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Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5
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Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5



Introductory lesson on definition, origin, and canonicity of the Bible

Introductory lesson on definition, origin, and canonicity of the Bible



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    Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5 Introduction to Apologetics - Lesson 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Apologetics: Defending the Faith Stephen Russell
    • The Bible (Part 1)
    • What is the Bible? Defining the Bible is pre-requisite to evaluating its trustworthiness
    • The Bible Defined
    • Old Testament
    • Old Testament 39 Books Written in Hebrew & Aramaic
    • Pentateuch First 5 Books of Old Testament (a.k.a. The Torah) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy
    • Types of Writing in OT Historical Poetical Prophetical
    • Septuagint a.k.a. LXX septuaginta means “seventy” in Latin Greek translation of Hebrew Old Testament
    • Question: How was Alexander the Great used by God to prepare the world for Christianity?
    • Answer: th Conquered known world in 4 century B.C. Roads Common culture Common language
    • New Testament
    • New Testament 27 Books Written in Koine Greek
    • Types of Writing in NT Gospels Acts (Historical) Pauline Epistles Non-Pauline Epistles Revelation
    • Biblical Authorship
    • ~40 men over 1600 years OT: 1500 B.C. - 400 B.C. NT: 49 A.D. - 90 A.D.
    • The Apocrypha Greek: “Those having been hidden away” Includes: 1 & 2 Esdras Judith Wisdom Ecclesiasticus Prayer of Manasses 1 & 2 Maccabees Not considered canonical by Judaism
    • Canonicity of the Bible Apostolic Origin Universal Acceptance Liturgical Use Consistent Message
    • The “Lost” Gospels
    • Gnosticism Matter is evil Spirit is good Salvation comes from secret knowledge (Gnosis)
    • Gnostic Gospels Mary Thomas Judas Philip Truth Supposedly suppressed by Church at Council of Nicea (325 A.D.)
    • Council of Nicea Convened to debate nature and divinity of Jesus Subject of Gnostic Gospels never came up
    • Problems with Gnostic Gospels nd Authored during 2 century A.D. or later Not authored by apostles of close associates Not widely accepted within the Church Not used in liturgy Not consistent with canonical scripture
    • Questions?