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September 21 September 21 Presentation Transcript

  • September 21, 2011
    People admire great fighters – why do you think this is true?
  • Objective:
    Increase student understanding of African history by exploring the story of Hannibal of Carthage
    Be able to explain the three key events in the life of Hannibal, an African General
  • Homework:
    Read sections provided on African history
    Answer questions
    Due Thursday
  • Strategy:
    Plan for fighting
    Plan for beating someone
  • Historian:
    Someone who studies history
    Someone who writes about history
  • Carthage:
    Rival of Ancient Rome
    Fought three wars against Rome
    Lost all 3, but closely
  • Carthage:
  • Hannibal:
    NOT a cannibal
    General of the Carthaginian Army
    247–183 BCE
  • Hannibal:
    Swore vengeance on Rome after Rome beat Carthage
    Started the second war with Rome on his own
    Master Strategist
  • Hannibal crosses the Alps
    His army walked from Africa to Italy
    They brought war elephants with them
    They created their own pathways
  • Hannibal crosses the Alps
  • Hannibal wins at Trebia
    Outnumbered 42,000 to 30,000
    Between 4-5,000 Carthage solders die
    26-28,000 Roman soldiers die
  • How did Hannibal win?
    The Romans were arrogant and attacked before they were ready
    Hannibal planned for this
    Roman soldiers were also poorly trained
  • Hannibal wins at Cannae
    Outnumbered 50,000 to 86,400
    Hannibal lost 8,000
    Romans lost 48,200 killed and 4,500 captured
  • Hannibal wins at Cannae – Summarize!
  • Hannibal wins at Cannae – Summarize!
  • Hannibal wins at Cannae
  • Hannibal wins at Cannae
  • Scipio Africanus
    Named Africanus because he lived in North Africa
    General who finally defeats Hannibal at the battle of Zama
    Figured out how to deal with Hannibal’s war elephants
  • War Elephant
    War elephants can only charge in a straight line
    Scipio opened up gaps in his soldiers and let the elephants through
    The elephants were “dealt with” later
  • Carthage loses
    Almost all their territory
    Hannibal goes into exile and dies
    Carthage is destroyed in the third war with Rome
  • Class work:
    Write a letter home from a Carthaginian soldier in Hannibal's army
    What would he tell about?
  • Exit Ticket
    Who was Hannibal?
    Why is he important?