Foot care


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Foot care

  1. 1. Foot Care<br />By:<br />Bassam Adlouni, RN, BSN, CRN<br />Spa Pampering-by LuxeLivingn<br />
  2. 2. Course Content<br />Introduction<br />Pathophysiology of Diabetis, Athritis, Integumentory System<br />The Feet<br />Inner problems<br />Circulatory problems<br />Anatomy of the Nail<br />Assessment of the feet<br />Care of the feet<br />
  3. 3. Common Terms<br />Ambulate<br />Anterior<br />Capillary<br />Clubbing- Extra skin at the end of the toes<br />Dermis<br />Dorsal<br />Epidermis<br />Fascia<br />Gait<br />Lateral<br />
  4. 4. How the foot develops<br />Infancy:<br /><ul><li>They have tiny heels and wide toes
  5. 5. Bones in cartilage form
  6. 6. The whole foot: one big fat pad</li></ul>NB: Tight foot wear or early weight bearing can affect bone formation<br /><ul><li>1 year old:</li></ul>-Foot gains bone density quickly, allowing enough weight bearing (start learn to walk)<br />
  7. 7. Toddlers<br /><ul><li>Makes toddlers look knock-kneed
  8. 8. muscles in legs develop</li></ul>#Tight shoes still can damage the feet<br /><ul><li>10 years
  9. 9. Bones are fully developed except for the heel, growth is rapid until puberty and tight shoes still a danger.</li></li></ul><li>18-20 years old<br />-The bones are hardened but continue to change and the rate of change may be due some factors like:<br /><ul><li>Weight gain
  10. 10. Pregnancy
  11. 11. Heavy use
  12. 12. Changes in circulation
  13. 13. Aging ligaments</li></ul><br />
  14. 14. Purpose of the Feet<br />Support & Shock absorbers<br />Our feet support our weight<br /><ul><li>130 lbs when standing
  15. 15. 195 lbs when walking
  16. 16. 390 lbs when running</li></ul>Balance<br /><ul><li>nerves transmit to the brain signal about the level underneath.
  17. 17. ankles are triple jointed to articulate the body balance</li></ul>Smooth gait<br /><ul><li>lever action of the toes</li></ul><br />
  18. 18. Diabetes<br />Type 1 (insulin dependent)<br />Type 2 (non-insulin dependent)<br />Complications<br />Foot care <br />
  19. 19. Arthritis<br />Osteoarthritis<br />Rheumatoid arthritis<br />Foot care<br /><br /><br />
  20. 20. Integumentary System(Skin) <br />Function (7)<br />Changes<br />Problems<br /><br />
  21. 21. Anatomy of the Foot<br /><br /><br />
  22. 22. Common foot problems<br /><br />
  23. 23. Foot and nails problems<br />Hammer Toes or Claw Toes<br />A hammer toe occurs when the middle of the toe points upwards abnormally.<br /><br /><br />
  24. 24. Corns & Calluses<br />A callus (tyloma) is an area of skin that thickens after exposure to repetitive forces in order to protect the skin. When a callus develops a mass of dead cells in its center, it becomes a corn (heloma).<br /><br />
  25. 25. Bunions<br />A bunion is when your big toe points toward <br />the second toe. This causes a bump on the inside <br />edge of your toe.<br />Athlete’s foot<br />known as dermatophytosis of the foot or tineapedis ("foot fungus"), is a common skin infection that affects the feet. You don't have to be an "athlete" to get it.<br /><br />
  26. 26. Fissures<br />Blisters<br /><br /><br />
  27. 27. Seed Corns (skin layers)<br />are also called porokeratotic lesions or plugged sweat ducts.<br />Plantar Warts (viruses)<br />Warts are small, usually painless growths on the skin caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV).<br /><br />
  28. 28. Involuted Nails<br />These occur when the nail edge curls down into the groove.<br />Ingrowing Nails<br />They occur when the edge of the nail cuts into the skin.<br />Rams Horn Nails<br />Onychogryposis, also called "ram's-horn nail", is a thickening and increase in curvature of the nail. It is usually the result of injury to the matrix.<br /><br /><br />
  29. 29. Plantar Fasciitis<br />Heels Spurs<br />Achilles Tendonitis<br /><br /><br />
  30. 30. Arches<br /><ul><li>Flat feet
  31. 31. Abnormal high arch</li></ul><br />
  32. 32. Venous Ulcer<br /><br />
  33. 33. Arterial Ulcer<br />Gangrene<br /><br />
  34. 34. The Nail <br /><br />
  35. 35. Nail Care<br /><br />
  36. 36.<br />
  37. 37. Foot massage This video will start in few seconds<br />
  38. 38. How To Buy Shoes<br /><ul><li>Have your feet measured by a salesperson.
  39. 39. Shop for the larger foot.
  40. 40. Make sure the shoe fits your heel and your toes.
  41. 41. Go for a walk in the store.
  42. 42. Don't think a shoe will 'break-in.'</li></ul>Tips:<br /><ul><li>Stand up when measuring your feet.Do your footwear shopping towards the end of the day.
  43. 43. Re-measure your feet each time you buy new shoes.</li></li></ul><li>References<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />