Ms.Vandana Sharma Assistant Professor DMS, DCRUST, Murthal
Today Work/life balance is a global topic of growing importance and frequent discussion. The reality is that most of us are facing increasing competition for our time and energy. One of the significant changes witnessed in the labor markets in India has been the entry of women IT professionals in the rapidly growing software services sector. As the women take on the role of working professional in addition to their traditional role of the homemaker, they are under great pressure to balance their work and personal lives . Work-life balance , is a satisfactory level of involvement or ‘fit’ between the multiple roles in a person’s life.
Work/life balance, in its broadest sense, is defined as a satisfactory level of involvement or ‘fit’ between the multiple roles in a person’s life. Although definitions and explanations vary, work/life balance is generally associated with equilibrium, or maintaining an overall sense of harmony in life. The study of work/life balance involves the examination of people’s ability to manage simultaneously the multi-faceted demands of life.
Societal role expectations Women’s career ambitions, The nature of the IT industry challenges the way women manage their professional and personal lives
More women going out to work, there has been little change in patterns of household responsibilities . Family-to-work spill-over is stronger for women. work-life conflict seems to be quite high in case of working women. They take care of children, older family members, and other dependents. The men, not surprisingly, feel that at-home mom is the best solution. putting career ahead of family leads to social disapproval and rejection.
projects with tight deadlines Extensive travelling Long and/or odd working hours Holding conference calls outside the traditional 8–6 workday Fast-tracking a software project in shifts leads to work-life imbalance. The internet and mobile phones have made it possible for the organizations to keep in constant touch with the employees both during the day and at night.
working and mothering often affects career growth of the women at work. women tend to take a slow track in their career growth as a conscious choice as they feel their families needed them more at that point in time. Workplace support in India seems conditional. women experienced support from supervisors, but this mainly occurred when a woman had proved to be capable and competent and had earned respect at the workplace
Flexi – time Job sharing Work at home programs Part time work Shorter work days for parents Paid maternity leaves Paid leave to care for sick family members Paternity leaves On site or near site child care Program for emergency care of ill dependents Childcare programs during school vacations Re-entry scheme Relocation assistance
Prioritizing commitments Personal self-management / ‘reinvention’: reconsidering not only the kind of work one wants to do but also the kind of person one wants to be and the sacrifices one is prepared to make to grow into that new self.
In conclusion, the themes that emerged from the review highlighted the pervasive factors that impact the work–family balance of women professionals. The societal role expectations, women’s career ambitions, and the nature of the IT industry challenges the way they manage their professional and personal lives. Women do require negotiation both at home and at work in terms of how and when work can be done. The fact that work family challenges do retard career advancement of women professionals, and ultimately affect the pace of organizational progress to a considerable degree, has to be acknowledged fast. It is suggested that employers need to come up with various work-life balance-friendly provisions which can help them in attracting and retaining female talent.