Food security in india


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With an Act on it, food security for poor in India would be paid proper attention by the Government and civil society. Jai Hind

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Food security in india

  1. 1. Food security means : 0 availability, 0 accessibility and 0 affordability of food to all people at all times. 2
  2. 2. Food Security is ensured in a country only if 0 Enough food is available for all the persons 0 All persons have the capacity to buy food of acceptable quality and 0 There is no barrier on access to food. 3
  3. 3. Need for Food Security: 0 For the poor sections of the society 0 Natural disasters or calamity like earthquake, drought, flood, tsunami, 0 Widespread crop failure due to drought 4
  4. 4. How drought affects food security Drought takes place Total production of food grains Shortage of food in the affected areas Prices Some people cannot afford to buy food = Food Insecurity 5
  5. 5. Starvation 0 If such calamity happens in a very wide spread area or is stretched over a longer time period, it may cause a situation of starvation. 6
  6. 6. Famine 0 A massive starvation might take a turn of famine. 0 A Famine is characterized by 1. widespread deaths and 2. epidemics 7
  7. 7. Famines and Starvation Deaths in India 0 Bengal Famine, 1943 -killed 1.5 million to 3 million 0 The Bihar famine, 1966-7 - 2,353 deaths due to starvation reported Starvation deaths have also been reported in: 1. Kalahandi and Kashipur in Orissa 2. Baran district of Rajasthan, 3. Palamau district of Jharkhand and many other remote areas during the recent years. 8
  8. 8. Food Insecure Groups Worst Affected Groups: 0 landless people 0 traditional artisans 0 traditional services providers 0 petty self-employed workers 0 Homeless, beggars etc. 0 Families employed in ill-paid occupations 0 casual labourers (seasonal activities+ very low wages) 9
  9. 9. 0 SCs, STs and some sections of the OBCs (lower castes among them) –having poor land-base or very low land productivity 0 Migrants ( as a result of natural disasters ) 0 Women and children 10
  10. 10. States facing problem of food insecurity 0 Uttar Pradesh (eastern and south-eastern parts), Bihar, 0 Jharkhand, 0 Orissa, 0 West Bengal, 0 Chattisgarh, 0 parts of Madhya Pradesh and 0 Maharasthra 11
  11. 11. Hunger, another aspect of Food Insecurity Chronic Hunger Inadequate diet for a long time Poor people suffer from chronic hunger Seasonal Hunger Due agricultural activities-rural regions & urban areas- casual labour When a person is unable to get work for the entire year 12
  12. 12. India’s attempts at attaining Food Security Green Revolution: Foodgrain Production Highest Growth Low Growth Punjab and Haryana Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh Bihar, Orissa and the N-E states 13
  13. 13. India’s Food Security System Buffer Stock Public Distributio n System Food Security System of India 14
  14. 14. How the Public Distribution System works: Farmers or Producers Grains Fair Price Shops MSP F.C.I (maintains Buffer Stocks) Distributes Grains C.I.P Allocates Grains States Central Issue Price 15
  15. 15. Government schemes 0 PDS (initial Public Distribution System scheme) 0 RPS (Revamped Public Distribution System) 0 TPDS (Targeted Public Distribution System) Special Schemes: 0 AAY (Antyodaya Anna Yojana) 0 APS (Annapurna Scheme) 16
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  17. 17. Benefits from the PDS: 0 Stabilizes prices of food grains 0 Makes food available at affordable prices 0 By supplying food from surplus regions of the country to the deficit ones, it helps in combating hunger and famine 0 Prices set with poor households in mind 0 Provides income security to farmers in certain regions 18
  18. 18. Problems faced by PDS: 0 Problem of Hunger still exists in many areas of India 0 Food stock in granaries often above specified levels 0 Deterioration in quality of stored food grains if kept for longer time 0 High storage costs 0 Increase in MSP has led to shift from coarse grain to rice and wheat production among the farmers 0 Cultivation of rice has also led to environmental degradation and fall in the water level 19
  19. 19. 0 Average consumption of PDS grain at the all-India level is very low 0 Malpractices on part of PDS dealers:  Diverting the grains to open market to get better margin,  Selling poor quality grains at ration shops,  Irregular opening of the shops 0 Low Income families earning just above poverty line have to pay APL rates which are almost equal to open market rates – lower incentive to buy from Fair Price Shops 20
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