Abram = Abraham Abram was born around 2000BC in (1) UR. The Sumerians worshipped many gods, known as (2) POLYTHEISM, but Abram believed in just one, known as (3) MONOTHEISM. God came to him and said, “Leave your own country and your father’s house, and go to a country that I will show you.” God made a (4) COVENANT, or promise, with Abram to make him a father of a great nation if he migrated to (5) CANAAN.
Canaan Around (6) 1950 BCE , Abram led friends and relatives from Ur to the land of Canaan. God spoke to Abram when he was 99 years old and made a second (7) COVENANT with Abram. God said he would protect Abram’s people if they devoted themselves to God. As a symbol of this covenant God renamed Abram, “Abraham” which means (8) “FATHER OF MANY.”
Hebrews in Egypt After about 100 years there was a (9) FAMINE in Canaan and the Hebrews had to move to (10) EGYPT (1800BC) The Hebrews lived well in Egypt for hundreds of years until around (11) 1600 BCE. The Egyptian (12) PHARAOH feared the Hebrews would become too powerful and he decided to enslave the Hebrews. A man named Moses asked the Pharaoh to free the Hebrews but he said, “NO!”
The Ten Plagues God punished the Egyptians with (13) 10 PLAGUES. (14) LOCUSTS ate all the crops and the Nile River turned to (15) BLOOD. After each plague, Moses asked the Pharaoh to free the Hebrews but he said, “No!” The last plague killed every (16) FIRST BORN SON in Egypt including the Pharaoh’s. The Pharaoh decided to let the Hebrews go, but he changed his mind and sent the Egyptian army after them!
Exodus Moses raised his staff and parted the (17) RED SEA so the Hebrews could cross. The receding waters drowned the Egyptian army. This escape is called the (18) “EXODUS.” The Hebrews wandered the desert for (19) 40 YEARS before finally reaching Canaan once again. Moses died before making it back to Canaan.
The Ten Commandments While they wandered the desert around the (20) SINAI PENINSULA, Moses received the Ten Commandments on (21) MOUNT SINAI, or “Mountain of God.” The Ten Commandments set out laws: (22) MONOTHEISM Keep the (23) SABBATH, worship on the seventh day of the week (24) MORALS: respect parents and no lying, stealing, murder They were written on a stone tablet that became known as the (25) ARK OF THE COVENANT
Ticket Out: Explain the role of Abraham in the development of Judaism.