Squirrels

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Squirrels

  1. 1. Squirrels
  2. 2. Squirrels <ul><li>Divided into two groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both have forest as natural habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ground squirrels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burrow & nest in ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May climb trees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tree squirrels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nest in trees </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Tree Squirrels <ul><li>Live in forested areas </li></ul><ul><li>Nesting in trees provides protection from predators </li></ul><ul><li>Usually have 1or 2 litters per year </li></ul><ul><li>Do not hibernate </li></ul><ul><li>Store food for winter </li></ul>
  4. 4. Va Tree Squirrels <ul><li>Eastern Gray Squirrel </li></ul><ul><li>Sciurus carolinensis </li></ul><ul><li>– males and females are same size and color </li></ul><ul><li>15 – 20 in, wt 12 to 24 oz </li></ul><ul><li>Reach maturity at 15 mos. </li></ul><ul><li>Breed 2x per year, 2-8 offspring /litter </li></ul><ul><li>Eat nuts, flowers, buds </li></ul><ul><li>Eaten by weasels, foxes, bobcats, wolves, coyotes, and birds of prey </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fox squirrel <ul><li>The largest tree squirrel in the US </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a large tail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be reddish brown, grey or black </li></ul><ul><li>There are two breeding seasons, one peaking in December and the other in June. </li></ul><ul><li>Mast is primary food </li></ul><ul><li>Fox squirrels are most often found in small forest patches or in urban neighborhoods with trees. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Red Squirrel <ul><li>The red squirrel is a small squirrel with reddish to reddish-gray fur on top and a white or cream underside </li></ul><ul><li>They are usually about 12 inches in length and weigh around 5 ½ ounces. </li></ul><ul><li>Red Squirrels eat a large variety of foods, including seeds, insects and bark. A large part of their diet is made up of pine seeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Will breed from March to May and July to September. </li></ul><ul><li>A liter usually consists of six squirrels. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Flying Squirrels <ul><li>Southern flying squirrels get up to around 9 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Northern flying squirrels get to around 12 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction: Young females may become pregnant as early as 10 to 11 months of age, they will mate twice a year, once in winter once and fall. </li></ul><ul><li>Most litters consist of 3 pups but can get up to 7. </li></ul><ul><li>Range in the USA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See Map - </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Predators: owls, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, possums, any small predators. </li></ul><ul><li>They eat nuts, and fruits. </li></ul><ul><li>Become pests of they nest in attics </li></ul>
  8. 8. Virginia Ground Squirrel <ul><li>Eastern Chipmunk </li></ul><ul><li>Solitary creatures – live alone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Except during mating in Spring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Omnivores – eat insects, nuts, berries, grains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Store food in their cheeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Normal habitat is in hardwood forests </li></ul><ul><li>Have modified hibernation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do not sore fat, but stay semi-awake with stored food supplies </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Chipmunk <ul><li>Adult chipmunk is about 8 1/2” </li></ul><ul><li>Weigh approx. 2 ½ to 5 oz. </li></ul><ul><li>Have 4 to 5 young a year. </li></ul><ul><li>Mate in early spring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have just one litter a year. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The stay in a small wooded area and house in holes and logs. </li></ul><ul><li>Have stripes on their backs </li></ul>

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