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The ancient world
 

The ancient world

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    The ancient world The ancient world Presentation Transcript

    • The Ancient World
      • By: Yuh-yi Tan ( 談玉儀 )
      • 台北商業技術學院
      09/16/11 談玉儀
    • The Ancient World
      • Area: The Mediterranean basin
      • Period:
        • 800 B.C.E. (Before the Common Era ) to 400 C.E. ( Common Era)
      • Languages: Hebrew, Greek, and Latin
    • Greece and Western Asin Minor
      •  
      09/16/11 談玉儀
    • The Ancient World
      • Area: The Mediterranean basin
      • Period:
        • 800 B.C.E. (Before the Common Era ) to 400 C.E. ( Common Era)
      • Languages: Hebrew, Greek, and Latin
        • The Hebrew Bible
        • The Iliad and Odyssey
    • Athens and Sparta
      • The 2 most prominent city-states in the beginning of the 5 th century B.C.E to against the Persian power
      • Their hostility ended in 404 B.C.E with the total defeat of Athens.
        • The war was known as the Peloponnesian War
    • The Greeks and Romans
      • Greek history begins with Homer’s epic poem
      • Latin literature written as Virgil who based his epic on Homer but chose as his theme the coming of the Trojan prince Aeneas to Italy.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis
        • 1 st part (chapters 1-11) recounts “Creation history”
          • God’s creation of the world and of humankind
          • Disobedience of Adam and Eve and their expulsion from Eden to the construction of the Tower of Babel
          • Noah and the ark
            • Many languages
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis 1-3 (The Creation—The Fall)
        • God created the world in 6 days.
        • “ And God created the human in his image”
        • God planted a garden in Eden where Adam and Eve lived.
        • Both Eden and Adam were driven out Eden and lived in the east of Eden since the serpent’s temptation.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis 4 (The First Murder)
        • Cain was a tiller of the soil; Abel became a herder of sheep
        • God cursed Cain as a restless wanderer since he murdered his brother Abel just because his jealousy.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis 6-9 (The Flood)
        • God found favor in Noah and ask he to find an ark to survive from the flood.
        • The water surged over the earth one hundred and fifty days, only Noah remained and those with him in the ark.
        • God’s covenant with Noah’s posterity
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis 11 (The Origin of Languages)
        • Human beings made a city and a tower called Babel.
        • And God made the language of all the earth babble and from Babel God scattered them over all the earth.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis
        • 2 nd (chapters 12-50) part
          • 4 generations of ancestors of the people of Israel
            • Abraham and Sarah
            • Isaac and Rebekah
            • Jacob and his wives, Leah and Rachel
            • Joseph and his brothers
    • 09/16/11 http://catholic-resources.org/Bible/History-Abraham.htm
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis: ch apters 17-19 (Abraham and Sarah)
        • God’s covenant with Abraham to make him be father to a multitude of nations.
        • Sodom and Gomorrah have become synonymous with impenitent sin and as metaphors for vice and homosexuality , and their fall with a proverbial manifestation of God's wrath
        • Lot’s wife became a pillar of salt.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis: ch apters 25-27 (Jacob and Esau)
        • Rebekah persuaded her beloved son Jacob to pretend himself as his brother Esau to ask a blessing from his father Jacob.
        • Thus Jacob is blessed and nations bow before him.
        • Yet Esau’s blessing was taken and he would serve Jacob.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis: ch apters 37,39-46 (Joseph)
        • Joseph was betrayed by his brothers for selling him as a slave to an Egyptian.
        • Yet he had the ability to interpret Pharaoh’s dream and solve the problematic famine and earned Pharaoh’s favor.
        • Eventually he was united with his brothers and father and forgave their wrong-doing.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis:
        • The emphasis on posterity as part of God’s covenant
        • The strife between brothers
          • Cain and Abel
          • Jacob and Esau
          • Joseph and his brothers
        • The attainment of a settled home
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • Genesis’s world where goodness is rewarded and sin is punished
      • Yet the book of Job challenges this sense of coherence and put the innocent Job in a suffering situation to suggest that there is misfortune and unhappiness in the world.
    • The Hebrew Bible (ca. 1000-300 B.C.E)
      • The Song of Song
        • A dialogue between lovers, a man and a woman who express their appreciation of each other’s bodies.
        • Celebrating human sexuality and love and human life
        • A mixture of allegory, religion, and history.