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Resume of ID-IGF National Dialogue 2014


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Resume of ID-IGF National Dialogue 2014

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Resume of ID-IGF National Dialogue 2014

  1. 1. Issued20|August2014 2014 National ID-IGF Dialogue RESUME OF 12 SESSIONS (August 20th) Panelist: 1. Harijanto Pribadi (Indonesia Internet Exchange) 2. Satriyo Wibowo (IPv6 Taskforce) 3. Yohanes Sumaryo (ISOC-ID Jakarta Chapter) Moderator: Valens Riyadi (APJII) Rapporteur: Rafadi Hakim (HIVOS) THEEVENT... The 2014 National ID-IGF Dialogue is a discussion and dialogue-based forum facilitated by experts and practitioners of Internet governance sub-fields. There were 4 baskets discussed in this event: Infrastructure, Economy, Law and Socio-Culture. In each session, the elaboration of Internet governance issues will take place in the form of discussions and dialogue in order to draw a general framework of ideas for better Internet governance among Indonesian stakeholders. The results of the forum will be delivered as the Indonesian Internet community’s input for the 9th Global Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in Istanbul, Turkey, which will be held from September 2nd to 5th, 2014. The panelists in this session agreed that the problem of the low Internet penetration rate in Indonesia is not only an infrastructural one, but also a problem of synergizing stakeholders and spreading relevant knowledge across communities. Unfortunately, existing government programs that aim to increase Internet penetration rates are often project-oriented, which does not always translate into sustainability. Additionally, project roadmaps are often unsuitable in practice, causing key populations, such as vocational information technology schools, to have limited or no access to the Internet. Two strategies are suggested to increase Indonesia’s Internet penetration rate: • Reducing licensing fees and other forms of pre-operational fees from the government; instead, government agencies can rely on long-term tax revenue projections • Community-based empowerment and Internet education. As an update from Indonesia’s multi-stakeholder IPv6 Task Force, a representative mentioned that 90% of Indonesian ISPs’ core network is IPv6 ready, although implementation is at the discretion of each ISP. INFRASTRUCTURE #1 Accelerating the Development of Indonesia’s Internet Infrastructure and IPv6-Based Broadband Capacity Panelist: 1. Azhar Hasyim (Ministry of Communication and IT/MCIT) 2. Allosius Wisnu Broto (Atmajaya Univ., Jogja) 3. Sammy Pangerapan (Association of Indonesian ISPs/APJII) 4. Indriaswati D. Saptaningrum (ELSAM) Moderator: Wahyudi Djafar (ID-CONFIG) Rapporteur: Justitia Avila Veda (ELSAM) LAW #1 Developing Indonesian Internet Governance with a Human Rights Perspective: Illegal Content Handling Procedure, Filtering, Blocking and Revision of Online Defamation Laws The Information technology (IT) legal framework needs to be restructured, stating clear goals and accommodating human rights standards as a form of state responsibility. Some of the crucial issues regarding Indonesian IT are blocking and criminalization due to defamation. Not all prohibited content can simply be solved by blocking; moreover there is still no clear and firm mechanism in lawfully applying the action in everyday life. Especially for defamation cases, there is a need to review its legal basis. We need to harmonize and reformulate the legal framework in order to avoid contradiction. Additionally, the legal framework should also prioritize internet users’ protection and rights fulfillment. All of them must be actualized through open discussion and with multi-stakeholder involvement. The government must also be open to criticisms of actions that do not fit with citizen expectations of justice. “Toward Better Internet Governance in Indonesia as Part of The Global Internet Community”
  2. 2. 2 ID-IGF National Dialogue | Issued 20, August 2014 At the moment, Indonesia’s cellular operators are facing an explosion of data traffic that is not accompanied by a proportional increase in revenue. In tackling this problem, policy changes that support infrastructure sharing and rights- of-way at public buildings and facilities are necessary to ensure the sustainability of Indonesia’s operators. Current policies do not clearly delineate the rights and responsibilities of infrastructure provision, which should receive government support and close regulation, and service provision, which can be regulated as business-to-business relationships. Operators agree that they do not support net neutrality, especially in the wireless sector, as several content providers contribute disproportionate amounts of data traffic. In the context of its national ecosystem, Indonesia’s ICT industries face a substantial trade deficit, which necessitates immediate optimalization of imports and domestic human resources. Analyzing Cybersecurity Challenges and Identifying Indonesia’s Role in Global Cybersecurity. At the moment, Indonesia is the world’s third most popular destination for cyber attacks, with 3.9 million incidents in the past three years. In addition to denial of service (dDoS) attacks, malware threats are faced by Indonesia’s ICT users. The legal basis for national cybersecurity is currently limited to Presidential Decree No. 63, 2004, which does not specifically govern ICTs. Therefore, a more advanced regulatory ecosystem is urgently required. The panelists at this session recommend the following steps to improve Indonesia’s online security: • Nation-wide organiza- tional mapping of cyberse- curity; • Sustainable and coordi- nated multi-stakeholder co- operation; • Policies to protect critical national infrastructure; and • Cyber-interdependency mapping. In addition to adequate infrastructure and human resources, approaches through the behavioral analysis of ICT users are necessary in the formulation of national cybersecurity strategies. Panelist: 1. Alexander Rusli (Indosat) 2. Garin Ganis (ISOC-ID, Jakarta Chapter) 3. Andre Ludya Liap (Dini Nusa Kusuma) Moderator: John Sihar Simanjuntak (PANDI) Rapporteur: Rafadi Hakim (HIVOS) INFRASTRUCTURE #2 FormulatingStandardization,Neutrality,andInfrastructure Sharing in the Spirit of Mutual Cooperation Panelist: 1. Hammam Riza (BPPT) 2. M. Salahudin Manggalany (IDSIRTII) 3. Andika Triwidada (IDCERT) 4. Irwin Day (FTII) 5. Gildas Deograt (KKI) Moderator: Irvan Nasrun (APJII) Rapporteur: Rafadi Hakim (HIVOS) INFRASTRUCTURE#3 2 ID-IGF National Dialogue | Issued 20, August 2014
  3. 3. 3ID-IGF Resume Panelist: 1. Septiana Tangkary (MCIT) 2. Sugeng Haryanto (Indonesian Cybercrime Police) 3. Arist Merdeka Sirait (National Commission for Children Protection) 4. M. Yamin (Nawala Foundation) 5. Agung Yudha (Google) Moderator: Indriyatno Banyumurti (Indonesian ICT Volunteers) Rapporteur: Annisa Junaidi (ICT Watch) SOCIO CULTURE #1 Child Safety on the Internet: Tackling the Dangers of Illegal Content, Pedophilia, Privacy Threats and Cyber Bullying in Indonesia Pedophilia is already a national concern and has become more so due to the num- ber of Indonesian Internet users reaching the third highest in the world. The main factor is the easy access by children to online content. It is expected that families have enough knowledge to be able to educate their children and build awareness about being safe on the Internet. Filtering can only minimize the negative impacts on children. If children are to be protected from the adverse effects of the Internet, the family has a major role in the creation of an Internet world that is healthy for children. It also requires the inclusion of a wide range of other stakeholders including schools and the government. Panelist: 1. Nukman Lutfie (Blogger/Social Media Practicioner) 2. Mariam F Barata (MCIT) 3. Nezar Patria (Detikcom/Indonesia Pers Council) 4. Sintadewi Rosadi (Padjajaran Univ., Bandung) Moderator: Shita Laksmi (SEATTI - HIVOS) Rapporteur: Annisa Junaidi (ICT Watch) Nurturing Ethical Freedom of Speech on the Internet: The Role of Indonesian Netizens in Providing Credible and Useful Information SOCIO CULTURE #2 Academic studies of black campaigns and related issues of freedom of speech are needed to formulate strategies which balance the right to Internet access and the prevention of hate speech and other form of abusive expression online. It is import- ant to understand that behavioral patterns of media users online are fundamentally different from their offline behaviors. On the Internet, and especially in social media, consumers of information are less likely to assess textual composition and factual accuracy. Therefore, conflicts occur much more easily online. The workshop partic- ipants recommend source verification and other forms of background research on news pieces before they are distributed online. Such steps are important in maintain- ing the positive impact of social media as a forum for public communication. SOCIOCULTURE #3 Protecting Freedom of Expression and the Right to Information Online: Fighting Against Discrimination in Indonesia For marginalized groups, such as people with disabilities, the Internet can create new jobs and spaces for expression that have previously not been possible, although many such groups live in areas that do not receive sufficient access to the Internet. The bene- fits of the Internet are not equally distributed across users, as women in particular continue to be discriminated against online. Therefore, a rig- orous code of ethics as well as a clearly delineat- ed checks and balances mechanism for online media practitioners has to be established. The involvement of the marginalized groups themselves is essential to ensure that any policy changes will effectively result in the protection and fulfillment of their rights. Panelist: 1. Dimas Prasetyo Muharam (KartuNet) 2. Andy Yentriyani (National Commission on Violence Against Women) 3. Boni Pudjianto (MCIT) 4. Johar Alam Rangkuti (IDC/ OpenIXP) 5. Arif Bambani (The Alliance of Independent Journalists) Moderator: Donny BU (ICT Watch) Rapporteur: Annisa Junaidi (ICT Watch)
  4. 4. Panelist: 1. Bambang Heru Tjahjono (MCIT) 2. Daniel Tumiwa (IDEA) 3. Henry K (Klik Indonesia) 4. Husna Zahir (YLKI) Moderator: Irwin Day (FTII) Rapporteur: Dinita A. Putri (CIPG) ECONOMY #1 Strengthening the Competitiveness of Indonesia’s Online Businesses Based on sales, Indonesia is one of the world’s biggest e-commerce markets. There are three conditions required in order for e-commerce to grow: products and services; infrastructure and; local payment gateways. Today, there are only two local payment gateways in Indonesia: Veritrans and Doku, while 80% of the online payment transactions are still being done through bank transfers. Gaining trust is one of the most important things in e-commerce. A conducive ecosystem is therefore needed in order for stakeholders to interact and perform good linkages. The use of the .id domain is one of the ways to begin building this ecosystem. In terms of e-commerce in Indonesia, the government is the regulator. The government should provide decent policies, which prioritize personal data protection. Although complaints about e-commerce processes are still relatively low (only 12 complaints over a two month time span), it is imperative that policies and protection are provided by the government, especially when it relates to online public services and data protection. Panelist: 1. Ashwin Sasongko (National ICT Council) 2. Andi Budimansyah (PANDI) 3. Azhar Hasyim (MCIT) 4. Paul Wilson (APNIC) Moderator: Noor Isa, (MCIT) Rapporteur: Dinita A. Putri (CIPG) ECONOMY #2 Formulating Suggestions from Indonesia regarding IANA’s Transition to Multi-Stakeholder Cooperation The governance of the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) will transition from one that is dominated by the US Government to one that is shared through global multi-stakeholder mechanism. The Internet community must take this opportunity to ensure open governance within IANA. In order for the transition to go well, a comprehensive and careful plan of transition is needed, including how the multi- stakeholder mechanisms could work. APNIC supports this transition and expects IANA to continue its strong cooperation with ICANN. Indonesia’s Internet community needs to take part, and incorporate local concerns into the transition process. Today, PANDI holds the responsibility of managing all Internet domains in Indonesia, but there is no organisation that manages IP addresses. One of the main problems in Indonesia is that there is no typology or network design. Moving forward, Indonesia needs to start designing its own network in order to manage its sovereignty within the multi-stakeholder mechanisms. With network design, the government could improve law enforcement, and increased control of the network could protect Indonesia’s Internet sovereignty. Panelist: 1. Lolly Amalia Amdullah (Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy) 2. Daniel Tumiwa (Indonesia e-Commerce Association) 3. Heru Tjatur (DetikCom) 4. Ari Juliano Gema (Creative Commons Indonesia) Moderator: Saptto Anggoro, APJII Rapporteur: Dinita A. Putri (CIPG) ECONOMY #3 Fostering the Growth of Innovation and ICT Creative Industries as National Pride against Global Competition Opportunities in ICT creative industries in Indonesia are growing fast, but there are still gaps between digital entrepreneurs’ technical skills and their business skills. This gap has hampered creative invention from developing into innovations. The government’s role, especiallythat ofthe MinistryofCreative Economy, is to provide creative centers, support start-ups, incubators, and help with business mentoring and counseling. The Ministry should also help provide capital and link entrepreneurs with market opportunities. Regarding the protection of creative works on the Internet, the Creative Commons offer various alternatives that could be utilised by users to protect their works, especially when these works are dispersed on the Internet. i w 4 ID-IGF National Dialogue | Issued 20, August 2014
  5. 5. 5ID-IGF Resume The existence of Government Regulation No. 82, 2012 on Public Service broadens and at the same time obscures the scope of government public services. The Government Regulation burdens many stakeholders with a vast number of obligations. For the e-commerce field, the existence of the legal instruments will hamper the flow of information, which consequently will reduce the amount of commercial transactions. On the other hand, the aforementioned legal instruments have a positive impact since it stimulates comprehensive regulation and governance of the Internet. In spite of those efforts, the government and other stakeholders need to take complementary actions, such as categorizing the scales of Internet-based industries and creating conducive regulatory ecosystems for business. Additionally, the Indonesian government has to create another legal instrument immediately as the sequential action to Governmental Regulation No. 82, 2012. Initiating the Concept of Jurisdiction on the Internet to Strengthen Country Sovereignty in the Cyber World The general lack of legal clarity in the discourse of cyber sovereignty is the result of the borderless, ubiquitous, and global na- ture of the Internet. Thus, overlapping intergov- ernmental jurisdictions frequently occurs when legal conflicts do not fall neatly within the relative competencies of courts. In general, each country tends to expand its cy- ber sovereignty through their national legal instru- ments. However, there is still a debate on whether cyber sovereignty should be demarcated on a ter- ritorial basis, or whether the cyber world should be governed only at a global scale. Consider- ing that negotiations at the multilateral level are challenging, global reg- ulation could begin with bilateral consensus be- tween two countries. Aside from these debates on global regulation, cy- ber sovereignty could be understood as the ability of each country to independently accommo- date the ICT needs of its citizens independently, without depending on other nations. Panelist: 1. Bambang Heru Tjahyono (MCIT) 2. Setyanto P. Santosa (MASTEL) 3. Henry Kasfy (Klik Indonesia) 4. Shinto Nugroho (IDEA). Moderator: Andi Budimansyah (PANDI) Rapporteur: Justitia Avila Veda (ELSAM) LAW #2 Challenges of Public Service Implementation in Supporting a Platform for Creative Industries: Reviewing Law No. 25, 2009 on Publics Service and Government Regulation No. 82, 2012 on Electronic Systems and Transactions Panelist: 1. Aidil Chendramata (MCIT) 2. John Sihar S. (PANDI) 3. Wishnu Krisnamurti (MOFA) 4. Wahyudi Djafar (ELSAM) Moderator: Noor Iza, (MCIT) Rapporteur: Justitia A. Veda (ELSAM) LAW #3
  6. 6. 6 ID-IGF National Dialogue | Issued 20, August 2014 OBJECTIVE The main objective of the 2014 National ID-IGF Dialogueare as follows: 1. To explain the output of the ID-IGF (ad hoc) working group since the 2012 declaration; 2. To formulate concrete steps towards better Internet governance in Indonesia as a member of the global Internet community trough discussions of relevant and current issues; and 3. To broaden the outreach of stakeholders who can actively contribute towards better Internet governance in Indonesia and globallyn 1. The National ID-IGF Dialogue is open for registration for all individuals and organizations with an interest in better Internet governance in Indonesia; 2. All participants are required to be involved in discussions and dialogues in the sessions that they attend; and 3. Participants who attended the event reached 366 people (registered) PARTICIPANT g BACKGROUND Indonesia Internet Governance Forum (ID-IGF) On November 1, 2012, Indonesia’s Internet community formally signed the ID-IGF declaration, which recognizes the importance of multi-stakeholder cooperation in Internet governance. The declaration, signed by more than twenty representatives, resulted in a platform that successfully organized the 8th Global Internet a Governance Forum (IGF) in Bali, Indonesia, in October 2013. The 8th IGF was the first global forum affiliated to the United Nations that raised the issue of multi-stakeholder Internet governance to the forefront. The forum, furthermore, was not only about multi-stakeholder cooperation in terms of subject matter. The multi-stakeholder organizing and resource mobilization process before and after the forum continues to demonstrate the commitment of Indonesia’s Internet community to this principle. Starting from this common experience, the Indonesia Internet Governance Forum (ID-IGF) committee, an ad- hoc working group formed in 2012, believes that it is crucial to involve an even broader range of stakeholders for better Internet governance nationwide, across the region, and globally. In this spirit, the ID-IGF committee is resolved to ensure the success of the upcoming National ID-IGF Dialogue on August 20, 2014. e designedbymataharitimoer