Israel Water Technology Solutions
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Israel Water Technology Solutions

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For years Israel has not only desalinated drinking water, but also exported desalination plants to foreign markets. It is now is home to the world’s largest seawater reverse osmosis plant. The ...

For years Israel has not only desalinated drinking water, but also exported desalination plants to foreign markets. It is now is home to the world’s largest seawater reverse osmosis plant. The country is expanding its desalination network along its Mediterranean coast, with the national water company Mekorot predicting that Israel will likely have a water surplus by 2020

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Israel Water Technology Solutions Israel Water Technology Solutions Document Transcript

  • Israel Water Technology Solutions Introduction Ask any visitor to Israel what their tour guide told them about the country’s early years and they’ll tell you the pioneers “made the desert bloom.” The arid conditions mean water in Israel is scarce compared to availability in most of North America and Europe. Despite that, fields in Israel produce top quality grains, cotton, fruits and vegetables. There is also sufficient water for domestic, municipal and industrial use. This has been achieved by tremendous investment in water knowhow, making Israel a world leader in this arena that exports its technologies world-wide. For years Israel has not only desalinated drinking water, but also exported desalination plants to foreign markets. It is now is home to the world’s largest seawater reverse osmosis plant. The country is expanding its desalination network along its Mediterranean coast, with the national water company Mekorot predicting that Israel will likely have a water surplus by 20201 . Israel also works hard to try and reuse every drop of water. The figures speak for themselves: Israel reuses 75 percent of its water, compared to 12 percent in Spain and 1 percent in Central Europe and the United States2 . By recycling so much water, the effects of effluence on the environment are substantially reduced and more water is available for agriculture. Several Israeli companies are world leaders when it comes to exporting irrigation systems. Netafim is a leading company whose smart drip and micro-irrigation solutions have been in use world-wide since 1965. Israeli technologies help water infrastructures in the world’s leading economies and developing nations alike. While dozens of technologies are being used, this document focuses on three of the areas of Israeli water achievements in more detail: irrigation, wastewater recovery and desalination. Israel's Limited Water Sources Israel has four main sources of natural, fresh water: • The Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret), which supplies about 20percent of Israel's water. • The Coast Aquifer supplies about 20percent - most of it used for drinking water. • The Mountain Aquifer supplies another 20percent of Israel's water consumption. • Desalination of seawater and brackish groundwater. Proper organization and management of the water sector can alleviate regional water problems. These solutions include sustainable policy and management of water resources, water savings and reduction of water losses, and desalination. 1 http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4186794,00.html 2 http://www.mekorot.co.il/Eng/Activities/Pages/WastewaterTreatmentandReclamation.aspx
  • Israel Water Technology Solutions 2 Israel Leads the World in Agricultural Irrigation Israelis pioneered the irrigation revolution decades ago when they developed the idea of placing a hose in a field and poking small holes in the hose only beside the plants you need watered. This drip irrigation idea not only saved resources by putting valuable water only where it is needed, it also grew plants with higher crop yields. Drip irrigation system in an orchard (NaanDanJain photo.) With almost a half century of experience and expertise, Israeli drip irrigation systems are used on 60 percent of agricultural land in Israel. They are exported around the world to every continent – especially Africa and Asia. Israel is Highest in Wastewater Recovery Israel’s Mekorot national water company has a tremendous success rate of recovering most of the wastewater it treats and reusing it around the country – primarily for agricultural irrigation. Mekorot wastewater recovery plant Israel ranks first in the world in wastewater reuse – utilizing 75 percent of the wastewater it processes compared to 12 percent in Spain, 9 percent in Australia and only 1 percent in Europe and the USA. While Mekorot is responsible for implementing solutions in the field, the company utilizes products and expertise from dozens of suppliers in Israel. These same suppliers offer products and consultation to countries world-wide. Israel Leading in Desalination Solutions The Ashkelon desalination plant – the world’s largest reverse-osmosis facility Israel has been desalinating both seawater and brackish groundwater for over 40 years and currently has 31 desalination plants in operation. Mekorot operates most of the desalination plants, with the first opening in 1965 in the southern desert port city of Eilat. The company says Israel’s desalination capacity represents about five percent of total world-wide desalination capacity, a significant achievement considering the country’s small size.
  • Israel Water Technology Solutions 3 By 2013, Israel is expected to have a desalinated water production level of more than 550 million cubic meters annually. According to government targets, by 2020 the total volume of desalination in Israel will rise to some 750 million cubic meters of water per year. The newest facility is the Sorek desalination plant that is being built and operated by a partnership of the Israeli company IDE and the China-based Hutchison Water International Ltd. IDE also built and operates the Ashkelon plant, currently the world’s largest reverse- osmosis facility that produces 118 million cubic meters of fresh water each year. Featured Water Technology Companies NaanDanJain Irrigation Fields: Irrigation Description: A global producer and provider of tailor-made irrigation solutions. Formed by the merger in 2007 of NaanDan and the Indian company Jain, which acquired total ownership of NaanDan in January, 2012, it specializes in providing its clients with advanced, flexible and tailored solutions, which reduces the required resources and costs while increasing yields. The company has 9 subsidiaries around the world, and 6 production sites – two of which are located in Israel (Kibbutz Naan and Kibbutz Dan). Location: Kibbutz Naan. Corporate headquarters now in India with world-wide sales offices. Website: http://www.naandanjain.com/ Netafim Fields: Irrigation, greenhouse products Description: Global leader in sustainable smart drip and micro-irrigation solutions. Introduced the world's first drip irrigation solutions in 1965. Helps customers produce more yields and better crops using less resources. Location: Tel Aviv headquarters. Offices in 42 countries. Israeli factories in: Website: http://www.netafim.com/ CINADCO (MASHAV) – Center for International Agricultural Development Cooperation Fields: International partnerships for agricultural development. Description: MASHAV is the division of the Ministry of Agriculture that implements Israel's cooperation policies with developing nations in the fields of agriculture and rural development. The centre hosts groups in Israel and also works abroad in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, CIS Republics, the Middle East, Latin America and Oceania. Activities are conducted in English, Spanish, French, Russian, Arabic and other local languages and subjects include: Combating Desertification, Sustainable Rural Development, Advanced Irrigation Technologies, Water Management and Intensive Aquaculture Production. Location: Rishon-Lezion Website: http://www.moag.gov.il/agri/English/Ministrys+Units/CINADCO/default.htm
  • Israel Water Technology Solutions 4 IDE: Desalination plants (Hadera/Ashkelon) Fields: Seawater desalination plants Description: The Sorek Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant, currently under construction in Sorek, Israel, is a joint venture of IDE Technologies Ltd (51percent) and Hutchison Water International Ltd (49percent) (SDL). When completed, the project will set significant new benchmarks in both desalination capacity and water cost, which, at $0.58 per cubic meter, will result in substantial savings for the local water market. Location: Headquarters in Kadima (30 km north-east of Tel Aviv). Desalination plants in Hadera, Ashkelon and Sorek. Website: http://www.ide-tech.com/ Mekorot Water Company Fields: Supply of freshwater, processing of waste water, management on national water resources. Description: Israel’s national water supplier. Location: Tel Aviv headquarters, installations throughout Israel. Website: http://www.mekorot.co.il