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Cyber bullying write up Cyber bullying write up Document Transcript

  • Hoo Ci Ying Nexus International SchoolCYBER BULLYING CYBER BULLYING IS ON THE RISE... Should social networking sites and schools do more to combat cyber bullying?Cyber bullying has become a The key issues that I would bepressing issue since the birth of looking at are:social networking sites. In somecountries like the United States • What is cyber bullying?and South Korea, cyber bullying • Why does cyber bullyinghas become such a serious occur?problem that the governments had • Is cyber bullying becomingtaken the initiative to implement a serious issue worldwide?laws regarding cyber bullying. Many • How has cyber bullyingyoung people who became victims impacted the victims?to cyber bullying had committed • What is being done tosuicide and this has spark concern combat cyber bullying?for parents, schools and • Should more be done tolawmakers. My focus question is combat cyber bullying?“Should social networking sites Whose responsibility is it?and lawmakers do more tocombat cyber bullying?” [1]
  • GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Australia Canada The United States India [2]
  • Global Perspectives alia Austr In Australia, under the Commonwealth Criminal Code, using a carriage service (like the Internet or a mobile phone) to harass others is considered a criminal offense. For those who are found guilty, the maximum sentence is 3 years in prison. However, there are cases yet to have been brought under this law. Education is actively employed to help reduce cyber bullying. For example, the Telstra Foundation launched a program worth $2 million to minimize bullying of children through the Internet and mobile devices. Canada has a defamation law that protects the reputation of an ada individual and can be employed for serious cases of cyberCan bullying. Under the Criminal Code of Canada, the penalty is up to 5 years of imprisonment. Section 264 of the Criminal Code of Canada makes it a criminal offense to harass people through electronic devices. Canada is a country that is a pioneer for implementing laws to protect its civilians from cyber harassment. The Canadian government has updated its definition of criminal harassment in accordance to technology; therefore, it can deal with severe cases of cyber bullying. The offender would serve up to 10 years in prison. States nitedThe U According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 48 states have anti-bullying laws or laws that require schools to have laws that combat cyber bullying. However, in Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia and Illinois, schools are only responsible for cyber bullying that happens in school-owned or -leased computers. Lawmakers are also seeking to tighten laws to combat cyber bullying more effectively. Nevertheless, legal experts have also voiced their concern that laws can possibly violate the right to free speech. [3]
  • According to cyber law expert and Supreme CourtIndia advocate Pawan Dunggal, currently there are no laws in India pertaining to cyber bullying. The laws are somewhat vague as to the punishment of cyber bullies. The Information Technology Act, 2000, deals with most cases related to cyber bullying. (The Telegraph, 2012) Even so, there is no direct mention of the term “cyber bullying”, naming only two kinds of offenses that are related to this: i) publishing of information which is obscene (Act 67) and ii) breach of confidentiality and privacy (Act 72). References : - http://www.careerlauncher.com/lstcontent/plansuppliments/attachments/40/64/Cyber %20bullying%20amongst%20school%20students%20in%20India.pdf - http://jjie.org/resources/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/FOSI-Report-Cyberbullying-A- Global-Concern.pdf This shows that cyber bullying does not happen only in the West, but in Asia as well... [4]
  • NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE LOREM IPSUM DOLOR SIT AMET A DOLOR NETUS DUI Malesuada quis, quis. Ligula nulla pretium, Aliquet, sagittis, Donec ac sapien. Ut rhoncus fermentum, mauris, vel eu libero orci. Duis ultricies, enim integer cras. Interdum at. metus a feugiat, volutpat. Nisl turpis Eget habitasse sociis dolor mauris est, vel elit, congue elementum est, ipsum convallis est, quis wisi enim nunc purus pede porttitor mattis lacus eu ultricies sit, class, aliquet dolor augue. Sed facilisis. tincidunt. Maecenas. sed ut auctor. [5]
  • National Perspective Why is cyber bullying on the rise? South Korea is one of the most wired countries in the world, 94.3% of households have access to the Internet and 99% of its citizens aged 10 to 39 use the Internet. However, cyber bullying is on the rise in South Korea. Reports of cyber bullying received by Korea’s Internet Commission tripled in 2006 to 2007 alone. Many celebrities, like the late Jeong Da Bin, Choi Jin Shil and Lee Eun Ji have fallen victim to relentless online harassment. In an effort to reduce the negative things posted online and create a more positive atmosphere, a professor of English at Konkuk University in Seoul, Min Byoung Chul, encouraged his students to post positive comments in various Internet chat rooms and went on to establish the Sunfull movement. According to Min, research says that a large number of cyber bullies are below the age of 30. In South Korea, the young are required to be extremely polite in person. They are expected to obey their ‘sunbaes’ or in other words, seniors, parents, teachers, employers and anyone whose social ranking is higher than them. A foreigner who is new to the Korean language would be overwhelmed by the amount of honorifics they have to learn. As a result, the young people begin to turn to the Internet as a way of letting loose their anger and frustration. “Young kids, they’re stressed out because of schoolwork, they have to prepare for their college entrance examinations, and they just write whatever they feel. That’s one of the ways, so to speak, [to release] their frustration and stress,” said Min. [6]
  • What is the government doing?In 2007, the South Korean government has enforced a law to preventcyber bullying. Under the new law, implemented by the Ministry ofInformation, cyber bullies are no longer able to use false identitiesonline. The “Internet real-name system” makes it mandatory for thecountry’s major portals and news media websites to keep a record ofthe identification of their users when they post entries online. (TheSunday Herald, 2007) However, many people felt that this violates theirright to free speech and dissuades people from speaking out for fearof being punished. In 2012, the Constitutional Court ruled that thesaid law is unconstitutional. (ETCB, 2012) Nevertheless, cyber bullyingis such a serious problem in Korea that in a survey conducted byTahseen Ismail on 272 South Korean university students, 57% of themsaid that the Real Name System is necessary to keep cyber bullies atbay. (Ismail, 2010) [7]
  • Possible Scenarios and OutcomesPOSSIBLE SCENARIOS POSSIBLE OUTCOMES Hannah, a 16 years old girl, has Social networking sites like This would lead to self- recently committed suicide Facebook and Twitter agree to do censorship for fear of because of cyber bullying. Her so. persecution. People feel that they parents insist that social lose their right to free speech networking sites have tighter and privacy. This might result in a control over what their users public outcry especially from free are posting online. speech activists. Social networking sites refuse to Cyber bullying cases may still do so but provide reporting continue to rise, as cyber bullies options for its users. are not afraid of prosecution. Nevertheless, the reporting options helps users to deal with cyber bullying. This also ensures that users can enjoy free speech.What if all the countries decide This may effectively reduce cyber bullying, as they are no longerto enforce the Real Name able to use false identities to post malicious comments online. ItSystem? also encourages people to be more civilized online. However, this would result in self-censorship. People may be afraid to voice their opinions especially the ones regarding the government for fear of punishment.What if the government decides Social networking sites may then be forced to take more actions toto hold social networking sites curb cyber bullying. This means that there would be constantresponsible for cyber bullying? monitoring of their users’ activities. It may discourage cyber bullying, but at the same time, it could infringe our right to free speech. There is also the danger that these sites would have to be shut down either due to fear of prosecution or because of the court’s verdict. [8]
  • Possible Courses of ActionParents● Parents should educate their children about becoming a responsible user on the Internet.● Children should be taught that it is wrong to cyber bully and how it could impact others.● Children should know how what to do when they are cyber bullied. Parents should encourage their kids to talk to them so that they can help solve the problem. Children should also be aware that committing suicide is not the answer to cyber bullying.Schools● Invite speakers to give talks about cyber bullying in their respective schools.● Organize a campaign or have a cyber bullying awareness week to educate their students.● Monitor the school’s network to prevent students from misusing school computers.Social networking sites● Provide a help center for parents and users about how to deal with cyber bullying.● Provide a reporting or blocking option for users and respond quickly to complaints.● Terminate the accounts of that have been reported a few times by other users.● They should require users to use their account responsibly and not for cyber bullying in their terms and regulations.Governments● Organize educational talks to raise the public’s awareness regarding cyber bullying.● Make cyber bullying a criminal offense.● Implement stricter laws that address cyber bullying directly and keep it up to date with technology. A more severe punishment should be enforced.● Establish centers or organizations that provide help to victims of cyber bullying.● Upgrade the nation’s Internet security system.● Provide funds for organizations to launch programs which aim is to reduce cyber bullying. [9]
  • Personal PerspectivePersonally, I have not been cyber bullied before, but I have witnessedhow comments on social networking sites like Facebook have led to amajor fight between my fellow schoolmates. I know cyber bullying isbecoming a serious problem, but I had never expressed any concerntowards the issue as it didn’t affect me. As I further my research, Irealized that cyber bullying happens in my own country as well, just thatmany of the cases go unreported. I also became aware of the severity ofthe impacts of cyber bullying and that is not just something thathappens in the United States of America; it has become rampant in Asiaas well.Nevertheless, the laws implemented by most countries are either toovague or out of date with technology. I think all countries should followthe footsteps of the Canadian government and enforce laws thataddress the issue of cyber bullying directly and keep them up to datewith technology. To me, this is the most effective way of combatingcyber bullying. Monitoring the Internet would only infringe our rights tofree speech and privacy. It is also not the best way to deal with the issueas people can just choose to use a foreign social networking site.As for social networking sites, they should provide reporting options,like what Facebook and YouTube has done. They should then respondquickly to these reports so that the problem is solved quickly. I don’tthink there is a need for them to monitor their users’ activities as itwould be too much work and it is not their place to judge something aswhat may be offensive to them may just be a harmless joke to the users. [11]
  • ConclusionYoung people, especially teenagers, should be educated on how to handle cyber bullying and thatsuicide is not the answer to their problems. Social networking sites and lawmakers should domore to combat cyber bullying, although parents and schools do play a role in reducing cyberbullying. Nevertheless, they must make sure that whatever measures that they take do not violateour basic human rights. Governments should pay more attention to cyber bullying cases andimplement laws that addresses it directly. I hope that in the near future, more effective ways ofdealing with cyber bullying will be developed and people can go online without fear of becoming avictim. (2041 words) [12]
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