English Origins of American Government

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A summary of how the English traditions of government, such as the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights, have influenced the development of government in the British colonies

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English Origins of American Government

  1. 1. The English Origins ofAmerican Government
  2. 2. South CarolinaEnd-of-CourseExaminationin US HistoryAnalyze the early development ofrepresentative government andpolitical rights in the Americancolonies, including the influenceof the British political system andthe rule of law as written in theMagna Carta and the English Billof Rights, and the conflictbetween the colonial legislaturesand the British Parliament overthe right to tax that resulted in theAmerican Revolutionary War.
  3. 3. Credit: Daniel Sorabji / AFP/Getty Images
  4. 4. Constitutional GovernmentLIMITED
  5. 5. In questions ofpower, then, let no more beheard of confidence inman, but bind him down...with the chains of theConstitution.-- Jefferson
  6. 6. Limited GovernmentIndividual RightsTAXATION BY CONSENTThe Rule of LawJury Trials
  7. 7. Checking monarchs since the 13th century!
  8. 8. Queen Elizabeth I
  9. 9. R.I.P. 1603
  10. 10. Absolutism Comes to EnglandJI CICII JII
  11. 11. The “Top Down” ApproachBy the English
  12. 12. James IIUnpopular “Papist”Run off by ParliamentThrone VACANTNo Bloodshed
  13. 13. {WANTEDA monarch who will sitdown, shut up, and letParliament take care ofgoverning.
  14. 14. Parliamentary Supremacy• Executive Power Limited• Free and Frequent Elections• Taxation by Consent• Catholic Monarch
  15. 15. Declaration of Rights• Freedom of Speech (1)• Right to Petition (1)• Arms for Defense (2)(for Protestants, at least!)• Cruel & Unusual Punishments (8)• Standing Armies in Peacetime (3)
  16. 16. Natural Rights Life Liberty PropertyGOD-GIVEN
  17. 17. Locke’s Values:Religious TolerationConsentof the governed Right of Revolution GOD-GIVEN
  18. 18. EnglishPoliticalTraditionsConstitutional Government
  19. 19. Town Meetings(New England)EgalitarianDemocratic
  20. 20. House of Burgesses(Virginia)AristocraticRepresentative
  21. 21. SalutaryNeglect
  22. 22. {
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