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  1. 3. track apartment landmark commuter terminal
  2. 4. c a b d
  3. 5. Lesson 4A Click here to enlarge the passage
  4. 6. Vocabulary Lesson 4A
  5. 7. convenient <ul><li>( adj. ) easy, useful, and suitable for a particular purpose </li></ul>
  6. 8. locate <ul><li>( v. ) to put in a particular place </li></ul>
  7. 9. focus <ul><li>( n. ) the thing people concentrate on </li></ul><ul><li>or pay most attention to </li></ul>
  8. 10. economic <ul><li>( adj. ) related to money and resources </li></ul>
  9. 11. feature <ul><li>( v. ) to highlight something important </li></ul>
  10. 12. ceiling <ul><li>( n. ) the top inside surface of a room </li></ul>
  11. 13. modernize <ul><li>( v. ) to change something by replacing </li></ul><ul><li>old equipment or methods with new </li></ul><ul><li>ones </li></ul>
  12. 14. object <ul><li>( v. ) to be against something </li></ul>
  13. 15. threaten <ul><li>( v. ) to say or imply that you will hurt </li></ul><ul><li>someone </li></ul>
  14. 16. sightsee <ul><li>( v. ) to travel around visiting places of </li></ul><ul><li>interest </li></ul>
  15. 17. Lines44-45 Lines29-32
  16. 18. paragraph1 and caption to his photograph Line19
  17. 19. information booth newspaper(line48) tobacco smoke oldest business Historic Landmark
  18. 20. located threatened modernizing sightseers economic
  19. 21. b a a b b
  20. 25. v diverse impressive monuments sculptures
  21. 26. Lesson 4B Click here to enlarge the passage
  22. 27. Vocabulary Lesson 4B
  23. 28. derive <ul><li>( v. ) to get or obtain </li></ul>
  24. 29. cultural <ul><li>( adj. ) related to the arts, ideas, or customs of a society </li></ul>
  25. 30. permit <ul><li>( v. ) to allow one to do something </li></ul>
  26. 31. policy <ul><li>( n. ) a government rule or strategy for </li></ul><ul><li>doing something </li></ul>
  27. 32. establish <ul><li>( v. ) to create or develop something </li></ul>
  28. 33. surround <ul><li>( v. ) to circle all around </li></ul>
  29. 34. appeal <ul><li>( v. ) to attract or be interesting to someone </li></ul>
  30. 35. supposedly <ul><li>( adv. ) as it seems or is assumed </li></ul>
  31. 36. cave <ul><li>( n. ) a large hole in the side of a hill or </li></ul><ul><li>underground </li></ul>
  32. 37. preserve <ul><li>( v. ) to take action to save or protect </li></ul><ul><li>something, or keep it in its original </li></ul><ul><li>state </li></ul>
  33. 38. lines21-22
  34. 39. lines38-39
  35. 40. a,d,f b,g c,e
  36. 42. cultural derived appeal surround established
  37. 43. supposedly permitted cave preservation policies
  38. 46. modernization established preserved appeals Sightseers
  39. 47. surrounding convenient derive permits located
  40. 48. For More Information <ul><li>http:// travel.nationalgeographic.com /places/ </li></ul>
  41. 49. Key Words for Internet Research Bollywood Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Elephanta Gateway of India Grand Central Terminal National historic lndmarks Taj Mahal Victoria Tarminus
  42. 50. Reading Skills
  43. 51. Identifying Detail <ul><li>Identifying details in a text to answer specific questions (eg: who, what, when, where, why) is often achieved through a strategy known as ‘Scanning’ for details. This is actually a technique often used in daily life when looking up a word in the telephone book or dictionary. Also when you read a newspaper, you're probably not reading it word-by-word, instead you're scanning the text for important information of interest. </li></ul>
  44. 52. Making Inferences <ul><li>When we read a text, the author does not tell us everything. Therefore, we must be able to guess some things and make clear assumptions from the information, facts, opinions and author’s feelings presented in the passage. Such a process of guessing and critical thinking is called Making inferences . </li></ul>
  45. 53. Recognizing Purpose <ul><li>Recognizing the purpose of a text involves firstly asking yourself a few important questions such as “What am I reading?” to determine text type ( eg: newspaper article, website, advertisement ), “Why did the author write the text?”, to establish author’s objectives, and “Why am I reading this text?”, to determine your own reading objectives and what you can extract from the passage. </li></ul>
  46. 54. Reading for Gist <ul><li>Reading for gist is reading to get a general sense of what a reading passage is basically about. In other words, we read to understand the main topic, or theme of the passage. For example, a reading passage might basically be about a new type of technology, or a tourist's vacation trip, or a story about a fictional character. </li></ul>
  47. 55. Defining Vocabulary <ul><li>Often a reading passage contains definitions or explanations of new words related to the topic. The definitions in the text may be given through different clues to help you identify how the author has explained its meaning. It is important to understand synonyms or parallel expressions are often used to define target vocabulary items . </li></ul>