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Introduction to africa finished


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Introduction to africa finished

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  2. 2. Introduction to Africa Created by Mr. Raponi Simba
  3. 4. Plateaus <ul><li>Africa has the highest </li></ul><ul><li>________________ than anywhere else in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The average height of Africa is over </li></ul><ul><li>_____________ feet above sea level. </li></ul><ul><li>Separating all of the plateaus are steep cliffs, many of which have waterfalls going over the side. </li></ul>Elevation 2,000
  4. 5. Mountains <ul><li>Even with its high elevation, Africa south of the </li></ul><ul><li>________________ has only a few tall mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Wind and water has worn away many of them. </li></ul><ul><li>At 19,340 feet </li></ul><ul><li>____________________ is the tallest mountain peak in Africa. </li></ul>Sahara Mt. Kilimanjaro
  5. 7. Rivers <ul><li>Five great rivers slice through Africa. The first four are the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>____________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>____________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>____________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>____________________ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The world’s longest river is located in </li></ul><ul><li>Africa, the __________ stretches for more than 4,000 miles. This river flows through Egypt and into the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul>Nile Zaire Niger Zambezi Congo
  6. 8.                                                                                
  7. 10. Deserts <ul><li>More of Africa is covered by deserts than any other continent. </li></ul><ul><li>In the North there is the </li></ul><ul><li>____________, which is the largest desert in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>In the South, are the </li></ul><ul><li>____________ and the Kalahari. </li></ul><ul><li>In the daytime, the temperatures soar to 120 degrees, only a few shrubs and cacti are found here. </li></ul>Sahara Namib
  8. 12. The Vast Sahara
  9. 13. Grasslands <ul><li>Around Africa’s deserts stretch areas of partly dry grasslands called </li></ul><ul><li>___________ areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Directly south of the Sahara is a steppe area known as the </li></ul><ul><li>_____________. </li></ul><ul><li>This area is gradually becoming a desert due to drought and has been a major hardship for people living in the area. </li></ul>Steppe Sahel
  10. 14. Agriculture <ul><li>Africans have used the environment too meet their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>_________________ and </li></ul><ul><li>_________________ are the leading economic activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Africa leads the world in the production of cacao, cassava, cloves and sweet potatoes. </li></ul><ul><li>Africa is also a main producer of coffee, bananas, and cotton. </li></ul>Farming Herding
  11. 15. Minerals and Manufacturing <ul><li>Resources of Africa include gold, diamonds, and copper. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite many resources, manufacturing only plays a small role in Africa’s economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Many countries in Africa are working to build </li></ul><ul><li>_________________ and improve </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________. </li></ul>Industries Transportation
  12. 16. The People of Africa <ul><li>Africa is divided into </li></ul><ul><li>_______ independent countries, each with their own ethnic groups, languages, and customs. </li></ul><ul><li>More than one billion people live on the continent of Africa, which is quickly growing in population. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost ________ of Africans live in rural villages. </li></ul>55 80%
  13. 17. History of Africa <ul><li>By 1914, </li></ul><ul><li>_______________ had divided nearly all of Africa amongst themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1950s and 1960s, most of these European colonies were able to break away and become their own independent countries. </li></ul>Europeans
  14. 18. A Introductory Video to the Continent
  15. 19. Ticket To Leave -Quickly List three things that you have learned today. -Write at least one question that you have about the topic