Meaning of food
Food security means
affordability of food
to all people at all
DIMENSIONS OF FOOD SECURITY
a) AVAILABILITY of food means food production
within the country, food imports and the
previous years stock stored in govt. granaries.
b) ACCESSIBILITY means food is within reach of
c) AFFORDABILITY implies that an individual has
enough money to buy sufficient, safe and
nutritious to meet ones dietary needs.
STATES IN INDIA.
States of U.P (eastern and
south eastern parts)Bihar,
Chhattisgarh, parts of M.P
and Maharashtra account for
largest no. of food insecure
people in the country
THE SUCCESS OF GREEN AND WHEAT
REVOLUTION IN INDIA IN SOME STATES
The highest rate of growth was achieved in Punjab and
Haryana, where food grain production jumped from
7.23 million tones in 1964-65 to reach an all time high
of 30.33million in 1995-96.
Production in Maharashtra, M.P , Bihar, Orissa and
some north eastern states
Tamil Nadu and A.P on the other hand recorded
significant increases in rice production.
COMPONENTS OF FOOD SECURITY
India has become self sufficient in food grains during
the last 30 years because of a variety of crops grown all
the over the country.
The availability of food grains at the country level has
further been ensured with a carefully designed food
security system by the govt. this system has two
A)BUFFER STOCK. B) PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION
Food Corporation of India was set up on 14
January 1965 having its first District Office
at Thanjavur - rice bowl of Tamil Nadu - and
headquarters at Chennai under the Food
Corporations Act 1964
Objectives of the National Food Policy :
Effective price support operations for
safeguarding the interests of the farmers
Distribution of food grains throughout the
country for Public Distribution System
Maintaining satisfactory level of operational
and buffer stocks of food grains to ensure
National Food Security
Regulate market price to provide food grains to
consumers at a reliable price
Stock used in agriculture to
stabilize the price of
The government purchases
excess production for storage
and sells that storage stock in
years of low production. In
general the use of buffer stocks
stabilizes commodity market
PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM:
The Government of India fulfills
certain objectives of food -
1. security through Public
Distribution at an affordable
price. In the
2. present scenario, Public
Distribution System strives to
meet the twin
3. objectives - the price support to
the farmers for their product and
4. maintenance of stocks.
FEATURESOF FOOD SECURITY BILL
Two thirds of the population to be legally entitled to
receive highly subsidized food grains.
Each entitled person will receive 5 kg of food grains
pre month. Rice wheat and coarse grains at rupee 3 per
kg, rupee 2 per kg and rupee 1 per kg respectively.
AAY households will get 35 kg food grains per
household per month.
FOOD BILL FOCUS
ON WOMEN AND
Eldest women of the household
above 18 years to head of the
household for the purpose of
issue of ration cards.
Maternity benefit of rupees
6,000 to pregnant women and
Nutritious meals to pregnant
women and children below 14
years of age.
Higher nutritional norms for
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