Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5

1,414 views
1,350 views

Published on

Introductory lesson on definition, origin, and canonicity of the Bible

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,414
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5

  1. 1. Introduction to Apologetics: Defending the Faith Stephen Russell
  2. 2. The Bible (Part 1)
  3. 3. What is the Bible? Defining the Bible is pre-requisite to evaluating its trustworthiness
  4. 4. The Bible Defined
  5. 5. Old Testament
  6. 6. Old Testament 39 Books Written in Hebrew & Aramaic
  7. 7. Pentateuch First 5 Books of Old Testament (a.k.a. The Torah) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy
  8. 8. Types of Writing in OT Historical Poetical Prophetical
  9. 9. Septuagint a.k.a. LXX septuaginta means “seventy” in Latin Greek translation of Hebrew Old Testament
  10. 10. Question: How was Alexander the Great used by God to prepare the world for Christianity?
  11. 11. Answer: th Conquered known world in 4 century B.C. Roads Common culture Common language
  12. 12. New Testament
  13. 13. New Testament 27 Books Written in Koine Greek
  14. 14. Types of Writing in NT Gospels Acts (Historical) Pauline Epistles Non-Pauline Epistles Revelation
  15. 15. Biblical Authorship
  16. 16. ~40 men over 1600 years OT: 1500 B.C. - 400 B.C. NT: 49 A.D. - 90 A.D.
  17. 17. The Apocrypha Greek: “Those having been hidden away” Includes: 1 & 2 Esdras Judith Wisdom Ecclesiasticus Prayer of Manasses 1 & 2 Maccabees Not considered canonical by Judaism
  18. 18. Canonicity of the Bible Apostolic Origin Universal Acceptance Liturgical Use Consistent Message
  19. 19. The “Lost” Gospels
  20. 20. Gnosticism Matter is evil Spirit is good Salvation comes from secret knowledge (Gnosis)
  21. 21. Gnostic Gospels Mary Thomas Judas Philip Truth Supposedly suppressed by Church at Council of Nicea (325 A.D.)
  22. 22. Council of Nicea Convened to debate nature and divinity of Jesus Subject of Gnostic Gospels never came up
  23. 23. Problems with Gnostic Gospels nd Authored during 2 century A.D. or later Not authored by apostles of close associates Not widely accepted within the Church Not used in liturgy Not consistent with canonical scripture
  24. 24. Questions?

×