What we can do to reduce the impact of avalanches and to stay safe
Quotes from people who have experienced avalanches at first hand
Details of a case study
Write a detailed definition of an avalanche
An annotated photgraph of an avalanche
Describe (detail for L5) the two types of avalanche – what are they?
Include a diagram to show the two types of avalanche
Explain the causes of avalanches
(if weak explanation – L5
detailed explanation for L6)
6. Write a description of the effects of an avalanche.
Think about people (social), the landscape (environmental) and the local economy
7. Describe what happened in a particular example of an avalanche – case study
when it happened
what were the trigger factors
what were the effects
who went to the rescue
include images and a map to show where it happened
Montroc case study AVALANCHES
location caption What can be seen? Refer to in text
what where why who Survived? Helped with the rescue? causes Lessons can be learnt? ( prevent impact) Cost size speed Warning Is Montroc? Did the avalanche Break? Were people not moved? How Was the environment affected? Were people affected? Were people rescued? Was this area hit? effects Facts Eye-witness quotes
Explain the various methods that are used to reduce the impact of avalanches.
Snow fences, walls
Bow shaped buildings
Early warning systems
What use is this diagram?
ASSESSMENT GRID Present conclusions that are consistent with the evidence Present well argued summaries Present findings in a coherent way. . Present plausible communications Use appropriate geographical terms. Communication Analysis and Conclusions As Level 6. Use maps and diagrams accurately. These will be of good quality. Make use of well labelled diagrams, photographs and maps, refer to them in your text. Add captions *Use diagrams, maps, photographs Include diagrams, photographs Enquiry * Recognise the causes and consequences of environmental issues *Describe the different methods that can be used to reduce the impact of avalanches and begin to compare these methods. *Recognise that there are conflicting demands on an area *Offer explanations for ways in which human activities affect the environment. * Recognise that people attempt to reduce the impact of avalanches *Understand how people damage the environment. Why skiing or deforestation can be bad for the environment. The Environm ent *Describe the interactions between human activity and the physical processes that produce avalanches. Examine the types of avalanches and the movement of snow *Describe and explain in detail what an avalanche is and what causes them to occur. *Recognise the impact that these processes have on the environment. (Include human processes) *Describe and begin to explain what an avalanche is and causes them to occur. *Be able to describe briefly what an avalanche is. *Understand the damage that avalanches can do to the environment. Geographical Processes LEVEL 7 LEVEL 6 LEVEL 5 LEVEL 4