Another genre known as mecha came into being at this time. Some early works include Mazinger Z (1972-74), Science Ninja Team Gatchaman (1972-74), Space Battleship Yamato (1974-75) and Mobile Suit Gundam (1979-80). These titles showed a progression in the science fiction genre in anime, as shows shifted from more superhero-oriented, fantastical plots to somewhat more realistic space operas with increasingly complex plots and fuzzier definitions of right and wrong.
• What is Anime?
• Common Misconceptions
• History of Anime
• Character Design
• Basis on Manga
• Influences in Western Animation
What is Anime?
• Put simply, anime is animation from Japan.
• Anime is a medium, not a genre. Saying “I
like anime” is akin to saying “I like movies.” It
includes the same genres as every other
medium: drama, romance, comedy, sports,
action, horror, sci-fi, fantasy, erotica and so
• So basically, Anime could be seen as
• Anime is for kids
• Anime = violent / pornographic / big
eyes / big breasts / big robots
• At the start of the 20th century, Japanese
filmmakers experimented with the animation
techniques that were being explored in other
countries, especially in the U.S. (Disney).
• By the 1930s, animation became an alternative
format of storytelling compared to the
underdeveloped live-action industry in Japan. Two
– Unlike America, the live-action industry in Japan
remained a small market and suffered from
budgeting, location, and casting restrictions.
– The lack of Western-looking actors, in addition,
made it next to impossible to shoot films set in
Europe, America, or fantasy worlds that do not
naturally involve Japan. The varied use of
animation allowed artists to create any
characters and settings.