Mark Hinkle
Senior Director, Open Source Solutions
Citrix Inc.
mark.hinkle@citrix.com
mrhinkle@gmail.com
@mrhinkle
Last up...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
ABOUT ME
I Help Bu...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Slides Available o...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
AGENDA
• Vetting O...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
VETTING OPEN SOURC...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
OPEN SOURCE ANALYS...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
60 SECOND CLOUD DE...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Vertical Scaling (...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
HYPERVISORS AND CO...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
VIRTUALIZATION
Car...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
OPEN VIRTUALIZATIO...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
LINUX CONTAINERS (...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
THE PORTABILITY PR...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
CONTINUOUS INTEGRA...
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@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
DOCKER CONTAINER P...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
WHAT IS DOCKER
Sys...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
KUBERNETES
Contain...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
APACHE MESOS
One t...
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@mrhinkle
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
19
APACHE ZOOKEEPE...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
INFRASTRUCTURE-AS-...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
OPENSTACK
The Boy ...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
OPENSTACK SHARED
S...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
EVEN MORE OPENSTAC...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
OPENSTACK SOLUTION...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
CLOUD APIS
Everyth...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
CLOUD STORAGE
Virt...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
PLATFORM-AS-A-SERV...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
SOFTWARE DEFINED
N...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Business Applicati...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
BENEFITS OF SDN
Ne...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
OPENFLOW
Virtualiz...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Project Descriptio...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
OPEN VSWITCH
Open ...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Project Year Start...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Project Descriptio...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
ASGARD ASTYANAX ED...
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@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
CONTACT ME
Happy t...
By Mark R. Hinkle
@mrhinkle
mrhinkle@gmail.com
OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
APPENDIX A
Additio...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
• Devops Toolchain...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
• SDN, NFV, and op...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
APPENDIX B
Stuff I...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
SOURCING CLOUD APP...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Project Type of Mo...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
Project Installati...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
BIG DATA
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NOSQL DATABASES
Ho...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
MAP REDUCE
Algorit...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing
APACHE HADOOP
Apac...
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Hadoop Hadoop Comm...
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OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing

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This crash course is designed to give an overview of cloud computing architecture and the open source software that can be used to deploy and manage a cloud computing environment.

Topics to be discussed in this session will include virtualization (KVM, LXC, and Xen Project), orchestration (Apache CloudStack, Eucalyptus, Open Nebula, and OpenStack), and storage (GlusterFS, Ceph, and others). The talk will also provide insight into how to deliver Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and what technologies can be used to compliment this evolving cloud computing paradigm.

Systems administrators and IT generalists will leave the discussion with a general overview of the options at their disposal to effectively build and manage their own cloud computing environments using free and open source software and understand the capabilities and benefits of a host of technologies.

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  • Image portability across hypervisors https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/community/blogs/9e696bfa-94af-4f5a-ab50-c955cca76fd0/entry/image_portability_across_hypervisors1?lang=en
  • Martin Fowler - Continuous Integration

    http://www.martinfowler.com/articles/continuousIntegration.html
  • MapReduce is a programming model for processing large data sets with a parallel, distributed algorithm on a cluster.
    A MapReduce program is composed of a Map() procedure that performs filtering and sorting (such as sorting students by first name into queues, one queue for each name) and a Reduce() procedure that performs a summary operation (such as counting the number of students in each queue, yielding name frequencies). The "MapReduce System" (also called "infrastructure" or "framework") orchestrates by marshalling the distributed servers, running the various tasks in parallel, managing all communications and data transfers between the various parts of the system, and providing for redundancy and fault tolerance.
  • OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing

    1. 1. Mark Hinkle Senior Director, Open Source Solutions Citrix Inc. mark.hinkle@citrix.com mrhinkle@gmail.com @mrhinkle Last updated: 7/20/2014 Crash Course In Open Source Cloud Computing
    2. 2. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing ABOUT ME I Help Build Open Source Ecosystems Open Source Experience • Manage Citrix Open Source Business Office • Apache CloudStack Committer and PMC Member • Advisory boards Gluster and Xen Project • Joined Citrix via Cloud.com acquisition July 2011 • Zenoss Core open source project to 100,000 users, 1.5 million downloads • Former LinuxWorld Magazine Editor-in-Chief • Open Management Consortium organizer • Author - “Windows to Linux Business Desktop Migration” – Thomson • NetDirector Project - Open Source Configuration Management
    3. 3. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Slides Available on Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/socializedsoftwar e Creative Commons Attributions-ShareAlike 4.0 International Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.
    4. 4. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing AGENDA • Vetting Open Source Cloud Projects • What is Cloud in 60 Seconds • Virtualization • Infrastructure-as-a-Service • SDN • Open Source for the Amazon Web Services
    5. 5. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing VETTING OPEN SOURCE PROJECTSHow can you tell if they’re Legit • Code Velocity • Committers • Committer Reputation • User-driven or Vendor-Driven Innovation • User Activity • Corporate Support* • Reputation of Foundation*
    6. 6. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing OPEN SOURCE ANALYSIS Visualizing Community Activity http://www.ohloh.net http://activity.openstack.org
    7. 7. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing 60 SECOND CLOUD DEFINITION 5 CHARACTERISTICS OF CLOUD 1. On-Demand Self-Service 2. Broad Network Access 3. Resource Pooling 4. Rapid Elasticity 5. Measured Service User Cloud a.k.a. SOFTWARE-AS-A-SERVICE Developer Cloud a.k.a. PLATFORM-AS-A-SERVICE Systems Cloud a.k.a. INFRASTRUCTURE-AS-A- SERVICE Just because Software Marketing GuysThink it’s the Internet
    8. 8. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Vertical Scaling (Scale-Up) Allocate additional resources to VMs, requires a reboot, no need for distributed app logic, single-point of OS failure Horizontal Scaling (Scale-Out) Application needs logic to work in distributed fashion (e.g. HA-Proxy and Apache Hadoop) SCALE-UP SCALE OUT Elasticity and the cloud
    9. 9. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing HYPERVISORS AND CONTAINERS Differences in virtualization Type 1 Hypervisors VMware, Xen Project, Hyper-V Type 2 Hypervisors KVM, VirtualBox Containers LXC
    10. 10. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing VIRTUALIZATION Carving up compute resources OPEN SOURCE • Xen Project • Citrix XenServer • KVM • VirtualBox • OpenVZ • LXC PROPRIETARY • VMware • Microsoft Hyper-V • OracleVM (Based on Xen Project)
    11. 11. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing OPEN VIRTUALIZATION FORMATS Virtualization Payloads Open Virtualization Format (OVF) is an open standard for packaging and distributing virtual appliances or more generally software to be run in virtual machines. Formats for hypervisors/cloud technologies: • Amazon - AMI • KVM – QCOW2 • VMware – VMDK • Xen Project– IMG • Hyper-V - VHD – Virtual Hard Disk • LXC – local file system/mount point - Docker*
    12. 12. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing LINUX CONTAINERS (LXC) “Lightweight” LinuxVirtualization • Lets your run a Linux system within another Linux system • A container is a group of processes on a Linux box, put together the provide an isolated environment • From the inside, it looks like a VM • Externally it looks like normal processes • “chroot on steroids”
    13. 13. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing THE PORTABILITY PROBLEM Containers compared to Hardware Virtualization • Different file formats for virtual machines • VMware uses vmdk file format, Xen and Hyper- V use VHD, KVM uses Raw or QCOW2 • Guest images may be “processor architecture” bound • VMware and Xen can manage SCSI devices, but KVM cannot • KVM and Xen can use virtio drivers but not VMware • VMware uses a proprietary agent inside the guest OS (VMware tools) which does not work with Xen or KVM • Xen uses VirtIo and ParaVirtualized drivers, Xen uses
    14. 14. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION Rebuild Applications on any Cloud and/or Virtualized Infrastructure • Code – Application is stored in a repository (Subversion,Git) • Build – Code is built (Jenkins) • Test – Unit tests are automated (Jenkins) • Deploy – Deploy code to server various ways Code Build Test Deploy Thoughtworks Go – Open Source Continuous Deliver System
    15. 15. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing DOCKER CONTAINER PACKAGING Open source LXC Packaging Engine Docker is an open-source project to easily create lightweight, portable, self-sufficient containers from any application. The same container that a developer builds and tests on a laptop can run at scale, in production, on VMs, bare metal, public clouds and more. To learn more please visit: www.docker.io
    16. 16. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing WHAT IS DOCKER System for Managing and Deploying LXC Containers • Compliment to LXC not a replacement • Managed daemonized processes on Linux using LXC • Create ability to re-use and manage similar applications • Content agnostic • Hardware agnostic • Easy to automate • Integrated with other tools: Chef, OpenShift, Puppet, VMware, etc.
    17. 17. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing KUBERNETES Container Cluster Management – Scheduler Kubernetes builds on top of Docker to construct a clustered container scheduling service. Kubernetes enables users to ask a cluster to run a set of containers. The system will automatically pick worker nodes to run those containers on, which we think of more as "scheduling" than "orchestration” To learn more please visit: https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetesGreek for Shipmaster
    18. 18. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing APACHE MESOS One to many tools for managing large numbers of devices Apache Mesos is a cluster manager that simplifies the complexity of running applications on a shared pool of servers. Largely supported by Twitter, used by LinkedIn, AirBNB too. Features • Fault-tolerant replicated master using ZooKeeper • Scalability to 10,000s of nodes • Isolation between tasks with Linux Containers • Multi-resource scheduling (memory and CPU aware) • Java, Python and C++ APIs for developing new parallel applications • Web UI for viewing cluster state To learn more please visit: http://mesos.apache.org/
    19. 19. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing 19 APACHE ZOOKEEPER Centralized Server to Service Distributed Apps ZooKeeper is a centralized service for maintaining configuration information, naming, providing distributed synchronization, and providing group services. All of these kinds of services are used in some form or another by distributed applications To learn more please visit: http://zookeeper.apache.org/
    20. 20. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing INFRASTRUCTURE-AS-A-SERVICE Compute Orchestration Project Year Started License Virtualization Technologies Apache CloudStack 2008 Apache (Bare Metal), Xenserver, KVM, LXC VMware Hyper- V Eucalyptus 2006 GPL Xen, KVM, VMware (commercial version) OpenNebula 2005 Apache Xen, KVM, VMware OpenStack 2010 (Developed by NASA by Anso Labs previously) Apache VMware ESX and ESXi, , Xen, XenServer, KVM, LXC, QEMU and Virtual Box
    21. 21. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing OPENSTACK The Boy Band of the Open Source Cloud 
    22. 22. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing OPENSTACK SHARED SERVICESSpan Compute, Storage and Networking IDENTITY SERVICE IMAGE SERVICE TELEMETRY SERVICE ORCHESTRATION SERVICE
    23. 23. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing EVEN MORE OPENSTACK PROJECTS Span Compute, Storage and Networking • Cinder Block Storage Service • Ceilometer Metering/Monitoring • Heat Orchestration • Trove Database Service • Ironic Bare Metal (Ironic) • Marconi Queue Service
    24. 24. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing OPENSTACK SOLUTION PROVIDERS If you can’t do it yourself “OpenStack is not a product. If you are building a large infrastructure, it’s more like a tool kit. It gives you a lot of technologies that do take a lot of effort to integrate.” Chris Kemp, OpenStack Board Member and Co-Founder CEO of Piston Computing
    25. 25. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing CLOUD APIS Everything (should) have an API in the Cloud • Deltacloud(ruby) • Daisein(java) • Jclouds(java) • Libcloud(python) • Fog(ruby)
    26. 26. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing CLOUD STORAGE Virtualized, Distributed usually on Commodity Hardware Project Description Ceph Distributed file storage system developed by DreamHost -> InkTank -> Red Hat (block, object, file) GlusterFS Scale Out NAS system aggregating storage over Ethernet or Infiniband (file) OpenStack Storage Long-term object storage system (object) Riak CS Riak CS is open source software designed to provide simple, available, distributed cloud storage at any scale. Riak CS is S3- API compatible and supports per-tenant reporting for billing and metering use cases. (object) Sheepdog Distributed storage for KVM hypervisors, distributed iSCSI
    27. 27. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing PLATFORM-AS-A-SERVICE Abstracted Cloud-Scale Run-Time Environments Project Sponsors Languages/Frameworks CloudFoundry VMware -> Pivotal -> CloudFoundry Foundation Spring for Java, Ruby for Rails and Sinatra, node.js, Grails, Scala on Lift and more via partners (e.g. Python, PHP) Cloudify Gigaspaces [Groovy for deployment recipes] OpenShift Origin Red Hat Java, Ruby, PHP, Perl and Python Apache Stratos WSO2 - >Apache Stratus PHP, Tomcat, MySQL “cartridges”
    28. 28. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing SOFTWARE DEFINED NETWORKING(SDN)Virtualization meets the network Decoupling of the control and data planes of the network to improve efficiency. Communication from a SDN controller via a protocol to network devices both physical and virtual. Automation Dynamic Networks Security Heterogeneous Management Abstractions allow for programmable networks. Network can be changed quickly via a controller Network offerings can match virtualization offerings for finer grained security in a highly volatile compute landscape. Single control point for various devices.
    29. 29. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Business Applications Network Services SDN Control Software API API Network DevicesNetwork DevicesNetwork Devices Network DevicesNetwork DevicesNetwork Devices Application Layer Control Layer Infrastructure Layer Control Data Plane Interface (e.g. OpenFlow) SDN OVERVIEW
    30. 30. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing BENEFITS OF SDN Network Virtualization is the final frontier of Software Defined Datacenter • Dynamically update networks • Automate network functionality • “Program” security into the network • Centrally apply policies to network and services • Optimize networks
    31. 31. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing OPENFLOW Virtualization meets the network OpenFlow enables networks to evolve, by giving a remote controller the power to modify the behavior of network devices, through a well-defined "forwarding instruction set". The growing OpenFlow ecosystem now includes routers, switches, virtual switches, and access points from a range of vendors.
    32. 32. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Project Description Floodlight The Floodlight Open SDN Controller is an enterprise-class, Apache-licensed, Java-based OpenFlow Controller. It is supported by a community of developers including a number of engineers from Big Switch Networks. - See more at: http://www.projectfloodlight.org/floodlight/#sthash.9IhA1Ih5.dpuf Indigo Indigo is an open source project aimed at enabling support for OpenFlow on physical and hypervisor switches. Big Switch has helped numerous companies OpenFlow enable their equipment, and we provide firmware for a number of popular switches. Indigo is the basis of Switch Light by Big Switch Networks. - See more at: http://www.projectfloodlight.org/indigo/#sthash.K7LiHcqc.dpuf Lincx LINCX is a pure OpenFlow software switch written in Erlang. It runs within a separate domain under Xen hypervisor using LING (erlangonxen.org). Nox NOX is the original OpenFlow controller, and facilitates development of fast C++ controllers on Linux. Open Daylight Linux Foundation Collaborative Project based on Cisco One Controller and plugins from numerous vendors in development. E.g IBM DOVE Open vSwitch Open vSwitch is a open source (ASL 2.0), multilayer virtual switch designed to enable massive network automation through programmatic extension, while still supporting standard management interfaces and protocols (e.g. NetFlow, sFlow, SPAN, RSPAN, CLI, LACP, 802.1ag). OPEN SOURCE SDN Software Defined Network Controllers and more
    33. 33. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing OPEN VSWITCH Open vSwitch is a production quality, multilayer virtual switch licensed under the open source Apache 2.0 license. It is designed to enable massive network automation through programmatic extension, while still supporting standard management interfaces and protocols (e.g. NetFlow, sFlow, SPAN, RSPAN, CLI, LACP, 802.1ag). To learn more please visit our website: http://openvswitch.org/
    34. 34. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Project Year Started Language License Client/Server CFengine 1993 C Apache Yes Chef 2009 Ruby Apache Chef Solo – No Chef Server - Yes Puppet 2004 Ruby GPL Yes & standalone Salt 2011 Python Apache yes Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Open Cloud by @mrhinkle 34 CONFIGURATION MANAGEMENT TOOLS Tools with features for configuring cloud infrastructure
    35. 35. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Project Description Ansible Ansible's SSH-key based access allows contributors to the Fedora Project to assist in automating infrastructure while having access limited appropriately. (Originally authored Func) Capistrano Utility and framework for executing commands in parallel on multiple remote machines, via SSH. It uses a simple DSL that allows you to define tasks, which may be applied to machines in certain roles RunDeck Rundeck is an open-source process automation and command orchestration tool with a web console. Func Func provides a two-way authenticated system for generically executing tasks, integrations with puppet and cobbler. MCollective The Marionette Collective AKA MCollective is a framework to build server orchestration or parallel job execution systems. Salt Execute arbitrary shell commands or choose from dozens of pre-built modules of common (or complex) commands. Scalr Provide scaling across multiple cloud computing platforms, integrates with Chef. CLOUD AUTOMATION TOOLS One to many tools for managing large numbers of devices
    36. 36. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing ASGARD ASTYANAX EDDA EUREKA PRIAM SIMIAN ARMY 36 http://netflix.github.com NETFLIX AWS TOOLBAG Tools developed by a super Amazon Web Services Power User
    37. 37. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing CONTACT ME Happy to Chat about Open Source, Cloud or Pittsburgh Sports Professional: mark.hinkle@citrix.com Personal: mrhinkle@gmail.com Phone: 919.228.8049 Professional: http://open.citrix.com Personal: http://www.socializedsoftware.com Twitter: @mrhinkle
    38. 38. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing APPENDIX A Additional Links to related stuff
    39. 39. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing • Devops Toolchains Group • Software Defined Networking: The New Norm for Networks (Whitepaper) • DevOps Wikipedia Page • NoSQL-Database.org – Ultimate Guide to the Non-Relational Universe • Open Cloud Initiative • NIST Cloud Computing Platform • Open Virtualization Format Specs • Clouderati Twitter Account • Planet DevOps • Nicira Whitepaper – It’s Time to Virtualize the Network • Why Open vSwitch FAQ • Stanford Seminar - Software-Defined Networking at the Crossroads ADDITIONAL LINKS
    40. 40. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing • SDN, NFV, and open source: The Operator’s View • Puppet Labs: Build a Toolbox for Continuous Delivery ADDITIONAL LINKS (CONT’D)
    41. 41. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing APPENDIX B Stuff I’d liked to have talked about but didn’t have time
    42. 42. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing SOURCING CLOUD APPLIANCES Packaging Engines forVMs Tool/Project What you can do with them Bitnami BitNami provides free, ready to run environments for your favorite open source web applications and frameworks, including Drupal, Joomla!, Wordpress, PHP, Rails, Django and many more. Boxgrinder BoxGrinder is a set of projects that help you grind out appliances for multiple virtualization and Cloud providers Oz Command-line tool that has the ability to create images for common Linux distributions to run on KVM SUSE Studio SUSE Studio supports building and deploying directly to cloud services such as Amazon EC2.
    43. 43. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Project Type of Monitoring Collection Methods Cacti / RRDTool Performance SNMP, syslog Graphite Performance Agent Nagios Availability SNMP,TCP, ICMP, IPMI, syslog Sensu Availability Agent Zabbix Availability/ Performance and more SNMP, TCP/ICMP, IPMI, Synthetic Transactions Zenoss Availability, Performance, Event Management SNMP, ICMP, SSH, syslog, WMI Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Open Cloud by @mrhinkle 43 CLOUD MONITORING TOOLS Tools with features for monitoring cloud infrastructure
    44. 44. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Project Installation Targets Apache Provisionr (incubating) Can provision 10s to 1000s of machines on various clouds. Cobbler Distributed virtual infrastructure using koan (kickstart of a network to PXE boot VMs) for Red Hat, OpenSUSE Fedora, Debian, Ubuntu VMs Crowbar (Bare metal provisioning) JuJu Public Clouds - Amazon Web Services HP Cloud, Private OpenStack clouds, Bare Metal via MAAS. Salt Cloud Tool to provision “salted” VMs that can then be updated by a central server via ZeroMQ Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Open Cloud by @mrhinkle 44 CLOUD PROVISIONING TOOLS Packaging Engines forVMs
    45. 45. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing BIG DATA
    46. 46. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing NOSQL DATABASES Horizontally scalable unstructured data retrieval Name Type Description Apache Cassandra Wide Column Store/Families API: many » Query Method: MapReduce, Replicaton: , Written in: Java, Concurrency: eventually consistent , Misc: like "Big-Table on Amazon Dynamo alike", initiated by Facebook CouchDB Document Store API: Memcached API+protocol (binary and ASCII) , most languages, Protocol: Memcached REST interface for cluster conf + management, Written in: C/C++ + Erlang (clustering), Replication: Peer to Peer, fully consistent, Misc: Transparent topology changes during operation, provides memcached-compatible caching buckets HBase Wide Column Store/Families API: Java / any writer, Protocol: any write call, Query Method: MapReduce Java / any exec, Replication: HDFS Replication, Written in: Java Hypertable Wide Column Store/Families PI: Thrift (Java, PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby, etc.), Protocol: Thrift, Query Method: HQL, native Thrift API, Replication: HDFS Replication, Concurrency: MVCC, Consistency Model: Fully consistent Misc: High performance C++ implementation of Google's Bigtable. MongoDB Document Store API: BSON, Protocol: C, Query Method: dynamic object-based language & MapReduce, Replication: Master Slave & Auto-Sharding, Written in: C++,Concurrency Redis Key Value/ Tuple Store API: Tons of languages, Written in: C, Concurrency: in memory and saves asynchronous disk after a defined time. Append only mode available. Different kinds of fsync policies. Replication: Master / Slave, Misc: also lists, sets, sorted sets, hashes, queues. Riak Key Value / Tuple Store API: JSON, Protocol: REST, Query Method: MapReduce term matching , Scaling: Multiple Masters; Written in: Erlang, Concurrency: eventually consistent (stronger then MVCC via Vector Clocks)
    47. 47. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing MAP REDUCE Algorithm for Parallelized Data Set Processing Problem Data Master Node Worker Node 1 Worker Node 2 Worker Node 3 Solution Data Map Reduce
    48. 48. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing APACHE HADOOP Apache Project for Parallelized Data Set Processing Overview • Handles large amounts of data • Stores data in native format • Delivers linear scalability at low cost • Resilient in case of infrastructure failures • Transparent application scalability Features • Handles large amounts of data • Stores data in native format • Delivers linear scalability at low cost • Resilient in case of infrastructure failures • Transparent application scalability
    49. 49. By Mark R. Hinkle @mrhinkle mrhinkle@gmail.com OSCON 2014 - Crash Course in Open Source Cloud Computing Hadoop Hadoop Common HDFS Distributes & replicates data across machines MapReduce Distributes & monitors tasks Hive Data warehouse that provides SQL interface. Ad hoc projection of data structure to unstructured MapReduce • Parallel programming • Handles large data blocks Non-Relational DB HBase Column-oriented schema-less distributed DB modeled after Google’s BigTable Random real time read/write. Scripting Pig Platform for manipulating and analyzing large data sets. Scripting language for analysts. Mahout Machine learning libraries for recommendations , clustering, classifications and item sets. Machine Learning ChuckwaZookeeper APACHE HADOOP ECOSYSTEM
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