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Roll no: 11750
Prof. Rubella Alam
Aqsa Suleman
Gulliver’s travels
Book 1 (voyage to
Lilliput
Agenda
Introduction to
Jonathan swift
Gulliver's travels Lilliputians
Genre Themes Satire
Whom does swift
satirizes in
Gulliver's travels?
Use of Lilliput
Why does
Gulliver was
important for
Lilliputians?
Conclusion
Link for summary
https://youtu.be/bgnc_ijveEU
Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish author
who is widely regarded as the foremost
prose satirist in the English language. He
wrote essays, poetry, pamphlets, and a
novel. He often published anonymously
or under pseudonyms, including Isaac
Bickerstaff(name of Steele's essays,
Tatler ), and is noted for his use of ironic
invented personas.
Jonathan Swift
Voyages
an ideal of rational
existence
Plato dreamed.
Lilliput
 humankind's
wildly excessive
pride.
 the irony of the
tiniest race.
Voyage 1
Houyhnhnms
Voyage 4
Laputa
Voyage 3
Brobdingnag
Voyage 2
 mythical land
of giants
 tremendous
size
impractical
projects pursued,
practical projects
neglected.
A fictional Englishman who
travels to the imaginary land of
Lilliput in a satirical novel by
Jonathan Swift. An imaginary
person represented in a work of
fiction (play or film or story)
What does Gulliver mean?
Lilliputians
• Small creature Lilliputians
• Gulliver roars out and free his left
arm.
• The frightened Lilliputians fire
dozens of tiny arrows into his
hand, face, and body until he lies
calmly.
• The Lilliputians build stage, a
"Person of Quality" stands and
makes ten-
minute
speech to
Gulliver in
language he
cannot
understand.
The author gives some account of himself and
family, his first inducements to travel. He is
shipwrecked, and swims for his life, gets safe on
shore in the country of Lilliput, is made a
prisoner, and carried up the country.
Gulliver washes onto the shore
of Lilliput during his first voyage.
The Lilliputians are tiny, ignorant,
and petty. This is Gulliver’s first
encounter with the insignificance
of human society and it is when
he first begins to despise it.
Lilliputians
Infographic Style
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Genre: Gulliver’s Travels is an obvious satire
piece.
Setting: The setting of Gulliver’s Travels is
mainly in England, but also in the fictious
countries of Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Blefuscu,
Laputa, and the country of the Houyhnhnms. in
the past, during the 18th Century.
Mood: The mood is adventurous, emotionally
affecting.
Genre
Truth and deception are prominent
themes in Gulliver's Travels. For
one thing, the reader is constantly
questioning whether or not Gulliver
is a reliable narrator-simply
because what he is conveying is so
fantastic. Most critics and readers
determine that Gulliver is reliable,
however.
Swift's Gulliver's Travels is a masterpiece of satire, employing a range of
satiric modes against a wide variety of targets. In Part 1, dealing with Lilliput,
the satire is chiefly political. The Lilliputians' bitter political controversies
unmistakably mirror those of the British ruling class.
In the portrayal of the Stroudsburg's, Swift satirizes the human longing for
immortality. The immortal persons have grown so old, feeble, and infirm that
they want to die but death does not come to them.
Satire
A parody of the then popular travel narrative, Gulliver’s
travels combines adventure with savage satire,
mocking English customs and the politics of the day.
Whom does swift is satirizing in Gulliver's travels?
Lilliput and Blefuscu were the
names used for Britain and
France, respectively, in a
series of semi-fictional
transcripts (with mutated
names of people and places)
of debates in the British
Parliament.
Use of Lilliput
Small Endian stand for the Protestant and Big Endian stand for
Catholic in the “Gulliver's Travels”.
The High-Heels and the Low-Heels correspond to the Whigs and
Tories of English politics. Lilliput and Blefuscu represent England
and France. The violent conflict between Big-Endian and Little-
Endian represents the Protestant Reformation and the centuries of
warfare between Catholics and Protestants.
Small Endian and big Endian
“No more cracking eggs
at the big end.”
Swift's "Gulliver's Travels" is a pure piece of
satire where he satirizes party politics,
religious differences, and western Culture
as a whole in ways still relevant to today's
world. In where Swift depicts the total
political corruption beginning from 16th
century and ending with 18th century.
Is Gulliver travel a political satire?
What country does it symbolize?
Politically, Blefuscu stands for France
and Lilliput for England.
The Lilliputians to gain a high ranking office “competed
for them by dancing on a rope for the entertainment of
the emperor” (Orwell). The rope dancing is a direct shot
at England's election system, comparing it to doing
ridiculous activities that have nothing to do with politics.
What does the rope dance satirize?
Expository: Gulliver becomes a surgeon on a ship called swallow.
His business begins to fail.
Rising Action: Gulliver begins to encounter different places.
Climax: Gulliver really starts to reject human society because of
all of his travels. He calls the Brobdingnagian king ignorant
because he refuses Gulliver’s offer to teach him how to make
gunpowder.
The narrative begins with the narrator, Lemuel Gulliver ,
describing his childhood and the events that led him to
become a seaman. He tells the reader that he is the third
of five sons and that he was sent to a Puritan college at
the age of fourteen. Afterwards he became an apprentice
to a surgeon in London, during which time he also learned
about navigation and mathematics in preparation for a
future on the sea, "as I always believed it would be some
time or other my fortune to do." Next he studied "Physick"
(medicine) because he thought it would be "useful in long
Voyages."
.
Your Text Here
Afterwards Gulliver married
Mrs. Mary Burton and began
his life as a surgeon, taking on
several patients. When his
business begins to fail, he
takes a six- year trip to the
sea, where he serves as the
surgeon to two ships and
travels to the East and West
Indies. He spends much of his
time on these voyages
observing the people and
learning their languages
The real problems begin in 1699.
Gulliver sets sail on a voyage that
starts out prosperously but quickly
takes a turn for the worse. The
ship encounters violent storms,
has bad food, and weakens the
crew (twelve crew members die)
when the ship hits a rock and is
split.
Continue
After he has eaten, Gulliver
signals to the people to
move out of the way. He
relieves himself by
"making Water." He
promptly falls asleep
because his drink had a
sleeping medicine in it.
Once they are sure he is
asleep, the Lilliputians,
who are excellent
mathematicians, transport
Gulliver to the Capital.
When Gulliver awakens, he is lying
on his back. He finds himself unable
to sit up or move at all.
His arms, legs were strongly
fastened on each side to ground and
hair, which was long and thick, tied
down in same manner.“
He feels something moving along his body
almost up to his chin, at which point he sees
that it is a human creature not six inches high,
with a bow and arrow in his hands, and a
quiver at his back."
Gulliver signals that he wants food and
drink, so the people bring baskets of meat
and several loaves of bread, which he eats
three at a time because they are so tiny to
him.
The Lilliputians also bring two
barrels of drink, which he enjoys
even though they are smaller than a
half a pint together.
They use a large platform with
twenty-two wheels pulled by
dozens of four-and-a-half- inch
horses, dragging Gulliver half
of a mile. After he awakens,
Gulliver finds that he is chained
by his leg in the capital, but he
is able to move in a circle of
about two yards in diameter.
More than one hundred
thousand Lilliputians come out
to see Gulliver.
Continue
Why does Gulliver become
important to the Lilliputians?
The Lilliputians want his help against Blefuscu.
Why might the possibility of the existence of the
Lilliputians (as described in Gulliver's Travels)
be more believable to readers in 18th-century
England than today?
The overall meaning of the story is what human society is like,
and how no matter high and mighty we claim to be, there is no
such thing as a perfect anything.
ALL throughout history there is conflict of culture and conflict
of individuals. During my life, I have experienced both, just as
everyone has. I do not believe that a person can live without
conflict because conflict is the basis of human nature.
Conclusion
 Gulliver’s travel is a direct satire on
his time period’s politics as it is
showing corrupt faces of politicians to
select or elect their ruler.
 Swift uses humor in his narration but
in depth its not humorous, it’s a very
serious matter of England’s politics.
 So, we can say that swift is a very
good writer.
 Swift shows clash between Lilliput
and Blefuscu showing their
narrowmindedness and superstitious
believes of that time period. And later
solved it by Gulliver.
 In the same way , he wants to reform
their traditions which are not showing
equality in society.
THANK YOU
gulliver's travels voyage 1
gulliver's travels voyage 1

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gulliver's travels voyage 1

  • 1.
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  • 3. Roll no: 11750 Prof. Rubella Alam Aqsa Suleman
  • 4. Gulliver’s travels Book 1 (voyage to Lilliput
  • 5. Agenda Introduction to Jonathan swift Gulliver's travels Lilliputians Genre Themes Satire Whom does swift satirizes in Gulliver's travels? Use of Lilliput Why does Gulliver was important for Lilliputians? Conclusion
  • 7. Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish author who is widely regarded as the foremost prose satirist in the English language. He wrote essays, poetry, pamphlets, and a novel. He often published anonymously or under pseudonyms, including Isaac Bickerstaff(name of Steele's essays, Tatler ), and is noted for his use of ironic invented personas. Jonathan Swift
  • 8. Voyages an ideal of rational existence Plato dreamed. Lilliput  humankind's wildly excessive pride.  the irony of the tiniest race. Voyage 1 Houyhnhnms Voyage 4 Laputa Voyage 3 Brobdingnag Voyage 2  mythical land of giants  tremendous size impractical projects pursued, practical projects neglected.
  • 9. A fictional Englishman who travels to the imaginary land of Lilliput in a satirical novel by Jonathan Swift. An imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story) What does Gulliver mean?
  • 10. Lilliputians • Small creature Lilliputians • Gulliver roars out and free his left arm. • The frightened Lilliputians fire dozens of tiny arrows into his hand, face, and body until he lies calmly. • The Lilliputians build stage, a "Person of Quality" stands and makes ten- minute speech to Gulliver in language he cannot understand.
  • 11. The author gives some account of himself and family, his first inducements to travel. He is shipwrecked, and swims for his life, gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput, is made a prisoner, and carried up the country.
  • 12. Gulliver washes onto the shore of Lilliput during his first voyage. The Lilliputians are tiny, ignorant, and petty. This is Gulliver’s first encounter with the insignificance of human society and it is when he first begins to despise it. Lilliputians
  • 13. Infographic Style You can simply impress your audience and add a unique zing and appeal to your Presentations. Easy to change colors, photos and Text. Get a modern PowerPoint Presentation that is beautifully designed. Genre: Gulliver’s Travels is an obvious satire piece. Setting: The setting of Gulliver’s Travels is mainly in England, but also in the fictious countries of Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Blefuscu, Laputa, and the country of the Houyhnhnms. in the past, during the 18th Century. Mood: The mood is adventurous, emotionally affecting. Genre
  • 14. Truth and deception are prominent themes in Gulliver's Travels. For one thing, the reader is constantly questioning whether or not Gulliver is a reliable narrator-simply because what he is conveying is so fantastic. Most critics and readers determine that Gulliver is reliable, however.
  • 15. Swift's Gulliver's Travels is a masterpiece of satire, employing a range of satiric modes against a wide variety of targets. In Part 1, dealing with Lilliput, the satire is chiefly political. The Lilliputians' bitter political controversies unmistakably mirror those of the British ruling class. In the portrayal of the Stroudsburg's, Swift satirizes the human longing for immortality. The immortal persons have grown so old, feeble, and infirm that they want to die but death does not come to them. Satire
  • 16. A parody of the then popular travel narrative, Gulliver’s travels combines adventure with savage satire, mocking English customs and the politics of the day. Whom does swift is satirizing in Gulliver's travels?
  • 17. Lilliput and Blefuscu were the names used for Britain and France, respectively, in a series of semi-fictional transcripts (with mutated names of people and places) of debates in the British Parliament. Use of Lilliput
  • 18. Small Endian stand for the Protestant and Big Endian stand for Catholic in the “Gulliver's Travels”. The High-Heels and the Low-Heels correspond to the Whigs and Tories of English politics. Lilliput and Blefuscu represent England and France. The violent conflict between Big-Endian and Little- Endian represents the Protestant Reformation and the centuries of warfare between Catholics and Protestants. Small Endian and big Endian
  • 19. “No more cracking eggs at the big end.”
  • 20. Swift's "Gulliver's Travels" is a pure piece of satire where he satirizes party politics, religious differences, and western Culture as a whole in ways still relevant to today's world. In where Swift depicts the total political corruption beginning from 16th century and ending with 18th century. Is Gulliver travel a political satire? What country does it symbolize? Politically, Blefuscu stands for France and Lilliput for England.
  • 21. The Lilliputians to gain a high ranking office “competed for them by dancing on a rope for the entertainment of the emperor” (Orwell). The rope dancing is a direct shot at England's election system, comparing it to doing ridiculous activities that have nothing to do with politics. What does the rope dance satirize?
  • 22.
  • 23. Expository: Gulliver becomes a surgeon on a ship called swallow. His business begins to fail. Rising Action: Gulliver begins to encounter different places. Climax: Gulliver really starts to reject human society because of all of his travels. He calls the Brobdingnagian king ignorant because he refuses Gulliver’s offer to teach him how to make gunpowder.
  • 24. The narrative begins with the narrator, Lemuel Gulliver , describing his childhood and the events that led him to become a seaman. He tells the reader that he is the third of five sons and that he was sent to a Puritan college at the age of fourteen. Afterwards he became an apprentice to a surgeon in London, during which time he also learned about navigation and mathematics in preparation for a future on the sea, "as I always believed it would be some time or other my fortune to do." Next he studied "Physick" (medicine) because he thought it would be "useful in long Voyages."
  • 25. . Your Text Here Afterwards Gulliver married Mrs. Mary Burton and began his life as a surgeon, taking on several patients. When his business begins to fail, he takes a six- year trip to the sea, where he serves as the surgeon to two ships and travels to the East and West Indies. He spends much of his time on these voyages observing the people and learning their languages The real problems begin in 1699. Gulliver sets sail on a voyage that starts out prosperously but quickly takes a turn for the worse. The ship encounters violent storms, has bad food, and weakens the crew (twelve crew members die) when the ship hits a rock and is split.
  • 26. Continue After he has eaten, Gulliver signals to the people to move out of the way. He relieves himself by "making Water." He promptly falls asleep because his drink had a sleeping medicine in it. Once they are sure he is asleep, the Lilliputians, who are excellent mathematicians, transport Gulliver to the Capital.
  • 27. When Gulliver awakens, he is lying on his back. He finds himself unable to sit up or move at all. His arms, legs were strongly fastened on each side to ground and hair, which was long and thick, tied down in same manner.“ He feels something moving along his body almost up to his chin, at which point he sees that it is a human creature not six inches high, with a bow and arrow in his hands, and a quiver at his back." Gulliver signals that he wants food and drink, so the people bring baskets of meat and several loaves of bread, which he eats three at a time because they are so tiny to him. The Lilliputians also bring two barrels of drink, which he enjoys even though they are smaller than a half a pint together.
  • 28. They use a large platform with twenty-two wheels pulled by dozens of four-and-a-half- inch horses, dragging Gulliver half of a mile. After he awakens, Gulliver finds that he is chained by his leg in the capital, but he is able to move in a circle of about two yards in diameter. More than one hundred thousand Lilliputians come out to see Gulliver. Continue
  • 29. Why does Gulliver become important to the Lilliputians? The Lilliputians want his help against Blefuscu. Why might the possibility of the existence of the Lilliputians (as described in Gulliver's Travels) be more believable to readers in 18th-century England than today?
  • 30. The overall meaning of the story is what human society is like, and how no matter high and mighty we claim to be, there is no such thing as a perfect anything. ALL throughout history there is conflict of culture and conflict of individuals. During my life, I have experienced both, just as everyone has. I do not believe that a person can live without conflict because conflict is the basis of human nature.
  • 31. Conclusion  Gulliver’s travel is a direct satire on his time period’s politics as it is showing corrupt faces of politicians to select or elect their ruler.  Swift uses humor in his narration but in depth its not humorous, it’s a very serious matter of England’s politics.  So, we can say that swift is a very good writer.  Swift shows clash between Lilliput and Blefuscu showing their narrowmindedness and superstitious believes of that time period. And later solved it by Gulliver.  In the same way , he wants to reform their traditions which are not showing equality in society.