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16 TENSES BAHASA INGGRIS
NAMA: ALEK SANDER
NIM: 0903118182312
WEB: WWW.KABARJAYALOKA.ID
www.kabarjayaloka.id
INGAT TAHAPAN INI
1 Present 2 Past
3 Present Continuous 4 Past Continuous
5 Future 6 Past Future
7 Future Continuous 8 Past Future Continuous
9 Perfect 10 Past Perfect
11 Perfect Continuous 12 Past Perfect Continuous
13 Future Perfect 14 Past Future Perfect
15 Future Perfect Continuous 16 Past Future Perfect Continuous
www.kabarjayaloka.id
1. PRESENT
PRESENT ADALAH KATA KERJA YANG MENUNJUKKAN KEADAAN MAUPUN KEJADIAN YANG TERJADI SAAT SEKARANG.
PRESENT SECARA GARIS BESAR TERBAGI PADA 4 TENSES, YAITU:
• PENGERTIAN
• PRESENT TENSE MEMILIKI 3 FUNGSI UTAMA YAITU:
• HAPPEN IN THE PRESENT (TERJADI DI MASA SEKARANG)
• HABITUAL ACTION (KEBIASAAN)
• GENERAL TRUTH (FAKTA)
• RUMUS PRESENT TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + V1 (S/ES) + O/C
NEGATIF (-) : S + DO/DOES + NOT + V1 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : DO/DOES + S + V1 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PRESENT 2
• CONTOH PRESENT TENSE
• (+) SHE OPENS THE DOOR
(-) SHE DOES NOT OPEN THE DOOR
(?) DOES SHE OPEN THE DOOR?
• ARTINYA
• (+) DIA MEMBUKA PINTU
(-) DIA TIDAK MEMBUKA PINTU
(?) APAKAH DIA MEMBUKA PINTU?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK KATA KERJA YANG
BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG
SEDANG BERLANGSUNG, DALAM PENGERTIAN BAHASA INDONESIA-NYA SELALU
DIARTIKAN DENGAN KATA ‘SEDANG’. BIASANYA PENGGUNAAN PRESENT
CONTINUOUS DITAMBAHKAN KATA KETERANGAN WAKTU SEBAGAI PENJELAS.
• RUMUS PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + TOBE (IS, AM, ARE) + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + TOBE (IS, AM, ARE) + NOT + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : TOBE (IS, AM, ARE) + S + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) THEY ARE PLAYING FOOTBALL NOW
(-) THEY ARE NOT PLAYING FOOTBALL NOW
(?) ARE THEY PLAYING FOOTBALL NOW?
• ARTINYA
• (+) MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN BOLA SEKARANG
(-) MEREKA SEDANG TIDAK BERMAIN BOLA SEKARANG
(?) APAKAH MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN BOLA SEKARANG?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
• PRESENT PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI
UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH SELESAI
DIKERJAKAN NAMUN MASIH BERKAITAN DENGAN MASA SEKARANG. DALAM
BAHASA INDONESIA, KATA INI SELALU DIARTIKAN DENGAN UNGKAPAN ‘SUDAH’.
• RUMUS PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + HAVE/HAS + V3 + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + V3 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : HAVE/HAS + S + V3 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE 2
• CONTOH PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
• (+) I HAVE FINISHED MY HOMEWORK
(- ) I HAVE NOT FINISHED MY HOMEWORK
(?) HAVE YOU FINISHED YOUR HOMEWORK?
• ARTINYA
• (+) AKU SUDAH MENGERJAKAN PR
(-) AKU BELUM MENGERJAKAN PR
(?) APAKAH KAMU SUDAH MENGERJAKAN PR?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK KATA KERJA YANG
BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG
TELAH TERJADI NAMUN MASIH IA LAKUKAN ATAU SEDANG IA LAKUKAN
SEKARANG.
• RUMUS PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + BEEN + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : HAVE/HAS + S + BEEN + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) WE HAVE BEEN PAINTING THIS WALL SINCE 2 HOURS AGO
(- ) WE HAVE NOT BEEN PAINTING THIS WALL SINCE 2 HOURS AGO
(?) HAVE WE BEEN PAINTING THIS WALL SINCE 2 HOURS AGO?
• ARTINYA
• (+) KITA SUDAH MELUKIS TEMBOK INI SEJAK 2 JAM LALU
(-) KITA BELUM MELUKIS TEMBOK INI SEJAK 2 JAM LALU
(?) APAKAH KITA SUDAH MELUKIS TEMBOK INI SEJAK 2 JAM LALU?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
5. PAST TENSE
• PAST TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN
SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH BERLALU ATAU YANG TERJADI
DI MASA LAMPAU. KARENA ITU, KALIMAT PAST HARUS DIIKUTI DENGAN
KETERANGAN KATA LAMPAU. BISA YANG TELAH TERJADI KEMARIN, SETAHUN
YANG LALU, SEBULAN YANG LALU, DLL.
• RUMUS PAST TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + V2 + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + DID + NOT + V1 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : DID + S + V2 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST TENSE 2
• CONTOH PAST TENSE
• (+) HE SWAM IN THE RIVER YESTERDAY
(- ) HE DID NOT SWIM IN THE RIVER YESTERDAY
(?) DID HE SWIM IN THE RIVER YESTERDAY?
• ARTINYA
• (+) DIA BERENANG DI SUNGAI KEMARIN
(-) DIA TIDAK BERENANG DI SUNGAI KEMARIN
(?) APAKAH DIA BERENANG DI SUNGAI KEMARIN?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
6. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
• PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK
MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG SEDANG
BERLANGSUNG DI MASA LALU ATAU LAMPAU. BIASANYA KALIMAT PAST
CONTINUOUS DISANDINGKAN DENGAN KALIMAT PAST TENSE.
• RUMUS PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + TOBE (WAS/WERE) + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + TOBE (WAS/WERE) + NOT + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : TOBE (WAS/WERE) + S + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) THEY WERE PLAYING TENNIS YESTERDAY
(- ) THEY WERE NOT PLAYING TENNIS YESTERDAY
(?) WERE THEY PLAYING TENNIS YESTERDAY?
• ARTINYA
• (+) MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN TENIS KEMARIN
(-) MEREKA SEDANG TIDAK BERMAIN TENIS KEMARIN
(?) APAKAH MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN TENIS KEMARIN
www.kabarjayaloka.id
7. PAST PERFECT TENSE
• PAST PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK
MENUNJUKKAN PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH SELESAI DILAKUKAN
PADA MASA LALU ATAU LAMPAU.BIASANYA KALIMAT PAST PERFECT TENSE
DISANDINGKAN DENGAN KALIMAT PAST TENSE ATAU DENGAN KALIMAT PAST
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE DALAM FORMULA CONDITIONAL TYPE 3.
• RUMUS PAST PERFECT TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + HAVE/HAS + V3 + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + V3 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : HAVE/HAS + S + V3 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST PERFECT TENSE 2
• CONTOH PAST PERFECT TENSE
• (+) YOU HAD COME TO MY PARTY LAST NIGHT
(- ) YOU HAD NOT COME TO MY PARTY LAST NIGHT
(?) HAD YOU COME TO MY PARTY LAST NIGHT ?
• ARTINYA
• (+) KAMU TELAH DATANG KE PESTAKU SEMALAM
(-) KAMU TELAH TIDAK DATANG KE PESTAKU SEMALAM
(?) DATANGKAH KAMU KE PESTAKU SEMALAM?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
8. PAST PERFECT CONTIUOUS TENSE
• PAST PERFECT CONTIUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI
UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH
DILAKUKAN NAMUN MASIH ATAU SEDANG DIKERJAKAN PADA MASA LALU ATAU
LAMPAU.
• RUMUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + HAD + BEEN + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (-) : S + HAD+ NOT + BEEN + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : HAD + S + BEEN + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST PERFECT CONTIUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) HE HAD BEEN WRITING A LETTER
(-) HE HAD NOT BEEN WRITING A LETTER
(?) HAD HE BEEN WRITING A LETTER?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
9. FUTURE TENSE
• FUTURE TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENJELASKAN
SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN DILAKUKAN ATAU DIKERJAKAN
DI MASA DEPAN.
• RUMUS FUTURE TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + V1 + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + V1 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + V1 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
FUTURE TENSE 2
• CONTOH FUTURE TENSE
• (+) WE WILL GO TO MUSEUM TOMORROW
(- ) WE WILL NOT GO MUSEUM TOMORROW
(?) WILL WE GO TO MUSEUM TOMORROW?
• ARTINYA
• (+) KITA AKAN PERGI KE MUSEUM BESOK
(-) KITA TIDAK PERGI KE MUSEUM BESOK
(?) APAKAH KITA AKAN PERGI KE MUSEUM BESOK?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
10. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK
MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG SEDANG TERJADI DI
MASA DEPAN ATAU SUATU KEJADIAN YANG SEDANG AKAN TERJADI DI MASA
DEPAN.
• RUMUS FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + BE + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + BE + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + BE + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) THE PLANE WILL BE TAKING OFF THIS AFTERNOON
(- ) THE PLANE WILL NOT BE TAKING OFF THIS AFTERNOON
(?) WILL THE PLANE BE TAKING OFF THIS AFTERNOON?
• BACA JUGA: FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• ARTINYA
• (+) PESAWAT AKAN LEPAS LANDAS SORE INI
(-) PESAWAT TIDAK AKAN LEPAS LANDAS SORE INI
(?) APAKAH PESAWAT AKAN LEPAS LANDAS SORE INI?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
11. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
• FUTURE PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK
MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN SELESAI DI MASA
DEPAN.
• RUMUS FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + HAVE + V3 + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + HAVE + V3 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + HAVE + V3 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE 2
• CONTOH FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
• (+) BUDI WILL HAVE BEEN A DOCTOR NEXT YEAR
(- ) BUDI WILL NOT HAVE BEEN A DOCTOR NEXT YEAR
(?) WILL BUDI HAVE BEEN A DOCTOR NEXT YEAR?
• ARTINYA
• (+) BUDI AKAN MENJADI DOKTER TAHUN DEPAN
(-) BUDI TIDAK AKAN MENJADI DOKTER TAHUN DEPAN
(?) AKANKAH BUDI AKAN MENJADI DOKTER TAHUN DEPAN?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG
BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG
AKAN SELESAI DI MASA DEPAN, NAMUN PADA SAAT ITU TINDAKAN TERSEBUT
JUGA MASIH SEDANG DILAKUKAN.
• POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) SHE WILL HAVE BEEN ATTENDING ENGLISH CLASSES FOR FOUR YEARS
(- ) SHE WILL NOT HAVE BEEN ATTENDING ENGLISH CLASSES FOR FOUR YEARS
(?) WILL SHE HAVE BEEN ATTENDING ENGLISH CLASSES FOR FOUR YEARS?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
13. PAST FUTURE TENSE
• PAST FUTURE TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK
MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN TERJADI DI MASA
LALU. PAST FUTURE BIASANYA DIGUNAKAN DALAM CONDITIONAL TYPE 2.
• POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + V1 + O/C
NEGATIF (-) : S + WOULD + NOT + V1 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + V1 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST FUTURE TENSE 2
• CONTOH PAST FUTURE TENSE
• (+) BUDI WOULD GIVE ME HIS MONEY
(- ) BUDI WOULD NOT GIVE ME HIS MONEY
(?) WOULD BUDI GIVE ME HIS MONEY?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
14. PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK WAKTU (TENSE) YANG
BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG
AKAN SEDANG DILAKUKAN DI MASA LALU.
• RUMUS PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + BE + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + WOULD + NOT + BE + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + BE + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) WE WOULD BE TAKING MATH CLASS AT 8 YESTERDAY
(- ) WE WOULD BE TAKING MATH CLASS AT 8 YESTERDAY
(?) WOULD WE BE TAKING MATH CLASS AT 8 YESTERDAY?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
15. PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
• PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK WAKTU (TENSE) YANG
BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG
SUDAH AKAN TERJADI DI MASA LALU. BIASANYA PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
INI DIGUNAKAN DALAM CONDITIONAL TYPE 3.
• RUMUS PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + HAVE + V3 + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + WOULD + NOT + HAVE + V3 + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + HAVE + V3 + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE 2
• CONTOH
• (+) YOU WOULD HAVE MET HER IN THE PARTY YESTERDAY
(- ) YOU WOULD NOT HAVE MET HER IN THE PARTY YESTERDAY
(?) WOULD YOU HAVE MET HER IN THE PARTY YESTERDAY?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
16. PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
TENSE
• PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK WAKTU
(TENSE) YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU
TINDAKAN YANG AKAN DAN SUDAH SELESAI NAMUN MASIH SEDANG
DIKERJAKAN DI MASA LALU.
• RUMUS PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C
NEGATIF (- ) : S + WOULD + NOT + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C
INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C + ?
www.kabarjayaloka.id
PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2
• CONTOH PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
• (+) HE WOLD HAVE BEEN TEACHING ENGLISH THERE FOR 2 YEARS
(- ) HE WOLD NOT HAVE BEEN TEACHING ENGLISH THERE FOR 2 YEARS
(?) WOULD HE HAVE BEEN TEACHING ENGLISH THERE FOR 2 YEARS?
www.kabarjayaloka.id

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16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris + Rumus + Contohnya

  • 1. 16 TENSES BAHASA INGGRIS NAMA: ALEK SANDER NIM: 0903118182312 WEB: WWW.KABARJAYALOKA.ID www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 2. INGAT TAHAPAN INI 1 Present 2 Past 3 Present Continuous 4 Past Continuous 5 Future 6 Past Future 7 Future Continuous 8 Past Future Continuous 9 Perfect 10 Past Perfect 11 Perfect Continuous 12 Past Perfect Continuous 13 Future Perfect 14 Past Future Perfect 15 Future Perfect Continuous 16 Past Future Perfect Continuous www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 3. 1. PRESENT PRESENT ADALAH KATA KERJA YANG MENUNJUKKAN KEADAAN MAUPUN KEJADIAN YANG TERJADI SAAT SEKARANG. PRESENT SECARA GARIS BESAR TERBAGI PADA 4 TENSES, YAITU: • PENGERTIAN • PRESENT TENSE MEMILIKI 3 FUNGSI UTAMA YAITU: • HAPPEN IN THE PRESENT (TERJADI DI MASA SEKARANG) • HABITUAL ACTION (KEBIASAAN) • GENERAL TRUTH (FAKTA) • RUMUS PRESENT TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + V1 (S/ES) + O/C NEGATIF (-) : S + DO/DOES + NOT + V1 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : DO/DOES + S + V1 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 4. PRESENT 2 • CONTOH PRESENT TENSE • (+) SHE OPENS THE DOOR (-) SHE DOES NOT OPEN THE DOOR (?) DOES SHE OPEN THE DOOR? • ARTINYA • (+) DIA MEMBUKA PINTU (-) DIA TIDAK MEMBUKA PINTU (?) APAKAH DIA MEMBUKA PINTU? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 5. 2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE • PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG SEDANG BERLANGSUNG, DALAM PENGERTIAN BAHASA INDONESIA-NYA SELALU DIARTIKAN DENGAN KATA ‘SEDANG’. BIASANYA PENGGUNAAN PRESENT CONTINUOUS DITAMBAHKAN KATA KETERANGAN WAKTU SEBAGAI PENJELAS. • RUMUS PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + TOBE (IS, AM, ARE) + VING + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + TOBE (IS, AM, ARE) + NOT + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : TOBE (IS, AM, ARE) + S + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 6. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) THEY ARE PLAYING FOOTBALL NOW (-) THEY ARE NOT PLAYING FOOTBALL NOW (?) ARE THEY PLAYING FOOTBALL NOW? • ARTINYA • (+) MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN BOLA SEKARANG (-) MEREKA SEDANG TIDAK BERMAIN BOLA SEKARANG (?) APAKAH MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN BOLA SEKARANG? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 7. 3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE • PRESENT PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH SELESAI DIKERJAKAN NAMUN MASIH BERKAITAN DENGAN MASA SEKARANG. DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA, KATA INI SELALU DIARTIKAN DENGAN UNGKAPAN ‘SUDAH’. • RUMUS PRESENT PERFECT TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + HAVE/HAS + V3 + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + V3 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : HAVE/HAS + S + V3 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 8. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE 2 • CONTOH PRESENT PERFECT TENSE • (+) I HAVE FINISHED MY HOMEWORK (- ) I HAVE NOT FINISHED MY HOMEWORK (?) HAVE YOU FINISHED YOUR HOMEWORK? • ARTINYA • (+) AKU SUDAH MENGERJAKAN PR (-) AKU BELUM MENGERJAKAN PR (?) APAKAH KAMU SUDAH MENGERJAKAN PR? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 9. 4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH TERJADI NAMUN MASIH IA LAKUKAN ATAU SEDANG IA LAKUKAN SEKARANG. • RUMUS PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + VING + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + BEEN + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : HAVE/HAS + S + BEEN + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 10. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) WE HAVE BEEN PAINTING THIS WALL SINCE 2 HOURS AGO (- ) WE HAVE NOT BEEN PAINTING THIS WALL SINCE 2 HOURS AGO (?) HAVE WE BEEN PAINTING THIS WALL SINCE 2 HOURS AGO? • ARTINYA • (+) KITA SUDAH MELUKIS TEMBOK INI SEJAK 2 JAM LALU (-) KITA BELUM MELUKIS TEMBOK INI SEJAK 2 JAM LALU (?) APAKAH KITA SUDAH MELUKIS TEMBOK INI SEJAK 2 JAM LALU? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 11. 5. PAST TENSE • PAST TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH BERLALU ATAU YANG TERJADI DI MASA LAMPAU. KARENA ITU, KALIMAT PAST HARUS DIIKUTI DENGAN KETERANGAN KATA LAMPAU. BISA YANG TELAH TERJADI KEMARIN, SETAHUN YANG LALU, SEBULAN YANG LALU, DLL. • RUMUS PAST TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + V2 + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + DID + NOT + V1 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : DID + S + V2 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 12. PAST TENSE 2 • CONTOH PAST TENSE • (+) HE SWAM IN THE RIVER YESTERDAY (- ) HE DID NOT SWIM IN THE RIVER YESTERDAY (?) DID HE SWIM IN THE RIVER YESTERDAY? • ARTINYA • (+) DIA BERENANG DI SUNGAI KEMARIN (-) DIA TIDAK BERENANG DI SUNGAI KEMARIN (?) APAKAH DIA BERENANG DI SUNGAI KEMARIN? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 13. 6. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE • PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG SEDANG BERLANGSUNG DI MASA LALU ATAU LAMPAU. BIASANYA KALIMAT PAST CONTINUOUS DISANDINGKAN DENGAN KALIMAT PAST TENSE. • RUMUS PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + TOBE (WAS/WERE) + VING + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + TOBE (WAS/WERE) + NOT + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : TOBE (WAS/WERE) + S + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 14. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) THEY WERE PLAYING TENNIS YESTERDAY (- ) THEY WERE NOT PLAYING TENNIS YESTERDAY (?) WERE THEY PLAYING TENNIS YESTERDAY? • ARTINYA • (+) MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN TENIS KEMARIN (-) MEREKA SEDANG TIDAK BERMAIN TENIS KEMARIN (?) APAKAH MEREKA SEDANG BERMAIN TENIS KEMARIN www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 15. 7. PAST PERFECT TENSE • PAST PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN PEKERJAAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH SELESAI DILAKUKAN PADA MASA LALU ATAU LAMPAU.BIASANYA KALIMAT PAST PERFECT TENSE DISANDINGKAN DENGAN KALIMAT PAST TENSE ATAU DENGAN KALIMAT PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE DALAM FORMULA CONDITIONAL TYPE 3. • RUMUS PAST PERFECT TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + HAVE/HAS + V3 + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + HAVE/HAS + NOT + V3 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : HAVE/HAS + S + V3 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 16. PAST PERFECT TENSE 2 • CONTOH PAST PERFECT TENSE • (+) YOU HAD COME TO MY PARTY LAST NIGHT (- ) YOU HAD NOT COME TO MY PARTY LAST NIGHT (?) HAD YOU COME TO MY PARTY LAST NIGHT ? • ARTINYA • (+) KAMU TELAH DATANG KE PESTAKU SEMALAM (-) KAMU TELAH TIDAK DATANG KE PESTAKU SEMALAM (?) DATANGKAH KAMU KE PESTAKU SEMALAM? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 17. 8. PAST PERFECT CONTIUOUS TENSE • PAST PERFECT CONTIUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENYATAKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG TELAH DILAKUKAN NAMUN MASIH ATAU SEDANG DIKERJAKAN PADA MASA LALU ATAU LAMPAU. • RUMUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + HAD + BEEN + VING + O/C NEGATIF (-) : S + HAD+ NOT + BEEN + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : HAD + S + BEEN + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 18. PAST PERFECT CONTIUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) HE HAD BEEN WRITING A LETTER (-) HE HAD NOT BEEN WRITING A LETTER (?) HAD HE BEEN WRITING A LETTER? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 19. 9. FUTURE TENSE • FUTURE TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENJELASKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN DILAKUKAN ATAU DIKERJAKAN DI MASA DEPAN. • RUMUS FUTURE TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + V1 + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + V1 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + V1 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 20. FUTURE TENSE 2 • CONTOH FUTURE TENSE • (+) WE WILL GO TO MUSEUM TOMORROW (- ) WE WILL NOT GO MUSEUM TOMORROW (?) WILL WE GO TO MUSEUM TOMORROW? • ARTINYA • (+) KITA AKAN PERGI KE MUSEUM BESOK (-) KITA TIDAK PERGI KE MUSEUM BESOK (?) APAKAH KITA AKAN PERGI KE MUSEUM BESOK? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 21. 10. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE • FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG SEDANG TERJADI DI MASA DEPAN ATAU SUATU KEJADIAN YANG SEDANG AKAN TERJADI DI MASA DEPAN. • RUMUS FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + BE + VING + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + BE + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + BE + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 22. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) THE PLANE WILL BE TAKING OFF THIS AFTERNOON (- ) THE PLANE WILL NOT BE TAKING OFF THIS AFTERNOON (?) WILL THE PLANE BE TAKING OFF THIS AFTERNOON? • BACA JUGA: FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE • ARTINYA • (+) PESAWAT AKAN LEPAS LANDAS SORE INI (-) PESAWAT TIDAK AKAN LEPAS LANDAS SORE INI (?) APAKAH PESAWAT AKAN LEPAS LANDAS SORE INI? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 23. 11. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE • FUTURE PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN SELESAI DI MASA DEPAN. • RUMUS FUTURE PERFECT TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + HAVE + V3 + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + HAVE + V3 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + HAVE + V3 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 24. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE 2 • CONTOH FUTURE PERFECT TENSE • (+) BUDI WILL HAVE BEEN A DOCTOR NEXT YEAR (- ) BUDI WILL NOT HAVE BEEN A DOCTOR NEXT YEAR (?) WILL BUDI HAVE BEEN A DOCTOR NEXT YEAR? • ARTINYA • (+) BUDI AKAN MENJADI DOKTER TAHUN DEPAN (-) BUDI TIDAK AKAN MENJADI DOKTER TAHUN DEPAN (?) AKANKAH BUDI AKAN MENJADI DOKTER TAHUN DEPAN? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 25. 12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN SELESAI DI MASA DEPAN, NAMUN PADA SAAT ITU TINDAKAN TERSEBUT JUGA MASIH SEDANG DILAKUKAN. • POSITIF (+) : S + WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + WILL + NOT + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WILL + S + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 26. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) SHE WILL HAVE BEEN ATTENDING ENGLISH CLASSES FOR FOUR YEARS (- ) SHE WILL NOT HAVE BEEN ATTENDING ENGLISH CLASSES FOR FOUR YEARS (?) WILL SHE HAVE BEEN ATTENDING ENGLISH CLASSES FOR FOUR YEARS? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 27. 13. PAST FUTURE TENSE • PAST FUTURE TENSE MERUPAKAN KATA KERJA YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN TERJADI DI MASA LALU. PAST FUTURE BIASANYA DIGUNAKAN DALAM CONDITIONAL TYPE 2. • POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + V1 + O/C NEGATIF (-) : S + WOULD + NOT + V1 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + V1 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 28. PAST FUTURE TENSE 2 • CONTOH PAST FUTURE TENSE • (+) BUDI WOULD GIVE ME HIS MONEY (- ) BUDI WOULD NOT GIVE ME HIS MONEY (?) WOULD BUDI GIVE ME HIS MONEY? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 29. 14. PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE • PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK WAKTU (TENSE) YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN SEDANG DILAKUKAN DI MASA LALU. • RUMUS PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + BE + VING + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + WOULD + NOT + BE + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + BE + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 30. PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) WE WOULD BE TAKING MATH CLASS AT 8 YESTERDAY (- ) WE WOULD BE TAKING MATH CLASS AT 8 YESTERDAY (?) WOULD WE BE TAKING MATH CLASS AT 8 YESTERDAY? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 31. 15. PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE • PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK WAKTU (TENSE) YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG SUDAH AKAN TERJADI DI MASA LALU. BIASANYA PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE INI DIGUNAKAN DALAM CONDITIONAL TYPE 3. • RUMUS PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + HAVE + V3 + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + WOULD + NOT + HAVE + V3 + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + HAVE + V3 + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 32. PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE 2 • CONTOH • (+) YOU WOULD HAVE MET HER IN THE PARTY YESTERDAY (- ) YOU WOULD NOT HAVE MET HER IN THE PARTY YESTERDAY (?) WOULD YOU HAVE MET HER IN THE PARTY YESTERDAY? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 33. 16. PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE MERUPAKAN BENTUK WAKTU (TENSE) YANG BERFUNGSI UNTUK MENUNJUKKAN SUATU KEJADIAN ATAU TINDAKAN YANG AKAN DAN SUDAH SELESAI NAMUN MASIH SEDANG DIKERJAKAN DI MASA LALU. • RUMUS PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • POSITIF (+) : S + WOULD + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C NEGATIF (- ) : S + WOULD + NOT + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C INTROGATIVE (?) : WOULD + S + HAVE + BEEN + VING + O/C + ? www.kabarjayaloka.id
  • 34. PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE 2 • CONTOH PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE • (+) HE WOLD HAVE BEEN TEACHING ENGLISH THERE FOR 2 YEARS (- ) HE WOLD NOT HAVE BEEN TEACHING ENGLISH THERE FOR 2 YEARS (?) WOULD HE HAVE BEEN TEACHING ENGLISH THERE FOR 2 YEARS? www.kabarjayaloka.id