Biology (Gall Bladder)


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Biology (Gall Bladder)

  1. 1. Leading you to the path of success . Group Members: -Jia Tong -Ric -Evangeline -Sadman The Compass
  2. 2. Gall Bladder Where is the gall bladder located? -In the upper right quadrant of the abdomen underneath the liver OR you can say…. -Under the lowest ribs on the right side of our stomach.
  3. 3. Gall Bladder is Index number 5 Let’s take a closer view… It is over here!! It’s here…!!
  4. 4. Functions: - Stores bile. - Bile is a digestive liquid continually secreted by the liver. - Bile is released when food containing fat enters the digestive tract. - It emulsifies fats and neutralizes acids in partly digested food. - After being stored in the gallbladder the bile becomes more concentrated than when it left the liver, increasing its potency and intensifying its effect on fats
  5. 5. Interesting Facts: Factors that will put you at risk for developing Gall Bladder disease: -Age People over the age of 60 often have gall bladder disease. -Gender. Overweight women over the age of forty are the population that has gall bladder surgery most frequently.
  6. 6. -Diet. There is a generally recognized link between a diet high in poor-quality fats and sugar and gall bladder disease. -Obesity. People who are obese have bile that is saturated with cholesterol, making them more likely to develop gallstones. Sleeping time(11 pm to 1 pm) Sleep is necessary during this time to produce energy for the next day. Gall bladder secrets bile which helps in emulsifying fats and neutralizing acids in digested food. So, during this time gall bladder is at function on the partly digested food.
  7. 7. - Cholecystitis - Gallbladder cancer - Strawberry gallbladder - Gallstone - Gallbladder polyp
  8. 8.
  9. 9. - Cholecystitis Inflammation of Gall Bladder. Cholecystitis is often caused by the presence of gall stones in the gall bladder block by the cystic duct (the short duct that joins the gall bladder to the common bile duct) directly. This leads to… -Thickening of bile -The normal flowing of bile stops -Secondary infection by gut organisms
  10. 10. - Gallbladder cancer It is a rare cancer that is still being studied and thought to be related to gallstones building up.   It is commonly found in…: -central and south America -central and eastern Europe -Japan -Northern India If it is diagnosed early enough, it can be cured by removing the gallbladder, part of liver and lymph nodes. Most often it is found after symptoms such as abdominal pain, jaundice (yellowish in skin)  and vomiting occur, and it has spread to other organs such as the liver.
  11. 11. - Strawberry gallbladder Know as   cholesterolosis of the gallbladder .   Strawberry gallbladder is a disease that occur when there is a change in the gallbladder wall due to excess cholesterol or cholesterol gallstones.
  12. 12. - Gallstone <ul><li>Gallstones: </li></ul><ul><li>are crystalline bodies formed within the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Gallstones can occur anywhere within the biliary tree (path by which bile is secreted by the liver), including the gallbladder and the common bile duct (long tube-like structures that carry bile) . </li></ul><ul><li>Cholelithiasis  is the presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts </li></ul><ul><li>chole-  means &quot; bile &quot;,  lithia  means &quot; stone &quot;, and  -sis  means &quot; process &quot;. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Yuck!!
  14. 14. - Gallbladder polyp Gallbladder Polyps are growths or lesions (abnormal tissue found on/in an organism) resembling growths in the wall of the gallbladder.
  15. 15. Thanks You for your kind attention… Signing off: The Compass….