How big is your digital footprint fall 2012


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This presentation was given to the NYS Reading Association on October 30, 2012,

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  • January 2012 K. Schermerhorn
  • January 2012 K. Schermerhorn
  • January 2012 K. Schermerhorn
  • How big is your digital footprint fall 2012

    1. 1. How big is your digital footprint? Cyber Awareness-Facebook and other current issues Kelly Schermerhorn Questar III-Model Schools Coordinator NYSRA-Fall 2012 1
    2. 2. Overview It is not designed to place blame or scare, but rather to educate, emphasize responsibility and problem-solve.  Essential Question How big is your digital footprint? 2
    3. 3. Cyberbullying What is it,where is it found, and who is a cyberbully?“Bullying is a behavior, not an identity” Southern Poverty Law Center 3
    4. 4. What is it?Cyberbullying is the repeated use of information technology, including e-mail, instant messaging, blogs, chat rooms, pagers, cell phones, and gaming systems, to deliberately harass, threaten or intimidate others. Unlike physical bullying, where the victim can walk away, technology now allows for continuous harassment, from any distance, in a variety of ways. *New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services 4
    5. 5. NYSDCJS also identifies cyberbullying as… Flaming (online fight) Denigration (“dissing”) Bash boards (online bulletin board of hate) Impersonation (pretend or poses as someone else) Outing (personal info made public, usually online) Trickery (tricks to divulge personal information) Exclusion (leave someone out on purpose) Harassment (repeated insults online) Happy slapping (physical attack that is filmed and posted) Text war/attack (several people send loads of messages) Online polls (hurtful polls responded to by others) Malicious code (send code to create computer virus) Images/videos (inappropriate pics posted online) Griefing (causing grief to others in an online gaming community) 5
    6. 6. Olweus-bullying prevention program definition“A person is bullied when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons, and he or she has difficulty defending himself or herself."This definition includes three important components:1. Bullying is aggressive behavior that involves unwanted, negative actions.2. Bullying involves a pattern of behavior repeated over time3. Bullying involves an imbalance of power or strength.Bullying can be:  Physical  Relational/Verbal Olweus, 1993 6
    7. 7. Where is it found?E-mailsInstant messagingText messagesWeb logs (blogs)Chat rooms or discussion groupsSocial media sitesSignificant amount occurs off-campus, but itis impacting student relationships on-campus. This creates a liability issue for districts. 7
    8. 8. Who are Cyberbullies? May be known to the victim or an online stranger. May be anonymous and enlist others, including online “friends”. May be related to fights about relationships. May be based on hate or bias. Some teens think cyberbullying is a game. 8
    9. 9. In the News: Cyberbullies arrested Two Florida school girls (ages 15 & 16) were arrested in Jan. 2011 for creating a fake Facebook page of classmate (Traced the IP address to the mother of one of the girls) 16 year old Virginia student was charged in March 2011 with a misdemeanor for creating a fake Facebook page about nine fellow students-charge carries possible one year jail sentence and $2500 fine (The alleged computer was seized as evidence) Seattle-based Sultan MS principal Robin Briganti had a fake Facebook page created in her name and inappropriate wall posts suggesting inappropriate relations with students (The principal stated “I know the feeling of wanting to stay home in my bedroom and pull the covers over my head.”)This past weekend in our area, a soccer coach was dismissed for posting inappropriate comments about the opposing soccer team- he was fired immediately. Is this considered “cyberbullying” or free 9 speech?
    10. 10. In the News, continued A 15 year old Staten Island teen committed suicide in December 2011 and is still being harassed by a group on Facebook after her death. An 11 year old girl uses her webcam to express her anger over being bullied, posts it and it goes viral on You Tube. NYS Senator Jeff Klein has proposed a bill that stalking in the 3rd degree, Class A misdemeanor to include harassment of a child using electronic communication. The bill also will update 2nd degree manslaughter, Class C felony to include cyberbullying (bullycide) in the case of suicide.It has not passed in the Senate. 10
    11. 11. Facebook Facebook is a social network service and website launched in February 2004 that is operated and privately owned by Facebook, Inc. As of October 2012, Facebook has more than 1 billion active users. Daily users number ~450 million. Users may create a personal profile, add other users as friends and exchange messages, including automatic notifications when they update their profile. Facebook allows anyone who declares themselves to be at least 13 years old to become a registered user of the website. * 11
    12. 12. How could Facebook be used inappropriately? Pictures posted that were supposed to be private. Creating mock Facebook page to degrade a person. Inappropriate messages, status messages, postings, content, etc. Hacking into others accounts/creating viruses and scams. 12
    13. 13. What to do? Facebook Security-, Resources, drop down menu, Account settings, Security page ( look @ current settings) Privacy Controls-choose who you want to see your profile (be sure you know how you want to customize your settings) Recommended settings-think of who will see what you post, control each post you make, control your apps and control where/how you are tagged From Facebook: “Information youve shared with everyone - as well as your name, profile picture, gender, networks, and username could be seen by anyone on the internet. Please be aware that it will be visible to anyone viewing your profile, and apps and websites you and your friends use will be able to access it.” 13
    14. 14. What to do if being bullied on Facebook Facebook suggestions on how to limit being bullied on Facebook: accept friend requests safely (only real-life people that are known), use the “block” feature to stop abusive behavior, report directly to Facebook, restrict privacy settings and respond to abusers in the right way. Block feature explained below: To do this, show how to enter the name or e-mail address of the user you want blocked in the "Person" or "E-mail" fields at the bottom of the page and click "Block." You can visit this page at any time by navigating to the "Privacy Settings" option in the Account drop-down menu available from the top of every page. 14
    15. 15. Facebook: + and - What are some of the positives and negatives for your usage of Facebook? “Friends” –virtual and known Constant contact with “friends”-24/7/365 “In the know” about upcoming events Postings and pictures of “friends” you don’t get to see often Being a part of something “bigger” than you Learn about topics you wouldn’t have exposure to 15
    16. 16. Excerpt from, “The Millennial Teenager”, The Erial Project, 2011, 16
    17. 17. Texting Three quarters of teens – 77% – have cell phones. Ownership among younger teens has dropped since 2009. Average American teen sends and receives/sends (2012 1st quarter stats) ~ 60 messages a day Psychologists and psychiatrists say it can lead to anxiety, distraction in school, falling grades, possible sleep issues Intensive, repetitive use of the upper extremities can lead to upper musculoskeletal issues Is there a balance for usage in school?NY Times Health article, May 2009 17
    18. 18. What to do if being bullied by texting Open dialogue between child and parent Do not retaliate! Block the number and alert your wireless provider Save all messages, text, pics sent-print out what you can Alert school officials-teachers, administration If no resolution has been reached, take all information to the police-it is a crime and documentation has been used in court 18
    19. 19. Sexting Sending or forwarding explicit photos, videos, or messages from a mobile phone. * Some teenagers who have texted photographs of themselves, or of their friends or partners, have been charged with distribution of child pornography, while those who have received the images have been charged with possession of child pornography; in some cases, the possession charge has been applied to school administrators who have investigated these incidents as well. The images involved are usually different in both nature and motivation from the type of content that anti- child pornography laws were created to address. * “Net Cetera-chatting with Kids about Being Online” resource 19
    20. 20. Sexting in the news Recent information regarding pics in the news: NYS law: can result in felony charges, including creating, possession and distribution of child pornography. Assemblyman Ken Zebrowski (D-Rockland) has introduced a bill that will create an affirmative defense where a minor is charged under child pornography laws if they possesses or disseminates a picture of themselves; or possess or disseminates the image of another minor (within 4 years of their age) with their consent. The affirmative defense will not be available if the conduct was done without consent.*,, In DeKalb, GA, a football coach was suspended after being accused of sending inappropriate pics to a football player’s mom. A MS Band teacher in TX was arrested for accusations of having inappropriate pics and conversations with a 15 year old student (it started out on Facebook) Anthony Weiner, former NYS Congressman sent a inappropriate link and photos on Twitter and resigned in June 2011. 20
    21. 21. IT IS A CRIME!!! The Albany County Legislature voted in November 2010 to approve a law which makes cyberbullying a misdemeanor punishable by a $1,000 fine or a year in jail. It includes all forms of electronic harassment, including texting and phone spoofing, as well. January NYS 2012 stats for this legislation: Yes, there is a bullying law with an update to include “cyberbullying” and electronics with criminal sanctions, a school sanction is in place which requires a school board to have a policy but does not include off campus behavior. 21
    22. 22. Your digital “footprint” On the Internet, a digital footprint describes the trail, traces or "footprints" that people leave online. This is information transmitted online, such as forum registrations, e-mails and attachments, uploading videos or digital images and any other form of transmission of information — all of which leaves traces of personal information about yourself which is available to others online. How can you control your footprint? Your daily activity is being collected pretty much all day long… 22
    23. 23. 23
    24. 24. Digital Citizens Reminder: whatever you do online carries over to your “real” life. Post only what YOU are comfortable seeing. Once it is posted, it CANNOT be taken back. Trust your gut if you have a suspicion about conversations, people, etc. It is wrong to impersonate someone else. Don’t allow someone to bully you or anyone else- stand up! Potential risks for illegal downloads, counterfeit software, using other’s work without permission. 24
    25. 25. Conclusion If you see something, say something Do not look the other way Comments or Questions? Thank you! 25
    26. 26. Resources New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services Multishare Information Sharing & Analysis Center; MS-IASC Pew/Internet research Cyberbullying, 2010 NY Times Health article, May 2009 NetCetera-Chatting with Kids about being online Dr. Amanda Nickerson, SUNYA Albany; Bullying presentation Education/2011/08 Huffington post, March 2011 NBC, March 2011 bullies-bill-introduced-new-york * research-says Google images Cyberbullying Methods: The Various Tactics Used to Bully Online - © Jace Shoemaker- Galloway 26