Political Reforms: A term limit for the Prime Minister and Transparent Funding for Parties

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What do the citizens of #Mauritius say about term limits for the Prime Minister & political party financing? Catch all the details here.

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Political Reforms: A term limit for the Prime Minister and Transparent Funding for Parties

  1. 1. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Political Reforms: A term limit for the Prime Minister and Transparent Funding for Parties Findings from the Afrobarometer Round 6 Survey in Mauritius
  2. 2. At a Glance • Limited Term of Office for the Prime Minister: 7 out of 10 Mauritians believe that the term of office of the Prime Minister should be limited to two only. • Funding of Political Parties: Political parties should find their own funding just as any private entity. The State and taxpayers’ money should not be used to finance their activities. • Independent oversight of parties’ finances: 8 out of 10 Mauritians believe that an independent body such as the Electoral Supervisory Commission should be able to scrutinise the finances of political parties.
  3. 3. What is Afrobarometer? • An African-led, non-partisan survey research project that measures citizen attitudes on democracy and governance, the economy, civil society, and other topics. • Started in 12 countries in 1999, expanded to 35 African countries in Round 5 (2011-2013). • Goal: To give the public a voice in policymaking by providing high-quality public opinion data to policymakers, policy advocates, civil society organizations, academics, news media, donors and investors, and ordinary Africans. • National Partners in each country conduct the survey. In Mauritius, Afrobarometer Round 6 survey was conducted by StraConsult.
  4. 4. Where Afrobarometer works
  5. 5. Methodology • Nationally representative sample of adult citizens  All respondents are randomly selected.  Sample is distributed across districts and urban/rural areas in proportion to their share in the national population.  Every adult citizen has an equal chance of being selected. • Face-to-face interviews In the language of the respondent’s choice (English, French or Creole). • Standard questionnaire allows comparisons across countries and over time. • Sample size in Mauritius of 1200 adult citizens yields a margin of error of +/-3% at a 95% confidence level. • Fieldwork for Round 6 in Mauritius was conducted between 27 June and 27July 2014.
  6. 6. Enumerator Map
  7. 7. Survey Demographics (1) 7 Unweighted Weighted Gender Male 50% 50% Female 50% 50% Location Urban 38% 41% Rural 62% 59% Education No formal education 1% 1% Primary 23% 22% Secondary 55% 56% Post-secondary 20% 21%
  8. 8. Survey Demographics (2) 8 Unweighted Weighted District Port Louis 9% 10% Pamplemousses 10% 11% Riviere du Rempart 8% 9% Flacq 10% 11% Grand Port 8% 9% Savanne 5% 5% Plaine Wilhems 28% 30% Moka 6% 7% Black River 6% 6% Rodrigues 10% 3%
  9. 9. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG FINDINGS
  10. 10. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG PRIME MINISTERSHIP TERMS OF OFFFICE
  11. 11. Key Findings ■ Almost 7 out of 10 (68%) Mauritians believe that prime ministership should be limited to two terms only. ■ While three quarter of urban respondents want to limit the terms of office of the prime minister the number is less in rural areas. They are actually one third in rural areas who believe that there should be no limit.
  12. 12. Prime Minister’s Term of Office Q.Respondents were asked: Which of the following statements is closest to your view? Choose Statement 1 or Statement 2. Statement 1: The Constitution should limit the Prime Minister to serving a maximum of two terms in office. Statement 2: There should be no constitutional limit on how long the Prime Minister can serve. 30 % 38 % 20 % 5 % 4 % 4 % 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Agree very strongly with 1 Agree with 1 Agree with 2 Agree very strongly with 2 Agree with neither Don’t know
  13. 13. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG FINANCING OF POLITICAL PARTIES
  14. 14. Key Findings ■ An overwhelming majority (90%) of Mauritians believe that political parties should raise their own funds just as any private organisation. ■ While in many countries, the State is called upon to finance political parties based on their performance in elections, more than three quarter (79%) of Mauritians reject this possibility.
  15. 15. Key Findings ■ Mauritians are even more vehemently opposed to the use of taxpayers' money to finance political parties. More than 9 out of 10 respondents to the survey disagree that they should pay more taxes to finance political parties. ■ With regards to transparency of political parties finance, Mauritians believe that the Electoral Supervisory Commission should be mandated to scrutinise their accounts. 4 out of 5 citizens (80%) believe that there should be official control of the way in which parties get their finance and use it.
  16. 16. Parties’ Funding Q: Let us now turn to the financing of political parties in this country. Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements or haven't you heard enough about them to say? Political parties are private entities, they should raise their own funds. 5 % 3 % 90 % 3 % 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Disagree Neither agree nor disagree Agree Don't know
  17. 17. Introduction of PR – 10% Threshold of Eligibility Q: Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements or haven't you heard enough about them to say? The state should provide funding to registered political parties based on how they perform in elections 79 % 4 % 14 % 3 % 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Disagree Neither agree nor disagree Agree Don't know
  18. 18. Introduction of PR – 10% Threshold of Eligibility Q: Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements or haven't you heard enough about them to say? Citizens should be made to pay more taxes to support the financing of political parties 94 % 1 % 3 % 2 % 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Disagree Neither agree nor disagree Agree Don't know
  19. 19. Introduction of PR – 10% Threshold of Eligibility Q: Please tell me whether you agree or disagree with each of the following statements or haven't you heard enough about them to say? The Electoral Supervisory Commission should be mandated to scrutinize the finances of political parties 9 % 4 % 81 % 7 % 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Disagree Neither agree nor disagree Agree Don't know
  20. 20. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG CONCLUSIONS
  21. 21. Major Findings  Mauritians do not want prime ministers ruling over them for ever. 10 years is enough for someone to rule the country.  Political parties should fund their activities from their own pockets. A majority of Mauritians do not think the State or taxpayers money should be used to finance them.  Furthermore, the finances of parties should be monitored by an independent body such as the Electoral Supervisory Commission. Advision Lesotho
  22. 22. WWW.AFROBAROMETER.ORG Thank You

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