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Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
Sahel countries finished
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Sahel countries finished

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  • 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  • 2. 1 2 3 4 5
  • 3. 6 6
  • 4. The Sahel Countries Created by Mr. Raponi Burkina Faso Niger Mali Chad
  • 5. Libya Tunisia Algeria Morocco Mauritania Mali Niger Chad Sudan South Sudan
  • 6. A Moving Desert <ul><li>Slowly but surely, over the past 100 years, a stretch of the </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________ that in some parts is more than a few hundred miles wide has swallowed parts of countries in Western Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>This area runs 2,400 miles from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east </li></ul><ul><li>This desert is taking over grassy inland areas of Western Africa. </li></ul>Sahara Desert
  • 7. Boundary <ul><li>The countries that lie in the path of the creeping Sahara are Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan and Burkina Faso. </li></ul><ul><li>This area is known as </li></ul><ul><li>the ______________ which is the Arabic word for “border” and this region forms the border between the Sahara Desert in the North and the fertile lands of the South. </li></ul>Sahel
  • 8. The Growing Desert <ul><li>The _____________ receives small amounts of rainfall, so only short grasses are able to grow there. </li></ul><ul><li>This area is good for raising livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>But a large problem for the area is that animals have overgrazed the lands so badly, that plant life does not grow back. </li></ul>Sahel
  • 9. Expanding Desert <ul><li>The Sahel has entered a period of </li></ul><ul><li>______________, or an extreme shortage of water. </li></ul><ul><li>The latest period of drought began in the 1980s. This has caused crops to fail, rivers to dry up, an cattle to die. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of people in this area have also died of hunger. </li></ul>Drought
  • 10.  
  • 11. Lake Chad in the Sahel Region. Disappearing from the country of Chad
  • 12. More Spreading <ul><li>Both overgrazing and drought have ruined this once productive area of the Sahel. </li></ul><ul><li>Many grassland areas have become desert, a change called </li></ul><ul><li>__________________. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists believe that this will continue to occur. </li></ul>Desertification
  • 13. Mauritania- Animals of the Sahel
  • 14. People <ul><li>The countries of the Sahel are large in size, but small in population. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people live in southern areas because of the </li></ul><ul><li>________________ and </li></ul><ul><li>_____________ to be farmed or grazed </li></ul>Rivers Land
  • 15. Moving Right Along <ul><li>For years, </li></ul><ul><li>______________________ (groups of people that move through the desert and do not settle in one place…Much like Bedouins) </li></ul><ul><li>such as the _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>and _____________ crossed northern deserts with herds of camels, cattle, and goats. </li></ul><ul><li>The people of the Sahel practice a mix of African, Arab, and European traditions. </li></ul>Nomadic Groups Tuareg Fulani
  • 16. The Tuareg People
  • 17. Current Day Sudan <ul><li>Sudan used to be a united country, and was the largest country on the continent of Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>After a six-year transitional period following two decades of brutal civil war, close to four million Southern Sudanese went to the polls in January 2011 to cast their vote, with 99% of all voters choosing independence. </li></ul><ul><li>South Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>______________________ on July 9, 2011 with the consent of Sudan's President al-Bashir. </li></ul>Seceded
  • 18. <ul><li>Sudan is situated in northern Africa, with 530 miles coastline bordering the </li></ul><ul><li>_________________. </li></ul><ul><li>With an area of 728,215 sq mi, </li></ul><ul><li>it is the ________________ largest country on the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue and White Nile rivers meet in the capital city, </li></ul><ul><li>_________________ to form the River Nile, which flows northwards through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul>Red Sea Third Khartoum North Sudan
  • 19. <ul><li>The country is a </li></ul><ul><li>________________________ country located in the Sahel region of northeastern Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Its current capital is </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________, which is also its largest city. </li></ul><ul><li>There is quite a bit of oil within South Sudan but since South Sudan relies on pipelines, refineries, and transportation up near the Red Sea, they have an agreement with Northern Sudan that the government of Northern Sudan in Khartoum would receive 50% share of all oil income. </li></ul>Landlocked Juba South Sudan
  • 20.  
  • 21. More About Djibrilla’s Life

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