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New microsoft office power point presentation (3)


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  • 1. S.Rajitha, Social Faculty, K.V. Gachibowli
  • 2. Meaning of food security; Food security means availability accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times
  • 3. DIMENSIONS OF FOOD SECURITY a) AVAILABILITY of food means food production within the country, food imports and the previous years stock stored in govt. granaries. b) ACCESSIBILITY means food is within reach of every person. c) AFFORDABILITY implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious to meet ones dietary needs.
  • 4. Why food security? DROUGHT
  • 5. Why food security? FLOODS
  • 6. Why food security? POVERTY
  • 7. FOOD INSECURE STATES IN INDIA.  States of U.P (eastern and south eastern parts)Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, parts of M.P and Maharashtra account for largest no. of food insecure people in the country
  • 9. THE SUCCESS OF GREEN AND WHEAT REVOLUTION IN INDIA IN SOME STATES  The highest rate of growth was achieved in Punjab and Haryana, where food grain production jumped from 7.23 million tones in 1964-65 to reach an all time high of 30.33million in 1995-96.  Production in Maharashtra, M.P , Bihar, Orissa and some north eastern states  Tamil Nadu and A.P on the other hand recorded significant increases in rice production.
  • 10. COMPONENTS OF FOOD SECURITY  India has become self sufficient in food grains during the last 30 years because of a variety of crops grown all the over the country.  The availability of food grains at the country level has further been ensured with a carefully designed food security system by the govt. this system has two components  A)BUFFER STOCK. B) PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
  • 11. FOOD CORPARATION OF INDIA  Food Corporation of India was set up on 14 January 1965 having its first District Office at Thanjavur - rice bowl of Tamil Nadu - and headquarters at Chennai under the Food Corporations Act 1964  Objectives of the National Food Policy :  Effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers  Distribution of food grains throughout the country for Public Distribution System  Maintaining satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of food grains to ensure National Food Security  Regulate market price to provide food grains to consumers at a reliable price
  • 12. Components of food security  Buffer stock:  Stock used in agriculture to stabilize the price of commodities. The government purchases excess production for storage and sells that storage stock in years of low production. In general the use of buffer stocks stabilizes commodity market price swings.
  • 13. Components of food security  PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM:  The Government of India fulfills certain objectives of food - 1. security through Public Distribution at an affordable price. In the 2. present scenario, Public Distribution System strives to meet the twin 3. objectives - the price support to the farmers for their product and 4. maintenance of stocks.
  • 14. FOOD SECURITY BILL Right to food
  • 15. FEATURESOF FOOD SECURITY BILL  Two thirds of the population to be legally entitled to receive highly subsidized food grains.  Each entitled person will receive 5 kg of food grains pre month. Rice wheat and coarse grains at rupee 3 per kg, rupee 2 per kg and rupee 1 per kg respectively.  AAY households will get 35 kg food grains per household per month.
  • 16. FOOD BILL FOCUS ON WOMEN AND CHILDREN  Eldest women of the household above 18 years to head of the household for the purpose of issue of ration cards.  Maternity benefit of rupees 6,000 to pregnant women and lactating mothers.  Nutritious meals to pregnant women and children below 14 years of age.  Higher nutritional norms for malnourished children.