9. new testament


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9. new testament

  1. 1. "And in the same way Hetook the cup after they hadeaten, saying, This cupwhich is poured out for youis the new covenant in Myblood." (Luke 22:20)
  2. 2. “This is the new covenant in my blood…”During the Last Supper, Christ proclaimedthe New Covenant. This agreementbetween humanity and God, unlike theold covenant, is everlasting, for it isengraved not on stone but in the heartsof men.While Jesus did not abolish the OldCovenant, he enhanced it and fulfilled itwith a new one: the covenant that issealed by his blood. The shedding of hisblood, once and for all, reconciled sinfulhumanity with GOD.
  3. 3. The Resurrection of Jesus is the CentralEvent of the New Testament.The teachings of the Christian Scripturesare all in the light of the truth thatChrist rose from the dead:•Through the Resurrection of Christ, God gives us an assurance that the effects of sin had been conquered.•Since Christ is risen, then he is present in our midst.•The resurrection of Jesus gives us a sense of hope that after all our struggles in life, there is vindication in the end.•The resurrection of Jesus is a pledge of future glory for us all.
  4. 4. The New Testament presents Jesus Christ asthe fulfillment of promises, prefigurations ,and prophecies in the Old Testament.He is Israel’s awaited MESSIAH that theprophets spoke about.The New Testament, therefore, can only beunderstood in the light of the Old.“The New Testament was hidden in the Oldwhile the Old is unveiled in the New.” St. Augustine
  5. 5. The Early Church was a “Preaching Church”rather than a “Writing Church”. The life andteachings of Jesus was preserved through thepreaching of the Apostles.Writing was not so much of the concern becauseduring those days, the Christians thought theSecond Coming of Christ was imminent,therefore written doctrines were not necessary.Realizing that Christ wasn’t coming back in theirlifetime, the Early Christians wrote their oraltradition so that it can be handed over to thenext generation.
  6. 6. 51 63 preach preaches P A Writes U his letters celebrate LJesus livesat Nazarethas a GoodJewpracticingthe The Disciples rereadspirituality ‘Council’ the life of Jesus on theof the teach 50 basis of their life, inPharisees the light of the resurrection Official Judaism rejects the Christians
  7. 7. First Stage: JESUS OF NAZARETH Born during the reign of Herod around 6BC Lived in Nazareth, educated by the Pharisees Baptized by John c.27-28, proclaimed the Kingdom of God Condemned by Religious Authorities and Crucified by the Romans almost certainly on April 7,30.
  8. 8. Second Stage: THE COMMUNITIES c 30-70 ADThe disciples proclaimed the risen Christ first to theJews then to the GentilesThe disciples celebrated the Risen Lord, in theLiturgy, above all in the EucharistThe disciples taught the newly baptized, and inorder to do so recalled the actions and words ofJesus.c 36AD Paul was converted and preached in AsiaMinor, Greece, and Rome.c 50AD Council of Jerusalem, Jewish law need notapply to the Gentilesc 51-63AD Paul preached and wrote his letters.Christians were excommunicated from Judaism.70 Romans destroyed Jerusalem
  9. 9. MARK at Rome? JOHN about 70? in Asia Minor? about 95-100? LUKE At Antioch? About 80 – 90? MATTHEW in Syria Palestine? About 80 – 90?At Jabneh (Jamnia) Judaism has a new beginning
  10. 10. Third Stage: REDACTION (EDITING) OF THE WRITINGS Mark – c. 70; contains the preaching ofPeter in Rome Luke – c. 80-90 Antioch; wrote a Gospel,and a second volume- The Acts of theApostles Matthew – c. 80-90; written for JewishConvertsJohn – c. 95-100; profound meditation onJesus as the Word of GodThe Book of Revelation was writtendepicting Jesus as the goal of historyThe Catholic Epistles were written duringthis period
  12. 12. The Gospels , though they areattributed to the fourevangelists, were a productof the collaborative work ofthe early Christians whocompiled their faith accounts,particularly those regardingtheir experiences of theRISEN LORD and the messageof salvation which Jesusproclaimed through Hiswords and actions.
  13. 13. The Acts of the Apostles was written alsoby St. Luke. This book describes the life ofthe early church- from its birth inJerusalem on the first Pentecost to itsflourishing to different parts of the“known world” through the missionaryjourneys of the Apostles, particularly St.Paul, of whom St. Luke was a disciple.
  14. 14. The Pauline Epistles are writings attributedto St. Paul. Some of these writings were notreally written by him but by Christians whoused St. Paul’s teachings as their source.These letters contains teachings,instruction, exhortations, and admonitionsthat are addressed to particular persons orChristian Communities.
  15. 15. GENUINE DOUBTFULLY NOT WRITINGS GENUINE WRITTEN OF PAUL: WRITINGS OF BY PAUL: PAUL:1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians TitusGalatians Colossians 1TimothyPhilippians Ephesians 2 Timothy1 Corinthians Hebrews2 CorinthiansRomansPhilemon
  16. 16. “CATHOLIC” means“UNIVERSAL”. The contentsof these letters are more orless similar in nature to thePauline epistles. Thedifference is that theseletters are addressed to allChristians, unlike thePauline letters which areaddressed to particularcommunities.
  17. 17. The Book of Revelation is attributed toSt. John (though many scholarscontest that this John is not John theapostle). This book is also called“Apocalypse” since it is a visionarybook containing a lot of mysticalrevelations.
  18. 18. The Old Covenant was The New Covenant iswritten on stone tablets. engraved in our hearts.Its service brought Its service leads to lifedeath and and frees one fromcondemnation. being condemned.The covenant made with The Covenant in JesusMoses had come to an is to last forever.end.
  19. 19. "Behold, days are coming declares the Lord,when I will make a new covenant with the houseof Israel and with the house of Judah, not like thecovenant which I made with their fathers in theday I took them by the hand to bring them out ofthe land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke,although I was a husband to them, declares theLord. But this is the covenant which I will makewith the house of Israel after those days, declaresthe Lord, I will put my law within them, and ontheir heart I will write it; and I will be their God,and they shall be My people. And they shall notteach again, each man his neighbor and each manhis brother, saying, "know the Lord," for they shallall know Me, from the least of them to the greatestof them, declares the Lord, for I will forgive theiriniquity, and their sin I will remember no more."Jeremiah 31:31-34
  20. 20. Theo Aerts and Bernard Hurault THE CATHOLIC BIBLEQuezon City: Claretian Publications, 2001 Fr. Ian Knox, C.S.Sp THEOLOGY FOR TEACHERS Ottawa: Novalis Press, 1994 Fr. Etienne CharpentierHOW TO READ THE NEW TESTAMENTQuezon City: Claretian Publications, 1997CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH