[1]
Hoo Ci Ying Nexus International School
CYBERBULLYINGISONTHERISE...
Should social networking sites and schools do more ...
[2]
GLOBALPERSPECTIVE
Australia
Canada
The United States
India
[3]
Global Perspectives
In Australia, under the Commonwealth Criminal Code, using
a carriage service (like the Internet or...
[4]
According to cyber law expert and Supreme Court
advocate Pawan Dunggal, currently there are no laws in
India pertainin...
[5]
LOREM IPSUM
Malesuada quis, quis.
Donec ac sapien. Ut
orci. Duis ultricies,
metus a feugiat,
dolor mauris
convallis es...
[6]
National Perspective
Why is cyber bullying on the rise?
South Korea is one of the most wired countries in the world, 9...
[7]
What is the government doing?
In 2007, the South Korean government has enforced a law to prevent
cyber bullying. Under...
[8]
POSSIBLE SCENARIOS POSSIBLE OUTCOMESPOSSIBLE OUTCOMES
Hannah, a 16 years old girl, has
recently committed suicide
beca...
[9]
Possible Courses of Action
Parents
● Parents should educate their children about becoming a responsible user on the In...
[10]
PERSONALPERSPECTIVE
[11]
Personally, I have not been cyber bullied before, but I have witnessed
how comments on social networking sites like F...
[12]
Conclusion
Young people, especially teenagers, should be educated on how to handle cyber bullying and that
suicide is...
[13]
Bibliography
1. http://www.debate.org/opinions/should-social-networking-websites-do-more-to-prevent-cyber-
bullying
2...
[14]
29. http://www.endcyberbullying.org/south-korean-court-rejects-law-banning-false-ids-on-the-
internet/
30. http://www...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cyber bullying write up

1,004 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,004
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cyber bullying write up

  1. 1. [1] Hoo Ci Ying Nexus International School CYBERBULLYINGISONTHERISE... Should social networking sites and schools do more to combat cyber bullying? Cyber bullying has become a pressing issue since the birth of social networking sites. In some countries like the United States and South Korea, cyber bullying has become such a serious problem that the governments had taken the initiative to implement laws regarding cyber bullying. Many young people who became victims to cyber bullying had committed suicide and this has spark concern for parents, schools and lawmakers. My focus question is “Should social networking sites and lawmakers do more to combat cyber bullying?” The key issues that I would be looking at are: • What is cyber bullying? • Why does cyber bullying occur? • Is cyber bullying becoming a serious issue worldwide? • How has cyber bullying impacted the victims? • What is being done to combat cyber bullying? • Should more be done to combat cyber bullying? Whose responsibility is it? CYBER BULLYING
  2. 2. [2] GLOBALPERSPECTIVE Australia Canada The United States India
  3. 3. [3] Global Perspectives In Australia, under the Commonwealth Criminal Code, using a carriage service (like the Internet or a mobile phone) to harass others is considered a criminal offense. For those who are found guilty, the maximum sentence is 3 years in prison. However, there are cases yet to have been brought under this law. Education is actively employed to help reduce cyber bullying. For example, the Telstra Foundation launched a program worth $2 million to minimize bullying of children through the Internet and mobile devices. Australia Canada has a defamation law that protects the reputation of an individual and can be employed for serious cases of cyber bullying. Under the Criminal Code of Canada, the penalty is up to 5 years of imprisonment. Section 264 of the Criminal Code of Canada makes it a criminal offense to harass people through electronic devices. Canada is a country that is a pioneer for implementing laws to protect its civilians from cyber harassment.The Canadian government has updated its definition of criminal harassment in accordance to technology; therefore, it can deal with severe cases of cyber bullying.The offender would serve up to 10 years in prison. Canada According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 48 states have anti-bullying laws or laws that require schools to have laws that combat cyber bullying. However, in Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia and Illinois, schools are only responsible for cyber bullying that happens in school-owned or -leased computers. Lawmakers are also seeking to tighten laws to combat cyber bullying more effectively. Nevertheless, legal experts have also voiced their concern that laws can possibly violate the right to free speech. The United States
  4. 4. [4] According to cyber law expert and Supreme Court advocate Pawan Dunggal, currently there are no laws in India pertaining to cyber bullying.The laws are somewhat vague as to the punishment of cyber bullies.The Information Technology Act, 2000, deals with most cases related to cyber bullying. (The Telegraph, 2012) Even so, there is no direct mention of the term “cyber bullying”, naming only two kinds of offenses that are related to this: i) publishing of information which is obscene (Act 67) and ii) breach of confidentiality and privacy (Act 72). India References : - http://www.careerlauncher.com/lstcontent/plansuppliments/attachments/40/64/Cyber %20bullying%20amongst%20school%20students%20in%20India.pdf - http://jjie.org/resources/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/FOSI-Report-Cyberbullying-A- Global-Concern.pdf This shows that cyber bullying does not happen only in the West, but in Asia as well...
  5. 5. [5] LOREM IPSUM Malesuada quis, quis. Donec ac sapien. Ut orci. Duis ultricies, metus a feugiat, dolor mauris convallis est, quis mattis lacus eu augue. Sed facilisis. DOLOR SIT AMET Ligula nulla pretium, rhoncus fermentum, enim integer volutpat. Nisl turpis est, vel elit, congue wisi enim nunc ultricies sit, tincidunt. Maecenas. A DOLOR NETUS DUI Aliquet, sagittis, mauris, vel eu libero cras. Interdum at. Eget habitasse sociis elementum est, ipsum purus pede porttitor class, aliquet dolor sed ut auctor. NATIONALPERSPECTIVE
  6. 6. [6] National Perspective Why is cyber bullying on the rise? South Korea is one of the most wired countries in the world, 94.3% of households have access to the Internet and 99% of its citizens aged 10 to 39 use the Internet. However, cyber bullying is on the rise in South Korea. Reports of cyber bullying received by Korea’s Internet Commission tripled in 2006 to 2007 alone. Many celebrities, like the late Jeong Da Bin, Choi Jin Shil and Lee Eun Ji have fallen victim to relentless online harassment. In an effort to reduce the negative things posted online and create a more positive atmosphere, a professor of English at Konkuk University in Seoul, Min Byoung Chul, encouraged his students to post positive comments in various Internet chat rooms and went on to establish the Sunfull movement.According to Min, research says that a large number of cyber bullies are below the age of 30. In South Korea, the young are required to be extremely polite in person.They are expected to obey their ‘sunbaes’ or in other words, seniors, parents, teachers, employers and anyone whose social ranking is higher than them.A foreigner who is new to the Korean language would be overwhelmed by the amount of honorifics they have to learn.As a result, the young people begin to turn to the Internet as a way of letting loose their anger and frustration. “Young kids, they’re stressed out because of schoolwork, they have to prepare for their college entrance examinations, and they just write whatever they feel.That’s one of the ways, so to speak, [to release] their frustration and stress,” said Min.
  7. 7. [7] What is the government doing? In 2007, the South Korean government has enforced a law to prevent cyber bullying. Under the new law, implemented by the Ministry of Information, cyber bullies are no longer able to use false identities online.The “Internet real-name system” makes it mandatory for the country’s major portals and news media websites to keep a record of the identification of their users when they post entries online. (The Sunday Herald, 2007) However, many people felt that this violates their right to free speech and dissuades people from speaking out for fear of being punished. In 2012, the Constitutional Court ruled that the said law is unconstitutional. (ETCB, 2012) Nevertheless, cyber bullying is such a serious problem in Korea that in a survey conducted by Tahseen Ismail on 272 South Korean university students, 57% of them said that the Real Name System is necessary to keep cyber bullies at bay. (Ismail, 2010)
  8. 8. [8] POSSIBLE SCENARIOS POSSIBLE OUTCOMESPOSSIBLE OUTCOMES Hannah, a 16 years old girl, has recently committed suicide because of cyber bullying. Her parents insist that social networking sites have tighter control over what their users are posting online. Social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter agree to do so. This would lead to self- censorship for fear of persecution. People feel that they lose their right to free speech and privacy.This might result in a public outcry especially from free speech activists. Hannah, a 16 years old girl, has recently committed suicide because of cyber bullying. Her parents insist that social networking sites have tighter control over what their users are posting online. Social networking sites refuse to do so but provide reporting options for its users. Cyber bullying cases may still continue to rise, as cyber bullies are not afraid of prosecution. Nevertheless, the reporting options helps users to deal with cyber bullying.This also ensures that users can enjoy free speech. What if all the countries decide to enforce the Real Name System? This may effectively reduce cyber bullying, as they are no longer able to use false identities to post malicious comments online. It also encourages people to be more civilized online. However, this would result in self-censorship. People may be afraid to voice their opinions especially the ones regarding the government for fear of punishment. This may effectively reduce cyber bullying, as they are no longer able to use false identities to post malicious comments online. It also encourages people to be more civilized online. However, this would result in self-censorship. People may be afraid to voice their opinions especially the ones regarding the government for fear of punishment. What if the government decides to hold social networking sites responsible for cyber bullying? Social networking sites may then be forced to take more actions to curb cyber bullying.This means that there would be constant monitoring of their users’ activities. It may discourage cyber bullying, but at the same time, it could infringe our right to free speech.There is also the danger that these sites would have to be shut down either due to fear of prosecution or because of the court’s verdict. Social networking sites may then be forced to take more actions to curb cyber bullying.This means that there would be constant monitoring of their users’ activities. It may discourage cyber bullying, but at the same time, it could infringe our right to free speech.There is also the danger that these sites would have to be shut down either due to fear of prosecution or because of the court’s verdict. Possible Scenarios and Outcomes
  9. 9. [9] Possible Courses of Action Parents ● Parents should educate their children about becoming a responsible user on the Internet. ● Children should be taught that it is wrong to cyber bully and how it could impact others. ● Children should know how what to do when they are cyber bullied. Parents should encourage their kids to talk to them so that they can help solve the problem. Children should also be aware that committing suicide is not the answer to cyber bullying. Schools ● Invite speakers to give talks about cyber bullying in their respective schools. ● Organize a campaign or have a cyber bullying awareness week to educate their students. ● Monitor the school’s network to prevent students from misusing school computers. Social networking sites ● Provide a help center for parents and users about how to deal with cyber bullying. ● Provide a reporting or blocking option for users and respond quickly to complaints. ● Terminate the accounts of that have been reported a few times by other users. ● They should require users to use their account responsibly and not for cyber bullying in their terms and regulations. Governments ● Organize educational talks to raise the public’s awareness regarding cyber bullying. ● Make cyber bullying a criminal offense. ● Implement stricter laws that address cyber bullying directly and keep it up to date with technology.A more severe punishment should be enforced. ● Establish centers or organizations that provide help to victims of cyber bullying. ● Upgrade the nation’s Internet security system. ● Provide funds for organizations to launch programs which aim is to reduce cyber bullying.
  10. 10. [10] PERSONALPERSPECTIVE
  11. 11. [11] Personally, I have not been cyber bullied before, but I have witnessed how comments on social networking sites like Facebook have led to a major fight between my fellow schoolmates. I know cyber bullying is becoming a serious problem, but I had never expressed any concern towards the issue as it didn’t affect me.As I further my research, I realized that cyber bullying happens in my own country as well, just that many of the cases go unreported. I also became aware of the severity of the impacts of cyber bullying and that is not just something that happens in the United States of America; it has become rampant in Asia as well. Nevertheless, the laws implemented by most countries are either too vague or out of date with technology. I think all countries should follow the footsteps of the Canadian government and enforce laws that address the issue of cyber bullying directly and keep them up to date with technology.To me, this is the most effective way of combating cyber bullying. Monitoring the Internet would only infringe our rights to free speech and privacy. It is also not the best way to deal with the issue as people can just choose to use a foreign social networking site. As for social networking sites, they should provide reporting options, like what Facebook andYouTube has done.They should then respond quickly to these reports so that the problem is solved quickly. I don’t think there is a need for them to monitor their users’ activities as it would be too much work and it is not their place to judge something as what may be offensive to them may just be a harmless joke to the users. Personal Perspective
  12. 12. [12] Conclusion Young people, especially teenagers, should be educated on how to handle cyber bullying and that suicide is not the answer to their problems. Social networking sites and lawmakers should do more to combat cyber bullying, although parents and schools do play a role in reducing cyber bullying. Nevertheless, they must make sure that whatever measures that they take do not violate our basic human rights. Governments should pay more attention to cyber bullying cases and implement laws that addresses it directly. I hope that in the near future, more effective ways of dealing with cyber bullying will be developed and people can go online without fear of becoming a victim. (2041 words)
  13. 13. [13] Bibliography 1. http://www.debate.org/opinions/should-social-networking-websites-do-more-to-prevent-cyber- bullying 2. http://www.mobistealth.com/blog/weak-laws-cyberbullying-debate-arises-free-speech/ 3. http://www.mobiledia.com/news/159750.html 4. http://www.stopcyberbullying.org/what_is_cyberbullying_exactly.html 5. http://www.stopcyberbullying.org/ 6. http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/cyberbullying.html 7. http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/tech/article/cyberbullying-a-problem-around-the-globe- says-poll 8. http://www.rdasia.com/rise_of_cyber_bullying 9. http://safety.lovetoknow.com/Cyber_Bullying_Statistics 10.http://www.endcyberbullying.org/cyber-bullying-statistics/ 11.http://www.ipsos-na.com/news-polls/pressrelease.aspx?id=5462#.Tw6exyC2__s.twitter 12.http://jjie.org/resources/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/FOSI-Report-Cyberbullying-A-Global- Concern.pdf 13.http://crassparenting.com/2013/01/legal-limitations-to-cyberbullying-laws/ 14.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0oGFh0mwrjM 15.http://www.endcyberbullying.org/cyber-bullying-attacks-prevalent-in-india/ 16.http://www.ciol.com/ciol/news/50486/india-lacking-laws-curb-cyberbullying 17.http://www.careerlauncher.com/lstcontent/plansuppliments/attachments/40/64/Cyber %20bullying%20amongst%20school%20students%20in%20India.pdf 18.http://www.telegraphindia.com/1120104/jsp/opinion/story_14959931.jsp#.UT3A5NEpZQQ 19.http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-03-28/parenting/31067776_1_cyber-bullying- social-networking-mobile-phones 20.http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2012-03-18/state-cyberbullying-laws/ 53626736/1 21.http://www.canada.com/calgaryherald/news/theeditorialpage/story.html?id=f5493c36- fb20-4b3e-a8fa-cd73b5601c67 22.http://www.bullyfreealberta.ca/cyber_bullying.htm 23.http://www.citynews.ca/2007/04/16/cyber-bullying-law-introduced-in-ontario/ 24.http://www.voanews.com/content/south-korean-students-battle-cyber-bullying-with-positive- comments-89507477/114965.html 25.http://articles.latimes.com/2010/jan/01/world/la-fg-korea-cyberthugs2-2010jan02 26.http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/click_online/6112754.stm 27.http://books.google.com.my/books?id=vEm5LMC-2RcC&pg=PA54&lpg=PA54&dq=laws+for +cyber+bullying+in+south +korea&source=bl&ots=MuTj8nslC8&sig=h3ildvuWyirDocDgiWDlkoC6WY8&hl=en&sa=X&ei= wnM9UcO0D8nMrQfliIHIBA&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=laws%20for%20cyber %20bullying%20in%20south%20korea&f=false 28.http://www.smh.com.au/news/Technology/South-Korea-enforces-new-law-to-curb-cyber- bullying/2007/06/28/1182624070701.html
  14. 14. [14] 29. http://www.endcyberbullying.org/south-korean-court-rejects-law-banning-false-ids-on-the- internet/ 30. http://www.cn-c114.net/575/a711922.html 31. http://aabss.org/Journal2010/AABManuscript7.pdf 32. http://www2.tbo.com/news/scitech/2010/apr/01/usf-study-finds-cyber-bullying-rampant-south- korea-ar-57524/

×