Food Security in INDIA,in Comparison to other CountriesPRESENTED TO : PROF. SUDHIR PROF. SHRAVANPRESENTED BY: GAURAV GADVYE NIKHIL MODI VAMSIKRISHNA TALLAMRAJU
INDEX Introduction to Food Security. How does India Fare with respect to other countries in context to Food Security. What can India learn from other countries for increasing the efficiency of Food Security.
Food Security - Meaning• Food Security exists, when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preference for an active and healthy life. (World Food Summit, Rome, 1996)
Four dimensions of Food Security Physical Availability of Food The supply side, determined by the level Of food production, stock level & net trade. Economic & Physical access to Food Food Adequate supply of food does not guarantee household level food security. Food access depends on incomes, expenditure, markets & prices in achieving food security objectivesSecurity Food Utilization The way the body makes the most of various nutrients in the food. Involves care & feeding practices, food preparation, diversity of diet & intra-household distribution of food. Stability of the other 3 dimensions over time Access on a periodic basis. Weather, political conditions or economic factors have an impact on food security status.
How does India Fare with respect to other countries in context to Food Security.
Stark Realties• INDIA has witnessed high economic growth in last one decade and high total production of food grains at the national level. BUT India has• 29% of the 872.9 million undernourished people (FAO)• 49% of the world’s underweight children (WHO)• 34% of the world’s stunted children (WHO)• Over 46% undernourished children (WHO)• India is ranked 67 way below neighboring countries like China, Nepal & Pakistan, in 2011 Global Hunger Index by the IFPRI.• As for child nutritional status & child mortality rate, India is doing worse than some Sub-Saharan African Countries & South Asian neighbours (FOCUS 2006).
Gender Inequality• Food security is a major concern for women who are incapable of or denied access to participating in labor, either formal, informal, or agricultural.• In 2009, the U.N. estimated that 60 percent of the world’s chronically hungry people are women and girls, 98% of which live in developing nations. (Wikipedia)
What can India learn from other countries for increasing the efficiency of Food Security.
Food Availability• Community Farming.• Emphasis on nutrient rich indigenous foods such as Ragi.• Reduction in the cost of production through R&D interventions targeting increased productivity.• Expand utilization of public storage food facilities, and encourage private sector investment in these facilities.• Compared to nations like US, India’s BPL rate is very low due to which exposure of food availability benefits is limited to a very small segment of poor people, so a revision in BPL rate is much required.
Food Access• Shorten the Supply Chain• Farmer-friendly Marketing and Processing - Producers Owned Companies - Value addition near to production• Non-farm Interventions• Strengthen the management and distribution of the food reserves through PPP• Food Safety Net – Innovative adoption of Food Coupons, Food Stamps, Food Credit Cards – Direct Cash Transfer
Creating Gender Equality• When women have an income, substantial evidence indicates that the income is more likely to be spent on food and children’s needs.• Analysts suggest that if women have the same access to productive resources as men, women could boost yield by 20-30 percent; raising the overall agricultural output in developing countries by two and a half to four percent. This gain in production could lessen the number of hungry people in the world by 12-17 percent. (Wikipedia)