Geisha

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Geisha

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  2. 2. Many people mistakenly called geisha prostitutes. This definition, unfortunately, still functioning, andprobably it took itself from the time after World War II when in occupied Japan, Americans have used the services of prostituteswho considered themselves to be geishas. True geisha does not maintain sexual relations with their customers , she limit oneself to the flirt only, but that does not exceed prescribed limits.<br />The existence of geisha name dates back to the Tokugawa era, and consists of two parts: &quot;gei&quot; – that is, art and &quot;sha&quot; - thatmeaning the humanwhich gives in a free translation &quot;man cultivating the art,&quot; or how some people translate &quot;artist&quot;.<br />Initiallygeishaswere men, because custom does not allow women to participate in such meetings, they maintain the conversation, organize artistic performances and entertain people at parties organized by the rich men or upper class.<br />Women defining themselves as Geisha emerged in the seventeenth century.<br />In times of exceptionally difficult for poor families, some Japanese people gave their daughters to okiya (so-called &apos;homes Geisha). These children were trained for a period of 5-6 years to in the future to be able to repay the debt for tuition by working as a geisha.<br />
  3. 3. Schooling takes place in 4 stages:<br />1. „Shikomi” –   She performs the same functions as a maid and in addition serves Maiko and Geiko. This stage lasts for 6 months and allows girls to see the life at home, the whole idea of training, learning the more formal language, discipline, and wearing a kimono.<br />2. „Miniari” – after 6 months of being Shikomi young girl entering a period of learning by observation.At this stage, she learns how to wear a white face and a bag with all the necessary accessories such as the range or lipstick, and participates as an observer at partys.<br />3. „Maiko” – becomes a formal member of the geisha world. At this stage, organized a big ceremony and schooling is becoming more intense. This period lasts from 5 to 7 years.<br />4. „Geiko” – trained geisha, she becomes so about 20 years old, puts on the kimono with a white collar.In the past, before she became a Geiko had to undergo an initiation (Mizuage), today this is not practicable.<br />Geishas are masters in the art of conversation, dancing, singing, playing traditional Japanese music (eg, the shamisen - 3-string plucked instrument), take up themselves calligraphy, ikebana, tea art, recitation and other Japanese arts.<br />
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  27. 27. 終わり<br />Music - Traditional music <br />of Japanese Geisha - Lotus Flower<br />illustrations from websites<br />had choosen - Anna<br />

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