Symptoms:•Bleeding gums•Swollen red gums•Receding gums•Gums pulling away from Causes:teeth •Poor Oral Hygiene•Black/yellow deposits on •Hormonal Changesteeth •Certain Medications•Loose or sensitive teeth •Poor Nutrition•Bad breath (pus) •Ill fitting dentures, braces. •Smoking •Diabetes •HIV infection
Good oral hygiene practices Scaling & Root Planning Periodontal Surgery
Causes: Accumulation of plaque, calculus Gum disease Dental Caries Dry mouth Bacteria on tongue Abscess teeth Oral cancer Smoking Other causes- digestion problems, sinusitis, cough cold etc
Proper oral hygiene maintenance Treatment of underlying problem Dental treatment Smoking cessation Avoid certain foods Keep the mouth hydrated Prevention Treatment
Causes:•Tooth attrition•Tooth erosion•Tooth abrasion•Cracked tooth•Indentation of tooth•Gum recession
Correct brushing technique Consumption of water after acidic foods Do not brush immediately after eating (1/2 hr gap) Reduce/stop carbonated drinks Use of straw for minimal contact with teeth. Use of sugar free chewing gums.
“Oral Canceraccounts for one-third of thetotal cancer cases and 90% of the patients are tobacco users”.
Tobacco use in any form Heavy consumption of alcohol Prolonged exposure to radiation Prolonged irritation to cheek/tongue with sharp object
White/red patch of skin of mouth or under the tongue that does not go away Lump in the mouth or throat Sore/ulcer that bleeds & does not heal for more than 2 weeks Difficulty in swallowing for a prolonged period of time.
Get a check up done every 6 months Report to the doctor/dentist if any of the symptoms show up Biopsy for diagnosis Surgical treatment
Twice daily Correct brushing method Choose the right brush Soft/ultra soft Small kids tooth brush Electric/battery operated
When to change?? Every 3 months or when the bristles flare
Removes plaque & bacteria from areas where the brush cannot reach Best done before brushing.
Best done 1 hour after brushing Consult your dentist to help you choose the right mouth wash for you Chlorhexidine/fluoride/anti sensitivity
Use 15 minutes after meals Stimulates salivary secretion Removes food & debris & plaque from mouth Reduces & resists the urge of smoking
Fluoridated tooth paste Non Fluoridated tooth paste (kids <3 yrs) Anti sensitivity tooth pastes
Avoid eating sweets & sticky foods, aerated drinks Eats foods rich in fibre Fruits & vegetables (natural cleansers) Drinking plenty of water Sip some water after eating that will help dilute the acids Rinse your mouth after meals