Ghibli_Japanese Animation Legend

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This is a research presentation that I made when studying in QUT Australia. Its about a brief history of Ghibli, and the Japanese animation working methods .

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Ghibli_Japanese Animation Legend

  1. 1. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki KIP408 Animation Practice Assignment1 Animation presentation Professor: Max Bannah Student: Lee, chun-Hsien
  2. 2. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki Outline •History of GHIBLI Studio • Production review • About Miyazaki • Detail analysis about Miyazaki’s film • Differences between western and Japanese animation industry • Conclusion Brief history about the studio from 1984-2007 Works review of GHIBLI’s animation About his life and obligations Distinguish elements of Miyazaki’s film Discuss the difference of two main animation industry in the world
  3. 3. HistoryGHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Logo of GHIBLI Studio GHIBLI,2008 GHIBLI STUDIO • Founded in 1984 by Miyazaki and Takahata • Ghibli– Italian word = wind from the sahara desert • Miyazaki pronounce that as “ j I b l i ” • Established 16 animation films, 22 short aniamtion from 1985 to 2007 • Key persons : Hayao Miyazaki Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki
  4. 4. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion History Early years production (1984-1989) Film Name Director Time of publish Nausicaa of the valley of wind 風の谷の ナウシカ Hayao Miyazaki 4/Mar/1984 Laputa: Castle in the sky 天空の城 ラピュタ Hayao Miyazaki 2/Aug/1986 Grave Of Fireflies 火垂るの墓 Isao Takahata 16/Apl/1988 My neighor TOTORO となりのトト ロ Hayao Miyazaki 16/Apl/1988 Kiki’s Delivery Service 魔女宅急便 Hayao Miyazaki 29/Jul/1989
  5. 5. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion History Mid-years production (1991-1997) Only Yesterday おもひでぼろ ぼろ Isao Takahata 20/Jul/1991 Proco Rosso 紅の豚 Hayao Miyazaki 18/Jul/1992 I Can Hear the Sea 海がきにえ る? Tomomi Mochizuki 5/May/1993 Pom Poko 平城狸合戰ぼ んぼこ Isao Takahata 16/Jul/1994 Whisper of the Heart 耳おすません Yoshifumi Kondō 15/Jul/1995 Princess Mononoke もののけ姬 Hayao Miyazaki 12/Jul/1997
  6. 6. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion History Recent years production (1984-1989) Film Name Director Time of publish Spirited Away 千と千尋の神 隱 Hayao Miyazaki 4/Mar/1984 The Cat Returns 恩貓 の返 Hayao Miyazaki 2/Aug/1986 Howl’s Moving Castle ハウルの動く 城 Isao Takahata 16/Apl/1988 Tales From Earthsea ゲド戰記 Hayao Miyazaki 16/Apl/1988 Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea 崖の上のボ ニョ Hayao Miyazaki 29/Jul/1989
  7. 7. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Production •Direct by Takahata • Published in 1988 • Background – world war II • Based on the novel of Akiyuki Nosaka ( 野坂昭如 ) • 2 hours 28 minutes long • Double publish with My NeighborTotoro • 6th best picture of the year by Kinema Jump award (McDonald, 2006)
  8. 8. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion • Direct by Miyazaki • Released in 1988 • The best picture of the year by Kinema Jump award • Religion of Japan – Shinto • Idyll image of 1950’s Japanese rural area (McDonald, 2006) • “candidly make the Japanese aware of Japanese exoticism” (Murakami, 2006) Production
  9. 9. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Miyazaki Hayao Miyazaki • Born in 1941 (67) Tokyo, Japan • Graduated from Gakushuin University as a bachelor of political science and economy • 1963 work in Toei animation company • Director of GHIBLI Studio since 1984
  10. 10. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Awards • My Neighbor Totoro won the best picture of the year in Japan • Spirited Away won Academy Awards 2001 Best Animated Feature • Spirited Away won Golden Berlin Bear 2002 Best Animation Feature • Career Golden Lion 2005 Lifetime Achievement Miyazaki
  11. 11. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Elements in Miyazaki’s Film Analyses Miyazaki Shojo (girl) Architecture Monsters Fantasy
  12. 12. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Shojo(girl) Analyses • Shojo are always the main character in Miyazaki’s animation • “Exhibits strength plus vulnerability in a way that is intriguingly feminine” (McDonald,2006) • Challenge the ideology of female in Japan which is commonly recognized as a appendage of male of the society
  13. 13. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Architecture Analyses
  14. 14. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Monsters Analyses
  15. 15. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Monsters • Monsters are exist in most of Miyazaki’s films • Monsters are never been beaten by hero or other character in Miyazaki’s animation •“ They are Miyazaki’s alter ego” (Yokota, 2006) Analyses
  16. 16. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Fantasy • “Takahata is good at depicting something that the audiences are familiar, while Miyazaki concentrated on showing people something they’ve never seen.” (Suzuki, 2006) • Most of the plot of the stories comes from Russian of European fantasy. • Deeply effected by Paul Grimault (The King and the Mocking Bird, 1980) Analyses
  17. 17. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Characteristics of Japanese Animation Industry (Raffaelli,2000,112) Philosophy developed in 1960’s Novel by European authors (Heidi,1974) Were born with sound and for TV Static Subjective Abandoning fluidity (Not necessary to the narrative) Interior Monologue (economic) Extreme concentration of the central character West v.s Japan
  18. 18. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion Compares of three different kinds of animation philosophy Disney Studio •In a nation which emphasize freedom and openness and individualism ===ONE FOR ALL Japanese cartoon •In a nation which “loyalty to the group is paramount” (Raffaelli, 2000, 114) ===ALL FOR ONE Fleischer and MGM (Warner Brothers) •Anti-Disney • Most characters in conflict to each other ===ALL AGAINST ALL (Raffaelli, 2000, 114) West v.s Japan
  19. 19. GHIBLI Studio and Miyazaki History Production Miyazaki Analyses West v.s Japan conclusion (Grave of the Fireflies,1988) Conclusion
  20. 20. References McDonald, K.I. 2006. Reading a Japanese Film. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press Napier, S. J. 2001. The Frenzy of Metamorphosis: the Body in Japanese Pornographic Animation. In Work and Image In Japanese Cinema, eds. D. Washburn and C. Cavanaugh, 342-357. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Raffaelli, L. 2000. Disney, Warner Bros. and Japanese animation. In A Reader in Animation Studies, eds. J. Pilling, 112-136. Sydney: John Libbey & Company Pty. Ltd. Takayuki, T. 2006. The Advent of Meguro Empress: Decoking the Avant-Pop Anime TAMALA 2010. In Cinema Anime: critical engagements with Japanese animation, eds. S. T. Brown, 65-80. New York: Palgrave Macmillan Montmayeur, Y. 2005. GHIBLI: the Miyazaki Temple. [DVD]. France: Arte France
  21. 21. Images sources •http://www.oneinchpunch.net (Through search engine www.google.com) •http://www.ghibli.com.jp •http://www.scifijapan.com (Through search engine www.google.com) •http://www.ghibliworld.com •http://www.ghibli-museum.jp •http://www.ogomogo.com (through search engine www.google.com) •http://apike.ca (through search engine www.google.com) •http://www.douban.com/ (through search engine www.google.com) •http://www.animebooks.com (through search engine www.google.com)

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