GCSE Geography RevisionExam: 12thJune 2013Don’t forget to usewww.facebook.com/classroomgeographywww.geogdebens.wordpress.comContact us for help : firstname.lastname@example.org Tweet @priorygeographyREAD the question:Recognise - the pattern / feature / processExplain – use connectives (so, because, therefore, etc.)Analyse – give advantages and disadvantages, weigh upDescribe – use data from resources and own knowledge(SEE) For Case Studies / sustainability questions:Sustainable development is using resources today in a way that helps to protect themfor the future. Sustainability must balance:Social – families, communities, peopleEconomic – jobs and moneyEnvironmental – natural and built environment(PEE) For explain / case study questions:Point – state your opinion, answerEvidence – back up what you say with facts, detail, exampleExplain – give reasons for what your sayKey Geographical Themes topics: Theme 1 Rivers & Coasts Theme 3 Natural Hazards Theme 4 Economic DevelopmentNAME:TEACHER:
Exam command wordsCommand word: What it meansCompare Show similarities and differences. A balanced answer isrequired.Consider Describe and give your thoughts on the subject.Contrast Point out only the differences between two items.Define Explain the precise meaning of a concept / word.Describe Say what something is like, how it works, use adjectives.Discuss Explain an item or concept, give details about it using info /examples / facts. Give both points of view & come to aconclusion.Examine Investigate in detail, offer evidence for and against.Explain Offer a detailed and exact explanation of an idea or principle.Identify / State Express the relevant points briefly and clearly.Illustrate Provide examples to demonstrate or prove a subject.Justify Give reasons to support your answer / argument, and the mainobjectionsSummarise / Outline Provide a short summary of all the info on a subjectIt might be useful to underline command words in an exam question.Answering the questions…..[1mark] questions = can be answered with a single word or simple sentence, often usingdata or fact. E.g. Name a climatic hazard = drought [2mark] questions = either needs two simple sentences, often using data OR needs onepoint then explained. E.g. Explain why LEDCs have a higher death rate = poor healthcareleading to diseases and a lack of food  OR LEDCs have a higher death rate due to alack of medicine (point) and healthcare which means they cannot treat illnesses anddisease so die more easily (explain) [4mark] questions = requires you to compare, consider evidence, use facts, refer toexamples. The answer should be detailed. You should probably describe and explain.P.E.E.
Theme 1 Rivers & Coasts checklistNow I’ve reached the end of the Rivers & Coasts unit:Yes Think so No I can understand and define the 4 types of erosion I can explain how the geology of an area influences howrapidly it is eroded I can describe and explain longshore drift & its effects I can name types of hard & soft coastal management I can name types of hard & soft river management I can evaluate how sustainable landform management is I can name and describe a case study of coastal erosionand the management used to protect it I can name and describe a case study of river floodingand the responses to flooding in an MEDC I can give examples of primary & secondary impacts offloods I can explain why river flooding occurs I can describe, analyse and explain the river hydrograph I can describe and explain how a river changes from theupper to middle to lower course I can describe and explain river landforms such aswaterfalls, v-shape valleys, gorges, meanders, estuaries,floodplains… I can describe and explain the causes of rotational cliffslumping and formation of headlands, bays, caves,arches, stacks and stumps I can describe and explain the formation of beaches,bars, spits and tombolos I can describe how the coast is used & how thisinfluences coastal management policy I can describe how a river transports its load and causeserosion and deposition in different areas I can explain what these terms mean:Attrition Abrasion Hydraulic action Corrosion cliff rotational slumping cliff drainageGroynes Longshore drift Beach replenishment Gabionsrock armour bays spits caves, arches, stacks & stumps resistant rock less resistant rock headlands Theme 3 Natural Hazards checklist
Now I’ve reached the end of the natural hazard unit:Yes Think so No I can describe the global distribution of volcanoes and earthquakes and givereasons for this pattern of distribution. I can draw and label the structure of the earth. I can explain how this isimportant in explaining why earthquakes and volcanoes occur. I can draw the different plate boundaries and label the features of them.Constructive (divergent), destructive (convergent) and conservative (transform). I can explain what happens at each type of boundary: divergent, convergentand conservative/transform I can give examples of economic, environmental and social impacts ofearthquakes and volcanoes. I can give examples of primary and secondary impacts of earthquakes I can name an earthquake in an LEDC and MEDC and describe the impactsand the responses. E.g. Haiti 2011, Japan 2011I can name a volcano in a MEDC and LEDC and describe the impacts andresponses. E.g. Iceland 2011, Montserrat 1997I can explain how the impact of natural hazards can be reduced e.g.technology, building techniques, education, prediction, evacuation planning,aid etc I can describe and explain the global distribution of tropical cyclones anddroughts. I can explain why tropical cyclones occur and in those areas I can give examples of economic, environmental and social impacts of tropicalcyclones I can name a MEDC & LEDC case study of a tropical storm and its causes,impacts and responses e.g. Hurricane Katrina, USA 2005 & Cyclone Nargis,Burma 2008I can give reasons for the differences in impacts between LEDC and MEDCI can explain the physical (climatic) and human (overpopulation) causes ofdroughtsI can explain the social, economic and environmental impacts of droughtsI can name an MEDC & LEDC drought case study with causes, impacts andresponses e.g. Australia La Nina 2011, the Sahel Ethiopia 1985-onwardI can explain why economic development can influence the severity of theimpact of a hazardI can explain why people choose to continue to live in hazardous areas I can explain what these terms mean:Natural hazard Epicentre Eye Infrastructure Mantle Tectonic plate Magma Mid Ocean Ridge Tsunami Levees Drought Storm surge Subduction zone Convergent Divergent Transform Overgrazing Overpopulation Desertification Theme 4 Economic Development checklist
Now I’ve reached the end of the EconomicDevelopment unit:Yes Think so NoI can explain what is meant by ‘development’ and howdevelopment indicators are used to measure itI can suggest how development means more than justwealth and be able to explain quality of lifeI can describe and explain types of poverty and attemptsto reduce povertyI can suggest what the ‘development gap’ / North-Southdivide is and why it existsI can suggest how development can be affected by aid,name different kinds of aid, and describe howsustainable they areI can describe & evaluate an aid project such as WaterAid, Goat Aid or Computer Aid – including howsustainable it isI understand what employment structure means & canexplain primary, secondary, tertiary & quaternaryemploymentI can explain how & why employment patterns changeover time – comparing LEDC, NIC and MEDC examplesI understand the social, economic & environmentalfactors that influence where an industry locates and howthis changesI can name, describe & explain the impacts of industriesin LEDCs and MEDCs and NICsI have knowledge of my case studies (primary – KawehIjen sulphur mining, secondary – South Koreamanufacturing, tertiary – Portsmouth retail, quaternary –Cambridge science parks)I can describe and explain what a MNC is and theimpacts of it (positive and negative) on the host country(e.g. Coca Cola, India)I can explain how MNCs and globalisation affectdevelopmentI can describe and explain the effects of industries uponthe environment I can explain what these terms mean:Development indicator Quality of life HDI sustainable development NIC Absolute poverty Relative poverty North-South divide Brandt line Bilateral aid Primary employment Secondary employment Tertiary employment Quaternary industry GDP per capita MNC Outsourcing Footloose industry Globalisation
GCSE Geography Case Study revision listTheme 1 Rivers & CoastsCase Study About Need to knowRiver Derwent, England A River Valley & itslandformsANDRiver flooding in an MEDCLocationLandforms (waterfalls, meanders, etc,.)Changes over river courseCauses, effects of floods and responsesto itHengistbury HeadorSwanage Bay (Old Harry Rocks)A coastal area and itslandformsLocationLandforms (spit, headland, bay, beaches,caves, arches, stacks, stumps)Causes of and management of landformsHighcliffe & Barton-on-SeaORHappisburghManagement of a coastalareaLocationLandforms and processesBasic geologyTypes of management in place & howsustainable these areTheme 3 Natural HazardsCase Study About Need to know:Haiti earthquake 2010 One tectonic hazardevent in an LEDC. Causes, effects (primary / secondary) &response to the hazard.Be aware that the level of economicdevelopment influences the severity ofthe impact of a hazard, i.e. LEDCs morelikely to have greater death toll, MEDCslikely to have more $ damagesMethods of hazard protection, prediction& preparation.Japanese Earthquake 2011OrIceland volcano 2010One tectonic hazardevent in an MEDC.Sahel Ethiopia droughtOrCyclone Nargis (Burma)One climatic hazardevent in an LEDC.Hurricane KatrinaOrAustralia drought (La Nina)One climatic hazardevent in an MEDC.Theme 4 Economic DevelopmentEach examination question has a case study at the end worth 8 marks. You willneed to apply relevant knowledge and understanding of real examples.
Case Study About Need to knowWater Aid / Computer Aid / Goat Aid Case study of an aidproject in an LEDCWhy aid is needed, types of aidThat some aid is more sustainable thanothers & why.LEDC: sulphur mining (primary)Indonesia, Kawah Ijen volcanoNIC: manufacturing (secondary) inSouth KoreaMEDC: retail / services (tertiary) inGunwharf Quays Portsmouth, UKAnd research & development(quaternary) Cambridge ScienceParksFactors that affect thelocation of industry inLEDCs and MEDCsThere are physical and human factorsthat influence the location of differenttypes of industry.Industry locations have to change overtime (due to competition, lack ofresources, environmental decline, lack ofworkers, etc.)Coca Cola (secondarymanufacturing), IndiaA case study of a MNCinvestment in a specificarea in an internationalcontext.The effects MNCs have in the areas theychoose to locate in and in other places.Positive & negative social, environmentaland economic impacts of MNCs.Coca Cola, India (secondary)OrBP Oil Spill Gulf of MexicoA case study ofwhere conflicts existbetween economicdevelopment andenvironmentaldamageHow industry and economic developmentcan have an impact on the environment.The impacts of industry.How these conflicts are managedsustainably.Remember case study questions are Level marked i.e.:Level 1 (1-3 marks): basic description showing limited knowledge andunderstanding. Meaning not communicated very clearly.Level 2 (4-6 marks): Refers to named case study, some relevant knowledgedemonstrated and some facts/evidence are included to support answer.Meaning is communicated clearly.Level 3 (7-8 marks): Valid case study given and a full range of place-specificdetail used to effectively answer the question. Good knowledge andunderstanding shown through facts / evidence. Meaning is communicatedvery clearly.You should try to write three well developed ideas in your answer! P.E.E.L.