Oral care and hygiene maintenance


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Oral care and hygiene maintenance

  1. 1. Speak Oral HealthEat Socialize
  2. 2. Dental Caries- Peridontal (gum) Tooth Decay Disease
  3. 3. Causes of Dental Caries:1. Poor oral hygiene2. Sweet and sticky foods, drinks3. Bad or worn out fillings4. Dry mouth5. Crowding of teeth
  4. 4. Smooth surface caries Dental Caries
  5. 5. Tooth DecayCarbohydrates Bacteria
  6. 6. Food getting stuckin between teethBad BreathTooth acheTooth Sensitivity
  7. 7.  Good oral hygiene habits Fluoride application: home care professional application Scaling Pits and Fissures Sealants
  8. 8. Fluoride Tray Application Fluoride- Home care
  9. 9.  Removal of infected deposits- plaques& calculus, and stains from surfaces ofteeth. Simple procedure by a dentist to keep your gums healthy and firm.
  10. 10.  How often should it be done??? Any problems with scaling?? Can it damage my teeth??
  11. 11. Before After
  12. 12. Fillings- Silver Amalgam & Composite Root Canal Treatment Extraction
  13. 13. Gingivitis Periodontitis
  14. 14. Symptoms:•Bleeding gums•Swollen red gums•Receding gums•Gums pulling away from Causes:teeth •Poor Oral Hygiene•Black/yellow deposits on •Hormonal Changesteeth •Certain Medications•Loose or sensitive teeth •Poor Nutrition•Bad breath (pus) •Ill fitting dentures, braces. •Smoking •Diabetes •HIV infection
  15. 15.  Good oral hygiene practices Scaling & Root Planning Periodontal Surgery
  16. 16. Causes: Accumulation of plaque, calculus Gum disease Dental Caries Dry mouth Bacteria on tongue Abscess teeth Oral cancer Smoking Other causes- digestion problems, sinusitis, cough cold etc
  17. 17. Proper oral hygiene maintenance  Treatment of underlying problem  Dental treatment  Smoking cessation  Avoid certain foods  Keep the mouth hydrated Prevention Treatment
  18. 18. Causes:•Tooth attrition•Tooth erosion•Tooth abrasion•Cracked tooth•Indentation of tooth•Gum recession
  19. 19.  Correct brushing technique Consumption of water after acidic foods Do not brush immediately after eating (1/2 hr gap) Reduce/stop carbonated drinks Use of straw for minimal contact with teeth. Use of sugar free chewing gums.
  20. 20.  Scaling Restorations- Composites/GIC Crowns (caps) Fluoride application Periodontal Surgery
  21. 21. Malignment of teeth•Crooked teeth•Spacing between teeth•Crowded teeth
  22. 22. Fluorosis teeth stains Tobacco stains
  23. 23. Tetracyclines Tooth Trauma
  24. 24. Gummy smile Fractured / missing teeth
  25. 25. PREVENTION Interceptive/preventive orthodontics Habit breaking devices- digit sucking, lip biting, mouth breathing, tongue thrusting Avoid certain medications in childhood & pregnancy- tetracyclines Avoid smoking
  26. 26. Orthodontics Tooth colored braces Lingual orthodontics Invisalign
  27. 27. Bleaching Veneers Zirconia crowns Implants Also :Composites, Periodontal surgery, lasers, teeth replacements (bridges, dental implants, zirconia- CAD/CAM
  28. 28.  Cause: Unknown Palliative treatment Vitamin supplements, zinc, folic acid Anesthetic , antiseptic Mouthwashes, ointments, gels Antacids, antihistaminics
  29. 29. “Oral Canceraccounts for one-third of thetotal cancer cases and 90% of the patients are tobacco users”.
  30. 30.  Tobacco use in any form Heavy consumption of alcohol Prolonged exposure to radiation Prolonged irritation to cheek/tongue with sharp object
  31. 31.  White/red patch of skin of mouth or under the tongue that does not go away Lump in the mouth or throat Sore/ulcer that bleeds & does not heal for more than 2 weeks Difficulty in swallowing for a prolonged period of time.
  32. 32.  Get a check up done every 6 months Report to the doctor/dentist if any of the symptoms show up Biopsy for diagnosis Surgical treatment
  33. 33.  Twice daily Correct brushing method Choose the right brush Soft/ultra soft Small kids tooth brush Electric/battery operated
  34. 34.  When to change?? Every 3 months or when the bristles flare
  35. 35.  Removes plaque & bacteria from areas where the brush cannot reach Best done before brushing.
  36. 36.  Best done 1 hour after brushing Consult your dentist to help you choose the right mouth wash for you Chlorhexidine/fluoride/anti sensitivity
  37. 37.  Use 15 minutes after meals Stimulates salivary secretion Removes food & debris & plaque from mouth Reduces & resists the urge of smoking
  38. 38.  Fluoridated tooth paste Non Fluoridated tooth paste (kids <3 yrs) Anti sensitivity tooth pastes
  39. 39.  Avoid eating sweets & sticky foods, aerated drinks Eats foods rich in fibre Fruits & vegetables (natural cleansers) Drinking plenty of water Sip some water after eating that will help dilute the acids Rinse your mouth after meals