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Psyc presentation

  1. 1. Annie Nao<br />I<br />FACEBOOK USE, <br />self-ESTEEM,<br />AND bridging social capital <br />
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  4. 4. History:<br /><ul><li>First psychology laboratory was founded in 1879 by German</li></ul>philosophy and physiologist Wilhelm Wundt.<br /><ul><li>First American psychology laboratory was founded in 1883 by G. Standley Hall, a student of Wundt, in Johns Hopkins Uni.</li></ul>Present:<br />Psychology is a scientific study of human and animal behavior and mental processes.<br />Future:<br />The future of psychology lies in explaining how mind, the brain, other biological systems of the body, and human environments interact to produce behavior.<br />
  5. 5. Social capital is an elastic construct used to describe the benefits one receives from one's relationships with other people. <br />Facebook use was found to be associated with distinct measures of social capital, including :<br /> Bridging social capital (which emphasizes the informational benefits of a heterogeneous network of weak ties) <br /> Bonding social capital (which emphasizes emotional benefits from strong ties to close friends and family).<br />
  6. 6. HYPOPHYTHSIS<br />Young people with lower self-esteem appeared to benefit more from their use of Facebook than those with higher self-esteem.<br /> The more people used social network sites, the greater the frequency of interaction with friends, which had positive benefits on respondents' self-esteem and ultimately their reported satisfaction with life.<br />
  7. 7. Why we study this?<br />Facebook may play an important role in psychological development<br />The period between ages 18 and 25 as a phase of “emerging adulthood<br />This stage is critical to an individual's adult development because during this time a person builds long term social skills, including those critical for self-dependence, career orientation and relationship maintenance.<br /> <br />
  8. 8. EXPERIMENT<br />PURPOSE?<br />To test the relationships over time between Facebook use and social capital<br />A combination of survey methods and in-depth interviews with a random sample of 800 undergraduate students at a large Midwestern university. Survey data were collected at two points in time a year apart. <br />(April of 2006,2007)<br /> <br />METHOD?<br />General Internet use, Facebook use, and two measures of psychological well-being: self-esteem and satisfaction with life.<br />INDEPENDENT VARIABLES?<br />DEPENDENT VARIABLES?<br />Bridging social capital.<br />
  9. 9. Descriptive statistics for Facebookpanel<br />
  10. 10. Facebook use<br />
  11. 11. Psychological well-being measures<br />
  12. 12. RESULTS-GROWTH<br />
  13. 13. RESULTS-association BETWEEN IV AND DV<br />Greater Facebook use leads to increases in bridging social capital.<br /> <br />A modified Pearson–Filonz index (known as the ZPF index) was computed to test the significance of the difference in the lagged correlations.<br />
  14. 14. RESULTS-association BETWEEN FACEBOOK AND self-esteem<br />
  15. 15. RESULTS-association BETWEEN FACEBOOK AND self-esteem<br />Social capital gains from Facebook use were greater for low self-esteem students than high self-esteem students<br />
  16. 16. CRITICS<br />Lower self-esteem students might face more difficulties than high self-esteem individuals in approaching people in their classes or their dormitories, and hence might not form the casual relationships so essential to bridging social capital. A social network site that makes it easier for lower self-esteem students to engage with others outside of their close personal networks can therefore be expected to have a larger effect for them than for higher self-esteem students.<br />2 seconds ago<br />
  17. 17. Problems<br />EXPERIMENT:<br />Limitations of Participants<br />Limitations of Time and Resources<br />Reliability<br />Some Relationship on Facebook is Even Shallower than Weak Ties<br />FIELD:<br />Social capital and how it is generated is a notoriously difficult research area to address, and it is unlikely that experimental studies can capture social capital meaningfully outside of game theoretic simulations. <br />
  18. 18. Controversy<br />Internet Use and Psychological Well-being <br />Internet use has positive impacts on psychological well-being.<br />Researchers find decreases in perceived loneliness and depression as well as increases in perceived social support and self-esteem following engagement in online chat sessions<br />Angel<br />2 seconds ago<br />Devil<br />Heavier Internet use was associated with various measures of loneliness, depression and stress. Becauseweaker ties generated online were replacing stronger offline ties with family and friends.<br />2 seconds ago<br />
  19. 19. FUTURE<br /> More research should also be done to see if groups other than young adults, and from different cultures are receiving the same social capital benefits that we see here.<br />
  20. 20. REFERENCES:<br />History of Psychology, Contemporary Foundations ,<br />Science Encyclopedia, Psychology - A Brief History, Contemporary Psychology, Ten Main Fields Of Psychology,<br />Charles Steinfield, Nicole B. Ellison, Cliff Lampe, Social capital, self-esteem, and use of online social network sites: A longitudinal analysis, Journal of Applied Developmental PsychologyVolume 29, Issue 6, November-December 2008, Pages 434-445<br />Facebook,<br /> <br /> <br />