Facts about war on drugs


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  • Facts about war on drugs

    1. 1. 1
    3. 3. IBRAHIM HADDADINTRODUCTION 3 INTRODUCTION All nations are in war against drugs, but how serious is that war on drugs? The war is so costly and bloody. Many nations had waged war against drugs but no longer after that these nations had retract and withdrew from it. The USA’s, Columbian and Mexican government’s war against its own gangs have made it so costly for them, for its economies, and for the human loss on the battle grounds. After all did the drug dealing stop or at least delayed? The information from the sites below maintained that the war on drugs had lost the battle:
    4. 4. America is at war. We have been fighting drug abuse for almost a century. Four Presidents have personally waged war on drugs. Unfortunately, it is a war that we are losing. Drug abusers continue to fill our courts, hospitals, and prisons. The drug trade causes violent crime that ravages our neighborhoods. Children of drug abusers are neglected, abused, and even abandoned. The only beneficiaries of this war are organized crime members and drug dealers. Reference: http://www.stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudi ce/paradox/htele.html IBRAHIM HADDADINTRODUCTION 4
    5. 5. The drug war is costing their countries billions of dollars annually and thousands of lives. And they don’t seem to be getting anywhere. Or, in the words of Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, one of the main advocates for reform: "Sometimes we all feel that we have been pedalling on a stationary bicycle. We look out to the right and left, and we still see the same landscape." Reference: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/a mericas/colombia/130620/colombian-coca- production-cocaine-drug-war In Britain, for all the talk of a “war on drugs,” no one ever tried to wage one. IBRAHIM HADDADINTRODUCTION 5
    6. 6. But why is drug trafficking uncontrollable even with rich and powerful countries like USA for instance? The answer could be laying in the society itself, so that the problem is not only an issue regarding money, but also an issue regarding social oppression, depression, despair, and unemployment. IBRAHIM HADDADINTRODUCTION 6
    7. 7. IBRAHIM HADDADTHE WAR ON DRUGS 7 WAR ON DRUGS AROUND THE WORLD Nixon signed his war on drugs into law on 28 January 1972, “. Drug abuse, said the president, was "public enemy number one". Now President Barack Obama's drug tsar, Gil Kerlikowske, describes America's war on drugs as "unhelpful". Jimmy Carter wrote in the New York Times that "excessive punishment" has "destroyed the lives of millions of young people and their families"; drug policy, he said, should be "more humane and more effective". Obama announces Mexico’s "co-responsibility" for the dual catastrophe of violence south of the border and addiction north of it. The UK has traditionally been a hard-line participant in the war on drugs, but in opposition David Cameron said: "Drugs policy has been failing for decades." Professor David Nutt says that "the obscenity of hunting down low-level cannabis users to protect them is beyond absurd". The Netherlands refuses to criminalise cannabis users, while Portugal became the first European country, in 2001, to abolish criminal penalties for personal possession of all drugs, sending addicts for counselling instead. Italy has decriminalised possession of less than half a gram of most illegal substances. Prohibiting drugs remains strongly supported by most law enforcement agencies in the US and UK.
    8. 8. ARE DRUGS AN ADDICTION OR ENJOYMENT? It is always beginning with some kind of escape from facts, problems, feelings, crisis, loss of sense of living, psychological refuge for dependency, fear from upcoming things, and an escape from failure or failure of self-actualization. Starting this way and for these reasons, and more other reasons, is the first step into the abyss of addiction. No matter which kind of addiction is being referred to, it is important to recognize that its cause is not simply a search for pleasure, and addiction has nothing to do with one's morality or strength of character. Experts have debated whether addiction is a "disease" or a true mental illness, whether drug dependence and addiction mean the same thing, and many other aspects of addiction. Such debates are not likely to be resolved soon. But the lack of resolution does not prevent effective treatment. IBRAHIM HADDADDRUG ADDICTION 8
    9. 9. HOW DRUGS AFFECT THE HUMAN BRAIN Some psychologists scientifically explain the manipulation of drugs to human brain, so that the way the brain functions will change to the degree that it becomes unavoidable for the brain to go back to its natural state of functioning. The brain is made up of many parts that all work together as a team. Different parts of the brain are responsible for coordinating and performing specific functions. Drugs can alter important brain areas that are necessary for life- sustaining functions and can drive the compulsive drug abuse that marks addiction. Brain areas affected by drug abuse include the brain stem, the limbic system and the cerebral cortex. IBRAHIM HADDADDRUG ADDICTION 9
    10. 10. Despite the strong will of the patients to stop taking drugs, it is out of the patient hands to stop willingly. It needs the medical and psychological intervention and solid medicinal treatments. We have learned that drugs were, are, and will be in high demand because of the population fast growth, and because of the narrowness of life space at that growth. DRUG ADDICTION IBRAHIM HADDADDRUG ADDICTION 10
    11. 11. WHAT ARE THE MOTIVES OF DRUG DEALERS/TRAFFICKERS? There are lots of different reasons people choose to start selling drugs. To save money on smoke or to make a lot of cash. But other motives include the joy of providing their friends with access to drugs, the knowledge that they're helping to fight government domination, the feeling of rebellion, becoming more popular and bringing excitement into your daily routine life. Other motives include the learning of skills such as becoming a good judge of character (applying to the people they sell to), social skills, mathematical skills, money management, self control, firm decision making (includes feeling powerful), moral reasoning and risk taking. The biggest and most important factor though of why they become drug dealers would be the money. IBRAHIM HADDADDRUG TRAFFICKING 11
    12. 12. WHAT ARE THE MOTIVES OF GOVERNMENTS TO WAGE WAR AGAINST DRUGS TRAFFICKING? Drugs are real invasion to the nation, and it’s more dangerous than the invasion of hundreds of thousands of enemy soldiers to that nation. It kills education for most of the generations. Diminish the productivity of the country, and as a result, the economy of the country will decline and even collapse, depending on the rate of drugs takers and their position and jobs. Healthy nation is founded on healthy individuals. So drugs will cause big loss of health funding, medical treatments, and insurances, and will destroy the skills of the country. The nation which is aiming to become a strong nation will become instead under debts, unemployment and infertile for productivity. IBRAHIM HADDADDRUG TRAFFICKING 12
    13. 13. MILITARY ISSUES CAUSED BY DRUGS A very important issue of drugs is that of the military and intelligence side of it. It can enter the military system of the nation, and even into its intelligence system and spies, and that is the biggest problem for a nation could be invaded this way. The children abuse, rape, social chaos, armed robbery, and murder, abuse of arms and weapons, black market firearms, and moral deterioration, are of the main reasons also called for war against drugs. There is corruption and bribery of governmental and military boards and hierarchies, police officials and officers, academics, and politicians. It has been classified as an epidemic by most of the medical boards of scientist and specialists. HIV virus has been spread speedily with using the drugs needles. IBRAHIM HADDADMILITARY ISSUES CAUSED BY DRUGS 13
    14. 14. ANTI-DRUG CAMPAIGN IBRAHIM HADDADANTI-DRUG CAMPAIGNS 14 "If you drive on drugs, you're out of your mind“ Swap addresses the issue of driving while affected by THC, the active component of cannabis, and challenges the commonly held perception that it is OK to drive after using cannabis. This campaign clearly illustrates the effects this drug has in terms of the driver's slowed reaction times, misleading perception of speed and distance, as well as reduced ability to concentrate and coordinate driving functions.
    15. 15. WHAT ARE THE MOTIVES OF GOVERNMENTS NOT TO WAGE WAR AGAINST DRUGS TRAFFICKING? The cost of war is so high; this is the reason why some governments become satisfied with policies and laws only. The other reason is that the country may become so sensitive and able to have civil war caused by such war against drug dealers. Not to kill civilians and pregnant women. A lesson the world has learned from the Mexican and Columbian wars against drugs. IBRAHIM HADDAD GOVERNMENTS MOTIVES ON DRUG TRAFFICKING 15
    16. 16. GOVERNMENT’S PRESSURE ON LEGALIZING MARIJUANA The living costs and unemployment pressure are pursuing governments to legalize marijuana and make no wars on drugs but policies and laws. Waging war will result of imprisoning a big number of gang’s members and criminal, such a costly operation and wastage of government money. So some governments decide to frustrate and defeat drugs dealing operations from its sources and where it begins. 16/09/2013THE GOVERNMENT AND DRUGS 16
    17. 17. STATISTICS ON DRUG USE IN AUSTRALIA IBRAHIM HADDADSTATISTICS 17 Based on responses to the 2004 NDSHS, 38% of Australians aged 14 years and over had used any illicit drug at least once in their lifetime, and 15% had used any illicit drug at least once in the last 12 months. Marijuana/cannabis was the most common illicit drug used, with one in three persons (34%) having used it at least once in their lifetime and 11% of the population having used it in the previous 12 months. Recent illicit drug use was most prevalent among persons aged between 18 and 29 years in 2004, with almost one in three people (31%) in this age bracket having used at least one illicit drug in the last 12 months. The proportion of the population who had used any illicit drug in the last 12 months fluctuated between 1991 and 2004, reaching the same level in 2004 as the prevalence in 1991 (15%). While the proportion of people who had recently used marijuana/cannabis in 2004 (11%) was the lowest over this 13-year period, the proportion using ecstasy (3%) was the highest for that substance in the same period. Methamphetamine use was relatively uncommon in Australia in 2004: around 3% aged 14 years and over had used it in the last 12 months and 9% in their lifetime. Powder was the most common form of methamphetamine used (74%). The majority of users reported taking the drug in their own home or at a friend's house (66%).
    18. 18. CONCLUSION 18
    19. 19. Wars on drugs are a war against intangible enemy. No one will know how hidden the drug dealers, manufacturers, and street traffickers are. They will never give up, and if they do, another and another generations will give it a go again and again. With the internet and digital communication, drug dealers will have more opportunity to code and decode their suspect communication for the facility of importing and exporting drugs. Drugs came into every country in the world in thousands of undercover forms. So the war is nothing but whether a failure or a big lie. IBRAHIM HADDADCONCLUSION 19 CONCLUSION
    20. 20. Wars in any country are spilling into the neighbouring countries. For instance the war in Mexico spilled the drug dealing into USA. For a temporary time this operation will strike back after a while to Mexico again, but with a wider area and problem this time. War against drugs is a loss, failure, waste of time and money, and losses in civilian lives. IBRAHIM HADDADCONCLUSION 20 CONCLUSION
    21. 21. REFERENCES IBRAHIM HADDADREFERENCES 21 http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442467962 http://itools.com/search/web-search#q=war+on+drugs&submit=Search&tool=google-web-search http://fodi.sydneyoperahouse.com/there-is-no-war-on-drugs?gclid=CMPji5GazrkCFc57QgodqkQAgQ http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mexican_Drug_War&printable=yes http://www.abc.net.au/unleashed/4391146.html http://www.browsetopics.go v/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp http://www.stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudice/paradox/htele.html http://www.theguardian.com/books/2012/oct/21/peter-hitchens-addiction-drugs-war http://itools.com/search/web- search#q=Are%20drugs%20an%20addiction%20or%20enjoyment?&tool=blekko-web- search&submit=Search http://illegaldrugs12.wordpress.com/2012/05/11/how-are-the-profit-motives-of-the-drug-dealers-and- police-departments-related/ http://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1887488,00.html http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/science-addiction/drugs-brain