Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Introduction
     to
 Apologetics:
Defending the Faith

    Stephen Russell
The Bible
  (Part 1)
What is the Bible?


Defining the Bible is pre-requisite to evaluating
             its trustworthiness
The Bible Defined
Old Testament
Old Testament

39 Books

Written in Hebrew & Aramaic
Pentateuch

First 5 Books of Old Testament
(a.k.a. The Torah)

         Genesis
         Exodus
         Leviticus
       ...
Types of Writing in OT

Historical
Poetical
Prophetical
Septuagint
            a.k.a. LXX
septuaginta means “seventy” in Latin


        Greek translation of
       Hebrew Old Te...
Question:




How was Alexander the Great used by
   God to prepare the world for
           Christianity?
Answer:
                          th
Conquered known world in 4 century B.C.
        Roads
        Common culture
        ...
New Testament
New Testament

27 Books
Written in Koine Greek
Types of Writing in NT

  Gospels
  Acts (Historical)
  Pauline Epistles
  Non-Pauline Epistles
  Revelation
Biblical Authorship
~40 men over 1600 years

OT: 1500 B.C. - 400 B.C.

 NT: 49 A.D. - 90 A.D.
The Apocrypha
Greek: “Those having been hidden away”
     Includes:
        1 & 2 Esdras
        Judith
        Wisdom
   ...
Canonicity of the Bible
Apostolic Origin
Universal Acceptance
Liturgical Use
Consistent Message
The “Lost” Gospels
Gnosticism
Matter is evil

Spirit is good

Salvation comes from secret knowledge
(Gnosis)
Gnostic Gospels
Mary
 Thomas
   Judas
     Philip
       Truth

 Supposedly suppressed by Church
 at Council of Nicea (325...
Council of Nicea
Convened to debate
nature and divinity of
Jesus

Subject of Gnostic
Gospels never came up
Problems with Gnostic Gospels
                    nd
   Authored during 2 century A.D. or later
  Not authored by apostles...
Questions?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5

1,274

Published on

Introductory lesson on definition, origin, and canonicity of the Bible

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,274
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5"

  1. 1. Introduction to Apologetics: Defending the Faith Stephen Russell
  2. 2. The Bible (Part 1)
  3. 3. What is the Bible? Defining the Bible is pre-requisite to evaluating its trustworthiness
  4. 4. The Bible Defined
  5. 5. Old Testament
  6. 6. Old Testament 39 Books Written in Hebrew & Aramaic
  7. 7. Pentateuch First 5 Books of Old Testament (a.k.a. The Torah) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy
  8. 8. Types of Writing in OT Historical Poetical Prophetical
  9. 9. Septuagint a.k.a. LXX septuaginta means “seventy” in Latin Greek translation of Hebrew Old Testament
  10. 10. Question: How was Alexander the Great used by God to prepare the world for Christianity?
  11. 11. Answer: th Conquered known world in 4 century B.C. Roads Common culture Common language
  12. 12. New Testament
  13. 13. New Testament 27 Books Written in Koine Greek
  14. 14. Types of Writing in NT Gospels Acts (Historical) Pauline Epistles Non-Pauline Epistles Revelation
  15. 15. Biblical Authorship
  16. 16. ~40 men over 1600 years OT: 1500 B.C. - 400 B.C. NT: 49 A.D. - 90 A.D.
  17. 17. The Apocrypha Greek: “Those having been hidden away” Includes: 1 & 2 Esdras Judith Wisdom Ecclesiasticus Prayer of Manasses 1 & 2 Maccabees Not considered canonical by Judaism
  18. 18. Canonicity of the Bible Apostolic Origin Universal Acceptance Liturgical Use Consistent Message
  19. 19. The “Lost” Gospels
  20. 20. Gnosticism Matter is evil Spirit is good Salvation comes from secret knowledge (Gnosis)
  21. 21. Gnostic Gospels Mary Thomas Judas Philip Truth Supposedly suppressed by Church at Council of Nicea (325 A.D.)
  22. 22. Council of Nicea Convened to debate nature and divinity of Jesus Subject of Gnostic Gospels never came up
  23. 23. Problems with Gnostic Gospels nd Authored during 2 century A.D. or later Not authored by apostles of close associates Not widely accepted within the Church Not used in liturgy Not consistent with canonical scripture
  24. 24. Questions?

×