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The ancient world Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Ancient World
    • By: Yuh-yi Tan ( 談玉儀 )
    • 台北商業技術學院
    09/16/11 談玉儀
  • 2. The Ancient World
    • Area: The Mediterranean basin
    • Period:
      • 800 B.C.E. (Before the Common Era ) to 400 C.E. ( Common Era)
    • Languages: Hebrew, Greek, and Latin
  • 3. Greece and Western Asin Minor
    •  
    09/16/11 談玉儀
  • 4. The Ancient World
    • Area: The Mediterranean basin
    • Period:
      • 800 B.C.E. (Before the Common Era ) to 400 C.E. ( Common Era)
    • Languages: Hebrew, Greek, and Latin
      • The Hebrew Bible
      • The Iliad and Odyssey
  • 5. Athens and Sparta
    • The 2 most prominent city-states in the beginning of the 5 th century B.C.E to against the Persian power
    • Their hostility ended in 404 B.C.E with the total defeat of Athens.
      • The war was known as the Peloponnesian War
  • 6. The Greeks and Romans
    • Greek history begins with Homer’s epic poem
    • Latin literature written as Virgil who based his epic on Homer but chose as his theme the coming of the Trojan prince Aeneas to Italy.
  • 7. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis
      • 1 st part (chapters 1-11) recounts “Creation history”
        • God’s creation of the world and of humankind
        • Disobedience of Adam and Eve and their expulsion from Eden to the construction of the Tower of Babel
        • Noah and the ark
          • Many languages
  • 8. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis 1-3 (The Creation—The Fall)
      • God created the world in 6 days.
      • “ And God created the human in his image”
      • God planted a garden in Eden where Adam and Eve lived.
      • Both Eden and Adam were driven out Eden and lived in the east of Eden since the serpent’s temptation.
  • 9. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis 4 (The First Murder)
      • Cain was a tiller of the soil; Abel became a herder of sheep
      • God cursed Cain as a restless wanderer since he murdered his brother Abel just because his jealousy.
  • 10. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis 6-9 (The Flood)
      • God found favor in Noah and ask he to find an ark to survive from the flood.
      • The water surged over the earth one hundred and fifty days, only Noah remained and those with him in the ark.
      • God’s covenant with Noah’s posterity
  • 11. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis 11 (The Origin of Languages)
      • Human beings made a city and a tower called Babel.
      • And God made the language of all the earth babble and from Babel God scattered them over all the earth.
  • 12. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis
      • 2 nd (chapters 12-50) part
        • 4 generations of ancestors of the people of Israel
          • Abraham and Sarah
          • Isaac and Rebekah
          • Jacob and his wives, Leah and Rachel
          • Joseph and his brothers
  • 13. 09/16/11 http://catholic-resources.org/Bible/History-Abraham.htm
  • 14. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis: ch apters 17-19 (Abraham and Sarah)
      • God’s covenant with Abraham to make him be father to a multitude of nations.
      • Sodom and Gomorrah have become synonymous with impenitent sin and as metaphors for vice and homosexuality , and their fall with a proverbial manifestation of God's wrath
      • Lot’s wife became a pillar of salt.
  • 15. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis: ch apters 25-27 (Jacob and Esau)
      • Rebekah persuaded her beloved son Jacob to pretend himself as his brother Esau to ask a blessing from his father Jacob.
      • Thus Jacob is blessed and nations bow before him.
      • Yet Esau’s blessing was taken and he would serve Jacob.
  • 16. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis: ch apters 37,39-46 (Joseph)
      • Joseph was betrayed by his brothers for selling him as a slave to an Egyptian.
      • Yet he had the ability to interpret Pharaoh’s dream and solve the problematic famine and earned Pharaoh’s favor.
      • Eventually he was united with his brothers and father and forgave their wrong-doing.
  • 17. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis:
      • The emphasis on posterity as part of God’s covenant
      • The strife between brothers
        • Cain and Abel
        • Jacob and Esau
        • Joseph and his brothers
      • The attainment of a settled home
  • 18. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • Genesis’s world where goodness is rewarded and sin is punished
    • Yet the book of Job challenges this sense of coherence and put the innocent Job in a suffering situation to suggest that there is misfortune and unhappiness in the world.
  • 19. The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
    • The Song of Song
      • A dialogue between lovers, a man and a woman who express their appreciation of each other’s bodies.
      • Celebrating human sexuality and love and human life
      • A mixture of allegory, religion, and history.