]sf/
jfnfx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] ;d]t
hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g . ;dfrf/
;|f]tsf cg';f/ o; clwsf]
a}7sdf s]lx kbflwsf/Lx?n]
cfkm' cg's'n dfq a}7s a;fnL
a}7ssf] lg0f{o cGo
kbflwsf/Lx?nfO{ sfof{no
sfof{nodf k'u]/ x:tfIf/ u/fPsf
lyP . lhNnfdf vfBfGg
;'/Iffsf] ;Gbe{df :yflgo
k|zf;g;u} lhNnf s[lif lasf;
sfof{no, g]kfn vfB ;+:yfg,
laZj vfB sfo{qmd tyf lhNnf
lasf; ;ldlt ;lxtsf @!
;aGwLt lgsfox?n] ;/f]sf/
/fVg] u/]sf 5g . o; cl3 k6s
k6s vfBfGg ;d:of elgPsf
ufla;x? cfly{s pTkfbgsf] ;u}
vfBfGg pTkfbgsf lx;fan] klg
cfTdlge{/ dflgG5g . k'la{
cfxf ;~rf/

7]s]bf/sf] a]jf:tfsf sf/0f l5~r'
hfh/sf]6 ;8s v08df kg]{
e]/L gbLdf lgdf{0fwLg kSsL k'n
cnkq k/]sf] 5 . & jif{cl3
lgdf{0f sfo{ z'? ul/Psf] ;f]
k'nsf] cfwf sfd klg ;lsPsf]
5}g . @ aif{leq lgdf{0f sfo{
;Sg] u/L @)^# c;f/df lgdf{0f
sfo{ z'? ePsf] pQm k'nsf
xfn;Dd tLg cf]6f lkNn/ dfq
lgdf{0f ul/Psf] 5 . ;'v]{tsf]
/fsd / ;Nofgsf] ;NnLahf/
hf]8g] e]/L gbLdf k'n gaGbf
To; If]qdf cfjthfjt ug]{
dflg; tyf Joj;foL ;d:ofdf
k/]sf x'g . 7]s]bf/sf] nfk/afxL
/ ;/sf/L lgsfosf]
pbf;Lgtfsf sf/0f k'n lgdf{0fdf
l9nfO eO{/x]sf] :yfgLo
;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] egfO /x]sf] 5
. k'n lgdf{0f ug{ :jR5Gb,
sfi7df08k, wgyfg, /ljg /
k|bLk u/L kfFrhgfn] ;+o"Qm
?kdf 7]Ssf ;D´f}tf u/]sf lyP
. ;f] k'nsf] nfut vr{ ;f9] #
s/f]8 ?k}ofF /x]sf] 5 . aiff{tsf]
;do afx]s lgoldt oftfoft
;~rfng x'g] l5~r' hfh/sf]6
;8ssf] /fsd hfh/sf]6
v08df k'n gag]s} sf/0f
ofq'x? Ps 7fpFaf6 csf]{ 7fpFdf
hfg ufl8 kl/jt{g ug'{k5{ . k'n
lgdf0f ePkl5 lgoldt oftfoft
;'ljwf kfpg] cfzfdf /x]sf
;'v]{tsf pQ/k"jL{ efu /
hfh/sf]6sf afl;Gbf ;/sf/n]
rf;f] glbFbf cfkm'x? ;d:ofdf
k/]sf] atfpF5g . …@ aif{leq
lgdf{0f sfo{ k"/f ug]{ u/L 7]Ssf
lnPOsf] k'n agfpg z'?
ul/Psf] ´08} & aif{ eO;Sof]Ú
hfh/sf]6sf :yfgLo afl;Gbf
s0f{ axfb'/ vqLn] eg], …;/sf/
n] cfjZos sbd grfn];Dd
k'n aGg] lglZrt 5}g .Ú k'n
lgdf{0fsf] lhDdf lnPsf] d'Vo
sDkgLnfO{ k6s k6s kqfrf/
ubf{ klg a]jf:tf u/]sf] ;8s
l8lehg sfof{non] atfPsf] 5
. …k'n lgdf{0f sfo{ ;dod} k"/f
ug{ 7]s]bf/nfO{ kqfrf/ ul//x]sf
5f}+Ú sfof{nosf Ps clwsf/Ln]
eg], …t/, lgdf{0fsf] lhDdf lbPsf]
7]s]bf/ sDkgL ;Dks{d} cfPsf]
5}g .Ú xfn k'n lgdf{0fsf] %%
k|ltzt dfq sfd ;lsPsf]
sfof{non] atfPsf] 5 . ;dod}
x]dGt s];L
 hfh/sf]6
;'v]{tsf] /fsd / ;Nofgsf] ;NnLahf/ hf]8g]
e]/L gbLsf] k'n 7]s]bf/sf] nfk/afxL /
;/sf/L lgsfosf] pbf;Lgtfsf sf/0f lgdf{0fdf
l9nfO eO{/x]sf] :yfgLo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n]
cf/f]k nufPsf 5g .
afFsL # k]hdf
?s'dsf] ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6
vn+ufdf /x]sf] d'l;sf]6 vn+uf
ax'd'lv SofDk; kl/;/leq
lgdf0f{ ul/Psf] dxfslj
nIdLk|;fb b]asf]6fsf] :d[lt
afl6sfsf] cgfa/0f ul/Psf] 5
. zlgaf/ :yflgo lasf;
clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n]
b]asf]6fsf] cw{sbdf /x]sf] :d[lt
afl6sfsf] cgfa/0f u/]sf x'g .
afl6sfsf] cgfa/0f sfo{qmddf
af]Nb} :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L
zdf{n] g]kfnL ;flxTodf dxTjk'0f{
of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf b]asf]6fnfO{
;Demg' kg]{ eGb} SofDk;n]
To;sf] ;+:yfut u/]sf] atfPsf
lyP . …of] SofDk; k9g] xhf/f}
laBfyL{x?n] b]asf]6faf6 k|]/0ff
lng'k5{Ú sfo{qmdsf k|d'v clylt
;d]t /xsf pgn] eg], …af}l4s
hdft /xg] / l;Sg] of] 7fpFaf6
;flxTo / ;[hgfsf] v]tL ug'{k5{
.Ú To:t} sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|d'v
lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb
clwsf/Ln] b]asf]6f d/]/ klg
Ho"b} /x]sf] atfpb} d/]/ klg
Ho"bf] /xg] sfd ug{ nfUg'kg]{
wf/0ff /fv] . …b]zsf uxgfx?nfO{
d/]/ klg lhaGt agfpg tkfO{
xfd|f] klg hLDa]jf/L /x]sf] lyof],
Tof] sfd SofDk;n] u¥of]Ú pgn]
eg] . cgfa/0f sfo{qmddf af]Ng]
cGo ;xefuLx?n] klg b]asf]6fsf]
s[ltnfO{ :d/0f ub{} pgn] u/]sf]
kf7 l;Sg'kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf lyP
. afl6sf lgdf0f{ ;ldltsf cWoIf
wgdfg k'gsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf]
sfo{qmddf SofDk; ;+rfns
;ldltsf cWoIf v]ddfg v8sf,
pkfWoIf s[i0f /f]sfo, lhNnf
k|x/L sfof{no ?s'dsf k|x/L
k|d'v /fh]Gb| e66sf] pkl:ytL
/x]sf] lyof] . To:t} lhNnf l:yt
/fhg}lts bnsf k|d'v tyf
k|ltlgwL, ;/sf/L lgsfo tyf
;/sf]/jfnf cGo lgsfox?sf]
;xeflutf ePsf] sfo{qmdsf]
;+rfng lgldQ SofDk; k|d'v
kmnaxfb'/ af]x/fn] u/]sf lyP .
?s'ddf ;a}eGbf /fd|f] pTkfbg
x'g] ds} afnL xf] . hxfFsf] ds}
:yflgon] cfcfkmgf] 3/sf]
aflx/} nfdf] ;do ;Dd y'kf/]sf]
kfO{G5 . Tolt dfq geP/ k'la{
?s'd cfly{s pTkfbgsf] ;|f]tsf]
?kdf ;d]t lng ;lsG5 . hxfF
of;f{u'Ga' nufotsf ax'd'No
hl8a'l6x? ;d]t lalqmlat/0f
ul/ nfvf} pTkfbg ug]{ u/]sf
5g . To:t} :yflgo /fl8kfvL
lalqm tyf cfn' / :ofp
pTkfbgaf6 ;d]t cfDbfgL x'g]
u/]sf] 5
?s'd
@$ c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf larf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @
s;}nfO{ cefa dgk5{
xfdLnfO{ cfTdlge{/

lgl/x laBfyL{ ;+u7g
cfˆgf] dfp kf6L{n] lgb]{zg u/]sf sfo{qmd / aGb, x8tfn rSsfhfd ug]{
afx]s laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? o;s} j/Lk/L dfq} 3'ld/x]sf 5g .
xl/ uf}td
lxhf] cfh t nfUg yfn]sf] 5
eP e/sf ;a} laBfyL{ ;+u7g
Ph]08f lalxg 5g . of] elg/xg'
kg]{ s'/f 5}g ;f/fn] b]lv/x]sf
5g, ls tdfd z}lIfs d'4fx?sf
cufl8 bh{gf}+sf] ;Vofdf /x]sf]
laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? lgl/x l;jfo
s]xL 5}gg, . cfˆgf] dfp kf6L{n]
lgb]{zg u/]sf sfo{qmd / aGb,
x8tfn rSsfhfd ug]{ afx]s
laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? o;s} j/Lk/L
dfq} 3'ld/x]sf 5g . laBfyL{sf
tdfd ;d:ofaf6 pgLx?
kl/lrt gePsf klg xf]Ogg, t}
klg plgx? lsg olt ;fx|f]
z}lIfs d'4faf6 cf]em]n k/]sf 5g
. otf tkm{ ;a}sf] rf;f] lvlrPsf]
5 . ls laBfyL{sf ;d:of g} 5}gg
eGg] efg plgx?nfO{ kl//x]sf] 5
. obL To;f] xf] eg] a]n}df r]t
v'nfp / slDtdf z}lIfs d'4f /
laBfyL{sf ;d:ofaf/] Ps ag]/
s]xL u/]/ t b]vfp . cGo ;;fgf
;d:of cfpFbf tfTg] laBfyL{
;+u7gx? a8]dfgsf z}lIfs d'4f
b]lv lsg b'/ e}/x]sf 5g, < k|Zg
;a}sf] oxL 5 . 7'n 7'nf
kl/jt{0fdf d'Vo e"ldsf lgjf{x
u/]sf laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? kl5Nnf]
;do laBfyL{sf ;femf ;d:ofsf]
…d]g l:6«dÚaf6} afxL/ u};s]sf]
x'gls eGg] c8snafhL klg
sf6g yflnPsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do
laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? z}lIfs d'4f /
ljBfyL{sf ;d:of eGbf cGo
laifolt/} a9L s]Gb|Lt /x]sf 5g
. s]xL ;do cl3 z}lIfs d'4fdf
cfGbf]ng x'Fbf ;+u7gsf kl5
;of}+sf ;+Vofdf laBfyL{x? x'g]
ub{y], xfn ;+u7gsf kl5 nfUg]
laBfyL{x?sf] ;+Vofdf klg sld
cfPsf] :j+od laBfyL{ g]tfx? g}
l:jsf5{g . z}lIfs d'4f eGbf
cGo d'4fd} laBfyL{xsf] /fhgLlt
a9L s]Gb|Lt /xbf laBfyL{x?sf]
/fhgLlt k|ltsf] df]x 36]sf]
plgx?g} atfpF5g . laBfyL{x?
clwsf/af6} al~rt e}/x]sf 5g
. xfn kf7ok':ts ck'u b]lv,
d+xuL, laleGg afxfgfdf oftfoft
If]qdf a9fO{Psf] ef8f b/sf]
df/df ;a}eGbf a9L laBfyL{x?
g} kl//x]sf 5g . o; cl3
laBfyL{sf nflu 3f]if0ff ul/Psf
;x'lnotx? lgoldt cg'udg /
lgu/fgL gx'Fbf nyflnË cj:yfdf
5g . laBfyL{sf] gfpF ehfP/
c?x?n] klg ;]jf ;'ljwf
lnO/x]sf 5g, o;tkm{ klg
laBfyL{ ;+u7gx?n] Wofg lbPsf
5gg . 7'n 7'nf] :j/df laBfyL{sf]
xs lxtdf s'n]{/ slxNo} gyfSg]
laBfyL{ ;+u7gsf g]tfx? lxhf]
cfh lsg laBfyL{sf] ;d:ofsf]
d'vbz{s dfq} alg/x]sf 5g t
< b]z lgdf{tf, elaZosf s0f{wf/
elgg] laBfyL{nfO{ /fhgLlts
bnsf] uf]6L dfq} aGg]
jftfj/0fsf] lgdf{0f e}/x]sf] k|lt
;+7gx?sf] rf;f] lsg u}/fv]sf]
5}g < laBfyL{sf tdfd dWosf
of] cj:yf ;Dd cfOk'Ubf
clwsf+; ;d:ofx? ;dfwfg
e};Sg'kg]{df cem} ;d:ofx?
al9/x]sf 5g . o; k|lt klg
laBfyL{ ;+u7gx?sf] Wofg hfg
l9nf e}/x]sf] dxz'; ;a}n]
ul//x]s} 5g . laBfyL{sf ;femf
;d:of ;dfwfgsf] nflu ePsf
;j} laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? Ps 7fpFdf
cfpg s]n] 5]ls/x]sf] 5 < ;+u7g
hlt ePklg ;d:of eg]
laBfyL{sf ;femf 5g . ;femf
;d:of ;dfwfgsf] nflu ;a}
laBfyL{{ ;+u7gx?n] df]rf{alGbsf]
cfjZstf b]Vg h?/L e};Sof] .
of] jf Tof] afxfgfdf laBfyL{sf
;d:of ;dfwfgdf l9nfO{ e}/x]sf]
k|lt laBfyL{ ;+u7gn] g} Wofg
gk'¥ofpg] xf] eg] ;+u7gsf]
cf}lrTo dfyL k|Zg lrGx p7g
a]/ gnfUnf . ;do w]/} cl3
al9;s]sf] 5 . ;donfO{ ;dod}
lrGg] cfF6 ca laBfyL{
;+u7gx?n] ug'{k5{ . ;w} /
fhgLlts bnsf] uf]6Ldfq slt
alg/xg] cfˆgf -laBfyL{_sf
;d:of ;dfwfg tkm{ Wofg ;a}
;+u7gn] lng h?/L e};Sof] .
Ps j6f ;u7gn] dfq} s]xL x'Fb}g
eGg] s'/f]sf] k'li6 o; cl3sf
cEof;n] e};s]sf] 5 . To;}n]
z}lIfs d'4f / laBfyL{sf ;d:of
;dfwfgdf laBfyL{ ;+u7g Ps
x'g'sf] lasNk 5}g . z}lIfs
d'4fsf] klxrfg, laBfyL{sf
;d:of ;dfwfgdf h:tf];'s}
Tofu ug{ klg ;+u7gx? tof/
x'g'k5{ . ;fdfGo 5nkmn / ax;n]
dfq laBfyL{sf z}lIfs ;jfnsf
oyf]lrt ;Daf]wg / laBfyL{sf
;f/f ;d:of ;dfwfg x'g] cj:yf
xfn b]lvb}g . g]kfnsf] kl/kf6L
cfGbf]ng, aGb, x8tfn /
rSsfhfd gu/] ;Dd s;}sf] dfu
;Daf]wg gx'g] al;;s]sf] 5 .
cfˆgf] lxt / ;d:of ;dfwfg
x'G5 eg] laBfyL{x? klg To;df
;xeflu x'g] tof/ 5g . laBfyL{
;+u7gn] To:tf] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f
ul/lbg' k¥of] tfls Ps k6s
z}lIfs d'4f ;Daf]wg / laBfyL{sf
;d:of ;dfwfgdf b]zsf] pkNnf]
lgsfo em'sf];, pk/L ;+/rgfn]
laBfyL{df k/]sf] df/sf] k|ToIf
cg'ej u/f];, To;sf nflu ;f/f
laBfyL{ tof/ 5g . xf]Og rfn,
9fn / xfn o:t} /lx/xg] xf] eg]
laBfyL{sf] xslxtsf] nflu xfd|f]
;+u7g eGg' klg 7'nf] nfhsf]
laifo aGg] cj:yf gcfpnf eGg
;lsFb}g . t;y{ laBfyL{ ;+u7g
tyf To;df cfa4 g]tfx? ;+u}
eP/ z}lIfs If]qsf ;f/f ;d:of
;dfwfgdf xft]dfnf]sf] ;'?jft
tTsfn} ug{ h?/L dfq} xf]Og==
clt h?/L e};Sof] ..
;xsdL{ ;fyL tyf ?s'dsf ;lqmo o'jf kqsf/ d]u/fh
v8sfsf] ;Dkfbgdf cfxf ;~rf/ gfds ;fKtflxs klqsf
k|sfzg ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' . ;fy} klqsf
lg/Gt/tfsf] z'esfdgf AoQm ub{5f} .
;xb]a a:g]t
-cWoIf_
qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;+3,hfh/sf]6
x]dGt s];L
-O{Grfh{_
?s'ddf vfBfGg ;+s6, cefa tyf c;'/Iff ePsf] va/ cgf}7f]
xf]O{g . k6s k6s o:t} k|s[ltsf ;dfrf/x? aflx/ cfpg]
u/]sf 5g . ;dfrf/sf] ;|f]t aG5 lhNnf vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfnsf]
a}7s lg0f{o . t/ o;k6ssf] vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfnsf] a}7sn] eg]
?s'd vfBfGgn] ;fdfGotof ;'/lIft /x]sf] lg0f{o ul/Psf] 5 .
o; eGbf cl3Nnf] k6s a;]sf] ;+hfnsf] a}7sn] ?s'dsf !@
ufla;df vfBfGg c;'/Iff ePsf] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . ;+hfnsf]
lg0f{o aflx/ cfPkl5 s]lx /fli6«o 5fkf ldl8ofdf l6sfl6KkgL
;lxtsf vf]hd'ns ;dfrf/ klg k|sfzg ePsf lyP . o;
k6ssf] ;+hfn a}7s lg0f{o ;dfrf/, gful/s ;dfhaf6 cfPsf]
;'emfa tyf clxn]sf] ca:yf ltg} kIfsf] ;+of]u h:tf] a'emg
;lsG5 . a}7sn] xfn lhNnfsf $# cf]6} ufla; vfBfGgdf
;'/lIft ca:yfdf/x]sf 5g eg] o;cl3 ;d:ofx'g] ufla;x?df
s]lx ;dokl5 ;fdfGo c;'/Iff x'g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . o;
k6ssf] ;+hfn a}7s lg0f{o ?s'd]nLsf] nfuL O{dfgof]Uo,
:jfutof]Uo / laZn]if0f of]Uo ;a} kfO{G5 . ;+hfnn] la:t[t
cWoog u/]/ dfq lg0f{o ;fa{hlgs ug'{k5{ . lsgsL o;df
tYof+s unt ePdf pTkfbg /fd|f] x'g] 7fpFdf vfBfGg b'/kof]u
x'g] ;+efagf x'G5 eg] vfBfGg ;d:of x'g] 7fpF 5'6]df ;d:ofdf
k/]sf hgtfx?n] rfdn kfpg ;S5}gg . csf]{ s'/f xr'jfsf]
e/df lg0f{o ubf{ lhNnf, /fli6«o tyf cGt/fli6«o :t/df ;d]t
;sf/fTds tyf gsf/fTds k|efakg{ hfG5 . xfdL ?s'd]nL ;w}
cefa ul/aL / clzIffsf] kfq aGg rfxfb}gf}+ . cefa, ul/aL
clzIffrfxfG5g t s]jn n"6 cleofgsf gfO{s] tyf ;xof]uLx?
. pgLx?n] ?s'd]nLnfO{ cefasf] ;+1f lbP/ yf]/} slgsf 5/]
h:tf] rfdn 5/]/ c? kmfO{bf cfkm} lbg rfxfG5g . t/ xfdL
To;sf] v'n]/} la/f]w ul//x]sf 5f} / ul//xG5f} klg . ?s'dsf
s]lx 7fpFdf / s'g} a]nf avt cefa 5}g eg]/ hf] s;}n] klg
eGg ;'xfpb}g . t/ hlxn} plx 7fpF / kl/a]; x}g lhNnfsf ;a}
7fpFdf cg';Gwfg ug'{xf]; t clxn] ;Dd g;d]l6Psf 7fpFsf
hgtfx? klg s]lx ;d:ofdf x'g ;S5g, ;do / kl/l:yltn]
ubf{ x'G5 klg . t/ hlxn} ?s'd]nL o;/Lg} ckdflgt /xg'x'Gg /
x'gklg rfxfb}gg xf]nf . xfdLn] o;cl3 klg o;s} vfhd'ns
l/kf]l6ª u/]sf lyof} t/ Tof] ;dfrf/ dg gk/]klg n'lsn'ls x]g]{
sfd eg] eof] . h;df xfdLn] s'g} AolQm tyf ;+:yfdf] la?4df
n]v]sf lyPgf} . Tof] s]jn lyof] t ;+sf/ tyf cfTd;Ddfgsf
nflu s]lx ;d:of ePklg u/]/, ug{ nufP/ s]lx sd u/f} Tolt
dfq lyof] . ?s'ddf o; k6ssf] ;+hfn lg0f{oklg w]/}nfO{ dg
k/]sf] 5}g, h;sf sf/0f s'g} rrf{ klg ul/Pg . lsgsL oxfF
kmfO{bf x'g] s'g} 7fpF 5}g tTsfnnfO{ . lhNnfsf s]lx ldl8of
tyf kqsf/x?nfO{ klg of] s'g} ;dfrf/ nfu]s} 5}g . cefadf
gfd lbP/ xf]; of eP/ cfkmgf] lhNnfsf] cfTd;Ddfg n'l6/x]sf]
a]nf of] ;sf/fTds lg0f{o pgLx?sf nflu ;dfrf/ klg
s;/L agf];. cGtdf?s'ddf vfB;+u ;/f]sf/ /fVg] lgsfox?n]
cfpbf lbgx?df vfBfGg c;'/Iff e}xfn] klg s;}nfO{ b]p eg]/
xft yfKg] / yfKg nufpg] dfq l;sfpg] x}g lt cefa /x]sf]
7fpFdf s;/L :yfoL cfTdlge{/ aGg] eg]/ l;sfpg' h?/L 5 .
gq eg] ?s'dsf] vfBfGgsf gfddf 8n/ a6fpg] t/ slgsf 5g]{
sfd /lx/xg] 5 .
# $ c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;dfrf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs 
@4G4
;'?jfg]kfn
/
fli6"o
lzIfs
;+u7gsf]
s]lGb|o
cWog]kfn
/
fli6"o
lzIfs
;+u7gsf]
s]lGb|o
cWoIfdf
afj'/
g]kfn
/
g]kfn
/
fli6"o
lzIfs
;+u7gsf]
s]lGb|o
cWoIfdf
afj'/
f d
y f k f
lgjf{lrt
ePsf
5g .
sf7dfG8f}+ df
;DkGg
!! cf}+
clwj] zgjf6
nId0f
z d f {
dxf;lrj
lgaf{lrt
ePsf
5g .
% (
;b:oLo
g o f F
sfof{ ;ldltdf
dWoklZrdf~rn
lasf;
If]qjf6
v ' n f
tkm{jf6
?s'dsf
gGb/
fdla/
fdLx?sf]
;d:ofnfO{
Wofgdf
/fv]/
?s'dsf]
r f } /
hxf/L
c:ktfnn]
gkl5Nnf]
; d o
/
fKtLdf
ko{6g
k|j4{gsf
nflu
laeGg
sfo{qmd
rf}/hxf/L c:ktfnn]
;]jf a9fof]
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
cfxf kmf]6f]
vf/fafl;sf] sfd M ?s'dsf] vf/f ufla; z'qmaf/ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;sf]
?kdf 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] k|lta4tf :j?k ul/Psf] x:tfIf/ . o; ;+u} ?s'dsf ?3fF,
cf7la;8fF8fufp, rf}vfafª, dUdf ul/ kfFr ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff
ul/Psf] 5 . tl:a/ M cfxf ;~rf/
g]kfn /fli6«o lzIfs ;+u7gsf]
s]lGb|o cWoIfdf afj'/fd yfkf
lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g .sf7dfG8f}+df
;DkGg !! cf}+ clwj]zgjf6
nId0f zdf{ dxf;lrj lgaf{lrt
ePsf 5g . %( ;b:oLo gofF
sfof{;ldltdf dWoklZrdf~rn
lasf; If]qjf6 v'nf tkm{jf6
?s'dsf gGb/fd b]jsf]6f laho
la/fdLx?sf] ;d:ofnfO{ Wofgdf
/fv]/ ?s'dsf] rf}/hxf/L
c:ktfnn] gofF cfw'lgs
pks/0fx? yk u/]sf] 5 . dfgj
lasf; tyf ;fd'bflos ;]jf4f/f
;~rflnt c:ktfnn] k|bfg ub}{
cfO/x]sf] :jf:Yo ;]jfnfO{
u'0f:t/Lo k|efjsf/L / ;j{;'ne
agfpg pks/0f yk u/]sf]
k'n gaGbf ofq'x? cfjthfjt
ug{ tyf Jofkf/LnfO{ dfn;dfg
cf];f/k;f/ ug{ ;d]t ;d:of
k/]sf] 5 . k'n agfpg z'? ubf{
pT;flxt ePsf] ePklg ;dod}
k'n gaGbf Tof] eGbf a9L b'MvL
ePsf] :yflgo Jofkf/L O{Zj/L
vqLn] atfO{g . pQm ;8s
v08df lxp"bsf] ;dodf km]/Laf6
uf8L jf/kf/ ul/"b} cfPsf] 5 .
t/, aiff{ofdsf] ;dodf gbL 7"nf]
x'g] ePsfn] km]/L klg aGb x'g]
uf]kfn /]UdL÷cfxf ;~rf/
 rf}/hxf/L,?s'd
hgfO{Psf] 5 . k'/fgf pks/0f
la:yfkg u/]/ ;Nolqmo sIfsf]
nflu P;Lsf8{ Ps, dlg6/
d]lzg, clS;hg, sG;]G6]6/,
;S;g d]lzg / ;'Ts]/L ;]jfsf]
nflu yk d]lzg ;~rfngdf
NofPsf] k|zf;s l8naxfb'/
lu/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP . ;fy}
k|of]uzfnfaf6 la/fdLnfO{ rfF8f]
;]jf k|bfg ug{ dfOqmf]:sf]ksf]
;+Vof yk u/]sf] klg c:ktfnn]
hgfPsf] 5 . c:ktfndf gofF
pks/0f yk u/]kl5 la/fdLsf]
:jf:Yo kl/If0f, pkrf/ tyf
;Nolqmof ug{ ;xh ePsf] egfO
c:ktfn k|zf;gsf] /x]sf] 5 .
rf}/hxf/L c:ktfnn] ?s'd ;lxt
;Nofg, hfh/sf]6, h'Dnf /
8f]Nkfsf la/fdLnfO{ ;]jf k|bfg
ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . $) ;}ofsf]
c:ktfn ;g !((% df :yfkgf
ul/Psf] atfO{sf] 5 .
7]s]bf/sf] l9nf;':tL===
?s'ddf ;+rfngdf cfPsf] hl6n
k|z'lt ;]jf ?s'd]nLx?sf] nflu
ca;/ / r'gf}lt b'a} /x]sf] Ps
sfo{qmdsf ;xeflux?n] atfPsf
5g . lhNnf c:ktfn ;Nn]
?s'dn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] k|z+;gLo
vf]hdf cfwfl/t sfo{zfnf uf]i7L]
;ldIff tyf eVv/} ;+rfngdf
cfPsf] hl6n k|z'lt ;]jfsf]
;DaGwdf u/]sf] 5nkmndf
;xefuLn] o:tf] atfPsf x'g .
sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ?s'dsf
k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb
clwsf/Ln] ?s'd h:tf] b'u{d
lhNnfdf hl6n k|z'lt ;]jf k|bfg
ug]{ c:ktfnsf] sfo{ ;sf/fTds
/ k|z+;gLo /x]sf] atfP . pgn]
o; sfo{df /utsf] cefa b]lvg]
;+efagf a9]sf]n] /]8qm;sf]
;xsfo{df o;sf] klg s]lx
xb;Dd ;d:of ;fdfwfg x'g]
hfgsf/L lbP . æ;'Ts]/L x'g
g;s]/ 56k6fpg] dlxnfx?sf
nflu o:n] ;Sbf] ;]jf lbg] 5Æ
k|lhc clwsf/Ln] eg] . To:t}
:yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t
s'df/ zdf{n] hl6n k|;'lt ;]jf
lg/Gt/ ;+rfng x'g'kg]{ atfP .
…?s'd c:ktfndf ca 8fS6/
cfpg ckm7]/f] dfGg] 5}ggÚ
sfo{/t 8fS6/k|lt c+lst ub{}
pgn] eg], …tkfO sDtLdf klg
bz kGb| aif{ ?s'ddf g} ;]jf
ug'{xf]; .Ú k};fsf] eGbf ;]jfsf]
efagf lnP/ b'u{d lhNnfx?df
sfd ug'{ g} dfgatf ePsf] ;d]t
pgn] s'/f /fv] . sfo{qmddf
lhNnf :jf:Yo sfo{no ?s'dsf
k|d'v 8f= ob'rGb l3d]/]n]
clxn];Dd ^ hgfsf] gofF
k|lalwaf6 ;kmn ck|]zg u/]/
aRrf lgsflnPsf] hfgsf/L lbP
. o:t} ;]jf utaif{ lhNnfdf gx'Fbf
hxfh tyf x]lnsK6/ rf6{/
u/]/ !#& a9L dlxnfnfO{ l/km/
ul/Psf] atfpb} ;'Ts]/Lsf] ck|]zg
qmddf /utsf] Aoa:yfkgdf
;d:of b]lvg] ;+efagf a9]sf]n]
;xof]u ul/lbgx'g ;a}nfO{
cg'/f]w u/] . hl6n k|z'lt ;]jfsf
sfo{/t 8fS6/ /fd cfwf/ dxtf]n]
lgs} r'gf}ltsf lar ?s'dsf
o:tf ;]jf ;+rfngdf /x]sf] atfP
. ?s'ddf hl6n k|z'lt ;]jf
;+rfng x'g' /fd|f] s'/f ePsf]
atfpb} ;|f]t ;fwgx?sf] cefa
gePdf /fd} ;]jf kfpg] ;d]t
laZjf; AoQm u/] . :yflgo
lasf; clwsf/L zdf{sf]
cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf
k|lhc clwsf/L k|d'v cflyltsf]
?kdf /x]sf lyP . c:ktfn
lasf; ;ldltsf cWoIf wgla/
cf]nL, /]8qm; ?s'dsf dGqL
lza/fd vqL ;lxt cGo
;/sf]/jfnf lgsfox?sf k|d'v
tyf k|ltlgwL, kqsf/ nufotsf]
;xeflutf /x]sf] sfo{qmdsf]
;+rfng s[i0f s];Ln] u/]sf lyP
.
hl6n k|z'lt ;]jf
cj;/ klg rgf}lt klg
xfdLnfO{ 6'O{6/df
kmnf] ug'{xf]; .
@aahasanchar
u/]sf] 5 . ;dod} k'n gaGbf
:yfgLox? ;f] 7fpF jf/kf/ ug{
s/La $% ldg]6sf] k}bnofqf ug{
afWo ePsf 5g . e]/L gbLdf
k'n gag]s} sf/0f ;'v]{t l;Dtf,
/fsd, hfh/sf]6 / 8f]Nkfjf;Lx?
n] vfBfGg tyf b}lgs pkef]Uo
j:t' n}hfg km]/L rNg] ;do s'g'{
kg]{ afWotf 5 . :yfgLox?sf
cg';f/ e]/L gbLdf kfgL 36]kl5
dªl;/ b]lv h]7 ;Dd km]/L k|of]u
u/L oftfoft rnfpg] ul/G5 .
km]/L grNbf el/of nufP/
dfn;dfg cf];f/k;f/ ubf{ dxFuf]
kg{ hfg] 8f]Nkfsf Jofkf/L
/fdjxfb'/ zfxL atfp5g .
b]asf]6f s]lGb|o
;b:odf lgaf{lrt
cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
ePsf 5g . b]asf]6f g]kfn
lzIfs o'lgog ?s'ddf
lgat{dfg cWoIf x'g . lzIfssf
Aoj;flos ;d:of ;dfwfg /
cfkmgf dfux? k'/f ug{ gofF
g]t[Tjn] e"ldsf v]Ng] lgjf{lrt
kbflwsf/Lx?n] atfPsf 5g .
;+u7gn] cfufdL lbgx?df z}lIfs
cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;zQm ?kdf cuf8L
a9fpFg] lg0f{o u/]sf] s]lGb|o
;b:o gGb/fd b]asf]6fn]
hfgsf/L lbP .
ko{6g ;"rgf s]Gb|
:yfkgf x'g]cfxf ;~rf/
 ?s'd
kl5Nnf] ;do /fKtLdf ko{6g
k|j4{gsf nflu laeGg sfo{qmd
eO/x]sf] a]nf xf]6]n Aoj;foL ;+3
bfªn] /fKtLsf ko{6g If]qsf]
clen]v ;lxtsf] ;"rgf s]Gb|
:yfkgf ug{ nfu]sf] 5 . ko{6g
/ xf]6n Aoj;fosf] ;DaGw gª
/ df;'sf] h:t} ePsf] eGb} ;+3n]
g} ;"rgf s]Gb| :yfkgf ug{ nfu]sf]
cWoIf lhtaxfb'/ s];Ln]
hfgsf/L lbP . /fKtLdf cfpg]
ko{6sx?nfO{ oxfFsf ko{6sLo
If]qsf] pko'Qm hfgsf/L /
ko{6sLo :ynsf] af/]df ;"rgf
gx'Fbf ko{6sLo ;Defjgf af]s]sf]
/fKtLdf afXo ko{6s cfpg
g;s]sf] oxfFsf ko{6g
Aoj;foLx?sf] ;d]t egfO{ /x]sf]
5 .
 ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $
cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf
Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka
;d:of sfnfGt/ ;Dd
km];a's h:tf ;f];n ;fO6dfkm{t k|]d ;DaGw ufFl;g] tyf ;DaGw 6'6g] h:tf 36gfx?sf sf/0f k|of]ustfx?df
PSnf]kgf, tgfj h:tf ;d:of b]lvG5g h;n] sfnfGt/df dgf]/f]u l;h{gf u5{ .
cfxf ;~rf/

?s'daf6 k[ys Anu kqsfl/tfsf] cEof;laZje/ kx'Frsf
nflu
km];a's kl5Nnf] ;dodf dflg;sf]
hLjgz}nL g} ag]sf] 5 eGbf km/s gknf{
. gofF k':tf Ps lsl;dn] km];a's h:tf]
;fdflhs ;+hfnsf] cDdnL g} aGb} uPsf]
5 . la1x?n] km];a'ssf sf/0f o'jfx?
dgf]/f]uL aGb} uPsf] atfPsf 5g .
Oh/fonL zf]wstf{x?n] km];a'ssf sf/0f
o'jfk':tfdf dgf]/f]u a9b} uPsf] atfPsf
x'g . t]nclaa laZjlaBfnosf
zf]wstf{sf cg';f/ km];a'sdf aGg]
er'{cn l/n];gl;kn] OG6/g]6sf] s'ntdf
o'jfo'jtLx?nfO{ km;fO/x]sf] 5 / 7"nf] Ef|d
l;h{gf ;d]t ul/lbg] u/]sf] 5 . zf]wstf{
8fS6/ p/L lgThfgsf cg';f/ km];a'ssf]
36gf btf{ s;n] ug]{ <
;dfh jf /fi6«nfO{ x'g] kmfO{bf
AolQmnfO{ x'g] kmfO{bf
36gf 36]sf] #% lbgleq ;DalGwt ufpF lasf; ;ldltdf uO{ lgMz'Ns kfO{g] kmf/d e/L 36gf btf{ u/f} .
hGd tyf d[To'sf] btf{ kl/jf/sf] d'Vo AolQmn] . lajfx tyf ;DaGwlaR5]bsf] 36gf kltkTgL b'a}n] . a;fOF;/fO{sf]
36gf kl/jf/ eP d'Vo AolQm tyf cGo eP a;fOF;/L hfg] AolQmn] .
!, /fli6«o hg;+Vof lglt th'{df ug{ d4t ldNg] . @, lzIff, :jf:Yo tyf vfg]kfgL ;]jf pknAw u/fpg d4t ldNg]
. #, vfBfGg sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{ ;xof]u x'g] . $, cfjf;sf] Aoj:yf ug{ ;xof]u x'g] .
!, 36gf btf{sf] k|df0fkqnfO{ sfg"gL dfGotf k|fKt ePsf]n] h'g;'s} c88f cbfntdf k|df0fsf] ?kdf k|:t't ug{
;lsg] . @, cfdf, afa', pd]/ cflbsf] a}wflgs k|df0f x'g] . #, :s'ndf egf{ x'gsf nfuL ;lhnf] kg]{, $, gful/stf
k|df0fkq lng ;lhnf] kg]{ %, gftf sfod ug{ ;lhnf] kg]{, ^, rncrn ;DklQ gfd;f/L ug{ ;lhnf] kg]{ . &, klt
kTgL aLr a}wflgs ;DaGw sfod x'g] . *, hLjg aLdf, k]G;g, pkbfg jf a}+saf6 /sd lemSg ;'lawf x'g] (, lab]z
hfgsf] nfuL le;f k|fKt ug{ ;'lawf x'g] .
AolQmut 36gf btf{ u/f}
clws k|of]u / o'jfx?sf] dgf]j}1flgs
;d:ofsf aLrdf b|lxnf] ;DaGw aGb}
uPsf] 5 . km];a's h:tf ;f];n
;fO6dfkm{t k|]d ;DaGw ufFl;g] tyf
;DaGw 6'6g] h:tf 36gfx?sf sf/0f
pgLx?df PSnf]kgf, tgfj h:tf ;d:of
b]lvG5g h;n] sfnfGt/df dgf]/f]u
l;h{gf u5{ . zf]wstf{x?sf cg';f/ !*
b]lv #$ aif{ pd]/sf $* k|ltzt
o'jfo'jtLn] lgb|faf6 hfUg] lalQs}
rfx] dWo/ft g} lsg gxf];
df]afOnd} ePklg cfkmgf km];a's
nuO{g ul/xfN5g . o;/L km];a's
rnfpg]dWo] @* k|ltztn]
cf]5ofgdf ;'t]/} km];a's rnfpg]
u/]sf 5g . ;|f]t M cgnfO{gva/
86sd
hglxtsf nflu ;Gb]z

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E paper 5-aaha sanchar

  • 1. aif{ ! c+s % ?s'd $ c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/ Aaha Sanchar National Weekly 18 Jun 2013 k[i7 $ d"No ?= %.— ?s'd vfBfGgdf cfTdlge{/;+s6 tyf cefasf] gfddf lrlgg] ?s'ddf ;d:of bf]xl/g] cg'dfg ul/Pklg xfn ;'/lIft ca:yfdf /x]sf] 5 . 7]s]bf/sf] l9nf;':tL d]u/fh v8sf÷cfxf ;~rf/  vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfn a}7s lg0f{o SofDk;df dxfslj b]asf]6f cfO{taf/ a;]sf] vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfnsf] a}7sn] ?s'd vfBfGgn] ;'/lIft /x]sf] lg0f{o ul/Psf] 5 . aif]{gL lhNnfsf !@ tyf ;f] eGbf a9L ufla;df vfBfGg c;'/Iffsf] lg0f{o ug]{ ;+hfn a}7sn] o;k6s eg] vfBfGgn] ;'/lIft /x]sf] eGg] lg0f{o km]l/Psf] xf] . o; cl3 a;]sf] ;+hfnsf] a}7sn] ?s'dsf !@ ufla;df vfBfGg ;d:of ePsf] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L tyf ;+hfnsf cWoIf s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Ln] o; k6ssf] a}7s lg0f{on] ;fdfGotof ?s'd vfBfGgn] ;'/ lIft /x]sf] lg0f{o u/]sf] atfP . æo;cl3sf] ;+hfn a}7s lg0f{odf l6sfl6KkgL ;lxtsf ;dfrf/ cfPkl5 xfdLn] ulx/f] cWoog ubf{ ?s'ddf xfn vfBfGg ;+s6 b]lvPg .Æ clwsf/Ln] eg], æhg:t/ tyf gful/s ;dfhaf6 o;cl3 cfPsf] z+sf tyf ;'emfa ;Nnfxn] o; k6ssf] ;+hfnsf] a}7s lg0f{odf 7'nf] k|]/0ff ldn]sf] 5 .Æ To:t} ;+hfnsf] a}7sdf ;xeflu ?s'dsf :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{n] ?s'd vfBfGgn] ;'/lIft /x]sf] :6f6; cfkmgf] km];a'sdf /fv]sf 5g . pgn] ?s'd xfn vfBfGg ;'/lIft /x]sf] / # klxgf kl5 s]lx ufla;x?df ;fdfGo c;'/Iff x'g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] pNn]v u/]sf 5g . h;df o;cl3 vfBfGg ;d:of elgPsf] !@ ufla;x? uf]tfdsf]6, :ofnfvbL, l;:g], x'sfd, /Gdfd}sf]6, sf]n, ts;]/f k/]sf 5g . To:t} sfFlqm, sfF8f, df]/fjfË, dxt / /fª;L uflj; klg cg'dfgdf k/]sf 5g . ;+hfnn] k6s k6s k'la{ ufla;x?df dfq vfBfGg ;+s6 tyf c;'/Iff ePsf] lg0f{o ;fa{hlgs ug]{ u/]sf]n] c;'/Iffsf] lg0f{o ug]{ ;+hfnn] slxn] ;'/lIft ePsf] va/ ;'gfp5 eg]/ cfiff ;d]t ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] ul//x]sf lyP . o:tf] k|rf/n] s]lxn] vfBfGg cefasf] gfddf kmfO{bf t lnPsf 5}gg eg]/ laif]z rf;f]sf ?kdf ;d]t x]l/Psf] lyof] . k|lhc clwsf/Ln] o; k6ssf] vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfnsf] a}7sdf ;a} kbflwsf/L tyf ;/f]sf/ jfnfx?sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] ;d]t hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g . ;dfrf/ ;|f]tsf cg';f/ o; clwsf] a}7sdf s]lx kbflwsf/Lx?n] cfkm' cg's'n dfq a}7s a;fnL a}7ssf] lg0f{o cGo kbflwsf/Lx?nfO{ sfof{no sfof{nodf k'u]/ x:tfIf/ u/fPsf lyP . lhNnfdf vfBfGg ;'/Iffsf] ;Gbe{df :yflgo k|zf;g;u} lhNnf s[lif lasf; sfof{no, g]kfn vfB ;+:yfg, laZj vfB sfo{qmd tyf lhNnf lasf; ;ldlt ;lxtsf @! ;aGwLt lgsfox?n] ;/f]sf/ /fVg] u/]sf 5g . o; cl3 k6s k6s vfBfGg ;d:of elgPsf ufla;x? cfly{s pTkfbgsf] ;u} vfBfGg pTkfbgsf lx;fan] klg cfTdlge{/ dflgG5g . k'la{ cfxf ;~rf/  7]s]bf/sf] a]jf:tfsf sf/0f l5~r' hfh/sf]6 ;8s v08df kg]{ e]/L gbLdf lgdf{0fwLg kSsL k'n cnkq k/]sf] 5 . & jif{cl3 lgdf{0f sfo{ z'? ul/Psf] ;f] k'nsf] cfwf sfd klg ;lsPsf] 5}g . @ aif{leq lgdf{0f sfo{ ;Sg] u/L @)^# c;f/df lgdf{0f sfo{ z'? ePsf] pQm k'nsf xfn;Dd tLg cf]6f lkNn/ dfq lgdf{0f ul/Psf] 5 . ;'v]{tsf] /fsd / ;Nofgsf] ;NnLahf/ hf]8g] e]/L gbLdf k'n gaGbf To; If]qdf cfjthfjt ug]{ dflg; tyf Joj;foL ;d:ofdf k/]sf x'g . 7]s]bf/sf] nfk/afxL / ;/sf/L lgsfosf] pbf;Lgtfsf sf/0f k'n lgdf{0fdf l9nfO eO{/x]sf] :yfgLo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] egfO /x]sf] 5 . k'n lgdf{0f ug{ :jR5Gb, sfi7df08k, wgyfg, /ljg / k|bLk u/L kfFrhgfn] ;+o"Qm ?kdf 7]Ssf ;D´f}tf u/]sf lyP . ;f] k'nsf] nfut vr{ ;f9] # s/f]8 ?k}ofF /x]sf] 5 . aiff{tsf] ;do afx]s lgoldt oftfoft ;~rfng x'g] l5~r' hfh/sf]6 ;8ssf] /fsd hfh/sf]6 v08df k'n gag]s} sf/0f ofq'x? Ps 7fpFaf6 csf]{ 7fpFdf hfg ufl8 kl/jt{g ug'{k5{ . k'n lgdf0f ePkl5 lgoldt oftfoft ;'ljwf kfpg] cfzfdf /x]sf ;'v]{tsf pQ/k"jL{ efu / hfh/sf]6sf afl;Gbf ;/sf/n] rf;f] glbFbf cfkm'x? ;d:ofdf k/]sf] atfpF5g . …@ aif{leq lgdf{0f sfo{ k"/f ug]{ u/L 7]Ssf lnPOsf] k'n agfpg z'? ul/Psf] ´08} & aif{ eO;Sof]Ú hfh/sf]6sf :yfgLo afl;Gbf s0f{ axfb'/ vqLn] eg], …;/sf/ n] cfjZos sbd grfn];Dd k'n aGg] lglZrt 5}g .Ú k'n lgdf{0fsf] lhDdf lnPsf] d'Vo sDkgLnfO{ k6s k6s kqfrf/ ubf{ klg a]jf:tf u/]sf] ;8s l8lehg sfof{non] atfPsf] 5 . …k'n lgdf{0f sfo{ ;dod} k"/f ug{ 7]s]bf/nfO{ kqfrf/ ul//x]sf 5f}+Ú sfof{nosf Ps clwsf/Ln] eg], …t/, lgdf{0fsf] lhDdf lbPsf] 7]s]bf/ sDkgL ;Dks{d} cfPsf] 5}g .Ú xfn k'n lgdf{0fsf] %% k|ltzt dfq sfd ;lsPsf] sfof{non] atfPsf] 5 . ;dod} x]dGt s];L  hfh/sf]6 ;'v]{tsf] /fsd / ;Nofgsf] ;NnLahf/ hf]8g] e]/L gbLsf] k'n 7]s]bf/sf] nfk/afxL / ;/sf/L lgsfosf] pbf;Lgtfsf sf/0f lgdf{0fdf l9nfO eO{/x]sf] :yfgLo ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] cf/f]k nufPsf 5g . afFsL # k]hdf ?s'dsf] ;b/d'sfd d'l;sf]6 vn+ufdf /x]sf] d'l;sf]6 vn+uf ax'd'lv SofDk; kl/;/leq lgdf0f{ ul/Psf] dxfslj nIdLk|;fb b]asf]6fsf] :d[lt afl6sfsf] cgfa/0f ul/Psf] 5 . zlgaf/ :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/ts'df/ zdf{n] b]asf]6fsf] cw{sbdf /x]sf] :d[lt afl6sfsf] cgfa/0f u/]sf x'g . afl6sfsf] cgfa/0f sfo{qmddf af]Nb} :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{n] g]kfnL ;flxTodf dxTjk'0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf b]asf]6fnfO{ ;Demg' kg]{ eGb} SofDk;n] To;sf] ;+:yfut u/]sf] atfPsf lyP . …of] SofDk; k9g] xhf/f} laBfyL{x?n] b]asf]6faf6 k|]/0ff lng'k5{Ú sfo{qmdsf k|d'v clylt ;d]t /xsf pgn] eg], …af}l4s hdft /xg] / l;Sg] of] 7fpFaf6 ;flxTo / ;[hgfsf] v]tL ug'{k5{ .Ú To:t} sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Ln] b]asf]6f d/]/ klg Ho"b} /x]sf] atfpb} d/]/ klg Ho"bf] /xg] sfd ug{ nfUg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fv] . …b]zsf uxgfx?nfO{ d/]/ klg lhaGt agfpg tkfO{ xfd|f] klg hLDa]jf/L /x]sf] lyof], Tof] sfd SofDk;n] u¥of]Ú pgn] eg] . cgfa/0f sfo{qmddf af]Ng] cGo ;xefuLx?n] klg b]asf]6fsf] s[ltnfO{ :d/0f ub{} pgn] u/]sf] kf7 l;Sg'kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf lyP . afl6sf lgdf0f{ ;ldltsf cWoIf wgdfg k'gsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf SofDk; ;+rfns ;ldltsf cWoIf v]ddfg v8sf, pkfWoIf s[i0f /f]sfo, lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no ?s'dsf k|x/L k|d'v /fh]Gb| e66sf] pkl:ytL /x]sf] lyof] . To:t} lhNnf l:yt /fhg}lts bnsf k|d'v tyf k|ltlgwL, ;/sf/L lgsfo tyf ;/sf]/jfnf cGo lgsfox?sf] ;xeflutf ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng lgldQ SofDk; k|d'v kmnaxfb'/ af]x/fn] u/]sf lyP . ?s'ddf ;a}eGbf /fd|f] pTkfbg x'g] ds} afnL xf] . hxfFsf] ds} :yflgon] cfcfkmgf] 3/sf] aflx/} nfdf] ;do ;Dd y'kf/]sf] kfO{G5 . Tolt dfq geP/ k'la{ ?s'd cfly{s pTkfbgsf] ;|f]tsf] ?kdf ;d]t lng ;lsG5 . hxfF of;f{u'Ga' nufotsf ax'd'No hl8a'l6x? ;d]t lalqmlat/0f ul/ nfvf} pTkfbg ug]{ u/]sf 5g . To:t} :yflgo /fl8kfvL lalqm tyf cfn' / :ofp pTkfbgaf6 ;d]t cfDbfgL x'g] u/]sf] 5 ?s'd
  • 2. @$ c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;DkfbsLo÷ cfxf larf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @ s;}nfO{ cefa dgk5{ xfdLnfO{ cfTdlge{/  lgl/x laBfyL{ ;+u7g cfˆgf] dfp kf6L{n] lgb]{zg u/]sf sfo{qmd / aGb, x8tfn rSsfhfd ug]{ afx]s laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? o;s} j/Lk/L dfq} 3'ld/x]sf 5g . xl/ uf}td lxhf] cfh t nfUg yfn]sf] 5 eP e/sf ;a} laBfyL{ ;+u7g Ph]08f lalxg 5g . of] elg/xg' kg]{ s'/f 5}g ;f/fn] b]lv/x]sf 5g, ls tdfd z}lIfs d'4fx?sf cufl8 bh{gf}+sf] ;Vofdf /x]sf] laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? lgl/x l;jfo s]xL 5}gg, . cfˆgf] dfp kf6L{n] lgb]{zg u/]sf sfo{qmd / aGb, x8tfn rSsfhfd ug]{ afx]s laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? o;s} j/Lk/L dfq} 3'ld/x]sf 5g . laBfyL{sf tdfd ;d:ofaf6 pgLx? kl/lrt gePsf klg xf]Ogg, t} klg plgx? lsg olt ;fx|f] z}lIfs d'4faf6 cf]em]n k/]sf 5g . otf tkm{ ;a}sf] rf;f] lvlrPsf] 5 . ls laBfyL{sf ;d:of g} 5}gg eGg] efg plgx?nfO{ kl//x]sf] 5 . obL To;f] xf] eg] a]n}df r]t v'nfp / slDtdf z}lIfs d'4f / laBfyL{sf ;d:ofaf/] Ps ag]/ s]xL u/]/ t b]vfp . cGo ;;fgf ;d:of cfpFbf tfTg] laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? a8]dfgsf z}lIfs d'4f b]lv lsg b'/ e}/x]sf 5g, < k|Zg ;a}sf] oxL 5 . 7'n 7'nf kl/jt{0fdf d'Vo e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? kl5Nnf] ;do laBfyL{sf ;femf ;d:ofsf] …d]g l:6«dÚaf6} afxL/ u};s]sf] x'gls eGg] c8snafhL klg sf6g yflnPsf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? z}lIfs d'4f / ljBfyL{sf ;d:of eGbf cGo laifolt/} a9L s]Gb|Lt /x]sf 5g . s]xL ;do cl3 z}lIfs d'4fdf cfGbf]ng x'Fbf ;+u7gsf kl5 ;of}+sf ;+Vofdf laBfyL{x? x'g] ub{y], xfn ;+u7gsf kl5 nfUg] laBfyL{x?sf] ;+Vofdf klg sld cfPsf] :j+od laBfyL{ g]tfx? g} l:jsf5{g . z}lIfs d'4f eGbf cGo d'4fd} laBfyL{xsf] /fhgLlt a9L s]Gb|Lt /xbf laBfyL{x?sf] /fhgLlt k|ltsf] df]x 36]sf] plgx?g} atfpF5g . laBfyL{x? clwsf/af6} al~rt e}/x]sf 5g . xfn kf7ok':ts ck'u b]lv, d+xuL, laleGg afxfgfdf oftfoft If]qdf a9fO{Psf] ef8f b/sf] df/df ;a}eGbf a9L laBfyL{x? g} kl//x]sf 5g . o; cl3 laBfyL{sf nflu 3f]if0ff ul/Psf ;x'lnotx? lgoldt cg'udg / lgu/fgL gx'Fbf nyflnË cj:yfdf 5g . laBfyL{sf] gfpF ehfP/ c?x?n] klg ;]jf ;'ljwf lnO/x]sf 5g, o;tkm{ klg laBfyL{ ;+u7gx?n] Wofg lbPsf 5gg . 7'n 7'nf] :j/df laBfyL{sf] xs lxtdf s'n]{/ slxNo} gyfSg] laBfyL{ ;+u7gsf g]tfx? lxhf] cfh lsg laBfyL{sf] ;d:ofsf] d'vbz{s dfq} alg/x]sf 5g t < b]z lgdf{tf, elaZosf s0f{wf/ elgg] laBfyL{nfO{ /fhgLlts bnsf] uf]6L dfq} aGg] jftfj/0fsf] lgdf{0f e}/x]sf] k|lt ;+7gx?sf] rf;f] lsg u}/fv]sf] 5}g < laBfyL{sf tdfd dWosf of] cj:yf ;Dd cfOk'Ubf clwsf+; ;d:ofx? ;dfwfg e};Sg'kg]{df cem} ;d:ofx? al9/x]sf 5g . o; k|lt klg laBfyL{ ;+u7gx?sf] Wofg hfg l9nf e}/x]sf] dxz'; ;a}n] ul//x]s} 5g . laBfyL{sf ;femf ;d:of ;dfwfgsf] nflu ePsf ;j} laBfyL{ ;+u7gx? Ps 7fpFdf cfpg s]n] 5]ls/x]sf] 5 < ;+u7g hlt ePklg ;d:of eg] laBfyL{sf ;femf 5g . ;femf ;d:of ;dfwfgsf] nflu ;a} laBfyL{{ ;+u7gx?n] df]rf{alGbsf] cfjZstf b]Vg h?/L e};Sof] . of] jf Tof] afxfgfdf laBfyL{sf ;d:of ;dfwfgdf l9nfO{ e}/x]sf] k|lt laBfyL{ ;+u7gn] g} Wofg gk'¥ofpg] xf] eg] ;+u7gsf] cf}lrTo dfyL k|Zg lrGx p7g a]/ gnfUnf . ;do w]/} cl3 al9;s]sf] 5 . ;donfO{ ;dod} lrGg] cfF6 ca laBfyL{ ;+u7gx?n] ug'{k5{ . ;w} / fhgLlts bnsf] uf]6Ldfq slt alg/xg] cfˆgf -laBfyL{_sf ;d:of ;dfwfg tkm{ Wofg ;a} ;+u7gn] lng h?/L e};Sof] . Ps j6f ;u7gn] dfq} s]xL x'Fb}g eGg] s'/f]sf] k'li6 o; cl3sf cEof;n] e};s]sf] 5 . To;}n] z}lIfs d'4f / laBfyL{sf ;d:of ;dfwfgdf laBfyL{ ;+u7g Ps x'g'sf] lasNk 5}g . z}lIfs d'4fsf] klxrfg, laBfyL{sf ;d:of ;dfwfgdf h:tf];'s} Tofu ug{ klg ;+u7gx? tof/ x'g'k5{ . ;fdfGo 5nkmn / ax;n] dfq laBfyL{sf z}lIfs ;jfnsf oyf]lrt ;Daf]wg / laBfyL{sf ;f/f ;d:of ;dfwfg x'g] cj:yf xfn b]lvb}g . g]kfnsf] kl/kf6L cfGbf]ng, aGb, x8tfn / rSsfhfd gu/] ;Dd s;}sf] dfu ;Daf]wg gx'g] al;;s]sf] 5 . cfˆgf] lxt / ;d:of ;dfwfg x'G5 eg] laBfyL{x? klg To;df ;xeflu x'g] tof/ 5g . laBfyL{ ;+u7gn] To:tf] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ul/lbg' k¥of] tfls Ps k6s z}lIfs d'4f ;Daf]wg / laBfyL{sf ;d:of ;dfwfgdf b]zsf] pkNnf] lgsfo em'sf];, pk/L ;+/rgfn] laBfyL{df k/]sf] df/sf] k|ToIf cg'ej u/f];, To;sf nflu ;f/f laBfyL{ tof/ 5g . xf]Og rfn, 9fn / xfn o:t} /lx/xg] xf] eg] laBfyL{sf] xslxtsf] nflu xfd|f] ;+u7g eGg' klg 7'nf] nfhsf] laifo aGg] cj:yf gcfpnf eGg ;lsFb}g . t;y{ laBfyL{ ;+u7g tyf To;df cfa4 g]tfx? ;+u} eP/ z}lIfs If]qsf ;f/f ;d:of ;dfwfgdf xft]dfnf]sf] ;'?jft tTsfn} ug{ h?/L dfq} xf]Og== clt h?/L e};Sof] .. ;xsdL{ ;fyL tyf ?s'dsf ;lqmo o'jf kqsf/ d]u/fh v8sfsf] ;Dkfbgdf cfxf ;~rf/ gfds ;fKtflxs klqsf k|sfzg ePsf]df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' . ;fy} klqsf lg/Gt/tfsf] z'esfdgf AoQm ub{5f} . ;xb]a a:g]t -cWoIf_ qmflGtsf/L kqsf/ ;+3,hfh/sf]6 x]dGt s];L -O{Grfh{_ ?s'ddf vfBfGg ;+s6, cefa tyf c;'/Iff ePsf] va/ cgf}7f] xf]O{g . k6s k6s o:t} k|s[ltsf ;dfrf/x? aflx/ cfpg] u/]sf 5g . ;dfrf/sf] ;|f]t aG5 lhNnf vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfnsf] a}7s lg0f{o . t/ o;k6ssf] vfB ;'/Iff ;+hfnsf] a}7sn] eg] ?s'd vfBfGgn] ;fdfGotof ;'/lIft /x]sf] lg0f{o ul/Psf] 5 . o; eGbf cl3Nnf] k6s a;]sf] ;+hfnsf] a}7sn] ?s'dsf !@ ufla;df vfBfGg c;'/Iff ePsf] lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . ;+hfnsf] lg0f{o aflx/ cfPkl5 s]lx /fli6«o 5fkf ldl8ofdf l6sfl6KkgL ;lxtsf vf]hd'ns ;dfrf/ klg k|sfzg ePsf lyP . o; k6ssf] ;+hfn a}7s lg0f{o ;dfrf/, gful/s ;dfhaf6 cfPsf] ;'emfa tyf clxn]sf] ca:yf ltg} kIfsf] ;+of]u h:tf] a'emg ;lsG5 . a}7sn] xfn lhNnfsf $# cf]6} ufla; vfBfGgdf ;'/lIft ca:yfdf/x]sf 5g eg] o;cl3 ;d:ofx'g] ufla;x?df s]lx ;dokl5 ;fdfGo c;'/Iff x'g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . o; k6ssf] ;+hfn a}7s lg0f{o ?s'd]nLsf] nfuL O{dfgof]Uo, :jfutof]Uo / laZn]if0f of]Uo ;a} kfO{G5 . ;+hfnn] la:t[t cWoog u/]/ dfq lg0f{o ;fa{hlgs ug'{k5{ . lsgsL o;df tYof+s unt ePdf pTkfbg /fd|f] x'g] 7fpFdf vfBfGg b'/kof]u x'g] ;+efagf x'G5 eg] vfBfGg ;d:of x'g] 7fpF 5'6]df ;d:ofdf k/]sf hgtfx?n] rfdn kfpg ;S5}gg . csf]{ s'/f xr'jfsf] e/df lg0f{o ubf{ lhNnf, /fli6«o tyf cGt/fli6«o :t/df ;d]t ;sf/fTds tyf gsf/fTds k|efakg{ hfG5 . xfdL ?s'd]nL ;w} cefa ul/aL / clzIffsf] kfq aGg rfxfb}gf}+ . cefa, ul/aL clzIffrfxfG5g t s]jn n"6 cleofgsf gfO{s] tyf ;xof]uLx? . pgLx?n] ?s'd]nLnfO{ cefasf] ;+1f lbP/ yf]/} slgsf 5/] h:tf] rfdn 5/]/ c? kmfO{bf cfkm} lbg rfxfG5g . t/ xfdL To;sf] v'n]/} la/f]w ul//x]sf 5f} / ul//xG5f} klg . ?s'dsf s]lx 7fpFdf / s'g} a]nf avt cefa 5}g eg]/ hf] s;}n] klg eGg ;'xfpb}g . t/ hlxn} plx 7fpF / kl/a]; x}g lhNnfsf ;a} 7fpFdf cg';Gwfg ug'{xf]; t clxn] ;Dd g;d]l6Psf 7fpFsf hgtfx? klg s]lx ;d:ofdf x'g ;S5g, ;do / kl/l:yltn] ubf{ x'G5 klg . t/ hlxn} ?s'd]nL o;/Lg} ckdflgt /xg'x'Gg / x'gklg rfxfb}gg xf]nf . xfdLn] o;cl3 klg o;s} vfhd'ns l/kf]l6ª u/]sf lyof} t/ Tof] ;dfrf/ dg gk/]klg n'lsn'ls x]g]{ sfd eg] eof] . h;df xfdLn] s'g} AolQm tyf ;+:yfdf] la?4df n]v]sf lyPgf} . Tof] s]jn lyof] t ;+sf/ tyf cfTd;Ddfgsf nflu s]lx ;d:of ePklg u/]/, ug{ nufP/ s]lx sd u/f} Tolt dfq lyof] . ?s'ddf o; k6ssf] ;+hfn lg0f{oklg w]/}nfO{ dg k/]sf] 5}g, h;sf sf/0f s'g} rrf{ klg ul/Pg . lsgsL oxfF kmfO{bf x'g] s'g} 7fpF 5}g tTsfnnfO{ . lhNnfsf s]lx ldl8of tyf kqsf/x?nfO{ klg of] s'g} ;dfrf/ nfu]s} 5}g . cefadf gfd lbP/ xf]; of eP/ cfkmgf] lhNnfsf] cfTd;Ddfg n'l6/x]sf] a]nf of] ;sf/fTds lg0f{o pgLx?sf nflu ;dfrf/ klg s;/L agf];. cGtdf?s'ddf vfB;+u ;/f]sf/ /fVg] lgsfox?n] cfpbf lbgx?df vfBfGg c;'/Iff e}xfn] klg s;}nfO{ b]p eg]/ xft yfKg] / yfKg nufpg] dfq l;sfpg] x}g lt cefa /x]sf] 7fpFdf s;/L :yfoL cfTdlge{/ aGg] eg]/ l;sfpg' h?/L 5 . gq eg] ?s'dsf] vfBfGgsf gfddf 8n/ a6fpg] t/ slgsf 5g]{ sfd /lx/xg] 5 .
  • 3. # $ c;f/ @)&) d+unaf/  ;dfrf/  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs  @4G4 ;'?jfg]kfn / fli6"o lzIfs ;+u7gsf] s]lGb|o cWog]kfn / fli6"o lzIfs ;+u7gsf] s]lGb|o cWoIfdf afj'/ g]kfn / g]kfn / fli6"o lzIfs ;+u7gsf] s]lGb|o cWoIfdf afj'/ f d y f k f lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g . sf7dfG8f}+ df ;DkGg !! cf}+ clwj] zgjf6 nId0f z d f { dxf;lrj lgaf{lrt ePsf 5g . % ( ;b:oLo g o f F sfof{ ;ldltdf dWoklZrdf~rn lasf; If]qjf6 v ' n f tkm{jf6 ?s'dsf gGb/ fdla/ fdLx?sf] ;d:ofnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ ?s'dsf] r f } / hxf/L c:ktfnn] gkl5Nnf] ; d o / fKtLdf ko{6g k|j4{gsf nflu laeGg sfo{qmd rf}/hxf/L c:ktfnn] ;]jf a9fof] cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd cfxf kmf]6f] vf/fafl;sf] sfd M ?s'dsf] vf/f ufla; z'qmaf/ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm ufla;sf] ?kdf 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] k|lta4tf :j?k ul/Psf] x:tfIf/ . o; ;+u} ?s'dsf ?3fF, cf7la;8fF8fufp, rf}vfafª, dUdf ul/ kfFr ufla; v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5 . tl:a/ M cfxf ;~rf/ g]kfn /fli6«o lzIfs ;+u7gsf] s]lGb|o cWoIfdf afj'/fd yfkf lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g .sf7dfG8f}+df ;DkGg !! cf}+ clwj]zgjf6 nId0f zdf{ dxf;lrj lgaf{lrt ePsf 5g . %( ;b:oLo gofF sfof{;ldltdf dWoklZrdf~rn lasf; If]qjf6 v'nf tkm{jf6 ?s'dsf gGb/fd b]jsf]6f laho la/fdLx?sf] ;d:ofnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ ?s'dsf] rf}/hxf/L c:ktfnn] gofF cfw'lgs pks/0fx? yk u/]sf] 5 . dfgj lasf; tyf ;fd'bflos ;]jf4f/f ;~rflnt c:ktfnn] k|bfg ub}{ cfO/x]sf] :jf:Yo ;]jfnfO{ u'0f:t/Lo k|efjsf/L / ;j{;'ne agfpg pks/0f yk u/]sf] k'n gaGbf ofq'x? cfjthfjt ug{ tyf Jofkf/LnfO{ dfn;dfg cf];f/k;f/ ug{ ;d]t ;d:of k/]sf] 5 . k'n agfpg z'? ubf{ pT;flxt ePsf] ePklg ;dod} k'n gaGbf Tof] eGbf a9L b'MvL ePsf] :yflgo Jofkf/L O{Zj/L vqLn] atfO{g . pQm ;8s v08df lxp"bsf] ;dodf km]/Laf6 uf8L jf/kf/ ul/"b} cfPsf] 5 . t/, aiff{ofdsf] ;dodf gbL 7"nf] x'g] ePsfn] km]/L klg aGb x'g] uf]kfn /]UdL÷cfxf ;~rf/  rf}/hxf/L,?s'd hgfO{Psf] 5 . k'/fgf pks/0f la:yfkg u/]/ ;Nolqmo sIfsf] nflu P;Lsf8{ Ps, dlg6/ d]lzg, clS;hg, sG;]G6]6/, ;S;g d]lzg / ;'Ts]/L ;]jfsf] nflu yk d]lzg ;~rfngdf NofPsf] k|zf;s l8naxfb'/ lu/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP . ;fy} k|of]uzfnfaf6 la/fdLnfO{ rfF8f] ;]jf k|bfg ug{ dfOqmf]:sf]ksf] ;+Vof yk u/]sf] klg c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . c:ktfndf gofF pks/0f yk u/]kl5 la/fdLsf] :jf:Yo kl/If0f, pkrf/ tyf ;Nolqmof ug{ ;xh ePsf] egfO c:ktfn k|zf;gsf] /x]sf] 5 . rf}/hxf/L c:ktfnn] ?s'd ;lxt ;Nofg, hfh/sf]6, h'Dnf / 8f]Nkfsf la/fdLnfO{ ;]jf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . $) ;}ofsf] c:ktfn ;g !((% df :yfkgf ul/Psf] atfO{sf] 5 . 7]s]bf/sf] l9nf;':tL=== ?s'ddf ;+rfngdf cfPsf] hl6n k|z'lt ;]jf ?s'd]nLx?sf] nflu ca;/ / r'gf}lt b'a} /x]sf] Ps sfo{qmdsf ;xeflux?n] atfPsf 5g . lhNnf c:ktfn ;Nn] ?s'dn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] k|z+;gLo vf]hdf cfwfl/t sfo{zfnf uf]i7L] ;ldIff tyf eVv/} ;+rfngdf cfPsf] hl6n k|z'lt ;]jfsf] ;DaGwdf u/]sf] 5nkmndf ;xefuLn] o:tf] atfPsf x'g . sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ?s'dsf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Ln] ?s'd h:tf] b'u{d lhNnfdf hl6n k|z'lt ;]jf k|bfg ug]{ c:ktfnsf] sfo{ ;sf/fTds / k|z+;gLo /x]sf] atfP . pgn] o; sfo{df /utsf] cefa b]lvg] ;+efagf a9]sf]n] /]8qm;sf] ;xsfo{df o;sf] klg s]lx xb;Dd ;d:of ;fdfwfg x'g] hfgsf/L lbP . æ;'Ts]/L x'g g;s]/ 56k6fpg] dlxnfx?sf nflu o:n] ;Sbf] ;]jf lbg] 5Æ k|lhc clwsf/Ln] eg] . To:t} :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L e/t s'df/ zdf{n] hl6n k|;'lt ;]jf lg/Gt/ ;+rfng x'g'kg]{ atfP . …?s'd c:ktfndf ca 8fS6/ cfpg ckm7]/f] dfGg] 5}ggÚ sfo{/t 8fS6/k|lt c+lst ub{} pgn] eg], …tkfO sDtLdf klg bz kGb| aif{ ?s'ddf g} ;]jf ug'{xf]; .Ú k};fsf] eGbf ;]jfsf] efagf lnP/ b'u{d lhNnfx?df sfd ug'{ g} dfgatf ePsf] ;d]t pgn] s'/f /fv] . sfo{qmddf lhNnf :jf:Yo sfo{no ?s'dsf k|d'v 8f= ob'rGb l3d]/]n] clxn];Dd ^ hgfsf] gofF k|lalwaf6 ;kmn ck|]zg u/]/ aRrf lgsflnPsf] hfgsf/L lbP . o:t} ;]jf utaif{ lhNnfdf gx'Fbf hxfh tyf x]lnsK6/ rf6{/ u/]/ !#& a9L dlxnfnfO{ l/km/ ul/Psf] atfpb} ;'Ts]/Lsf] ck|]zg qmddf /utsf] Aoa:yfkgdf ;d:of b]lvg] ;+efagf a9]sf]n] ;xof]u ul/lbgx'g ;a}nfO{ cg'/f]w u/] . hl6n k|z'lt ;]jfsf sfo{/t 8fS6/ /fd cfwf/ dxtf]n] lgs} r'gf}ltsf lar ?s'dsf o:tf ;]jf ;+rfngdf /x]sf] atfP . ?s'ddf hl6n k|z'lt ;]jf ;+rfng x'g' /fd|f] s'/f ePsf] atfpb} ;|f]t ;fwgx?sf] cefa gePdf /fd} ;]jf kfpg] ;d]t laZjf; AoQm u/] . :yflgo lasf; clwsf/L zdf{sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf k|lhc clwsf/L k|d'v cflyltsf] ?kdf /x]sf lyP . c:ktfn lasf; ;ldltsf cWoIf wgla/ cf]nL, /]8qm; ?s'dsf dGqL lza/fd vqL ;lxt cGo ;/sf]/jfnf lgsfox?sf k|d'v tyf k|ltlgwL, kqsf/ nufotsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng s[i0f s];Ln] u/]sf lyP . hl6n k|z'lt ;]jf cj;/ klg rgf}lt klg xfdLnfO{ 6'O{6/df kmnf] ug'{xf]; . @aahasanchar u/]sf] 5 . ;dod} k'n gaGbf :yfgLox? ;f] 7fpF jf/kf/ ug{ s/La $% ldg]6sf] k}bnofqf ug{ afWo ePsf 5g . e]/L gbLdf k'n gag]s} sf/0f ;'v]{t l;Dtf, /fsd, hfh/sf]6 / 8f]Nkfjf;Lx? n] vfBfGg tyf b}lgs pkef]Uo j:t' n}hfg km]/L rNg] ;do s'g'{ kg]{ afWotf 5 . :yfgLox?sf cg';f/ e]/L gbLdf kfgL 36]kl5 dªl;/ b]lv h]7 ;Dd km]/L k|of]u u/L oftfoft rnfpg] ul/G5 . km]/L grNbf el/of nufP/ dfn;dfg cf];f/k;f/ ubf{ dxFuf] kg{ hfg] 8f]Nkfsf Jofkf/L /fdjxfb'/ zfxL atfp5g . b]asf]6f s]lGb|o ;b:odf lgaf{lrt cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd ePsf 5g . b]asf]6f g]kfn lzIfs o'lgog ?s'ddf lgat{dfg cWoIf x'g . lzIfssf Aoj;flos ;d:of ;dfwfg / cfkmgf dfux? k'/f ug{ gofF g]t[Tjn] e"ldsf v]Ng] lgjf{lrt kbflwsf/Lx?n] atfPsf 5g . ;+u7gn] cfufdL lbgx?df z}lIfs cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;zQm ?kdf cuf8L a9fpFg] lg0f{o u/]sf] s]lGb|o ;b:o gGb/fd b]asf]6fn] hfgsf/L lbP . ko{6g ;"rgf s]Gb| :yfkgf x'g]cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'd kl5Nnf] ;do /fKtLdf ko{6g k|j4{gsf nflu laeGg sfo{qmd eO/x]sf] a]nf xf]6]n Aoj;foL ;+3 bfªn] /fKtLsf ko{6g If]qsf] clen]v ;lxtsf] ;"rgf s]Gb| :yfkgf ug{ nfu]sf] 5 . ko{6g / xf]6n Aoj;fosf] ;DaGw gª / df;'sf] h:t} ePsf] eGb} ;+3n] g} ;"rgf s]Gb| :yfkgf ug{ nfu]sf] cWoIf lhtaxfb'/ s];Ln] hfgsf/L lbP . /fKtLdf cfpg] ko{6sx?nfO{ oxfFsf ko{6sLo If]qsf] pko'Qm hfgsf/L / ko{6sLo :ynsf] af/]df ;"rgf gx'Fbf ko{6sLo ;Defjgf af]s]sf] /fKtLdf afXo ko{6s cfpg g;s]sf] oxfFsf ko{6g Aoj;foLx?sf] ;d]t egfO{ /x]sf] 5 .
  • 4.  ?=lh=k|zf=sf=b=g+= !&÷@)^(÷&)  -clGtd k[i7_  cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs $ cfxf ;~rf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs, vn+uf-!, ?s'd . kmf]g M (&$*%!!&)^, d'b|s M /fKtL ckm;]6 k|]; . k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs M d]u/fh v8sf Aaha Sanchar National Weekly, Khalanga-1, Rukum.E-mail-aahasanchar.weekly@gmail.com Editor-in-Chief MMegraj Khadka ;d:of sfnfGt/ ;Dd km];a's h:tf ;f];n ;fO6dfkm{t k|]d ;DaGw ufFl;g] tyf ;DaGw 6'6g] h:tf 36gfx?sf sf/0f k|of]ustfx?df PSnf]kgf, tgfj h:tf ;d:of b]lvG5g h;n] sfnfGt/df dgf]/f]u l;h{gf u5{ . cfxf ;~rf/  ?s'daf6 k[ys Anu kqsfl/tfsf] cEof;laZje/ kx'Frsf nflu km];a's kl5Nnf] ;dodf dflg;sf] hLjgz}nL g} ag]sf] 5 eGbf km/s gknf{ . gofF k':tf Ps lsl;dn] km];a's h:tf] ;fdflhs ;+hfnsf] cDdnL g} aGb} uPsf] 5 . la1x?n] km];a'ssf sf/0f o'jfx? dgf]/f]uL aGb} uPsf] atfPsf 5g . Oh/fonL zf]wstf{x?n] km];a'ssf sf/0f o'jfk':tfdf dgf]/f]u a9b} uPsf] atfPsf x'g . t]nclaa laZjlaBfnosf zf]wstf{sf cg';f/ km];a'sdf aGg] er'{cn l/n];gl;kn] OG6/g]6sf] s'ntdf o'jfo'jtLx?nfO{ km;fO/x]sf] 5 / 7"nf] Ef|d l;h{gf ;d]t ul/lbg] u/]sf] 5 . zf]wstf{ 8fS6/ p/L lgThfgsf cg';f/ km];a'ssf] 36gf btf{ s;n] ug]{ < ;dfh jf /fi6«nfO{ x'g] kmfO{bf AolQmnfO{ x'g] kmfO{bf 36gf 36]sf] #% lbgleq ;DalGwt ufpF lasf; ;ldltdf uO{ lgMz'Ns kfO{g] kmf/d e/L 36gf btf{ u/f} . hGd tyf d[To'sf] btf{ kl/jf/sf] d'Vo AolQmn] . lajfx tyf ;DaGwlaR5]bsf] 36gf kltkTgL b'a}n] . a;fOF;/fO{sf] 36gf kl/jf/ eP d'Vo AolQm tyf cGo eP a;fOF;/L hfg] AolQmn] . !, /fli6«o hg;+Vof lglt th'{df ug{ d4t ldNg] . @, lzIff, :jf:Yo tyf vfg]kfgL ;]jf pknAw u/fpg d4t ldNg] . #, vfBfGg sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{ ;xof]u x'g] . $, cfjf;sf] Aoj:yf ug{ ;xof]u x'g] . !, 36gf btf{sf] k|df0fkqnfO{ sfg"gL dfGotf k|fKt ePsf]n] h'g;'s} c88f cbfntdf k|df0fsf] ?kdf k|:t't ug{ ;lsg] . @, cfdf, afa', pd]/ cflbsf] a}wflgs k|df0f x'g] . #, :s'ndf egf{ x'gsf nfuL ;lhnf] kg]{, $, gful/stf k|df0fkq lng ;lhnf] kg]{ %, gftf sfod ug{ ;lhnf] kg]{, ^, rncrn ;DklQ gfd;f/L ug{ ;lhnf] kg]{ . &, klt kTgL aLr a}wflgs ;DaGw sfod x'g] . *, hLjg aLdf, k]G;g, pkbfg jf a}+saf6 /sd lemSg ;'lawf x'g] (, lab]z hfgsf] nfuL le;f k|fKt ug{ ;'lawf x'g] . AolQmut 36gf btf{ u/f} clws k|of]u / o'jfx?sf] dgf]j}1flgs ;d:ofsf aLrdf b|lxnf] ;DaGw aGb} uPsf] 5 . km];a's h:tf ;f];n ;fO6dfkm{t k|]d ;DaGw ufFl;g] tyf ;DaGw 6'6g] h:tf 36gfx?sf sf/0f pgLx?df PSnf]kgf, tgfj h:tf ;d:of b]lvG5g h;n] sfnfGt/df dgf]/f]u l;h{gf u5{ . zf]wstf{x?sf cg';f/ !* b]lv #$ aif{ pd]/sf $* k|ltzt o'jfo'jtLn] lgb|faf6 hfUg] lalQs} rfx] dWo/ft g} lsg gxf]; df]afOnd} ePklg cfkmgf km];a's nuO{g ul/xfN5g . o;/L km];a's rnfpg]dWo] @* k|ltztn] cf]5ofgdf ;'t]/} km];a's rnfpg] u/]sf 5g . ;|f]t M cgnfO{gva/ 86sd hglxtsf nflu ;Gb]z