Cloud Computing - Is it the Future of ESI?


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LECG Presentation for Legal Tech West by Trent Livingston noting the growth statistics of Cloud Computing and potential impact on Electronic Discovery

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Cloud Computing - Is it the Future of ESI?

  1. 1. Cloud Computing – Is it the future of ESI?   Trent Livingston  Principal , LECG A global expert services company providing expert testimony, authoritative studies, and strategic advisory services to clients including Fortune Global 500 corporations, major law firms, and governments worldwide.
  2. 2. 2 Cloud Computing – is it the future of ESI? •  What is Cloud Computing? •  What will drive corporate data to the cloud? •  What will be the impact on electronic  discovery?
  3. 3. 3 What was old is new again… Although not entirely the same in form or  function, similar computing concepts of the past  can be compared to the cloud computing  concept. •Thin client (client / server) •Mainframe
  4. 4. 4 Thin Client - is a client computer or client software, which  depends primarily on the central server for  processing activities, and mainly focuses on  conveying input and output between the user and the remote server.
  5. 5. 5 Mainframe - designed to handle very high volume input and  output and emphasize throughput computing.  Mainframe designs utilize computers or "terminals", which manage the input/output devices, leaving the CPU free to deal with high- speed memory and software functionality.
  7. 7. 7 The Future USERS COMPUTERS CLOUD
  8. 8. 8 Differences between then and now Cloud provides: • Scalable infrastructure • Software on demand • Inexpensive backup & disaster recovery • Reduced cost • Reduced footprint • Accessible from anywhere
  9. 9. 9 The trend “Merrill Lynch estimates that within the next five years,  the annual global market for cloud computing will  surge to $95 billion.  It is estimated that estimated that  12% of the worldwide software market will go to the  cloud in that period.” Source: Business Week, “How Cloud Computing is Changing the World”, August 2008.
  10. 10. 10 The trend Is Cloud Computing On Your Organization's Tech Roadmap? Yes, currently using or implementing 30% No, not on our technology roadmap 29% Yes, on the radar or actively researching 17% Yes, plan to use within one year 10% Yes, plan to use within one to three years 5% Not sure 5% Yes, plan to use within three to five years 2% SOURCE: CIO Research
  11. 11. 11 What is the attraction? Cost savings The Cloud: Your View Cloud computing will cause a radical shift in information technology driving the next wave of innovation : 58% Cloud computing is an evolving concept that will take years to mature : 54% Current on -demand offerings are not appropriate for my business : 36% Cloud computing is a passing fad : 18% SOURCE: CIO Research
  12. 12. 12 What is the attraction? “U.S. economic woes will only drive more enterprises to  consider and adopt cloud offerings. IDC predicts that  spending on IT cloud services will hit $42 billion by  2012. The cloud model offers a much cheaper way for  businesses to acquire and use IT—in an economic  downturn, the appeal of that cost advantage will be  greatly magnified.”  Source: Network World, “IDC: Economic Crisis to Bolster Cloud Computing”, October 2008.
  13. 13. 13 Obstacles • Loss of physical “control” • Compliance • Data Security • Definition of Logical vs. Physical (where exactly is my  data?) “[T]he number one factor stopping IT leaders from tapping  into the cloud right away is security worries” Source: “Cloud Computing Survey: IT Leaders See Big Promise, Have Big Security Questions”. October 2008.
  14. 14. 14 Logical vs. physical in the cloud  Data may reside in multiple physical locations on multiple  servers  Cloud host may not know what specific server houses a  particular subset of a company’s data  Data may be duplicated on secondary servers across a region for  redundancy purposes Example: Google will not disclose its server locations to any client  or entity, citing that locations are kept “discrete” for security  purposes.  Source: Google Apps Admin Help. Where is my organization's data stored?
  15. 15. 15 Logical and physical data security Logical  - Determined by access to data  Implemented via layered controls (hardware rights, user rights,  file level permissions)  Controlled by software based security Physical - Determined by location of data  Implemented via security badges, locks, and physical security  controls (video monitoring, magnetic locks, server cages)  Controlled by structural security
  16. 16. 16 What is the legal call? If company data is only accessible from predetermined  locations by individuals restricted by both logical and  physical data security, then logically speaking, data  only resides in those specific locations when  leveraging the cloud, even though physically it could  reside in multiple locations across multiple  continents.   In the end, what determines actual data location?  Is it  logical or physical access?
  17. 17. 17 What is the legal call? Lew Tucker, CTO for cloud computing at Sun  Microsystems states, “[L]ocation may not be the  correct way to think about these concerns. The  question of where the bits reside, and of what  geography or national boundary these bits exist  within, is somewhat moot, given that we are totally  connected by networks.” Source: Government Computer News. “Data location not the overriding factor in cloud security”. June 2009.
  18. 18. 18 What does this mean for e-discovery?
  19. 19. 19 What does this mean for e-discovery?  Computer forensics will need to expand scope  Critical case data may never exist “locally” on a  system  Collections will need to access cloud  New forms of Metadata will be present   Data volumes may change drastically depending  upon deployment  Online collaboration notes may be significant forms of  communication
  20. 20. 20 What does this mean for e-discovery?  Discovery organizations must prepare today for  tomorrow’s innovations  Data sources are increasing exponentially with  innovation  Securing a cloud based system may prove challenging  Traditional review of client specific work product  may not be possible if client application is only  available online (SaaS)
  21. 21. 21 Questions? Trent Livingston Principal (415) 267-0383 Office (425) 223-7136 Mobile Thank You!