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Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes
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Diabetes

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Know your risk factors for Diabetes Type II in order to prevent it and learn about diabetes management if you already have been diagnosed.

Know your risk factors for Diabetes Type II in order to prevent it and learn about diabetes management if you already have been diagnosed.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • 1. Diabetes Type II LORA YOAKUM, RN Diabetes Clinical Coordinator
  • 2. Type 2 Diabetes • Definition: – Type 2 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. It begins when the body does not respond correctly to insulin, a hormone released by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. • Alternative Names: – Noninsulin-dependent diabetes; Diabetes - type 2; – Adult-onset diabetes
  • 3. Risk Factors • High blood sugar • Obesity • Family history/genetics • Inactivity • Poor diet
  • 4. Risk Factors (cont) • Other risk factors include: – Age greater than 45 years – HDL cholesterol of less than 35 mg/dL – Triglyceride level of greater than 250 mg/dL – High blood pressure – BMI (body mass index) >25 – History of gestational diabetes – Impaired glucose tolerance test – Race/ethnicity
  • 5. Symptoms • No symptoms • Blurred vision • Fatigue • Frequent or slow-healing infections • Increased appetite • Increased thirst • Increased urination • Erectile dysfunction
  • 6. Exams and Tests • Fasting blood sugar level • Oral glucose tolerance test • A1c or HbA1c – 3-6 month average of blood sugar • Cholesterol • B/P
  • 7. Prevention • Screening • Maintain a healthy body weight • Talk about any problems you are having • Exercise • Visit your health care provider yearly and as needed if at risk
  • 8. Diet and Weight Control • Choose healthy foods • Eat controlled portions • Manage weight • Exercise
  • 9. Regular Physical Activity • Exercise daily • See health care provider before starting any exercise program • Monitor blood glucose levels before and after exercise. • Wear a diabetes identification bracelet • Drink extra fluids that do not contain sugar before, during, and after exercise.
  • 10. Taking Care of Diabetes • Check blood pressure • Check hemoglobin (A1c) – every 6 months if your diabetes is well controlled – otherwise every 3 months • Check cholesterol and triglyceride levels yearly – aim for LDL levels below 100 mg/dL
  • 11. Taking Care of Diabetes (cont) • Complete examination/physical • Blood pressure check • Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) • Fasting blood glucose • Total cholesterol panel • Nerve exam (Neurology) • Eye exam (Ophthalmology)
  • 12. Foot Care • Diabetes can damage nerves • Diabetes can also damage blood vessels. • To prevent injury to the feet, check and care for your feet every day.
  • 13. Taking care of Diabetes (cont) • Some people may take more than 1 medication • Most medications are taken by mouth or injection.
  • 14. Taking care of Diabetes (cont) • Maintain vaccinations – Pneumonia for patients over 60 or with lung disease • Get a flu shot every year in the fall
  • 15. Taking care of Diabetes (cont) • See the dentist every 6 months for a dental cleaning and exam • Make sure your dentist and hygienist know that you have diabetes
  • 16. Taking care of Diabetes (cont) • Get yearly kidney test – to make sure your are working well • Visit your eye doctor – preferably one who specializes in diabetic retinopathy – once a year, or more often if you have signs or symptoms of changes in the eyes
  • 17. Possible Complications • Heart Disease – CAD (coronary artery disease) • Stroke • Poor circulation – PVD (peripheral vascular disease) • High Blood Pressure • High Cholesterol • Infections of the skin and urinary tract • Erectile dysfunction
  • 18. Possible Complications • Long-term complications – Atherosclerosis (plaque in arteries) – Coronary artery disease – Diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease) – Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage) – Diabetic retinopathy (eye disease)
  • 19. Prevention For more information on Type II Diabetes, please visit the American Diabetes Association at www.diabetes.org or CDC at www.cdc.gov/Diabetes

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